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WILLIAMS,

LORD KEEPER, AND ARCHBISHOP OF YORK.

IT is said upon the monument of this learned Prelate, at an obscure village in Carnarvonshire, that "he was linguarum plus decem fciens---that he “ understood more than ten languages.” The Lord, Keeper had found, in the course of his own life, the advantage of knowledge to himself, and was very anxious that other persons should possess those benefits which he had turned to fo good an account. His Biographer tells us, that in all the various progressions in the dignities of the Church, whether as Canon, Dean, or Bishop, he always, fuperintended the gramınar-schools that were appended to his Cathedral, and took care that, they should be supplied with proper and able masters.

Williams had been Chaplain to Lord Bacon, ang fucceeded him in his office. When that great, man brought the Seals to his Sovereign James the First, the King was overheard to say,---, " Now, by my foule, I am pained to the heart 64 where to bestow this; for as to my lawyers, they be all knaves."

Williams,

« fot kill they let loose to the world for the next.** “ taker. In the parks they burn three tenements " and two lodges; they cut down all the trees se about the house and grounds. Oáks and elms, ac fuch as but few places could boast of the like, " whose goodly busy advanced heads drew the " eyes of travellers on the plains tó gaze on them; " these they sold for four-pence, fixpence, or « twelve-pence a-piece, that were worth three, “ four, or five pounds a-piece. The fruit-trées

they pluck up by the roots, extending their · 6 malice to commit fpoil on that which God, by a “ special law, protected from destruction even in ' « the land of his curse, the larid of Canaan; for fo * " we read: When thou malt besiege a city, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof by forcing an ax against them, for thou mayest eat of them, and thou shalt not cut them down and employ « them in the fiege; only the trees which thou « knowest that they be not trees for meat thou Malt destroy. Deut. xx. 19, 20. Nay that which

escaped destruction in the Deluge cannot escape « the hands of these Children of the Apollyon the “ Destroyer. They dig up the heads of twelve “ great ponds, some of five or fix acres a-piece, and . “ destroy all the fish. They fell carps of two foot « long for two-pence and three-pence, a-piece: they sent oụt the fish by cart-loads, so that the

a country

“ country could not spend them. Nay, as if the “ present generation were too narrow an object for " their rage, they plunder posterity, and destroy " the nurseries of the great ponds. They drive « away and sell their horses, kine, and other cattle, " and having left nothing either in air or water, " they dig under the earth. The castle was served « with water brought two miles by a conduit of 6 lead; and, intending rather mischief to the “ King's friends than profit to themselves, they cut - up the pipe and sold it (as these men's wives in " North Wiltshire do bone-lace) at six-pence a " yard; making that waste for a poor inconsiderable « sum which two thousand pounds will not make . " good. They that have the unhappy occasion to « sum up these losses, value them at no less than “ one hundred thousand pounds. And though as this loss were very great, not to be paralleled by 66 any except that of the Countess of Rivers, yet, " there was something in these sufferings which did « aggravate them beyond all example of barbarity. “ which unnatural war till now did produce, and. «s that was Rachel's tears, lamentation and weep6 ing and great mourning, a mother weeping for es her children, and would not be comforted, bes cause they were taken from her. For the rebels, “ as you hear, having carried the two Ladies " prisoners to Shaftesbury, thinking them not safe

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" enough, “ enough, their intent is to remove them to Bath, “ a place then much infected both with the plague “ and the small-pox. The old Lady was fick under « a double confinement, that of the Rebels and her 6 own indisposition. All were unwilling to be ex« pored to the danger of the infection, especially “ the young Lady, having three children with her ; « they were too dear, too rich a treasure to be « snatched away to such probable loss without « reluctancy: therefore they resolve not to yield “ themselves prisoners unless they will take the old “ Lady out of her bed, and the rest by violence, « and so carry them away. But the Rebels fearing « left so great inhumanity might incense the people « against them, and render them odious to the “ country, decline this; and, fince they dare not «? carry all to Bath, they resolve to carry fome to “ Dorchester, a place no less dangerous for the « infection of schism and rebellion than Bath for " the plague and the small-pox. To this purpose " they take the young Lady's two sons (the eldest c but nine, the younger but seven years of age), « and carried them captives to Dorchester...

" In vain doth the mother with tears intreat " that these pretty pledges of her Lord's affections " may not be snatched from her. In vain do the « children embrace and hang about the neck of © their mother, and implore help from her, tbat

" neither

86 neither knows how to keep them, nor yet how

to part with them: but the Rebels, having loft “ all bowels of compassion, remain inexorable. “ The complaints of the mother, the pitiful cry of « the children, prevail not with them; like ravenous « wolves they seize on the prey, and though they u do not crop, yet they transplant those olivo « branches that stood about their parents' table."

Lady Arundell is buried with her Lord, near the altar of the very elegant chapel at Wardour Castle, built by the present Lord Arundell. The infcription on their monument is as follows:

- To the Memory of the Right Honourable • Thomas Lord Arundell, second Baron of Ware “ dour, and Count of the Sacred Roman Empire; “ who died at Oxford, of the wounds he received os at the battle of Lansdown, in the service of “ King Charles the First, for whom he raised a “ regiment of horse at his own expence at the “ time of the Usurpation.

Obiit 19th Maii 1643. Etat. 59. * And of the Right Honourable Blanch Lady « Arundell, his wife, daughter of Edward Somer. f fet, Earl of Worcester, Lord-keeper of the “ Privy-leal, Master of Home, and Knight of the 156 moft noble order of the Garter, ancestor to the for Duke of Beaufort, lincally descended from John

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