Page images

original, abounding in sentences of aphorismatic brevity, vividness, and pungency. The author displays great sympathy with the ethical spirit and purport of the epistle, and cannot be consulted without profit ; but we lack the racy and angular force of the apostolic moralist,

The volume now published verifies what we have so briefly said. Some of its discourses are truly great. Let any reader turn to the discourse headed, “Uncharitable Judgments Judged," or to “The Missionary Plea," and he will note the truth of our remarks. The author says in his preface that he does not feel “warranted to send to the press for perpetuation and general dissemination either extemporized thoughts, or extemporized expressions of them," and he has acted accordingly. Few volumes of sermons display such mental powers and such mental peculiarities. It is refreshing as well as edifying to read it, though we cannot but regret the footnotes which are generally disconnected with the text, and being of a personal nature manifest an egotism which probably in a greater or less degree belongs to all men of Dr. Anderson's temperament. We cordially commend this volume, and hope soon to see a successor to it.


Translated from the German of Otto Von Gerlach. Edinburgh: T. and T, Clark. London: Hamilton, Adams, & Co. This is a book for the general reader; is devout in its tone and evangelical in opinion. It contains little or nothing which is not already provided in ordinary British commentaries. It is expository, not critical, and unlike most of the works issued by this enterprising publisher, is of comparatively little value to the scholar and the student.


Commentary on the Epistle of St. James. By Rudolf Štier. T. and T. Clark. THERE is something profoundly interesting in collecting the “words of the Lord Jesus from heaven," and the practical worth of the study surpasses even the sublime attractiveness of the theme. Lengthened commendation of Stier is wholly unnecessary. The student will discover the same minuteness of inspection, the same copiousness in research, the same devout simplicity and spiritual precision which belong to his previous volumes on the “Words of the Lord Jesus.” The “Commentary on the Epistle of St. James " belongs to another class of compositions. It is the reproduction of a series of unwritten discourses delivered to the congregation. It requires a kindred genius to expound this invaluable and neglected epistle. We scarcely hope to see lectures in the style of the

1. CHESS PRAXIS: a Supplement to the

Chess Player's Handbook. By H.

Staunton. London: H. G. Bohn. 1860. 2. MORPHY'S GAMES OF CHESS. With

Analytical and Critical Notes by J.

Löwenthal. London: H. G. Bohn, 1860. THESE two volumes form a most valuable addition to English Chess literature. The former brings up our knowledge of the science to the present day, in a clear and easily intelligible form. Mr. Staunton is certainly second to none in his power of conveying chess instruction. It is much to be regretted, however, that he should have allowed certain private matters to influence so evidently the animus of this otherwise excellent book. The covert reflections continually directed against Mr. Löwenthal, and the attempts to depreciate Mr. Morphy's play are in exceedingly bad taste. Why is it, also, that in a work professing to complete the analysis of the openings, there should be no mention of an important defence to the Bishop's Gambit, introduced into England (if not invented) by Mr.

Morphy? We allude to the third good enough, but the development is move in the defence, Kt. to K. B. 3. rather tedious and uninteresting. Surely as used by such a player, it We know and recognise the characters, was worthy of some mention.

but we care little for any of them, Mr.Löwenthal's edition of Morphy's except Robert's young wife, who, Games is an invaluable contribution however, very soon dies. By forcible to chess. The notes, partly compiled measures all is made smooth, even for with the assistance of Mr. Morphy, the ungrateful Cyrus, at last ; and are highly instructive, and furnish we are left to suppose and hope that almost of themselves a complete he will settle down after his miseries treatise on the openings. The absence into the steady and happy head of a of personalities is also greatly to be family. commended.

“Mademoiselle Mori” is a tale relating to that portion of the history of Rome involved in the accession of

Pius IX. It is essentially a political AGAINST WIND AND TIDE. By Holme novel, and so, almost of necessity, Lee. 3 vols. London: Smith, Elder,

eminently a failure as a work of fic& Co. 1859.

tion, if it be read as such. It may be MADEMOISELLE MORI: a Tale of Modern

a very good history, but although Rome. 2 vols. London: J. W. Parker & Son. 1860.

written with much power, and indiOLD FRIENDS AND NEW ACQUAINTANCES.

cations of great æsthetic feeling, it is By Agnes Strickland, author of “Lives

certainly very heavy reading conof the Queens of England." London: sidered as a romance. Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. 1860.

Miss Strickland has published a

selection from her former contribuThe lady who writes under what we tions to various journals, and some uppose to be the nom de plume of new sketches, under the title of “On Holme Lee has decidedly attained the Friends and New Acquaintances." rank of a popular favourite, and de Most of them belong to the former servedly so ; for although her works class ; and since they appeared we are, neither as to artistic arrangement, have become so accustomed to the force of thought, or brilliance of ex authoress, in another and more attracpression, approaching to the first rank tive capacity, that we feel as thougti of excellence, they are pleasant read these tales, good as they are in their ing, have generally a healthy ten way, scarcely add to her present repildency, and never offend the taste tation. They are, however, agreeable, qualities not to be predicated of the and should they be well received, the majority of our novelists. “Against writer promises another series, illusWind and Tide” will scarcely be trative of “Life and its Varieties, considered, however, either the best especially in the Eastern Counties." or pleasantest of her works. The We feel sure they will be welcome to subject is not a grateful one ;-a pea a large class of readers. sant girl is wooed and won by a baronet, who appears subsequently to have another living wife. The subject of the work relates to the different

THROUGI THE TYROL TO VENICE. By manner in which the unfortunate

Mrs. Newman Hall. London: James

Nisbet & Co. circumstances of their birth affect her two sons, Cyrus and Robert Haw A MOST graceful and interesting thorne. The former rebels through volume of travels, as clear and sparkout life against his position, and is ling as the playful streams or the always miserable ; the latter accepts breezy dawns that enchanted our and makes the best of it, and is authoress in her Tyrolese trip. E.happy and prosperous. The moral is I chantment it must have been, for the

WORK AND CONFLICT; or, the Divine

Life in its Progress : A Book of Facts and Histories. By the Rev. John Kennedy, A.M. London: The Religious

Tract Society. Part I. contains the Soul's Work ; the World's Work ; Social Work.

Part II. contains Conflict with Sin ; Conflict with Despondency and Doubt ; Conflict with Death.

These subjects Mr.Kennedy handles with his usual felicity and abundance of illustration. Facts interest and instruct the general reader more than speculation. They are flesh and blood arguments, and have a thrill about them that moves when logic is powerless. So Mr. Kennedy, with a wise reference to the wants of Christian people, has made his book a book of life. It is crowded with brief biographies, which point and urge his moral well.

MODERN EUROPE: a School History.

By John Lord, A.M. 9th edition. Lon

don: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. 1860. This excellently got-up work extends from A.D. 1400 to the peace of Villafranca. It is exceedingly well adapted for the purposes of schools by its copious indices, table of contents, marginal references and dates, and the series of analytical questions added at the end. It may also with advantage be consulted by those older than schoolboys.

very spirit of these blithesome things has possessed the writer and photographed her page. There is no ambition in the volume ; it is simply a vivid record of what was seen and felt in a brilliant summer holiday ; but this simplicity, this sunny truthfulness, which makes you see and feel what the writer records and revives, give a wonderful animation to the book. We do not criticise where we have so fully enjoyed. We have clambered up the Klamme Pass, we have cogitated.on the ruins of the Amphitheatre at Verona, and swept soundlessly over the glittering water-streets of Venice, burnished with the gold of heaven, in company with our fair authoress, and now part regretfully, but bearing with us pleasant souvenirs.

Corst CAVOUR: His Life and Career.

By Basil H. Cooper, B.A., of the University of London. London: Judd & Glass, New Bridge Street, and Gray's

Inn Road. Pp. 200. THE life and career of Count Cavour is likewise the history of the development of Constitutionalism in Sardinia, and this is the two-sided subject ably treated in this volume. The book is for the most part a translation, and as we recognise under the English garb a foreign friend we have recently met, we are happy to give our testimony, along with the translator's, to the high character and authority of the original.

The translation has been admirably done, the English is vigorous, idiomatic, and free from all that foreign flavour which renders many translations unpalatable to English taste. In this respect the work is a remarkable success, and reflects, we think, great credit on Mr. Cooper. The highest merit of a translation is not to read like one. A schoolboy can translate words ; only a scholar can transfuse living thoughts from a foreign language into his own.


Sister's Keeper. London: Simpkin,

Marshall, & Co. The history of a young zealous minister of the cross and of his bravehearted wife, who lost her patrimony by her marriage, and after his prematúre death, wore her strength out at embroidery work in order to support her two children and herself in one of the London suburbs. So stated this seems a meagre twice-told tale, but delineated by the clear-etching pen of the authoress, and the acces


sories wrought out with pathetic | the people. In this he was greatly simplicity, it becomes a dramatic and assisted by the advantages he enjoyed powerful picture. It is not the tale, “from immediate and constant interhowever, that constitutes the chief course with the various authorities, interest of the volume, but the aside and the most friendly reception by passages where the womanly soul of the natives of every class.” The result the writer breaks out in lamentation is a most pleasant and readable book, of the woes that overrun our Chris containing a vast amount of informatian land, describing with vehement tion connected with the present conand almost prophetic tones, the dition and prospective resources of wrongs and misery-the blinding these hitherto little-known islands. tears and bloodless deaths, that waste Although these islands are a Spanish and blast the helpless, oppressed, colony, the number of European tempted, fallen women of our large

Spaniards settled here is very small towns, and imploring with an earnest

indeed compared with the natives ness that must awake the stoney and mixed races. The entire popuhearted confessor of Christ to wit lation is supposed to be about four ness and work against those evils millions, of whom 1,787,528 are in trade and social life that wreak native Indians, paying tribute, and such woful consequences on the Weak 78,400 are mestizos and Chinese and Fair.

tributaries. The reinainder, of whom the number is necessarily uncertain,

are natives not under government, THE SIDEREAL HEAVENS. By Thomas inhabiting the mountains. The prinDick, LL.D. 6th Thousand. London:

cipal part of these are Pagans, alWard & Co., Paternoster Row.

though there are many exceptional DR. DICK has for many years been,

cases. For instance, in the island of perhaps, our most popular writer on

Mindanao, there are many Mahome subjects connected with astronomy.

dans, "probably of Malayan descent." The present work in its successive

The enmity between these and the editions cannot fail to sustain his

Spaniards is constant and deadly. very high reputation. The matter is

There is an interesting account good, and our knowledge of the

given in the chapter on “ Population science brought up byit to the present

and Races" of some inhabitants of year. The illustrations are very

the remote mountainous regions of beautiful ; and the whole forms a

Mindanao "a race in the very lowest very cheap and valuable compendium

stages of barbarism, I cannot say of of starry science.

civilization, for of that they present no trace. They are said to wear no garments, to build no houses, to dress

no food. They wander in the forest, A VISIT TO THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS. whose wild fruits they gather by day,

By Sir John Bowring, LL.D., F.R.S., late Governor of Hong Kong, H. B.M.'s

and sleep among the branches of the Plenipotentiary in China, &c., &c.

trees by night. They have no form London : Smith, Elder, & Co. 1859.

of government, no chief, no religious

usages of any kind. I saw one of the In the course of a few weeks' holiday race who was brought for sale as any from the cares of his colonial govern wild animal might have been, to the ment, Sir John Bowring paid a short | governor of Zamboanga." Yet it is visit to the Philippine Islands, during clearly and satisfactorily proved that which it is evident his time was not these people are susceptible of cultiwasted, but devoted with character- vation, civilization, and Christianisaistic energy to observation of the tion. capabilities of the soil and climate, On Ethnology, Sir John holds some and of the manners and customs of remarkable and certainly original

views. Instead of agreeing with the cocks in every house, at every corner, general tendency now in vogue, to at the foot of every tree, along the trace all varieties of mankind and of quays and shores, on the prows of language to one common origin, or every coasting ship, and as if the (with some) to a few defined types, living were not enough, they are he goes so far as to imply that the sculptured, they are painted, and varieties now observed are few in charcoaled (not artistically), on every number compared with those that wall for public admiration, and public originally existed ; and that the same admiration recognises the portraiture, is the case as regards languages. “I though the information is not placed believe there are more varieties of the there—as by the painter of old- to human family than have hitherto announce “This is a cock.'” been recognised by physiologists, Tobacco constitutes the staple trade amongst whom no affinity of language here, rice is also grown very extenwill be found. The theories current sively, and sugar to some extent, but as to the derivation of the many the climate is not particularly favourvarieties of the human race from a able to general agriculture, being few primitive types will not bear specified in a Spanish proverb as examination. Civilization and educa- “six months dust, six months of tion will modify the character of the mud, and six months of everything." skull, and the differences between the Indigo and spices might be grown crania of the same people are so great to much advantage, but they are as to defy any general law of classifi- neglected. The forest trees seem descation. The further back we are tined to form a considerable part enabled to go, the greater will be the of the riches of these islands. Gold distinction of types and tongues ; and is found here, and coal, but of inferior it will be seen that the progress of quality. The chapters on commerce, time, and commerce, and knowledge, education, and government are full of and colonization, has annihilated many instructive matter, and the most an independent idiom, as it has de- valuable suggestions; but they must stroyed many an aboriginal race be read entire to be appreciated. (p. 167.) One remarkable fact ad- Altogether the work is most interestduced with regard to the wild races, ing and instructive, though largely is the great separation of the toes, made up of extracts and sentimentsenabling the foot to be used in great not always acknowledged--from other part as a hand. Were this proved to writers. It is also agreeably illusbe an original endowment, it would trated with good lithographs, and certainly go far to support the theory forms a valuable contribution to our of diversity of race. We think it knowledge of tropical countries with scarcely necessary, however, to state their associated habits and capabilities. that we in no degree acquiesce in our author's ethnology

The established religion is that of the Romish Church. As to the wild THE POETICAL WORKS OF EDMUND natives and the Mahomedans De Mas

SPENSER; with Memoir and Critical

Dissertations, by George Gilfillan, in 5 advises that the Spanish Government

volumes. Edinburgh: James Nichol, should buy them and convert them!

104 High-street. and employ them in agriculture.

The great characteristic of the na- Tais splendid edition of Spenser is tional manners and customs is strange now complete. It contains “every enough. Cock-fighting ; its preva- line extant of the poetry of Spenser," lence is beyond all description. The and is presented in such a compenpassion for it is "a delirium, and no dious, attractive, and useful form, law can check the number or the dura- that it cannot fail to become par tion of the fights : ... there are excellence the popular edition of

« PreviousContinue »