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times in which he wrote could fo ill bear the truths advanced in the "Treatise upon Wisdom," that he was denounced by the University of Paris as a man of irreligious principles. His friend th; . President Jeannin, fo well known by his negotiations * in Holland, faved his book from being condemned, by permitting the fale of it as a book of politics. The frontispiece to the Ektevir edition of Ciiarron*s Treatise represents the Goddess of Folly leading mankind by their passions.

Charron wrote another Treatise, not fo much read as his Treatise upon Wisdom. It is on the Three Great Truths. In the sirst part he attacks the Atheists; in the second he attacks the Pagan arid the Mahometan religion; and in the third he desends the doctrines of the Romish Church.

Charron begins one of his Chapters upon Wisdom thus: "Nihilist aqualitate inaqualius f; "There is nothing fo unequal as equality." There


* Cardinal Richelieu used to call Jeannin's Memoir of the Negotiations in Holland, the Breviary of Statesmen.

f La Motte begins one of his Odes thus i

Equality, fo oft addrast,

Canst thou o'er wretch d mortals reign?
Alas, thou ne'er hast stood the,

Chimera boasted but in vain.
Vol. I. K If


is no such great hatred as that which- takes place amongst persons who are equal to one another. The envy and the jealousy with which equals are possessed, are the causes of troubles, seditions, and of civil wars. In all Governments there must be inequality of rank, but it should be moderate. Harmony itself consists not in a complete equality of tones, but in a difference of tones, that still agree one with another.


used to say, "that Heaven would be silled witb "those that had done good works, and Hell with M those that had intended to do them."

If then to thee no altars rife,

Mortals have to their sorrow found,
Order and peace thy power denies,

Almighty only to confound.

True offspring of a helpless race,

Are we all equal, Goddess dread,
Thy empire we with joy efface,

And place cv'n tyrants in its stead.



WHEN, according to Machiavel, this celebrated demagogue of the city of Florence came to suffer death in the face of that very populace which had been used to worship him with a degree of idolatry, he burst into loud complaints against the cruelty of his destiny, and the wickedness of those citizens who had forced him to court and caress the Multitude, in whom he found neither honour nor gratitude; and seeing Benedetto Alberti, an old party friend of his, at the head of the guards which surrounded the scaffold, he turned towards him and exclaimed, '** Can you too, Benedetto, stand tamely by and *t see me murdered in this vile manner? I assure "you, if you were in my situation, and myself in "yours, I would not permit you to be fo treated. "But remember what I now tell you, this is the "last day of my misfortunes, but it will be the sirst "of yours."

ST. FRANCOIS DE SALES is one of the latest of the modern Saints, but, as a Lady well observed of him, a most gentlemanlike Saint, as to the rigid virtues of religion he K 2 added

added the graces of urbanity and politeness. He preserred his own miserable Bishopric of Geneva to that of Paris, which Henry the Fourth offered him. This excellent Prelate was a model of humility, charity, and piety. The Abbe Marfollier has Written a very entertaining lise of him, in two volumes i2mo.; and the " Esprit de St. Francois "de Sales," 8vo. contains the summary of his maxims and doctrine, very well compiled.

To some ecclesiastic of his diocese who was brought before him as a person of vicious and irregular lise, and who had sallen on his knees before htm so beg pardon for the scandal he had given, the Prelate replied, salling also on his knees before him, "I have in my turn, Sir, to request of you, that "you will have some compassion upon myself "and upon all those who are ecclesiastics in my "diocese, upon the Church and upon Religion, "whose reputation and honour you disgrace by "your scandalous life, which gives occasion to ** the enemies of our holy saith to blaspheme it."

This speech, adds the author of this anecdote, made such an impression upon the culprit, that he took up a ntw way of lise, and became a model of piety and virtue.

Henry the Fourth used to call St. Francois dc Sales, "I'Evefque des Evesquesthe Bishop of ** Bishops." " He has," fays he," birth, learning, "virtue, and piety."



Widow of Gui de Saint Exuperi, was a Protestant, and distinguished herself very much in the Civil Wars of France. After her husband's death slie retired to her Chateau at Miremont, in the Limousin; where, with sixty young Gentlemen well armed, she used to make excursions upon the Catholic armies in her neighbourhood. In the year 1575) M.Montal, Governor of the Province^ having had his detachments often deseated by this extraordinary lady, took the resolution to besiege her in her Chateau with sifteen hundred foot and sifty horse. She sallied out upon him and defeated his troops. On returning, however, to her Chateau, and sinding it in the possession.of the enemy, she galloped away to a neighbouring town, Turenne, to procure a reinforcement for her little army. Montal watched for her in a desile, but was deseated, and himself mortally wounded.

This is all that is known of this heroine, whose courage and conduct we have seen replaced in our times by the celebrated and unfortunate Chevaliers D'£on.


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