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?'NEW YORK:
SCRIBNER, ARMSTRONG, AND COMPANY.

1874.!!

Soc 7900.39.2

En tered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1874, by

SCRIBNER, ARMSTRONG, & COMPANY, in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.

HARVARD UNIVERSITY

LIBRARY

NOV 1 7 1983

RIVERSIDE, CAMBRIDGE : STEREOTYPED AND PRINTED BY

1. O. BOURSON AND COMPANY.

CONTENTS.

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10

12

IMPORTANCE OF THE QUESTION
DIFFERENT THEORIES AS TO THE ORIGIN OF THE UNIVERSE,
AND SPECIALLY OF VEGETABLE AND ANIMAL ORGANISM8.

1. The Scriptural Theory . . . . . . 3
2. The Pantheistic Theory . . ..
3. The Epicurean Theory ,
4. The Doctrine of Herbert Spencer
5. Hylozoic Theory . . .

6. Unscriptural Forms of Theism .
DARWIN'S THEORY . . . . . . . .
NATURAL SELECTION . . . . . . . .
ŠENSE IN WHICH DARWIN USES THE WORD NATURAL . .
THE THREE ELEMENTS OF DARWINIAM . . . . .
THE EXCLUSION OF DESIGN IN NATURE THE FORMATIVE IDEA

OF DARWIN'S THEORY . . . . . . . 49
PROOF OF DARWIN'S DENIAL' OF TELEOLOGY, FROM HIS OWN

WRITINGS . . . . . . . . . .
PROOF FROM THE EXPOSITIONS OF HIS THEORY BY ITS AVOWED
ADVOCATES.

Mr. Russell Wallace . . . . . . . 64
Professor Huxley . . . . . . . . 72
Dr. Büchneri ..
Carl Vogt. .
Prof. Haeckel . .

Strauss . . . . . . . . . . 147
PROOF PROM THE OBJECTIONS URGED BY THE OPPONENTS OF
MR. DARWIN'S THEORY.

Duke of Argyll . . . . . . . . 96
Agassiz . . . . . . . . . . 101
Professor Janet . . . . .

. . 105
M. Flourens . . . . . . . . . 108
Rev. Walter Mitchell . . . . . . . 111

Principal Dawson . . . . . . . . . 119
RELATION OF DARWINISM TO RELIGION . . . . 125

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CAUSES OF THE ANTAGONISM BETWEEN SCIENCE AND RE-

LIGION . . . . . . . . . . 126
THE EVOLUTION THEORY CONTRARY TO Facts AND TO SCRIP-

TURE . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Sir William Thomson on TBLEOLOGY . . . . . 165
DR. Asa GRAY . . . . . . . . . 174
DARWINISM TANTAMOUNT TO ATHEISM . . . . . 177

WHAT IS DARWINISM?

This is a question which needs an answer. Great confusion and diversity of opinion prevail as to the real views of the man whose writings have agitated the whole world, scientific and religious. If a man says he is a Darwinian, many understand him to avow himself virtually an atheist; while another understands him as saying that he adopts some harmless form of the doctrine of evolution. This is a great evil.

It is obviously useless to discuss any theory until we are agreed as to what that theory is. The question, therefore, What is Darwinism ? must take precedence of all discussion of its merits.

The great fact of experience is that the universe exists. The great problem which has ever pressed upon the human mind is to account for its existence. What was its origin? To what causes are the changes we witness

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