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1. At what o'clock did you rise this morning ?

2. We rose at seven o'clock and breakfasted at a quarter to eight.

3. We took a walk' in our garden, which is very large. There are many high trees in the garden, and a small lake, which is rather deep.

4. At nine o'clock our lessons began, and at half-past eleven we had a short pause. At one we had our dinner, and in the afternoon we painted and wrote several German letters to our friends at Vienna.

5. We invited them to come to England, and to travel with us during the holidays. 1 To take a walk, einen Spaziergang machen. 2 rather, ziemlich.

pause, Pause. 4 to invite, einladen.

3

COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS.

(Incorporated by Royal Charter.)

PROFESSIONAL PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION.-SEPTEMBER, 1885.

TUESDAY, September 8th-Evening, 5.30 to 7.

SPANISH.

Examiner-V. CARRIAS, Esq.
[Candidates must satisfy the Examiner in at least two Parts of this Paper.]

I. Translate into English :Toda via el desterrado favorito sobrevivió cuatro años largos á esta reparacion de para justicia, si bien la variacion frecuente de ministerios hizo que sólo tuviera eficacia para nutrir su abatido espíritu con esperanzas lisonjeras, que no se realizaron al cabo. Favorables eran las estaciones medias para el alivio de sus achaques, y resuelto se ballaba á exponer la vida por respirar bajo el pátrio cielo; pero la carencia de recursos le impidió el viaje a España, y en Paris hizo el de la eternidad á principios de Octubre de mil ochocientos cincuenta y uno con resignacion de cristiano.

II. Grammatical Questions. 1. Mention the diminutives of lechuga, jilguero, perdiz, bribon, hablada, arroyo, pan y pez.

2. Write in the singular-colchones blandos, maromas fuertes, deanes estudiosos, sombreros verdes, colegiales atrasados, iglesias sombrías and leyes injustas.

3. Name six regular verbs ending in ar.
4. Give the different ways of translating some and any.

5. Write down the third person singular of all the tenses of the subjunctive mood of the verbs mover and lucir.

III. Translate into Spanish :1. Our cousin has sent us a letter from Bordeaux. 2. He will soon come back to London.

3. They came to a river, but the water was not deep and they could go through it.

4. I asked him to lend me the book, but he said he could not do so, because it belonged to bis uncle.

5. My friend and his sister were sitting in the garden under a large tree.

6. The Consul, being sent against the enemy, routed them in one battle, and drove them to the ships.

COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS.

(Incorporated by Royal Charter.)

PROFESSIONAL PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION.-SEPTEMBER, 1885.

THURSDAY, September 10th-Morning, 9.30 to 11.

CHEMISTRY.
Examiner-Prof. W. N. HARTLEY, F.C.S.

1. Describe the two substances produced by the action of Oil of Vitriol on common salt. Show by equations what reaction takes place between the acid and the salt.

2. Describe any experiment which will prove that Ammonia gas is not an elementary substance.

3. How would you prove that Ammonia is not a mixture of two or more gases, and in what way would you distinguish between Ferrous Sulphide and a mixture of Iron Filings and Sulphur ?

4. What is kelp, and what valuable elements are obtained from it ?

5. Write a brief account of Sulphur, where and in what condition it is found, how it is extracted and purified. Describe its physical and chemical properties, and distinguish between Sulphur Crystals, Roll Sulphur, and Flowers of Sulphur.

6. Write formulæ showing the difference between Sulphurous and Sulphuric Acid, Chlorous and Chloric Acid, Nitrous and Nitric Acid.

7. What change takes place when a knife-blade is immersed in a solution of Copper Sulphate, when Zinc is placed in dilute Sulphuric Acid, and when Sodium is dropped on to water.

COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS.

(Incorporated by Royal Charter.)

PROFESSIONAL PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION.-SEPTEMBER, 1885.

THURSDAY, September 10th-Evening, 5.30 to 7.30.

EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS.

Examiner-B. LOEWY, F.R.A.S.

ACOUSTICS. 1. State the laws of reflection of Sound, and describe experiments by which they may be demonstrated.

2. Air being 14:4 times denser than Hydrogen at the same temperature and under the same external pressure, by what reasoning could you show that the velocity of sound in Hydrogen must be nearly four times greater than in Air ? By what experiments would you test the accuracy of your conclusion ?

3. One of the laws of vibration of strings is : The time of vibration varies inversely as the square root of the tension of the string." Explain how this law may be demonstrated by experiment, and devise a numerical example of its application.

4. A series of wooden bars are firmly fixed into a wall at one end and are free to move at the other. What two kinds of vibratory motion may be produced by suitable methods in each ? What laws connect the number of vibrations in a second, of either kind, with the thickness and length of each bar? How could you prove your statements ?

5. What are sympathetic vibrations ? Give one or two examples of their production, and state on what law the production depends.

COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS.

(Incorporated by Royal Charter.)

PROFESSIONAL PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION.—SEPTEMBER, 1885.

THURSDAY, September 10th-Evening, 5.30 to 7.30.

EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS.

Examiner-B. LOEWY, F.R.A.S.

LIGHT. 1. Explain why the impression of writing taken with blottingpaper when the ink is wet is most easily read when seen in a looking-glass. Illustrate your statement by a diagram showing the course of the rays from the blotting-paper to the eye, including the intermediate reflection by the mirror.

2. Show, by a correct diagram, and by the usual geometrical reasoning, starting from the laws of reflection, how to find the position of the principal focus of a concave spherical mirror.

3. Trace the course of a ray of light which passes from air through a piece of plate-glass with parallel faces into air again, and explain your sketch by the laws of refraction. What would be the complete course of such a ray if there were two plates of glass, one denser than the other, placed upon one another?

4. If two window-panes are laid upon one another, and looked at in reflected light, patches of coloured bands are frequently seen in some places. How are these colours produced ?

5. A triangular prism of glass is placed close to a slit in a shutter, and produces a coloured spectrum. How must another similar prism be placed if the colours are to be recomposed again into white light ?

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