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added angled triangle base calculation called centre chord circle circumference column common construction contains cosine course decimal departure determined diameter difference of latitude direction distance divided draw drawn earth equal equator Example expressed extend feet field figure frustum give given greater half height hypothenuse inches increase latter length less logarithm longitude manner measured meridian method middle miles minutes multiplied natural negative Note object observed obtained opposite parallel perimeter perpendicular plane polygon portion positive PROBLEM proportion pyramid quadrant quantity radius ratio regular right angled rods root rule sailing scale secant segment ship sides similar sine solidity sphere square stations subtract supposed surface survey tables taken taking tangent term theorem third triangle triangle ABC trigonometry whole
Page 75 - C' (89) (90) (91) (92) (93) 112. In any plane triangle, the sum of any two sides is to their difference as the tangent of half the sum of the opposite angles is to the tangent of half their difference.
Page 49 - ... the square of the hypothenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.
Page 104 - The sum of any two sides of a triangle is to their difference, as the tangent of half the sum of the angles opposite to those sides, to the tangent of half their difference.
Page 89 - III. Two sides and the included angle being given ; to find the other side and angles. Draw one of the given sides. From one end of it lay off the given angle, and draw the other given side. Then connect the extremities of this and the first line. Ex. 1. Given the angle A 26° 14', the side b 78, and the side c 106 ; to find B, C, and a.
Page 121 - In any plane triangle, the sum of any two sides is to their difference as the tangent of half the sum of the opposite angles is to the tangent of half their difference. By Theorem II. we have a : b : : sin. A : sin. B.
Page 26 - Icosaedron, whose sides are four triangles ; six squares ; eight triangles ; twelve pentagons ; twenty triangles.* Besides these five, there can be no other regular solids. The only plane figures which can form such solids, are triangles, squares, and pentagons. For the plane angles which contain any solid angle, are together less than four right angles or 360°. (Sup. Euc. 21, 2.) And the least number which can form a solid angle is three.
Page 88 - ... for the encouragement of learning by securing the copies of Maps, charts, and books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving and etching historical and other prints.
Page 50 - From the same demonstration it likewise follows that the arc which a body, uniformly revolving in a circle by means of a given centripetal force, describes in any time is a mean proportional between the diameter of the circle and the space which the same body falling by the same given force would descend through in the same given time.
Page 125 - In any triangle, twice the rectangle contained by any two sides is to the difference between the sum of the squares of those sides, and the square of the base, as the radius to the cosine of the angle included by the two sides. Let ABC be any triangle, 2AB.BC is to the difference between AB2+BC2 and AC2 as radius to cos.