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they cut do Oaks and er

« tiot kill they let loose to the world for the next “ taker. In the parks they burn three tenements “ and two lodges; they cut down all the trees " about the house and grounds. Oáks and elm's, ac such as but few places could boast of the like, “ whose goodly bushy advanced heads drew the “ eyes of travellers on the plains tó gaze on them;' 66 these they fold for four-pence, fixpence; or « twelve-pence a-piece, that were worth three, “ four, or five pounds a-piece. The fruit-trees “ they pluck up by the roots, extending their “ malice to commit spoil on that which God, by a “ special law, protected from destruction even in « the land of his curse, the land of Canaan; for so " we read: When thou malt besiegé a city, thou shalt not destroy the trees thercof by forcing an ax against them, for thou mayest eat of them, " and thou shalt not cut them down and employ them in the fiege; only the trees which thou knowest that they be not trees for meat thou malt destroy. Deut. xx. 19, 20. Nay that which “ escaped destruction in the Deluge cannot escape “ the hands of these Children of the Apollyon the “ Destroyer. They dig up the heads of twelve “ great ponds, some of five or six acres a-piece, and “ destroy all the fish. They fell carps of two foot, " long for two-pence and three-pence, a-piece: " they fent out the fish by cart-loads, so that the

« country

“ country could not spend them. Nay, as if the “ present generation were too narrow an object for “ their rage, they plunder posterity, and destroy " the nurseries of the great ponds. They drive « away and sell their horses, kine, and other cattle, ~ and having left nothing either in air or water, " they dig under the earth. The castle was served « with water brought two miles by a conduit of ; “ lead; and, intending rather mischief to the , “ King's friends than profit to themselves, they cut , 6 up the pipe and sold it (as these men's wives in " North Wiltshire do bone-lace) at fix-pence a “ yard; making that waste for a poor inconsiderable, “ sum which two thousand pounds will not make , “ good. They that have the unhappy occasion to: « sum up these losses, value them at no less than 66 one hundred thousand pounds. And though " this loss were very great, not to be paralleled by 6 any except that of the Countess of Rivers, yet, « there was something in these sufferings which did, « aggravate them beyond all example of barbarity. “ which unnatural war till now did produce, and “ that was Rachel's tears, lamentation and weep« ing and great mourning, a mother weeping for « her children, and would not be comforted, bes 6 cause they were taken from her. For the rebels, “ as you hear, having carried the two Ladies “ prisoners to Shaftesbury, thinking them not safe

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“ enough,

and insolent as it is, will recall, for the honour of the country where it happened, but imperfectly perhaps to the mind of the reader, the scenes of ravage, desolation, and murder, which have taken place in a neighbouring Nation; which, not satisfied with the destruction of its old corrupt Government, has raised upon the ruins of it a system of tyranny and of rapine without example in the annals of the world.


« On Tuesday the second of May 1643, Sir « Edward Hungerford, a Chief Commander of the “ rebels in Wiltshire, came with his forces be. “ fore Wardour Castle in the same county, being « the mansion-house of the Lord Arundell of " Wardour. But finding the castle strong, and “ those that were in it resolute not to yield it up « unless by force, called Colonel Strode to his « help. Both these joined in one made a body « of 1300, or thereabout. Being come before " it, by a trumpet they summon the castle to “ surrender: the reason pretended was, because " the castle being a receptacle of cavaliers and " malignants, both Houses of Parliament had ", ordered it to be searched for men and arms; « and withal by the same trumpeter declared,

" that

or that if they found either money or plate, they “ would seize on it for the use of the Parliament. « The Lady Arundell (her husband being then at « Oxford, and since that dead there) refused, to « deliver up the castle; and bravely replied, that o The had a command from her Lord to keep it, « and she would obey his command.

" Being denied entrance, the next day, being “ Wednesday the third of May, they bring up “ the cannon within musquet-shot, and begin « the battery; and continue from the Wednesday “ to the Monday following, never giving any « intermision to the besieged, who were but « twenty-five fighting men, to make good the o place against an army of 1300 men. In this 6 time they spring two mines; the first in a vault, “ through which beer and wood and other neces« faries were brought into the castle: this did "s not much hurt, it being without the foundation

of the castle. The second was conveyed in the “ small vaults; which, by reason of the inter“ course between the several passages to every « office, and almost every room in the castle, did « much Thake and endanger the whole fabrick.

“ The rebels had often tendered some unrea. " sonable conditions to the besieged to surrender; " as to give the ladies, both the mother and the “ daughter-in-law, and the women and children, VOL. I.

« quare “ quarter, but not the men. The ladies both “ infinitely scorning to sacrifice the lives of their « friends and servants to redeem their own from « 'the cruelty of the rebels, who had no other « crime of which they could count them guilty " but their fidelity and earneft endeavours to pre« serve them from violence and robbery, choose • bravely (according to the nobleness of their " honourable families from which they were both 6 extracted) rather to die 'together than live on " so dishonourable terms. But now, the castle • " brought to this distress, the defendants few,

« oppreffed with number, tired out with conti« nual watching and labour from Tuefday to “ Monday, so distracted between hunger and « want of reft, that when the hand endeavoured

to administer food, furprised with sleep it for « got its employment, the morsels falling from “ their hands while they were about to eat, de« luding their appetite: now, when it might have « been a doubt which they would first have " laded their musquets withal, either powder « before bullet, or bullet before powder, had not " the inaid-servants (valiant beyond their sex) « aflisted them, and done that service for them: “ Jastly, now, when the rebels had brought pe« tarrs, and applied them to the garden-doors 66 (which, if forced, open a free passage to the

“ castle),

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