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on behalf of Italy; and though the sum is small, it is worthy of record, showing one honourable exception among the thousand free churches of England. We shall not plead for the two societies we have alluded to; but we must say that, as the only two societies in England which profess to assist in the present Italian movement, they ought to have received more than five or six hundred pounds from all classes of British Christians for the work's sake, if not for their own. The little they have raised has been principally given to the Waldenses and the two committees at Geneva and at Nice.
We are aware that an impression is abroad that the Italian work is very insignificant--that what little is done must be kept secret-and that money is not required to aid it. As to the first, the Italian work is small, if compared with the millions who inhabit the country. But it is large when contrasted with what it was a year ago, and for many years previously; it is large when it is considered that scarcely fifty missionaries and colporteurs are engaged ; and it is large if we bear in mind the immense extent of territory thrown open, and the possibility of an increase. To our minds it is enough that Italy is the field. As to the second affirmation, that pecuniary aid is not required, it is an amiable delusion whereby to excuse an unwilling mind; but the facts we have cited must dispel it. With regard to the third point, the statement is partially true ; and this is the chief reason why we have refrained in this paper from giving statements through which any danger could accrue to the unprotected and scattered evangelists who are now doing the work of God. We regret this necessity imposed on us, as the narration of facts known to us would enlist sympathy more effectually than any other appeal.* But the public prints abound in details quite explicit enough to show the character and bearings of the movement. It is certain that the Pope and the Italian archbishops and bishops do not look on with indifference. They have uttered the most absurd and exaggerated assertions about it, misrepresenting it in every way, and they have thundered out their anathemas against all who favour and promote it. His Holiness, for example, says to his Irish supporters, “Let
* The prudence that is required by Christian men in Italy is indicated in the touching words of one of her noble sons, who thus writes :
" In order not to ruin everything by too hot a zeal, I must, for the present, remain silent, merely observing and studying our affairs. Until the fate of Central Italy is der i led, we must not risk the great cause of the Gospel. Not that I see Italy unprepared-she is even very much prepared—but the temporary governments are so timid, they take fright at the very mention of the preaching of the Gospel. ... I have found, even more than I expected, minds disposed to abandon Popery, when there shall be liberty to spcak freely."
us unite in invoking the patronage of all the blessed in heaven, especially of the immaculate Virgin Mary, Mother of God, that the pest of heresy and schism, which men the most wicked are striving to introduce into the regions of Italy, mat be driven from them?” It has been truly said that this passage proves what spirit they are of, and forcibly reminds us of that admirable scene in the Pilgrim's Progress, whert Bunyan says of old giant Pope, “He can now do htio more than sit in his cave's mouth, grinning at pilgrims as they go by, and biting his nails, because he cannot come at then, saying, “You will never mend till more of you be burned.'* is true the terrors of the auto da fè are over, even in Italy: but this is no reason why we should be at all indifferent to that who are striving to plant the standard of Christ's cross up: the summits of Italy. Their dangers are great, the work is urgent. They are sober, earnest men, fearing God. Hitherto, they have prospered ; and if they have not created a national movement, they have everywhere found acceptance; and the look with especial confidence to free and Protestant England tur sympathy and succour. We are persuaded that when the really and power of the work are understood among us, thousands be ready to help them, and to wish them God-speed.
JOHN ANGELL JAMES: A Review of his I raised by the affection of Dr. Camp
pose of his life-long friend. It dolore Preaching, College Reform, &e. By John Campbell, D.D. London: John
not profess to be a biograply.. " Snow. 180).
an «logi, written with the pathos
mourning and with all the folur This valuable work demands a further admiring friendship. So it subalde notice at our hands. Being received and animate the reader with varyi by ns just before the publication of our bus ul piations r. ( a article last month on John Angell bil, under the natural prompt James, we were unable to thibit the his qilmitton for Angell Jams, bus sape and variety of the contents of proposed to himself a double taas this volume, or to estimate its ability. I his ill a vulr jos --Vie, to Now, however, we are prepared to do the chief events and result of both. It is a splendid monument ! James's lit, sed ulso to set forth
O "Quarterly Reporter of Evan.elical Continental Society," p. b.
example for the emulation of his fol- , stitutes the superiority of university lowers in the ministry. Hence the va- examination-is that they are more riety and practical value of this work. thorough, of wider range, and severer The narration of the life is inter scrutiny. But we do most cordially spersed with lustrous paragraphs, set and emphatically support his demands in as reflectors to deflect and flash for a higher theological and homiletic the light of Mr. James's history upon education in our colleges. And if the problems of ministerial life that i B.A. and M.A. degrees be incomare now agitated. The volume is patible with this, they must be divided into sections or books, the abjured. Why should there not be titles of which indicate their con- | the division in the student's course tents:- Introduction, Biographical' which Dr. Campbell recommends, and Oatline-Robert Haldane-- Academic which is adopted in the Scottish Preaching-Character--Eloquence churches, by which one portion of the The Pulpit and the Press-Literary term of years should be devoted to the Labours - Conclusion. The section literary and preliminary studies, and on Angell James's literary labours is the other to strictly ministerial prerichly instructive, as it gives a résumé paration. Plainly, Nonconformist of Mr. James's writings, with selec ministers must be " thoroughly furtions and criticisms; and so gathers nished” in our day for pulpit and into a focus the central radiant public work, or their influence and truths which Mr. James made so their churches will be annihilated. clear and clothed with such impres Dr. Campbell's utterances are sive majesty in all his works. We hearty, earnest, and to the point. have seldom read pages crowded with All must feel that he is zealous weightier thoughts or expressed with only for the “power of the Gospel,” a nobler felicity. A skilful and and therefore fearlessly denounces loving hand has drawn this precious what his large experience and judgelixir from a mass of goodly volumes. ment have convinced him hinders While thus a former chapter depicts the truth of God, and weakens the the outward portraiture of Mr. Church. We are always roused and James's career, in this chapter the instructed by his earnest testimony, soul of this “ Man of God” is revealed if we do not always assent to it; and with its characteristic and strongly we have the warmest satisfaction in marked features, and its wide, deep recommending his book to all Chrishearted sympathies.
tian men who wish to know and to Throughout the volume, Dr. Camp share the spirit of Angell James's bell says many strong and pungent life, and especially to all ministers things in reference to the Noncon of the Gospel, who will find a fund of formist ministry of the present day. stimulating and suggestive thought, Two topics, however, chiefly engage such as is rarely deposited in one his attention, which are intimately volume. connected with Mr. James's life --viz., the Art of Preaching, and the Training of Ministerial Stu
TIE Good STEWARD: a Manual for dents--both topics of superlative
Sunday-school Teachers. By Miss
Henderson. importance, which we have already discussed in the pages of THE In a field of labour like the SundayECLECTIC, We do not agree with school, it is most important that all Dr. Campbell as to the good results the workers should have practical accruing to our students from uni instruction. The readiest way to versity examinations and degrees. learn the right use of tools is to use He forgets that similar examinations them, and the readers of this book have always been held in our colleges, will be those who are actually at and the only difference-which con- work, and that with a large amount of efficiency. While, therefore, we | The book is a readable and useful think that it is well to remind such one, and will form a valuable contri agents from time to time of the bution to the libraries of our Sundartheory, the practice is at all times schools of all denominations. that which we look to discover in any work which professes to be a manual. It is true, the fair author INQUIRY INTO THE ORIGINAL LAN of this treatise was, to a certain ex
GTAGE OF ST. MATTHEW'S GOSPEL; tent, precluded from dealing at length
with Relative Discussions on the Lan
guage of Palestine in the Time of with the specific questions of infant
Christ, and on the Origin of the Gospel. training and senior class manage By the Rer. Alexander Roberts, MA, ment, the committee very properly Minister of the Presbyterian Church considering that Mr. Reed and Mr. St. John's Wood. London: Bagsters. Copper had supplied that lack in 8vo. pp. viii. 159. their prize essays, but we should The object of this treatise, as stated rather have had a work more like! in the first sentence of the preface, is that of the late Mrs. Davids, in a “to vindicate and uphold the Greek condensed form, which really was original of St. Matthew's Gospel." what it professed to be, a Manual for The basis of the whole argument R Teachers.
that the Greek was the prevailin; Now, while we say all this, we
language spoken in Palestine in the must not be supposed to be unim
time of the Apostles, and that Our pressed with the great practical value
Lord himself usually spoke in that of a large portion of this manual. It language. The general tradita abounds in fit illustrations, is very
the early church as to the Hebrew suggestive, and bears the marks of
(or Aramaic) original of Matthew : great pains-taking and research. therefore set aside, as relating to a Perhaps it may result from a certain matter beyond the personal knowlimitation of space, but from some ledge of the Fathers who report , cause, it seems to us that there is a ! and being contradicted by the cir want of completeness in some por
cumstances of the case. We cannot, tions of the work. We take, for
in a brief notice, enter on the sho instance, the admirable advice given
ment, but must confine ourselves to to teachers to keep up their influence
the mere statement of our convicting, over their pupils, to commence and that Mr. Roberts has not proved! carry on correspondence, to visit : fundamental point, and conseque. frequently, and winning the confi- i his whole superstructure falls to dence of children and parents, be ground. We do not believe that any come their friend, counsellor, and one will be convinced by the trusteniporal helper. Now, to do this, a tise. Those who already hold with practical eve will at once see that Mr. Roberts the view that there ihere are difficulties in the way, and never was any Hebrew (he these obstacles are not in the power written by Matthew, may me of the teacher to overcome. This accede to his statement ; 10 advice should be given complete, is pleasant to hear a clever ad with a decided advocacy of the
cate maintain one's own vietes, abandonment of that useless plan of
put them in a somewhat new form: moving children incessantly from one but at least as plausible an argumen class to another-a process by which might be made out in a similar influence is destroyed, and that on the other side, and we shots
Tent advantage. then, after all, no nearer the truth This, and the baneful practice of 1 Mr. Roberts has, however, ri-ked alternate teaching, woull at once wh la case on this one point, render impossible the discharge of states distinctly that “if that can the duty so properly inculcated. st: aside, or if it fail to convince,
is “ willing to acknowledge, that no- | union. The fundamental conclusion thing else which remains to be stated of the author we are unable to accept is likely to be successful, and at once in all its extent. It is this, contrato abandon the argument.” (P. 87.) dictory interpretations of the ScripWe cannot but think, that with his tures are errors ; they must be sinful views of the extreme importance of in their origin ; such conflicting opithe question, he has shown more con nions might be corrected; Christians fidence than prudence in this asser are therefore culpable, that they are tion. But the question, after all, not doctrinally agreed. We admit, interesting and in some respects im that there is not only some but much portant as it is, has not that vital truth in the assertion, that the Protesconnection with revealed truth which tant sects might and ought to approxiMr. Roberts assigns to it. And we mate far more closely in their dogmas. must protest against such language as But there are causes of theological the following “The question, then, diversity and purposes for its emerwhich has been discussed in this gence; mental and moral, which this treatise, is one of vast importance, very simple theory strangely ignores, not only in regard to the Gospel of or does not apprehend. We are not at St. Matthew, but the whole of the all sure that the use of dialogue by New Testament Scriptures. It is, the author is any relief to the reader, in truth, the very Thermopylae of and strongly suspect that it may consacred criticism, on this ground the fuse the thinking rather than sustain decisive battle must be fought : the the attention of the majority. A fate of the whole inspired Scriptures sinister or ignorant consulter of the is, to a great extent, involved in its volume might make a mischievous issue, and when we take up the posi use of the paragraphs assigned to the tion of Dr. Tregelles, it is only too Popish and sceptical interlocutors. plain that the result must prove dis With the spirit and general intention astrous to the friends of divine of the writer, we feel the deepest revelation, and that the cause of sympathy, and admire the great inspired truth is irretrievably lost." ability with which he has executed (Pp. 144, 145.) We earnestly advise his task. We have differed from him Mr. Roberts, in any further critical with reluctance, but feel the more attempt which he may make, not to able to recommend the book with indulge in such very rash assertions. candour to the serious study of all The cause of inspired truth survived, Christians. We have no expectation though Papias in the second century of arriving at religious unity through declared that “ Matthew wrote his doctrinal unanimity. We can only Gospel in Hebrew, and every one wish that all the readers may cultiinterpreted it as he could;" nor is it vate the temper of the writer, and yet irretrievably lost, though many Christian union will be speedily atof the Fathers in succession reiterated
tained without our needing to wait the same statement, and though for theological uniformity. Jerome in the fourth century added that "it was not certain by whom it was translated into Greek."
THE LIFE OF RICHARD KNILL, of St.
Petersburg; being Selections from his
Reminiscences, Journals, and CorresThe UNITY OF THE FAITH. By the pondence, with a Review of his Cha. Rev. A. Leitch. Edinburgh : Elliott. racter and a Preface by the late Rev. London: Hamilton, Adams, and Co.
John Angell James. By Charles H.
Birrell. Nisbet and Co. The title of this book is not a happy one. It fails to define its proper aim. Few men in our day have possessed It is the plea of a thoughtful, culti the peculiar and commanding influPated, and earnest mind for Christian | ences of moral earnestness in a