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LONDON :

ROBERT KINGSTON BURT, PRINTER,

HOLBORN HILL.

CAO

PREFACE.

THE close of the thirteenth year which has elapsed since the first appearance of the periodical which now bears the title of the “ Christian Lady's Magazine," demands from the Editor some expression of her sense of the public favour by which it has hitherto been distinguished.

The Editor would further intimate, that, while the character of the work, as a religious and literary periodical, will in all essential respects remain unchanged, some alterations, suited to the altered requirements of the times, will in future be adopted; and she would express her hope that such alterations, and particularly the large reduction of price, announced in a notice which accompanies the present number, may, by enlarging the sphere of its circulation, increase the efficiency of the Magazine as an instrument of intellectual, and, yet more, of spiritual good.

The Vicarage, Appleby, Westmoreland,

Dec., 1856.

LIST OF PLATES.

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313

350

Elephant Fighting at Lucknow (FRONTISPIECE)
The Fan-leaf Palm
Melrose Abbey
Titus before Jerusalem
Spoleto :
Ehrenbreitstein
The Maiden Tower, Constantinople
Saltzburg
The Town and Castle of Foix
Hindoo Temple at Tritchengur
Rope Bridge in the Himalayas
The Siege of Ceuta

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THE

CHRISTIAN LADY’S MAGAZINE.

JANUARY, 1856.

THE VAUDOIS.

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MONG the numerous readers who regard the history of

the Vaudois as a subject of intense and undying interest,

there may be many who have not leisure to investigate, in their details, the records of their noble struggles for the inalienable rights of conscience, and of the cruel sufferings which they have endured in defence of “the faith once delivered unto the Saints.” To such readers the following sketch may not be unacceptable :

Inhabiting, from the earliest ages of Christianity, the valleys of , the Cottian Alps, and thence called Valdesi, Vaudois, or Waldenses, their secluded homes being hemmed in by lofty and rugged mountains, these primitive Christians were for a time secured from notice; and hence, even when the Church was departing with rapid strides from Scriptural purity, they escaped the charge of heresy. As time advanced, however, and the corruptions of Rome became more flagrant, their firmness in preserving inviolate their Scriptural faith drew upon them the attention and the anathemas of the papal church ; and from the commencement of the thirteenth century their history is written in characters of blood. The torch of persecution was no sooner transmitted to the hands of Pope Innocent III. than measures of the utmost severity were resorted to. By this pontiff the extirpation of the Vaudois was resolved upon, and with this view he organized a crusade; promising to all who would take arms in the cause the full remission of their sins, and eternal happiness in heaven. During this crusade, in which Philip Augustus, of France, was the ally of Pope Innocent, countless thousands of these brave and faithful mountaineers were put to the sword; while the survivors were driven from the homes of their childhood, and subjected to the most cruel

NEW SERIES.-NO. XIII.

B

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