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down to the rendering of another's. | racter. If so, though his skill is great The poems themselves will be found we must inform him his work is er:) to be something new to the English and will be reprobated by every puro reader; they are Heine, and no one and honourable man. else. A strange gleam of sadness, yet a kind of playful sadness, flits over the whole, which seem to be like the unbegun, unfinished opiuni

THE ITALIAN WAR, 1848-9. By Henry

Lushington dreams of a morbid temperament; mere cloud-shadowy sketches with This book is one of those tributes of out aim or coherence. The style, and pious affection which yearly issue from we regret to say, the sentiment are the press, by which generous friendstup not inaptly described in "Atta Troll :" seeks to preserve some record of a

Summer night's dream! All-fantastic, life too early withered, or robbed of Aimless is my song. Yes, aimless

opportunity to fulfil the promise of As our love and as our living,

its dawn. There have been such it As Creator and Creation.

every circle. We can all recal the And this quotation leads us to remark image of some vivid, intense, sed that we do not think any advantage graceful spirit, perhaps the brightest likely to accrue to any reader's tone of of the band who surrounded us as we thought or morality from the perusal of entered the field of toil and stragrle these poems. They are charming verses which we name lifeone whose kes but the sentiment is very generally and fine organisation secured for him objectionable. There is a constant an early and brilliant development suspicion arising in the mind that the and promised to our young imaginas writer had no faith and no hope ; tions to open an easy way for him to though the extremely fragmentary the highest prizes of political, literary, nature of even the longer pieces for or professional life. But he is gone bids too hasty a conclusion. Another cut off in his prime, and all that he grievous fault is the licentious sen has left, it may be, is a few serups of suality of many of the poems. Mr. verse or essay, and a wide-spread 1 Bowring acknowledges that “there pression among his associates that be are doubtless many of the poems might have done anything within the written by Heine that we could wish reach of any but the very highest mora had never been written, and that we of the time. It will mostly happ would willingly refrain from trans that such idols of their circle are lating." To do so, he thinks, would men of morbid vividness and intensity, have given an incomplete if not an in through the action of some fell do correct idea of what the poet was ; and ease which fires while it feeds on the we would have thanked Mr. Bowring vital juices of brain and heart. Ther if he had allowed us to keep such an stand out in youth from their circle imperfect conception of his poet, because their blood courses her rather than exhibited and diffused brightly-too brightly to last ; they such impurity, though it unhappily fail to fulfil the promise of tbeut belonged to Heine. An English poet spring because they have not the would have been tabooed who had stamina, the bottom, needed to hold written such loathly verse ; and we on through long years in the strade can scarcely think better of an Eng and race of this world's life Joha lish gentleman who makes his mind Stirling was a notable instance of the channel for such filth to pass from ! this-almost typical. The centre and a foreign literature to corrupt our idol in early life of a band of me own. Surely it is not Mr. Bowring's i most of whom had larger capacity to ambitior to unveil the vices of foreign serve their age and teach manku authors simply that we may have a But he was all serve: and while ita complete idea of their unsavoury chal joints and bands of theu

strongly moulded natures were form- | work, and a few of his words. His ing, he, bright, vivid, graceful, and comrades heard his word—that is, the radiant with life, stood like a young words plus the man; we hear the Apollo in their midst.

words only, and in the case of a man Such an one, though in smaller like Mr. Lushington, not of the very measure, was Henry Lushington. highest order, this is an essential conThat there was a rare charm about sideration. There is nothing beyond his youth, and rich promise about his clear and clever writing in anything ripening manhood, is clear from the contained in this volume of Mr. testimony of men to mix with whom Lushington's remains. The most imfamiliarly is in itself a kind of fame. portant part of it consists of two esHe was born in 1812, and entered at says contributed to the “ Edinburgh Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1829. Review," on the history of the Italian His college career, which promised to struggle in 1848-9. Mr. Lushington's be a most brilliant one, was inter post at Malta gave him a good oprupted by a serious attack of illness, portunity of studying “ The Italian which laid the foundation of a chronic Question.” He availed himself of it state of ill health under which he thoroughly. The essays contain a suffered until his early death in 1855. clear, concise, and able history of the Born of a family which has yielded movement, an impartial account of many distinguished members to the the causes of its failure, and propheservice of the State, he entered life cies concerning the future of Italy with every advantage, and, had health which the year 1859 has strikingly been granted to him, he might easily fulfilled. It is no small praise to say have achieved distinction in the that through the confusion of Italian arena of political life. But the state politics, Mr. Lushington forecast with of his health, and a certain moral tolerable certainty the destiny of langour which often mars the steady Piedmont in relation to Italy. His development of the most brilliant words of warning to the enthusiastic men, seem to have prevented that talkers about liberty have a striking close application without which in bearing on the analogous condition of such an age as ours no prizes are to be Italy at the present day. won. There was danger of his sinking into the mere literary idler “Enthusiasm, to be respected, must be through life, when, in 1847, Lord

deep as well as real : circoli (clubs) are Grey offered to him the post of Chief

not regiments, terrifying proclamations do

not dispense with accurate drilling. There Secretary to the Government of

may be flashes and outbursts of real feel. Malta. He gladly accepted the of ing - demonstrations of passion by no fice, and devoted himself with great means fictitious, in a cause worthy of the assiduity to the fulfilment of its du

truest passion; floods of merited invective, ties, until increasing weakness ren

patriotic tears, embracings, eloquence, and

effusions without end. Yet, compared with dered a visit to England necessary,

all these, the stern stroke of the world. as the only chance of saving his life. dividing sword shall not be ignoble.” But the disease had rooted itself too deeply; on his way home he died, August 6th, 1855. The sketch of his life by his friend

MAGDALENE : a Poem. London: Smith,

Elder, and Co. 1859. Mr. Venables is earnestly and gracefully written ; nor will we question the In the medley of verse before us, truth of its judgment, though the pas there are both very fine single lines sages both in verse and prose which and combinations of lines-pathos, are quoted with the most lofty eulo ability, and a humane spirit pregium seem to us worthy of only mo siding over their composition, and derate praise. Mr. Venables knew commending the fallen woman to our the man ; we know but a little of his sympathies and our cares. The history of these unfortunates is well incidents narrated to try his fortune expressed in a striking couplet

in an emigrant life. All this we take - There is one lot for all-a blaze of light, 1 to be evidence of the singular veracity A deepening shadow, and an endless

of the record. Quod simples, illud night."

verum. Leaving this ingenious and pathetic appeal on behalf of these most un PAINLESS DENTAL SURGERY; A POPLAB happy beings, we must say for our TREATISE ON CONGELATIOX. By Water selves, that in all cases of interposi

F. Brindley, Sheffield. London 19. tion for their rescue, the effort must The object of this little work is to set be prompt. It is to be feared that forth the advantages of the applicatioa the apparatus of committees, formal of cold as a local anæsthetic during applications, and canvassings for ad the extraction of teeth, and the other mission to asylums, excludes many operations of dental surgery, over a repenting girl, who would clasp any those derived from ether, chloroform. means of instant rescue as salvation, or electricity. The author briedy if that were only offered to her ac sketches the origin and progress of ceptance. An awakening conscience the use of these agents ; and having and a repentant regret in the morn shown clearly the objections to the ing, may be lost in the revel of the general anæsthesis produced by the ensuing night. We cannot but re two former, and the inefficiency of commend, after the example of Mrs. the latter, with reference to all open Sheppard, of Frome (see Record, of tions on the mouth, he proceeds to December 7), that a less cumbrous, show by the results of experience the tedious, and expensive process be efficiency and safety of congelaton ne pursued in helping these wretched the parts ; as producing in almost a women out of the Slough of Despond. cases great immunity from pain, and Delay is death, dum loquimur being under any circumstances free fugerit invida atas. Some “ save

from the danger to be apprebeodet with fear, pulling them out of the

from any inhaled agent. He ex.rs fire."

candidly the objections to its use,

and in our opinion completely propas ADVENTURES OF A MOUNTED TROOPER

the superiority of this method one IN THE AUSTRALIAN CONSTABULARY.

all those hitherto used. The style & London : Routledge. 1869.

the work is modest and unpreteni ANOTHER book from the land of and therefore such as is well adapus kangaroos and flying squirrels, black to the discussion of a scientific sob swans and ornithorhynchus, the ject. plague of flies and white ants, of boomerangs and woomeras, labras DOTTINGS OF A LOCsGKK. By Fra and corrobories, gold nuggets and Fowler. London: Routledge cattle stations, convicts and convict Tuis volume consists of light skete trackers! And a seeming true one. for light reading, the largest sacu. Never was a more "round unvarnished fact which looms over the waste a tale" than that of William Burrows. I its very shoal waters being thrs, He paints Australia in the most sober that my * Lord Farrenwide Skate colours ; his own adventures, however I bury l) who presides over relay exciting to himself in the acting or meetings at - Swillis' rooms," dm endurance, are of the most common- his whiskers. Whether this reve place kind ; and no one would be ! tion be more important or impert attracted by either the style or the nent, our readers must determine

ERRATA. In article “Thomas Becket," page 263, for Herbert de Bertram read Herbert

Bosham. In Brief Notices," page 319, first column, for We do not agree krila Dr. Campin as to the GOOD results, read, evil results.

THE ECLECTIC.

MAY, 1860.

OWEN'S PALÆONTOLOGY.*

ALTHOUGH amongst the youngest of the sciences, Palæontology is making more rapid strides of progress than almost any other in the present day. Scarcely a month passes-never a year-without the addition of some important facts to the immense stores already accumulated ; and these facts are in a great number of cases not the mere addition of details without any special significance, but instances of phenomena calculated to throw light upon hitherto obscure relations, to confirm doubtful theories, to shake old-established prejudices, or to necessitate the revision of apparently well-ascertained principles. Amidst all this, changes of views upon even the most simple-seeming phenomena are frequent; the mind is too apt to be dazzled by hasty generalization; imperfect induction from ill-observed facts is too often preferred to patient observation and analysis; and brilliant theory despises and carries the day over sober truth. It cannot fail to result, therefore, that the true march of such a science should be obstructed; and that its revelations should be discredited by those who can see that the learned differ often diametrically in opinion, but who are ignorant of the great principles upon which they differ.

In such a state of matters as this, it is eminently profitable to meet with a work like the present, emanating from one whose profound knowledge of the subject entitles him, if not above, yet equally with any living authority, to pronounce upon the present position and prospects of Palæontology—the science of extinct organisms. Professor Owen is cautious to the extreme—almost to

• Palæontology; or, a Systematic Summary of Extinct Animals, and their Geological Relations. By Richard Owen, F.R.Š., Superintendent of the Natural History Departments in the British Museum, Fullerian Professor of Physiology in the Royal Institution of Great Britain, &c., &c. A. and C. Black. 1860. VOL. III.

KK

a fault, it might be said—yet if, when we look for speculation and theory on some of those points connected with the science which seem most to invite them, we are to some extent disappointed in finding nothing but negations, we are by the same disappointment assured that in trusting ourselves to such a guide, we shall not be led into dangerous hypotheses; and that if with him we inquire into the existing state of palæontological science, we shall be allowed to take nothing for granted, each step in the proof of which has not been submitted to the most rigorous scrutiny; We shall know that what we find here as ascertained, we may take with tolerable certainty as data upon which to reason further.

The present treatise is almost a literal reprint of the article “ Palæontology,” in the Encyclopædia Britannica ; and hence arises an imperfection. In the latter work, extinct vegetable life? treated of in a separate paper, and we miss greatly in this volume such an account of these organisms as would entitle it to be considered a complete exposition of Palæontology. If in addition to this we remark, that a slightly undue preponderance is given to the vertebrate tribes, all-interesting as they are, and too litik account made of the invertebrata, without which the science would probably have been non-existent, we have almost exhausted our criticism, and are prepared to take a brief survey of what Palæontology has thus far taught us. And as we cannot enter upon the whole subject, we pass over for the present the relations of the science which are undoubted by all, and notice more particularly those which are, or have been until recently, matte for much dispute. And first, as to the antiquity of our earth, and the constancy of natural laws :after enumerating many contributions to the advancement of other sciences, our auth continues :

“Finally, Palæontology has yielded the most important frete : the highest range of knowledge to which the human intellect airs It teaches that the globe allotted to man has revolved in its ort: through a period of time so vast, that the mind, in the endeavours realize it, is strained by an effort like that by which it strives to asceive the space dividing the solar system from the most distazo nebula.

"Palæontology has shown that, from the inconceivably remote pens of the deposition of the Cambrian rocks, the earth has been viribri hy the sun's light and heat, has been fertilized by refreshing she and washed by tidal waves; --that the ocean not only moved in order oscillations regulated as now, by sun and moon, but was rippled as: agitated by winds and storms; that the atmosphere, besides the movements, was healthily influenced by clouds and vapours, risik condensing, and falling in ceaseless circulation."--p. 2.

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