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to a new or renewed state of Church doctrine and life in all who profess and call themselves Christians ; a state to be brought about gradually, and in a peaceful and orderly course and manner, through the medium of the Ministri docentes, that is, the Clergy duly appointed, under public and lawful authority, by episcopal consecration, to their sacred office." The Ministr docentes are, as far as we can see, the clergy of the Anglican Church. This Church which, the writer admits, had in the eighteenth century sunk into the lowest state of degradation, has now, under the new light and influence, become so changed, that in it all things are made new. Yet new as it is in enlightenment and liberality, no pulpit can be found in it wide enough for that one of its priests who is so stout a champion of the rightfulness of its claim to be a true and living church, and so sound a representative of the principles which have brought her from darkness into light, and raised her from death into life. Mr. Gorman's defence of the Athanasian Creed has not seemingly produced much effect. We must wait to see what this more ambitious effort will do.

HEALTH AND DISEASE. By ED. Smith, M.D., &c. H. S. King & Co.

1875. 409 pp. This is a work containing the results of an immense number of observations taken by the author upon himself and other persons, and his lamented death a short time ago will be deeply regretted by the medical world. It contains an account of the changes which take place daily, weekly, seasonably, and during the lifetime, especially with regard to pulsation and respiration.

In paragraphs 250 et seq. there occurs the following statements, which, coming from so eminent a scientific man, should have great weight :

" The entire exclusion of labour on the rest day is as clearly indicated by our experiments as is the mere diminution of it, and we feel assured that the more rigidly the exclusion is enforced the more will the working-man of all classes benefit by the day. We have the conviction that our capability to labour through the week is essentially connected with the amount of rest obtained on the Sunday. . . Clergymen and others whose duty calls them to labour on the Sunday, should set apart another day as a day of rest."

He attributes much of the clergyman's sore throat to the neglect of a day of rest.

And to those who believe that evil energy from the spiritual world is perhaps the chief cause of disease, the 11th chapter, on epidemics, will be very interesting, as showing how the changes in the spiritual world have resulted in the departure of certain diseases and the reappearance of fresh ones. His description of the Black death or great mortality in A.D. 1333 is very graphic. The views of Swedenborg upon atmospheres may receive some illustration from the statement made in the 589th paragraph :

“Wines are chiefly valued for their aromas, which consist of unknown volatile oils and ethers, and as they become older they gain aroma and lose alcohol. This aroma is a most valuable agent in the wines, since its inhalation was alone sufficient to lessen vital changes."

Upon the whole this is a useful book.

THE LINGUIST AND EDUCATIONAL REVIEW is a new candidate for public favour. To the ordinary character of a journal, in which however the selected are more numerous than the original articles, it adds that of a teacher of languages. On the plan of Cassell's Popular Educator, we have in the May number lessons in French, German, Italian and Spanish.

444

Miscellaneous.

assist in the deliberations of the CopGENERAL CONFERENCE.

ference, and to address the chair when. THE 68th Conference of the New Church ever he shall feel disposed." assembled at Peter Street, Manchester, Rev. P. Ramage was directed to preon Monday, August 9, 1875. At the pare the Annual Address to the members Monday's sitting, the only business of the Church in Great Britain next transacted was the verification of the year. Rev. J. Presland was nominated Certificates and the signing of the Con. as next year's President, and Rev. Dr. ference Roll. At this and subsequent Bayley as the preacher of the Conference meetings, 15 ministers and 66 represen- Sermon, Accrington being selected as tatives signed the roll.

the place for holding the session of 1876. Before the rising of Conference, Mr. A Committee was appointed to report E. J. Broadfield moved a resolution on the revision of the Extraordinary Ser. of sympathy with Revs. J. Hyde and vices of the Liturgy, and to prepare a E. Ď. Rendell in their affliction, which service of Confirmation. was forwarded, with an appropriate A motion to appoint a Committee to letter by the President, the same evening. inquire into the Birmingham

Circular on The Conference assembled on Tuesday the baptism question was after a short morning at nine, the Rev. R. Storry, discussion withdrawn. Vice-President, occupied the chair, and In the evening, the members of Con. conducted the opening devotional exer. ference and a large assembly of friends cises. Rev. Dr. Bayley was unanimously from Manchester and the surrounding elected President, Rev. R. Storry was Societies, assembled at the Conference appointed Vice-President, and Rev. E. service. Rev. J. F. Potts, B.A., preached Whitehead, Secretary.

his first Conference sermon within the The President, in an earnest address, walls of the building that had been the referred to the loss of the Conference by spiritual home of his childhood and the absence this year of some of its most youth. The subject chosen was Psalm prominent and useful members, naming cxxxii. As the sermon will be pubwith affectionate sympathy the Rev. J. lished in the pages of the Magazine, our Hyde, the pastor of the church in which readers will be enabled to judge of the the Conference was assembled, Revs. E. interesting character of the discourse, D. Rendell, J. J. Thornton, and Mr. which was delivered in the usual Willson of Birmingham. He pointed earnest and impressive style of the out

the duties to which the Church was preacher. At the close of the service, called, and expressed the hope of the the Sacrament of the Holy Supper was continued unity and increased usefulness administered by Revs. Dr. Bayley and of the Conference, and the Church which R. Storry to about 120 communicants

. was represented by it.

This annual sacramental service, when The certificates of the ordination of the ministers and members of the Church Rev. P. Ramage, and of the introduction from various parts of the world can of Rev. J. J. Thornton into the ministry commune together in the holiest act of of the New Church were then presented religious worship, is experienced by all and accepted.

as a season of spiritual refreshment and Rev. R. Storry moved the following delight. resolution, “The Rev. Chauncey Giles On Wednesday, the subject of the of New York, U.S., being present as position of the Students' and Ministers' the official messenger of the General Aid Fund, and the National Missionary Convention of the New Church in Institution, came under consideration, America, ---Resolved, That this Confer. and resolutions were passed calling upon ence greets with the heartiest welcome the Church to place these useful institaour brother, the Rev. Chauncey Giles, tions upon a more satisfactory pecuniary and desires to express its sincere plea- basis. Committees were also appointed sure and gratification in seeing him of leading members of the Church amongst us, and hereby invites him to in the various New Church centres, for

the purpose of directing special atten- of the President and Messrs. Parkinson, tion to this subject.

W. H. Pilkington, and A. Braby, was Mr. Goldsack drew attention to the appointed to make a new effort in that reception of Foreign and Colorial Ad. direction. dresses, and with the view of giving in- On the reception of the report of the creased publicity to this important and Photolithograph Committee, Rev. Dr. instructive correspondence, it was re- Tafel called attention to the fact that a solved to print them in the Repository as súm of money raised for the purpose of well as in the Minutes.

securing MSS. of Swedenborg was now It appearing from the Report of the in the bank, and as there were no more Conference Council that they had lent MSS. to find, he thought that the money £700 and £500 respectively to the might be very legitimately expended in Societies at Southport and Hull, Mr. E. assisting in the publication of the docuJ. Broadfield moved, “That in the ments concerning Swedenborg, now being opinion of the Conference it is not undertaken by a Committee of the Swedesirable that any of the funds of Con- denborg Society, a work which was in ference should be lent on mortgage to danger of being abandoned from lack of New Church Societies, except from the funds. He moved that the money be Building Fund.” He disclaimed all in- loaned for that purpose. tention of wishing to blame the Council Mr. J. H. Tonks seconded. of which he was a member, but he urged After a short discussion in which it that, as the Council was a new institu- transpired that no application for the tion, entrusted with large powers, it was money had been made by the Sweden. necessary to be careful of making a bad borg Society, the motion was with: precedent. Though the investments drawn. were, doubtless, perfectly safe, the rela- Rules for the regulation of the Foreign tions between the Conference and the and Colonial Missions were adopted. Societies of the Church were such that Dr. Tafel moved a resolution asserting it would be impossible to foreclose. Mr. the desirableness of the members of the G. C. Haseler seconded, expressing him- New Church in Great Britain and Ameself highly alarmed at the action of the rica taking united action for the purpose Council.

of securing a reliable income for the Mr. R. Gunton believed that not only Scandinavian and Italian Missions. Dr. had the Council acted within their Tafel explained that the Mission in powers, but they had done a very safe Scandinavia originated among some of business act, as well as a useful thing to the New Church friends at Chicago who the Societies. If the Conference had liberally supported it, until they were money to invest, it might as well lend it deprived of their means of doing so by to New Church Societies as to anybody the great fire. During the last year the else, and the Societies would not be so English Committee had been able to ful. liable to frequent law costs.

fil their promise of forwarding £50 to Mr. G. Benson (Secretary of the Rev. A. Boyesen, but they wanted to be Council) urged that the Council had able to make a definite promise, in conlooked at the matter from a business junction with a similar promise in point of view, and felt quite confident America. Dr. Tafel gave many intethat they had acted judiciously. resting details of the work in Sweden

The discussion resulted in the rejec. and Italy. tion of Mr. Broadfield's motion, the Rev. Chauncey Giles explained that numbers being-for, 25; against, 28. the mission did not originate in any

The Report of the Committee ap- general New Church effort, but with a pointed to solicit funds for the Building few people particularly interested in Fund reported that they had issued a Scandinavia. At present nothing of a Circular and inserted an advertisement systematic character was being done. monthly in the Intellectual Repository, The American brethren, however, felt a and though they had collected a larger deep interest in the matter, and would sum than in former years, it was not continue to do so. During the past year probable that the £1000, towards which the American Printing Society had sent the sums of £100 were conditionally money to Signor Scocia and Mr. Boyesen, promised at the last Conference, would and he would do his best on his return be secured. A Committee, consisting home to get a regular and systematic contribution for general missionary pur. the power to interfere with the right of poses. He felt strongly that we ought anybody to administer the Sacraments. to do our very best to keep alive the Rev. W. Bruce could not see why, if we germs of truth on the Continent; this ordained ministers for foreign countries, was a duty, and it should also be our we could not also license leaders. Rev. joy, more especially for Sweden, the Dr. Tafel, amidst cheers and laughter, home of the man to whom as a medium somewhat discomfited the anti-miniwe are indebted for the glorious truths sterial speaker by informing the Conof the New Church. Mr. G. Benson, ference that he should write to the while agreeing in much of what had American Convention, who would send been said by the previous speaker, con out a minister to ordain the man. tended that we ought to be very careful The Conference council this year is in entering into foreign engagements. comprised of eight members from the In his opinion the members of the varions Lancashire Societies, and Messrs. New Church in England were drained Gunton and Watson. more than any other body, and as Eng. Thursday.—The first business was to land was riper than any other place receive the report of the Application in the world for the reception of New Committee. The ordinations of Messrs. Church truth, we ought to direct all our Joseph Ashby (Derby), Joseph Deans energies towards missionary effort at (Brightlingsea), Redman Goldsack home.

(Liverpool), and Isaiah Tansley (Clayton. The President reminded the Confer- le-Moors), were approved. The conence that it was not proposed to touch sideration of the application of Mr. R. R. any of the funds of Conference for the Rodgers (Birmingham), who had not objects sought to be accomplished by the presented a certificate of baptism “into Colonial and Foreign Missions, but the New Church," was postponed until only to devote money specially given for after the notices of motion had been disthose purposes. Our only responsibility pused of. Mr. C. Fairweather was rein the matter was that which devolves adopted as a student. On the motion upon us always when we see men, who to adopt Mr. Hugh Evans, whose have a strong desire to work in the New qualifications were endorsed by Rev. J. Church, needing help. The policy of Presland, Dr. Tafel, Dr. Bayley, and Mr. the Committee was not to do the work R. Gunton, the Rev. W. O'Mant in an of the brethren abroad, but to help them address of some length, raised the general to do it themselves. Ultimately the question of the relative claims of studmotion was adopted.

ents and ministers upon the fund. He Dr. Tafel moved, and Rev. Chauncey urged that it was more important to give Giles and Mr. R. Gunton supported à our first thought to those Societies who resolution expressive of the admiration already had ministers, and whose salaries of the Conference of the generous greatly needed augmenting—believing labours of our German brother Mr. that if the prospect of a livelihood could Mittnacht, who had purchased the whole be held out, there was a probability that stock of German New Church publica- men would come forward sufficiently tions left by the late Dr. Tafel, and was educated to at once assume the charge disposing of them at one-third the of Societies. Mr. R. Gunton, while former prices, besides giving away to fully admitting the necessity of suppleministers 900 copies of the T. C. R. menting minister's salaries, believed that and other works of Swedenborg. In both the objects of the fund conld be putting the resolution, the President readily secured if the members of the took occasion to mention that Signor Church would fully realize their duty Scocia had given 150 of the works in the matter of contributing to the in Italian to as many priests who had fund. Messrs. John Smith, Howe, Jubb, applied for them. The resolution was McLagan and others, supported Mr. carried by acclamation.

Gunton's view of the question, and A request from Mr. Lacroix of Trinidad ultimately the motion was adopted, for a licence to administer the Sacra. with one dissentient. Mr. W. A. Bates ments evoked an interesting discussion. of Brightlingsea was adopted as a studIt was held by many that the Con- ent, arrangements being made for him ference could not interfere, as Trinidad to remain one year at Brightlingses was beyond its jurisdiction ; others under the tutorship of Mr. Deans. ridiculed the idea of Conference having The council of the New Church College

come

had presented a memorial to Conference ference, and to the Peter Street Society asking for the payment to them of certain for the completeness of their arrangesums deducted from their revenues by ments, and the handsome manner in Conference for the payment of Mr. J. R. which they had entertained the minisRendell's fees at the Owens College, and ters and representatives. the Conference appointed a committee to On the reassembling of Conference on confer with the college council and to Thursday afternoon, the notices of report to the Conference Council. The motion were called. The first notice of committee to consist of Revs. W. Bruce motion, given by several Societies, was and J. Presland, together with Messrs. introduced by Mr. Mackereth, “That E. J. Broadfield, J. Grimshaw, S. Teed, in rule 152, section a, line 4, after the and T. Watson.

word 'baptized,' the words 'in the After the close of the debate on New Church' be omitted ; and that in baptism, Rev. Wm. Bruce was elected rule 169, section é, after the word an ordaining minister, and the ordina- 'baptized,' the words into the New tion of Mr. R. R. Rodgers of Birming. Church' be struck out.” The purpose ham was agreed to.

of the resolution was to render baptism The address from the General Con- into the New Church optional on vention in America to the New Church the part of candidates for the ministry. in Great Britain was read by Re Baptism is necessary, and if members Chauncey Giles, and a resolution ac. of the Society of Friends, or other knowledging its receipt, and directing a unbaptized persons,

into the reply to be prepared by the President of Church, they must be baptized. Where Conference, was moved by the vice pre- baptism has already taken place in sident and warmly adopted by the Con- other Christian Churches, he regarded ference.

rebaptism as a work of supererogation. On the motion of Mr. R. Gunton, The motion was seconded by the Rev. a resolution expressive of the high Mr. Ramage, who had read the literature appreciation of the Conference for the on the subject, and regarded the view late John Finnie, Esq., whose benefac- adopted in the Conference rules as nar. tions to the Church had exceeded row and injurious to the Church. The £23,400 was adopted, and a similar re- statement of Swedenborg that the solution was carried in reference to the Church at this day had falsified all late Rev. D. T. Dyke of Salisbury. truths, had relation to the Church which

Mr. S. Teed moved, in agreement with was judged and condemned, and not to notice of motion given by the Society at the Church of the present time. InCamden Road, London, “That Rule fants were from their nativity under the 208, section a (a rule relating to the care of angels, and introduced by the adoption of students) be altered to read Lord into heaven (A. C. 2303, 5342). as follows : “certificates of moral char. Anything different would be a new kind acter and recommendations of his adop- of Calvinism. tion from either of two boards, to be Mr. Cameron contended that the called examining boards, or the majority relation of the baptized to the angels thereof respectively, consisting of and spirits, with whom they are asordained ministers to be appointed sociated, depended on the faith into annually by the Conference ; one of which they were baptized, and to the such boards to be the Examining Board quality of the Christianity within and North of Trent, and the other the without them (T. C. R. 680). He Examining Board South of Trent, each moved, therefore, an amendment retain. board to consist of not less than four ing the rule, but dispensing with remembers." After a somewhat desultory baptism where candidates had condiscussion the motion was carried, and scientious objections. the president, Revs. W. Bruce, J. Pres- The ammendnient having been land, and Dr. Tafel, were appointed the seconded, Mr. Deans entered into a Southern Board and the vice-president, history of the rule, and replied to the Revs. J. Boys, W. Westall, and E. address of Mr. Ramage. Whitehead, the Northern Board.

Mr. Goldsack regarded baptism as Votes of thanks were passed to the only a sign (T. C. R. 677), bence all president for the able manner in which infants and foreign proselytes should he had regulated the affairs of Con. be baptized, but this was not needed

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