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sttributable to his professional know-
Ladiera- l'icz-- Principal and Lecturer
at the Borough Road Training College!

of exactly what a school history
ought to be. We doubt not that he

will earn the gratitude of many a school-bor for haring clothed the out. lines of English history in so pleasant

while the more advanced

appreciate the sound

å dress, while the more reader will appreciate ness of judgment with opinion of men generally characte mention, that in mote the completena much supplementary furnished of the hist trade, commerce, manners and customs

gible genealogical tabi at the commencemen of each period.

bow, the groundwork of every great lecturer, nature be not settled and stable. to College We do not consider this volume to

change the common estimate of Shelley's character save in one important respect, viz., it tells us that the black infidelity of his “ Queen Mab“ was the savage delirium of his very Foare est days, when chafed and tormentas

he scarce knew what he wrote ; bat nent with which his

was repudiated by himself as w el men and things is

trash, and can in nowise be regarded characterised. We may

as the outflow of his proper natur, that in order to pro or to represent the settled convict: he completeness of the work,

of his maturity. polenentary information is What an undertone of discordant

of the history of religion, sadness runs through this life of the commerce, agriculture, and passionate, loving Shelley. The

and customs, and that intelli is no rest, no faith, no hope 3 nealogical tables are supplied it ; and the affection he wins by mmencement of the history pure fantastic earnestness but maks

us grieve the more for his ill-clackad misery. The thought of his 18

lingers in our memory like the w LES MEMORIALS, FROM AUTHENTIC of a pine-forest, which seems los SOCCES. Edited by Lady Shelley. To dened with an unearthly SATIS; Thich is appended an Essay on Chris. and it is thus we think of Shes tianity, by Percy Bysshe Shelley, now

What a difference if his unqu*, first printed. London: Smith, Elder,

wild, yet beautiful nature beri bers and Co., Cornhill.

brought into peace with God tlm. THE oocasion of the publication of Jesus Christ - if the steady purpu these Memorials is the recent "Life of of Divine consecration had embra Shelley," which was de licated to the and bound to one centre his generis lady who edits this volume, and was impulses and splendid talents supposed to have her and her family's the conviction of sin had humbssanction. It now appears that the i him, and the love of boliness and family are indignant at the misuse exalted him, and the cross had been made of the materials they put at the the model and inspiration of his lite disposal of the author of that life, But he had no faith ; and this is the and at the liberty he hås taken with source of his weakness and hus sur their name ; and hence these Me. Even his genius was under morials are published by way of pro- | and dimmed by lack of faith, test and refutation. We cannot enter imagination was without catreinto this quarrel ; but we are glad the harp strings were h ely that Lady Shelley has laid these strung. The firmness, and putuese Memorials, in the shape of original which religious faith alone could letters from and to Mr. and Mrs. | duce were wanting to commend asi Shelley, before the public. Such a life chasten himself and his own wurk. as that of Shelley reads the most yet he hungered after this IV>* solemn and profound lessons to this ! faith, and his changing theories de age, and they cannot be too frequently universe, like the murage, were phir repeated. It shows the misery of tasies awakened by an appetite life, if at the heart of its agita- | they only deceived and could not tion there be not central peace--if satisfy. Poor Shelley! His life ** the religious faith which must be a monumental warning raised wala

beside the highway of our times. | labour of great and acknowledged May its sombre truth be read and difficulty and magnitude-one which pondered by all !

many have attempted — in which The Essay on Christianity must none have fully succeeded. Nor do have been a puerile production, it is we think that such success will ever 80 exquisitely and innocently feeble. be complete. Perhaps Dante might Though, indeed, where the laws of com have translated Milton had he been mon sense and the reasoning of every his contemporary -- perhaps Milton day life were involved, Shelley never might have translated Dante ; but in escaped the imbecility of youth. He either case we doubt whether the plan regards Jesus, the founder of Christ of translation would have involved ianity, as a greater Socrates. He the imitation of the rhythm. Owing eliminates from the Gospels those to the widely diverse genius of the parts of his teachings which he ad- | two languages it seems impossible mires, and attributes them to Jesus that an exact translation can be Christ. All the rest is the ex brought into absolutely identical crescence of apostolic ignorance and form ; and if this be done, it must superstition. Miracles, of course, necessarily be at the expense of some are myths, and the Epistles the of the living force of the original. partial and false application of the Such is the case in the instance now great moral principles taught by under notice. Mr. Thomas has sucJesus Christ. Many who have taken ceeded wonderfully in keeping to the Queen Mab as the exponent of terza rima of Dante, without awkwardShelley's religious views, will be ness of inflection, and without degratified with the more human senti parture from the sense of his original; ments of this Essay; and we are glad the translation is good-very good ; to read anything that will make us and enriched with a valuable mass of think more kindly of Shelley.

notes, illustrative of the historical and classical allusions ; but the fire and power of the original is much missing;

this we believe to be inevitable, and THE POEMS OF HEINE, complete; translated in the original metres. With a

we accord much praise for what has Sketch of Heine's Life. By Edgar

been done. Mr. Thomas will henceAlfred Bowring. London: Longman

forth take high rank as a translator. and Co. 1859.

Mr. Bowring is an experienced THE TRILOGY; OR, Dante's THREE

translator ; he has previously given VISIONS. INFERNO, OR THE VISION to the English reader excellent verOF HELL. Translated into English, in sions of Schiller and Goethe, like the the metre and triple rhyme of the present, in the original metres. His original; with notes and illustrations.

task is an easier one, in many respects, By the Rev. John Wesley* Thomas. London: H. G. Bohn. 1859.

than that just noticed, owing to the

nature both of the language and of We have classed these two transla the poems; and the result is proportions together for notice, more for the tionately more acceptable in a literary sake of the contrast they present aspect. Heine's poems are, of course, than for any similarity. Both trans essentially German, in tone, in lated with great ability, we may thought, and in allusion ; yet so far almost say with consummate appre as manner and freedom are concerned, ciation of the originals ; both retain Mr. Bowring's translations might well ing the form, the metre, and the pass for originals. There is a careless rhyme of the originals ; we have, rich abandon about them, and an exowing to the nature of the two tasks, | haustless vocabulary, that would as great a contrast as can well be make it almost difficult to keep in afforded in the result. The Rev. | mind that the writer was not revelling J. W. Thomas has confronted a ' in his own thoughts, but was tied

mother's / racter. If so, though his skill is great,

we must inform him his work is evil, and will be reprobated by every pure and honourable man.

down to the rendering of another's
The poems themselves will be found
to be something new to the English
reader, they are Heine, and no one
else. A strange gleam of sadness.
ret a kind of playful sadness, flits
örer the whole, which seem to be
like the unbegun, unfinished opiun,
dreams of a morbid temperament :
mere cloud-shadowy sketches with
out aim or coherence. The style, and

regret to say, the stntiment are
antly described in "Atta Troll :"

mer night's dream! All-fantastic.
Aimless is my song: Yes, aimless
As our love and as our living,
As Creator and Creation.

niere or coherencene sentiment are

we reg not

Summer

And this quotation le that we do not think likely to accrue to any thought or morality from these poems. They are but the sentiment objectionable. The suspicion arising in writer had no fait though the extrem

nature of c

grievous fault is the

The Italian WAB, 1848-9. By Henry

Lushington. This book is one of those tributes of pious affection which yearly issue from the press, by which generous friendship seeks to preserve some record of a life too early withered, or robbei of opportunity to fulfil the promise of its dawn. There have been such in

every circle. We can all meal the rotation leads us to remark image of some vivid, intense, and do not think any advautage

graceful spirit, perhaps the brightest ccrue to any reader's tone of

of the band who surrounded is ss : morality from the perusal of entered the field of toil and struggle

They are charming verses which we name life one whose keca sentiment is very generally and fine organisation secured for hire oble. There is a constant an early and brilliant development arising in the mind that the and promised to our young imagina had no faith and no hope; tions to open an easy way for him the

the extremely fragmentary the highest prizes of political, literart.

of even the longer pieces for or professional life. But be pose, bids too hasty a conclusion. Another

cut off in his prime, and all that be as fault is the licentious sen has left, it may be, is a few scraps ei of many of the poems. Mr. verse or essay, and a wide-spread

acknowledges that “there pression among his associates that be doubtless many of the poems might have done anything within the written by Heine that we could wish

reach of any but the very highest s had never been written, and that we

of the time. It will mostly happe

transwould willingly refrain from

that such idols of their circle are lating." To do so, he thinks, would

men of morbid vividness and intensity, have given an incomplete if not an in

through the action of some fell do idea of what the poet was ; and ease which fires while it feeds on the cort

uld have thanked Mr. Bowring vital juices of brain and beart. we

Thes if he had allowed us to keep such an

stand out in youth from their circ

because their blood courses more imperfect conception of his poet. in exhibited and diffused

brightly—too brightly to last ; they rath purity, though it unhappily

fail to fulfil the promise of the belonged to Heine to Heine. An English poet spring because they have not the

stamina, the bottom, Deeded to bold would have been tabooed who had

on through long years in the strde written such loathly verse ; and we ely think better of an Eng

and race of this world's life. can scarcely think

Jola laman who makes his mind

Stirling was a notable instance lish gentleman w

this-almost typical. the channel for $

The centre Sd

idol in early life of a band of ma a foreign literature to corrupt our

most of wbom had larger capacity to own, Surely it is not Mr. Bowring's

serve their age and teach mankini ambition to unveil the vices of foreign

But he was all nerve ; and while authors simply that we may have a their unsavoury cha- joints and

join

bauds of their coinplete idea of their ursavoury cha

***

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strongly moulded natures were form- | work, and a few of his words. His ing, he, bright, vivid, graceful, and comrades heard his word-that is, the radiant with life, stood like a young words plus the man; we hear the Apollo in their midst.

words only, and in the case of a man Such an one, though in smaller like Mr. Lushington, not of the very measure, was Henry Lushington. highest order, this is an essential conThat there was a rare charm about sideration. There is nothing beyond his youth, and rich promise about his clear and clever writing in anything ripening manhood, is clear from the contained in this volume of Mr. testimony of men to mix with whom Lushington's remains. The most imfamiliarly is in itself a kind of fame. portant part of it consists of two esHe was born in 1812, and entered at says contributed to the “Edinburgh Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1829. Review," on the history of the Italian His college career, which promised to struggle in 1848-9. Mr. Lushington's be a most brilliant one, was inter post at Malta gave him a good oprupted by a serious attack of illness, portunity of studying “ The Italian which laid the foundation of a chronic Question.” He availed himself of it state of ill health under which he thoroughly. The essays contain a suffered until his early death in 1855. clear, concise, and able history of the Born of a family which has yielded movement, an impartial account of many distinguished members to the the causes of its failure, and propheservice of the State, he entered life cies concerning the future of Italy with every advantage, and, had health which the year 1859 has strikingly been granted to him, he might easily fulfilled. It is no small praise to say have achieved distinction in the that through the confusion of Italian arena of political life. But the state politics, Mr. Lushington forecast with of his health, and a certain moral tolerable certainty the destiny of langour which often mars the steady Piedmont in relation to Italy. His development of the most brilliant words of warning to the enthusiastic men, seem to have prevented that talkers about liberty have a striking close application without which in bearing on the analogous condition of such an age as ours no prizes are to be Italy at the present day. won. There was danger of his sinking into the mere literary idler “Enthusiasm, to be respected, must be through life, when, in 1847, Lord

deep as well as real : circoli (clubs) are Grey offered to him the post of Chief

not regiments, terrifying proclamations do

not dispense with accurate drilling. There Secretary to the Government of

may be flashes and outbursts of real feel. Malta. He gladly accepted the of ing - demonstrations of passion by no fice, and devoted himself with great means fictitious, in a cause worthy of the assiduity to the fulfilment of its du

truest passion; floods of merited invective, ties, until increasing weakness ren

patriotic tears, embracings, eloquence, and

effusions without end. Yet, compared with dered a visit to England necessary,

all these, the stern stroke of the world. as the only chance of saving his life. dividing sword shall not be ignoble.” But the disease had rooted itself too deeply; on his way home he died, August 6th, 1855.

MAGDALENE : a Poem. London: Smith, The sketch of his life by his friend

Elder, and Co. 1859. Mr. Venables is earnestly and gracefully written ; nor will we question the In the medley of verse before us, truth of its judgment, though the pas there are both very fine single lines sages both in verse and prose which and combinations of lines-pathos, are quoted with the most lofty eulo ability, and a humane spirit pregium seem to us worthy of only mo siding over their composition, and derate praise. Mr. Venables knew commending the fallen woman to our the man ; we know but a little of his l sympathies and our cares. The his

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racter. If so, though his skill is er we must inform him his work is and will be reprobated by every and honourable man.

THE ITALIAN WAR, 1848-9. By

Lushington. This book is one of those trib pious affection which yearly iss the press, by which generous in seeks to preserve some recor life too early withered, or to opportunity to fulfil the pro its dawn. There have been every circle. We can all image of some vivid, inte graceful spirit, perhaps the

of the band who surrounded te to any reader's tone of ality from the perusal of

entered the field of toil and wachte They are charming verses which we name lifeone w

and fine organisation secure these

p riment is very generally
De la There is a constant

an early and brilliant de obiectising in the mind that the

and promised to our young faith and no hope ; tions to open an easy way extremely fragmentary the highest prizes of politic ven the longer pieces for or professional life. But dva conclusion. Another

cut off in his prime, and it is the licentious sen has left, it may be, is a fe many of the poems. Mr.

verse or essay, and a wide knowledges that “there

pression among his associ Bostobe, des many of the poems

might have done anything Heine that we could wish

reach of any but the very heen written, and that we

of the time. It will mo dy refrain from trans

that such idols of their so, he thinks, would

men of morbid vividness incomplete if not an in

through the action of a what the poet was; and

ease which fires while it a thanked Mr. Bowring

vital juices of brain and d us to keep such an

stand out in youth from eption of his poet,

because their blood shibited and diffused

brightly—too brightly though it unhappily An English poet

spring because they b
tabooed who had
thly verse ; and we

better of an Eng-
ho makes his mind
och filth to pass from
e to corrupt our
not Mr. Bowring's
the vices of foreign
we may have a

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fail to fulfil the prom

stamina, the bottom, ne on through long years and race of this world Stirling was a notabl this-almost typical. idol in early life of a most of whom had lan serve their age and te But he was all nerve: joints and bands

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