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COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS.

(Incorporated by Royal Charter.)

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1. A Thermometer being given, you are required to determine whether it is correct or not. Describe, in detail, the method of proceeding, enumerating all the precautions to be taken.

2. What is meant by specific heat ? Describe some one method of determining it, in the case of a metal.

3. Mention some cases of the convertibility of work into heat, and explain the nature of the numerical relation between them, and how it has been arrived at.

4. Describe a method of accurately determining the expansibility of a solid by heat, and give three instances of the practical application of this effect of heat.

5. Explain the following phenomena :-The different rate at which steam issuing from a locomotive disappears according to the state of the weather; the cold felt on standing near a wall of ice; the disappearance of snow from a smooth impervious surface when the temperature does not exceed zero.

COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS.

(Incorporated by Royal Charter.)

PROFESSIONAL PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION.-MARCH, 1885.

THURSDAY, March 12th-Evening, 5.30 to 7.30.

EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS.

Examiner-E. ATKINSON, Ph.D., F.C.S.

ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM. 1. Compare the phenomena of magnetic with those of electrical induction, both as regards their points of resemblance and of difference.

2. What do you understand by the term intensity of the earth's magnetism ? Describe and explain some method of measuring it.

3. Explain the conditions for an electrical accumulator or condenser. Show that they exist in the case of a long length of insulated submarine cable.

4. What is the meaning of the term electromotive force, and on what circumstances does it depend ? How would you compare the electromotive forces of two voltaic elements ? Show that the amount of zinc consumed in a given time is a measure of the electromotive force.

5. Describe the construction and explain the working of any form of magneto-electrical machine, and state the circumstances on which depend the maximum current.

COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS.

(Incorporated by Royal Charter.)

PROFESSIONAL PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION.--MARCH, 1886.

THURSDAY, March 12th-Morning, 11 to 1.

NATURAL HISTORY.
Examiner-W. H. ALLCHIN, M.B., F.R.C.P., F.R.S.E.

PHYSIOLOGY. 1. Why can life be sustained on milk alone ? Describe how milk is digested.

2. What are the Muscles ? Describe their structure. 3. Describe the course of the blood through the cavities of the Heart, and explain the action of the valves.

4. Why is it necessary that a living thing should be supplied with Oxygen? How much Oxygen does a healthy adult man require daily?

5. What are Nerves, and what purposes do they serve in the body ?

COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS.

(Incorporated by Royal Charter.)

PROFESSIONAL PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION.--MARCH, 1885.

THURSDAY, March 12th-Morning, 11 to 1.

NATURAL HISTORY.
Examiner-Rev. G. HENSLOW, M.A., F.L.S., F.G.S.

BOTANY. 1. Describe the flowers before you as fully as possible. Draw the different parts of them, as well as a diagram of a transverse section of the flowers. Give their classification.

2. Give the characteristic features of the following orders : Ranunculaceæ, Caryophyllaceæ, Rubiaceæ, Amaryllidaceæ, and Cyperaceae

3. Describe the following organs:-(i.) tuber, (ii.) bulb, (iii.) tendril, (iv.) runner, (v.) stipule. How does (i.) differ from a tuberous root? How does (ii.) differ from a corm and a rhizome? What organs can be metamorphosed into (iii.) ? How does (iv.) differ from a sucker ? What forms and functions can (v.) assume ?

4. Describe the different methods by which flowers are fertil. ized, and give examples of each kind. What are the different effects upon the structure, generally, of the offspring ?

5. What constitutes the food of plants? How and by what organs is it absorbed, and what changes does it undergo to form vegetable products ?

6. Give the life-history of a Moss and of the common Bladderwrack (Fucus vesiculosus).

COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS.

(Incorporated by Royal Charter.)

PROFESSIONAL PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION.--MARCH, 1885.

THURSDAY, March 12th-Morning, 11 to 1.

NATURAL HISTORY.
Examiner-Prof. T. RUPERT JONES, F.R.S.

ZOOLOGY. 1. What is meant by Vertebrates and Invertebrates ? Define their chief distinctive characters ; indicate also where any structural similarity is observable in animals of these two great groups.

2. Describe the essential characters in which the limbs of Birds, Reptiles, and Mammals agree, and in what respects they differ: give illustrative diagrams.

3. What are the Monotremata, Malacodermata, Trematoda, Prosobranchiata, Brachiopoda, and Chilognatha ? Enumerate some members of each of these groups.

4.. What animals are characterized by possessing scutes, scales, and hair, respectively ? Mention some animals that have scutes or scales besides those of the groups usually so characterized.

5. Describe the Alimentary System of a carnivorous and a herbivorous Mammal, of a graminivorous Bird, of an Insect and a Coral.

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