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On the 22nd February 1875, Mrs. was considered by the Committee need. Louisa Lawrence of Birmingham de- ful to obtain a younger governess. parted from the natural into the spiritual Her husband was removed into the world at the advanced age of 76 years. spiritual world in the year 1857. By Her maiden name Longdon, him she had five children, three of and she was a native of Huntingdon. whom, one son and two daughters, surShe was born on the 20th August 1798. vive her. With her daughters she lived In the year 1813 she accompanied a to the last. Her remains were interred lady to Madeira. Here she met with by her beloved minister in the General her husband, the late William Lawrence, Cemetery. She was greatly esteemed a native of Birmingham, and was and respected by a large circle of friends married. Soon afterwards they went to for her intelligence, piety, and integrity. Jamaica, in the West Indies, and came Very many of those who have been under to England in the month of October her care have reason, under the Divine 1829. Mr. 'Lawrence had previously Providence, to bless her memory for the met with some of the works of Sweden- instruction they received from her, both borg and the New Church, and Mrs. L. in a moral and religious, as well as an also much approved of the views of intellectual point of view. “Blessed religion which they inculcate. On her are the dead who die in the Lord, for return to England they settled in Bir- they rest from their labours, and their mingham, and she very soon became works do follow with them." acquainted with a lady who was member of the New Church Society, of the Birminghamı Society, Mrs. Ann

On the same day another old member then meeting for worship in the Temple in New Hall Street under the pastoral Harrison, who was also the widow of an care of the Rev. Edward Madeley. She old member, was removed from the accepted the invitation of the lady to natural into the spiritual world, in the tea, and the minister was invited to

69th year of her age. She was well meet them, but without her knowing where she occasionally resided, as well

known in Jersey and in other places that he was the minister. versation was so interesting to her that as in Birmingham, as an affectionate she determined to accompany her friend receiver of the truths and doctrines of on the following Sunday morning to the New Jerusalem, and was highly Church, and was much surprised to find respected by all who knew her. that the gentleman to whom she had Departed this life on Sunday, March been introduced was the regular min. 28, John Westall of Accrington, in the ister. The text happened to be from 84th year of his age. His wife, whose the 62nd chapter of Isaiah and the 10th obituary appeared in your number of verse, "Lift up a standard for the last month, he has survived but three people.” This subject afforded an op. month. The deceased was trained a portunity of briefly unfolding some of Baptist, and for some years before and the leading doctrines and truths of the after his marriage was a teacher in a New Jerusalem, and by the Divine Baptist Sunday school. Having marblessing the service and address were so ried, however, into a New Church overruled as to reinove all her fears and family, he was frequently brought in doubts, and she became an intelligent contact with New Church people, and and affectionate recipient. In the year this led to many controversies, which following, the year 1830, our New were maintained with good feeling, and Church in Summer Lane was opened, not allowed to encroach upon the harand immediately afterwards a Sunday- mony of the disputants. At that time school was established. For some time his zeal for the old faith was strong, the minister and Mrs. Lawrence were and to add to his power of attack against the only teachers, and Mrs. L. con- the new doctrines, he sometimes walked tinued a teacher until the year 1839. twelve miles after six o'clock at night, At that time the Day-school was to hear lectures against the New Church. established, and she became the mis- His faith at last received its greatest tres of the girls' department. She con- shock from a Baptist and a co-worker in tinued the acceptable mistress until the the Sunday school. The deceased was Society resolved to place the schools teacher of the first class of girls in the under Government inspection, when it sehool, and his class contained twin sisters so much alike that when apart he acutely, and it was seen by his family could not distinguish the one from the that he would not long survive her. other. The Society with which the Three months after hers, his call to the school was connected had no stationed eternal world came, where, doubtless, minister, but depended upon supplies, that marriage union which continued for and if the preacher failed to appear, more than 60 years in this world below, which was not unfrequently the case in will be restored and confirmed in the severe weather, the conductor of the world above; and where their affection school officiated in the pulpit. It was: for one another, their integrity of charon one of those occasions when the con- acter, and their patient devotion to ductor was preaching, and while enforc- duty and to use, will be made to flourish ing the doctrine of predestination in those more blessed homes of the (rather strongly taught in those days), Lord's Kingdom in Heaven. that he drew his illustrations from the

Departed into the spiritual world, on twins in the deceased's class. He asked, the 2nd of March, Mrs. Mary Marshall

, who could tell that the mother who had of Doncaster, at the age of 73. Her dandled those twins upon her knees, son, who is still at Doncaster, received at the same time, and with the same the New Church doctrines some years ago loving affection, had not dandled one while residing at Boston, Isincolnshire, for heaven and the other for hell, and his attention to them being excited by a this through no fault of their own, but lecture by the Rev. Dr. Bayley, on by the eternal decree of God? The “ The End of the World.” His mother effect of this illustration upon the was very much opposed at first to her deceased's mind was simply astounding. son reading the writings of the New His faith reeled under the blow it gave Church, as she at that time was a him, and could never again be rallied to believer in Methodist teaching, but in a the old creed. For a time he took short time she became a true-hearted refuge in the writings of Paine, but the receiver of the leading doctrine of the pious training he had received prevented New Dispensation. More particularly him feeding long upon the husks of was she delighted with the doctrines of worldly and irreligious thought. After the Lord; it gave her great comfort a brief period he ceased to read such to know that Jesus Christ was her only works altogether, believing them in. God and Redeemer. The writer of this jurious to the best interests of his has frequently called at the house of her soul; and “Noble's Appeal,” on its first son, with whom she lived, and she was publication, he read with interest, and always glad to see a New

Churchman, its perusal opened his eyes to the truth especially if he came to Doncaster to of New Church teaching, and brought spread the knowledge of the Lord Jesus conviction to his mind. Soon after he Christ. She and her son have always connected himself with the New Church done what they could to help our misSociety and Sunday School at Accring. sionary work in Doncaster. She had ton, to which he grew increasingly been ill for some time and very weak, attached with his advancing years. His but shortly before her departure her lips habit was to rise at four o'clock in the

were inspired with strength to sing : morning, and read the Word and the

“Jesus, lover of my soul, writings of the Church before commenc.

Let me to thy bosom fly; ing the labours of the day A few

While the angry billows roll, friends would meet him thus early in

While the tempest still is high." the day, to read and converse together The writer is certain she would not be about the new truths, and their practice disappointed. was always to close these morning meet- Died, March 27, 1875, at Villa Rosa, ings with prayer. In latter years, when Clarendon Road, St. Heliers, in her unable to teach, it was his great delight 73rd year, Esther, widow of Mons. J. to walk round the school every Sabbath, B. Le Loutre. Our deceased friend was and see the work engaged in by others. devoted to the doctrines of the New For years his deafness rendered him un- Jerusalem, and was wont to declare that able to follow a sermon through, yet his they were the great support and condelight in public worship increased solation of her declining years. By her rather than diminished. His bereave- death the Jersey Society receives & ment by the death of his wife he felt legacy of £100.

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“ I have refined thee, but not with silver ;

I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.”—Isa. xlviii. 10. “ His overthrow heaped happiness upon him,

For then and not till then he knew himself,

And found the blessedness of being little."-SHAKESPEARE. No one who has lived an observant life for forty years can fail to have seen a marked distinction between the cares which tried the endurance of men in his early days, and those which are common now. Never was the universal brain so much taxed as now, and never was the weight of general responsibility so heavy and so destructive to peace of mind. We might all be prime ministers burdened with vast cares of state ; or generals commanding active forces in the field, with the lives of thousands in our hands; or judges weighing and balancing perplexing evidence from morning to night. At all events, cares closely resembling those of the rulers and dividers of men are spread over a far greater surface of society than formerly; while that competitive system which is the boast of modern business, and the torment of the age, makes the conducting of great industries as difficult as the conduct of a campaign, and every large town a battlefield of openly conflicting interests.

A highly intelligent corn factor, with a fair capital, told me lately that he found it impossible to do a moderate business in the old style and live by it. Not only must all he had in the world be constantly floating at great risk-which he thought very unwise--but, to carry


on the large “operations” which are necessary now to make business pay, he must also strain the resources and endanger the credit of others, which he thought was very unprincipled, and so he retired while he could do so safely. I applauded his conduct, and was the more ready to do so because he was not an incapable but a shrewd man of business, as well able as others to hold his own in the melée of trade if he had chosen to go on; but he chose "the better part," and I could not doubt the refreshing purity of his motives. I did not ask him whether in his business he had met with “ operators," with or without money, who bought a crop before the seed was sown to grow it; though I could have told him that such gambling is not unknown in one of our largest imports, and adds to the general ferment of anxiety among men of the old realistic, simple school.

Legislation may in the end do something to repress the sale of things which do not exist, or are not at once transferred ; but the best remedy lies in a purification of conscience, which shall lead men to think that such transactions are unworthy of the Christian character. How is this purification to be brought about? Not by dogmatics, however rational and true ; nor by the metaphysics of spiritual religion, however much they may delight us ; nor by stock phrases about applying truths to life, without learning how to do it; but by making every element of religion converge its rays upon the concrete facts of actual business, and by seeing, and feeling, and proclaiming that even “holy light” is not degraded by the contact, but rather is in the unsullied fulness of its beneficent power when beaming on dark doings, whether in corn or cotton. This is to bring religion into life, and nothing short of this will do it, and make the Church, as it ought to be, the greatest reformatory and conservative power on earth.

It must be confessed that the pulpit is not yet equal to the mighty task, and that people look in vain for authoritative teaching in the house of God to guide them in the way of life, and make them blush to be less than Christians in their daily doings. Even that splendid preacher Robert Hall was open to the not unkind though severe remark of his friend John Foster, that the most avaricious man in his congregation might have enjoyed his fine sermon on avarice, and have gone away rejoicing that he was not as other men ! This is the defect of merely abstract teaching; nevertheless abstractions are

1 The Liverpool Daily Albion of March 30th has a leading article in which the new and the old styles of bu ness are shortly and graphically contrasted.

necessary to the formation of principles, and dogmatics are necessary to their embodiment and defence; but a special scientific knowledge of worldly affairs, and that wisdom which only actual experience can give, are necessary to their effective direction as living powers. Such qualities rarely exist to any large extent in the same mind; but they will do so more largely as the Church becomes purer by becoming more practical, and then men will attend Divine service not only to worship, and to enjoy a sermon, but to learn how to live.

To come back to our general review of the conditions of care in these days. On the one hand there is a new and larger distribution of those great intellectual and moral responsibilities which used to be confined to a few; and on the other, there is a more intense pressure of the old cares upon every class which does not ignore responsibility altogether, and live from day to day upon the wages of the day, in a state of blind security that somebody must provide for them if they come to want what their own thrift and care might well have provided for themselves.

Universality and intensity are therefore the conditions which distinguish the cares of these times from those of the past ; but we shall philosophize about them to very little purpose without we go a little deeper, and at least indicate a remedy.

Every real Christian must know that the end and aim of true religion is to raise the very purpose of life from the world and its selfish allurements to the nobler, purer, chaster, holier, unselfish, and therefore happier uses and delights of the world to come; but how few intelligently and persistently set before them this "more excellent way!" Great numbers in the world have no settled purpose whatever, but just to do what they like-anything that comes first and takes their fancy. Their consciousness is made up of vagrant thought, and thoughtless action, and the tenor of their life, except during the hours of necessary labour, is from one sensual enjoyment to another, if they can get it. What is the discipline of such appetites to those who have no other? And how can they taste or believe in the existence of the superior delights of sobriety who have no pursuits which can grace and refine their leisure, and who, uneasy and vacant, do not know what to do with themselves when they are sober? Is not their condition aptly described in the sacred text: “And the earth was without form, and void ; and darkness was upon the face of the deep” (Gen. i. 2). This class indeed has no monopoly of impurity, and, therefore, only shares in the condemnation implied

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