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action American army asked authority believe Buchanan called cause Charleston cited civil command committee compromise Confederate Congress Constitution convention cotton course Crittenden Davis December duty election England English expression favor federal feeling force Fort gave give House important influence interest Journal July June letter Lincoln majority March meeting ment mind never Nicolay and Hay North Northern notes Official Official Records opinion party passed persons political position present President question reason received regard representatives Republicans result Richmond secession Secretary seemed Senate sent sentiment Sept Seward slave slavery South Carolina Southern speech Sumter taken tariff thought tion troops Union United Virginia vote Washington whole wrote York Tribune
Page 317 - It follows from these views that no State, upon its own mere motion, can lawfully get out of the Union; that resolves and ordinances to that effect are legally void; and that acts of violence within any State or States against the authority of the United States are insurrectionary or revolutionary, according to circumstances.
Page 317 - I therefore consider that, in view of the Constitution and the laws, the Union is unbroken; and to the extent of my ability I shall take care, as the Constitution itself expressly enjoins upon me, that the laws of the Union be faithfully executed in all the States.
Page 198 - We, the people of the State of South Carolina, in convention assembled, do declare and ordain, and it is hereby declared and ordained : That the Ordinance adopted by us in convention on the 23d day of May, in the year of our Lord 1788, whereby the Constitution of the United States of America...
Page 167 - ... the right of property in a slave is distinctly and expressly affirmed in the Constitution.
Page 324 - The prevailing ideas entertained by him and most of the leading statesmen at the time of the formation of the old Constitution were that the enslavement of the African was in violation of the laws of nature; that it was wrong in principle, socially, morally, and politically.
Page 313 - No amendment shall be made to the Constitution which will authorize, or give to Congress the power to abolish or interfere, within any State, with the domestic institutions thereof, including that of persons held to labor or service by the laws of said State.
Page 563 - ... lawful money and a legal tender in payment of all debts, public and private, within the United States, except duties on imports and interest as aforesaid.
Page 317 - In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow-countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war. The government will not assail you. You can have no conflict without being yourselves the aggressors. You have no oath registered in heaven to destroy the government, while I shall have the most solemn one to "preserve, protect, and defend it.
Page 324 - Our new government is founded upon exactly the opposite idea; its foundations are laid, its corner-stone rests, upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery — subordination to the superior race — is his natural and normal condition.