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pay my board at the G...lown tavern–the matter to our “ Dutchmen," the plan was not of native was compromised, and I was formally appointed growth--it had been imported from “the Jarzys" "shoolmaster” of the “Octagon Schoolhouse," by their Solomon, who never alluded to it without upon the half a dollar per month and “boarding asking, in a triumphant manner, whether “it was round" basis.

not a touch above the volgar.” This noble edifice I proceeded to write, in large characters, my had been “stuck” at the fork of two roads, the “subscription paper," something as follows :- mud of which was sometimes knee-deep. There “We, the subscribers, promise to send to the Oc- was no play ground attached to it, and not a tree tagon Schoolhouse, now under the charge of Mr. to shade it with its foliage in summer, or to ward N. N., the number of children set down opposite off the piercing blast in winter ; the nearest well to our names; we further promise to pay for each was about a quarter of a mile off. On the door of these children fifty cents per month, and by turns was stuck a large sheet of foolscap, headed in large to board and lodge Mr. N. N. whilst he is engaged letters, “ Rules and Ragulations to be obsarved by in teaching."

my scholars.” It was signed by my predecessor, This state paper, which the reader will perceive evidently a “ Dutchman,” and is a great curiosity; serves the double purpose of ensuring to the teacher I regret ihat its greal length forbids my copying it a certain compensation, and also to show to the verbatim et literatim, for the amusement of your people the caligraphy of the new “schoolmaster,”/readers, but they may form some idea of it, if I having been approved by the trustees, it was state that it contains no less than 17 mistakes in agreed that, immediately after dinner--a favorite Orthography, and that one of the rules enjoined starting point with these people—Judge B. and opon the scholars is, to "take off their heads” myself should " go round,” i. e. should go to all| (hats ?) if, upon their way to or from school, they the houses in the neighborhood and obtain as many should meet some person older than themselves. signatures as possible to my subscription paper. The furniture of this temple of the muses corWe started accordingly, and were highly success. responded with its architecture. A board, so covful, having secured 27 scholars during that aster-ered with the marks of the scholars' knives that

The next day, after breakfast, I started it was impossible to tell whether it had ever been again, with the other trustee, and we obtained 19 subjected to the action of a plane, was fastened

I was indebted for this astonishing success against the walls, and served instead of a desk ; to a Yankee, who, about one year before, had been narrow benches, without backs, for the scholars ; through that country with a new-fangled patent a ricketty chair, and a damaged pine table for the straw-cutter. Not meeting with as many pur- teacher; and a huge wood-stove in the middle of chasers as he desired, he persuaded several unso- the building, with its pipe passing straight up phisticated “Dutch” farmers, who could neither read through the centre of the roof, completed the outnor write one word of English, to let him deposit fit of the Octagon School-house. in their respective barns one of his straw-cutters,

The difficulties which I had to encounter in telling them, that they might use it, and if they did teaching the “young Dutch ideas how to shoot," not like it, he would take it back; all he asked was, were neither few nor trifling. The number of my that they should sign an acknowledgment that he scholars soon increased 10 57—36 males and 21 had deposited his straw-cutter in them. The straw- females,—the youngest 4, the eldest 32 years old; cutter having proved worthless, the farmers were some married, as different in capacity as they could quietly awaiting the expected arrival of the Yankee, well be. It was next to impossible to classify this to tell him that they did not want it, when sud- heterogeneous mass, and to teach each scholar by denly a notice was served upon each of them, by a himself, would not give more than 5 minutes of my lawyer at the county-town, that the “ promissory time in a day to each scholar ; to make use of the note," which they had given to Mr. Jonathan, of older and more advanced scholars as monitors, Connecticut, was in his hands for collection, etc. would arouse the pride of the parents of the beWith many a “ Dutch” curse, both loud and deep, ginners, who “paid the schoolmaster as well as our farmers paid the money, and wisely resolved, Judge B., and would have their children taught as that to prevent similar occurrences for the future, well as his." Add to this, that there were hardly they would instruct their children to read and write two school-books alike in the school, -some of English. Whole shoals of young “ Dutchmen" them would have been a real treasure to an antiaccordingly left that fall for “the Jarsys,” and a quarian,--and your readers will see that I had full goodly number, as has been seen, determined to scope for all my ingenuity. The greatest diffiput themselves under my guidance.

culty, however, arose from the fact, that but few The “ Octagon School-house,” of which I took of the scholars understood English, that, therepossession without any more loss of time, was, as fore, I was teaching them to read and write an its name implies, one of those absurd, uncomforta. unknown tongue. I had been requested to speak ble, ill-adapted contrivances, which are still built, English in the school, and my complying with the as if in defiance of common sense. To do justice' request often gave rise to ludicrous occurrences.

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If, for example, I happened to make any short re- formulas—a practice technically called “Craumarks, while the scholars were reading, about chen;" also, that flowers show themselves at the their posture, tone of voice, etc., the scholars would foot of certain trees on Christmas night, between repeat them in a drawling tone of voice as a part the hours of 12 and 1 o'clock, etc. of their lesson. To do them justice, however, I Their amusements are few in number. The must say, that I have never seen scholars more principal ones are "schootle-matches,” (shooting. anxious to learn, or more easily governed ; and con- matches,) and “frolicks." These latter resemble sidering the disadvantages under which they la- the “squeezes” of Virginia, only that they are bored, I think their progress was astonishing. This, held at a tavern, and consist principally of dancing. however, was not the opinion of one of the "elite"I have seen some of the oldest and most sedate of the neighborhood, as will be seen from the fol- " Dutch” farmers dance at them. lowing note which I received one morning.

I remained in the “ Dutch” counties until the son saies you dont larn speling rile, when i was in first of April, 1835; and though the life which I the Jarsys the master spelt us in a long roe, you led was rather monotonous, I am now often amused better spel them that way to, thats the rite way, I at the remembrance of it. Whether the precewould not have larnt your way. Your sarvint, etc." ding sketch of it is likely to interest your readers,

Contrary to my expectations, the majority of and, therefore, whether you ought to insert it in my employers appeared anxious that I should stay the “ Messenger," is a question for you to decide. at their houses as often as possible. Every morn

" THE SCHOOLMASTER AMONG THE DUTCH." ing I would receive from half a dozen mouths the message “ Schoolmaster, father says he thinks it is our turn for you to come home with me.” The motives of this hospitality were various; some did it for the honor of the thing, others were urged 10 GEN. JAMES OGLETHROPE. it by the female part of their household, who considered me as a walking newspaper, and wanted to “ All men lov'd him, know how their neighbors lived, and wished to ex

He was of such unmix'd and blameless quality, hibit their own superior house-keeping. Others

That envy, at his praise stood mute, nor dar'd

To sully his fair name." again would hint to me, that I might give their chil

Barbarossa. dren an extra lesson in the long winter evenings; but the majority, as soon as they had made sure of The history of our country is of vital imporme, would send to the store for the newspaper-a iance to all. The wise and aged of the land reGerman sheet printed at the county-town—and | pair to this fountain to refresh and invigorate their would ask me to read and expound 10 them the patriotism, whilst the young here seek those les

Often have I seen, during these literary sons of wisdom and experience, which are to guide “soirées,” the “ village politicians” as a “lablean them over the boisterous seas of life. We are vivant" before me. I was every where well treat- inclined to believe that a knowledge of the history ed; the best room was invariably assigned to me, of a country cannot be better acquired, than by stuand the meals were evidently prepared as much in dying the biography of her distinguished men. reference to the ears of the neighboring house- Who would demand a better history of Scotland, wives, as to please us, the actual partakers.. during Sir Walter's life time, ihan is contained in

Nearly every adult understood English, but few his biography by Lockhart ? Who would have a could speak it. The “ Dutch,” however, is evi- belter knowledge of the condition and state of Eng. dently on the decline, as might be inferred from the land, during Byron's time, than that which can be facts, that the " Dutch" counties are surrounded obtained from Moore's life of that great bard? And by an enterprising English population ; that the who would require a heller history of our Revolotide of emigration has taken another course, and tion, than Sparks has given us in his life of Washthat the language of couris, etc., is English. The ington? In fact, to correctly understand, and to be “ Dutch” language is not, as some persons suppose. able adequately 10 judge of a man, the biographer a mixture of German with English, but it is the is compelled to give us a complete history of that branch of the German language, which is spoken individual's country during his lifetime. It is for by the lower classes in the Grand Duchy of Ba- this reason, that books of biography, more than den and in Winterberg. There are but few Eng- any others, are required and sought after in our lish words mixed up with it.

libraries ; they form a convenient and interesting The general characteristics of the “ Dutch” are source, from which we eagerly, and with pleasure, honesty, industry, and economy, coupled with ig. collect much useful knowledge. norance and

infallible concomitant, superstition. The parish of St. James is honored by being the Most “ Dutch” farmers believe, to this day, that birth-place of Gen. James Oglethrope. It is quite some persons have the power of staunching blood, strange, and has been the cause of much research and even of curing diseases by repcaling certain and investigation, that no record of Oglethrope's


birth is to be found on the Parish register, in con- of a philosopher. In 1728, finding a gentleman, who formity with the long established custom of Great had been unfortunate in his pecuniary affairs, cruBritain. The most authentic writers give the 21st elly imprisoned and barbarously treated, his searchDec., 1698, as his birth-day; but it is extremely ing mind at once devised a remedy for this evil, uncertain, whether or not they are correct, in fact, which was then so prevalent in England, that for a cloud of mystery has ever hung around Ogle- the most trivial embarrassment, individuals were thrope's birth, which has defied all attempis to de- loaded with galling chains, indignanıly treated, and stroy it. A pamphlet was published in England in confined in prisons for years, or made to labor like 1707, by a servant girl of Sir Theophilus Ogle- slaves. When Oglethrope's mind was directed to thrope, the father of General James, in which it this subject, he immediately set to work with an was stated, with illiterate simplicity,” that the inquiry into the state of the prisoners and gaols in pretended Prince of Wales was the son of Sir England, and in his investigation, "facts, disgraceTheophilus, and goes so far as to hint, that James ful to humanity, were developed. Immediately he Oglethrope was the true Prince, an exchange hav- introduced into the House of Commons a resoloing been made, between the nurses, of the chil. tion, authorising " that a committee be appointed dren, an exchange which was known to Oglethrope's to inquire into the state of the prisoners confined mother and Queen Mary. This matter has not in the gaols of Great Britain." been clearly seuiled, and many dark suspicions have A committee was appointed, of which he was been founded upon this interesting mystery ; it has made chairman, and by his laudable exertions, opened a broad field for research and investigation, many unfortunate persons were released, and many and many a nursery tale has been founded on these relieved ; and even to this day, it is said that many suspicions.

of the laws regulating the prisons of Great BriAt the early age of thirteen, Oglethrope received tain, bear the impress of liis great and benevolent the appointment of ensign; and at sixteen, perform-mind. Not content with this magnanimous exered duty with that rank, at the proclamation of the tion in behalf of suffering humanity, we find him peace of Utrecht; at seventeen, he was promoted to proposing, and preparing to carry into execua captain-lieutenancy of the Queen's guards. With tion, a plan for transferring those persons imprishonors such as these, to which much older heads oned for debt in England to the New World, and were strangers, showered upon him at the very seitling them as a colony. In this transaction, every threshold of life, the wonder is, not that he attain-thing noble, and truly good shone conspicuous in ed such eminence and became such a great and Gen. Oglethrope ; no impediment was too greatgood man, but rather, that the evil spirit of ambi- no obstacle insurmountable ;-he threw aside the lion, " that Moloch, which requires the sacrifice of barriers then existing between the aristocrat and the sweetest children of the heart," did not master the commoner, every nerve and sinew was bent, him, did not wither in the bud his bright anticipa- and every stone upturned to accomplish this, the tions and brilliant prospects, and did not change darling object of his heart. the realization of his hopes into bubbles, which A possessor by birth

a fortune, which, if proburst when grasped. But he was not blindly am- perly managed, would insure him all the comforts bitious ; never did that hateful longing after things and luxuries of life; the son of a Baronet, one of impossible and unreal display itself in his actions. the most polished and promising courtiers by whom He was ambitious, it is true; a desire, worthy of George 11. was surrounded, “ with fair prospects a better appellation, shone forth brightly and clearly of bright honors ;" respected and admired by his in all his benevolent exertions; but unlike Cæsar, superiors in rank and power ; loved and revered by he was ambitious only as he was good. It was his inferiors. Such was the man, and such was his noble and great mind, which formed plans for his situation, who, at an eventful and propitious ameliorating the condition of his fellow men; it moment, stepped upon the theatre of action, holdwas his mind, that carried them into execution; his ing almost in his grasp the destinies of Georgia. mind never brooked obstacles, or quailed, under The colony of South Carolina, having been reany circumstances. It was his giant mind, that peatedly harassed by the Indians inhabiting the ferframed, and his unceasing exertions, that put into lile lands lying between them and the Floridas, and execution, a scheme that regenerated England, often threatened with a Spanish invasion, had frepeopled Georgia, and which, while it reflected great quently petitioned the King to plant a colony in honor upon himself, obtained for him the first place this part of his possessions ; but owing to the trou. in the hearts of his countrymen.

blesome aspect of the times, George had considered In 1722, Gen. Oglethrope was elected a mem- it impolitic to burden himself with the cares of ber of Parliament, where he remained for five another infant colony. years one of the most active and influential of its In June, 1732, through the influence and unmembers. But his was an active and inquisitive wearied exertions of Ogleihrope, the King granted mind, formed more for the energetic and laborious to him, together with twenty other trustees, all the duties of a statesinan, than the sedentary pursuits' land lying between the Savannah and Altamaha rivers, which they named Georgia, in honor of their manded the first regular forces ever stationed in sovereign. The trustees, guided by the genius, America, and to have had honor of being the first wisdom and judgment of Oglethrope, made rapid General to whom the chief command over two coloprogress towards the accomplishment of their de- nies was given. sign; placards were posted up throughout London, As a General, Oglethrope had but few superiors; offering to defray the expenses of the indigent and as a Salesman and Patriot, but few equals; and needy, and granting them the necessary utensils but few were found adequate to cope with him in for agriculture, and even clothing and provisions the discharge of the high and important duties of for a certain period. On the 16th of November, the day. He ever displayed great anxiety and the day appointed for embarkation, one hundred care for his colony : he cherished it as the fond and fourteen persons assembled on board the vessel mother cherishes her first born; he was emphatidestined to convey them to the Western wilder-cally their ness. Among that varied assembly stood a man, whose external appearance bespoke him far above

“Guide, philosopher and friend ;" those around him; his noble mien and majestic and under his upright and disinterested administracarriage spoke more audibly than words. Ogle- tion, Georgia flourished like a green bay tree. In thrope, who was then at the meridian of parlia- ten years he crossed the Atlantic six times, without mentary glory, in the bloom of life, nourished in any hopes of recompense, to further the interests the lap of fortune, was there, not for the pur- of the colony. He returned to England for the pose of bidding a last adieu to those over whose last time in 1743, and a short time afterwards mardestiny he was placed-nobler and more exalted ried an heiress, the beautiful and accomplished were his objects, he came with a determination of daughter of Sir Nathan Wright, Bart. The folfollowing the infant colony into the trackless wil- lowing verses are extracted from some sent to a derness,

lady in Charleston, soon after Oglethrope's mar“And through the tossing tide of chance and pain

riage, who inquired when he would return to Geor. To hold his course unfaltering."

gia. They will serve as a specimen of the poetic

talents of the day, and will show the respect in All who embarked, upon being questioned, readi- which Oglethrope was held. ly acknowledged their perfect willingness to do so, and a desire to seek their fortunes in an unknown

“ The fairest of Diana's train,

For wbom so many sigh'd in vain, world. The fortunes of these people could not be

Has bound him in her silken train, worsted; in their own country, they were either

From whence he'll ne'er get loose again. involved in debt, or were scarcely able to obtain a scanty subsistence. They well knew such flatter- “ Help, youths and virgins, help 10 sing, ing prospects were offered to but few; and with The prize which Hymen now does bring:

I too my feeble voice will raise ; proud hearts and keen anxiety, they seized upon

To name but OGLETHROPE is praise." the offered boon, and launched themselves and their little fortunes upon the broad Atlantic :

Gen. Oglethrope never visited America after his

marriage; he had left his private affairs so long “The world was all before them, where to choose Their place of rest, and Providence their guide."

neglected, that they required his utmost care and

vigilance. He had expended liberally his own How different were the motives that actuated property for the benefit of Georgia, for which he Oglethrope, and that little company! He, without never received a cent in return. A short time beany fee, or prospect of recompense, bade a painful fore he left Georgia for the last time, a few men farewell to his friends and relatives, laid aside the of but little repute began to find fault with this alınost certain prospects of high honors and the great and good man, and went so far as to send him luxuries of riches, for no other purpose than to plant abusive anonymous letters, and even to publish that little colony, and with parental care cherish statements reflecting on his honor and integrity. and protect it : they, left a country already hate- Envy can not brook the blaze of superior virful to them, homes desolated by poverty, the cer- tues; and malice rejoices in the stains which even tainty of want for an almost sure realization of falsehood throws on a distinguished character." bright hopes. Difficulties were to be met, and ob- Oglethrope stood too high to notice these invidious stacles overcome, but with such a leader as Ogle- attacks. But when an inferior officer, whom he thrope, they feared no danger, nor failed to meet had raised from a private to the rank of Lieutenwith becoming fortitude every impediment. Ogle-ant Colonel, was seen hurling, with unrelenting thrope was vested with the functions of Governor hatred, the shafts of malice and envy at his spolof Georgia the year before he left England, and in less reputation, and striving in every mean and a few years after, he was made General and Com- unjust manner to undermine and blast his fair and mander-in-Chief of all the royal troops in Geor- well-established character, he felt it a duty he owed gia and South Carolina : “It is said that he com-'to himself, his friends and his country, to have the charges carefully examined and sifted to the bot- censure. Every man, no matter how eminent or tom. He accordingly went to England and ob- good, has his faults: but in judging sach men, upon tained a trial by court-martial : several days were comparison, we will invariably find that their good spent in the examination of all the charges alleged, qualities far outweigh their censurable ones. It is and after sober and mature deliberation, the court to this great man Georgia owes a debt of gratitude pronounced the charges to be “ false, malicious she will ever be unable to meet : to him she owes and groundless." The Lieutenant Colonel, who her present great eminence and respectability. It had acted so ungenerously and basely, was dismiss was his generous hand that launched her destinies ed from the service, and pronounced " incapable of on the boisterous ocean of existence; and it was serving the King in any military capacity what- his great hand, that guided her little bark, as it ever." The Governors of six of the American floated on from the shoals of savage cruelty on the Colonies addressed letters to Gen. Oglethrope, one side, and civil dissensions on the other, until, congratulating him on the honor he had obtained like an able and experienced pilot, she was comin establishing his character above the attacks of petent to guide herself. The whole South owes the wicked and invidious, for the superior general- much to his benevolent exertions while a member ship he had so often displayed, for his unwearied of parliament, and at his shrine it becomes us, exertions and the frequent sacrifice of time and with due reverence and respect for the great and money for the benefit of the Colonies. He had noble deeds which characterized and dignified his now been in England nearly twenty years, using whole life, to bow with gratitude and reverence. his influence and abilities for the good of Georgia, For us, claiming as we do the honor of Georgians aiding and supporting the petitions of the Colonies by birih and preference, we enrol ourselves as for redress of grievances, and had now, for the first humble worshippers of his great abilities and taltime in his life, when his head was silvered with ents, and join our acclamations of praise with age, the mortification to find his influence useless Georgia's historian, when he says, more can be and his talents powerless, and to see Georgia, his said of Gen Oglethrope, than of the subject of any darling offspring, together with all the other colo- other prince in Europe;" and were we called upon nies, wrongfully oppressed, and forced 10 an appeal to point to a man, distinguished by disinterested to arms. The declaration of independence had benevolence, actuated by high and noble motives, been made, our alliance and necessary dependence whose character and life does honor to humanity, on Great Britain broken off, we as a nation had that man would be Gen. James OgleTurope. stepped upon the theatre of action-drawn the

R. C. S. sword and struck the blow for independence and Chapel Hill, N. C. liberty, " appealing to heaven for the justice of our cause, determined to be free or die.” It was at this critical period, that Gen. Oglethrope, being

TO ALMIRA. the senior officer of Sir William Howe, was offered the command of the troops destined for our subjugation, he readily consented to accept the

The galley-slave that bends the oar, command, provided they would authorize him to

(His shadow on the wave,) assure the colonies justice would be done them.

May sigh to think he can no more Displaying that love and zeal for this country Breathe the sweet freedom of the shore, which his former sacrifice of the bloom of life Range sunny fields and woodlands hoar, in our interests would cause us to expect, he

Or hope an earth-made grave. nobly pronounced to the British nation, " that

But light, ah, light! the chain he bears, they never would subdue the colonies by arms, And bright his sky above! but their obedience would ever be secured by To him who for a season wears, doing them justice.” But this request was de- With its alternate hopes and fears, nied him, and agreeable to his own solicita

Its joys, its sorrows and its cares,

The silken bands of love. tion, he was permitted to remain at home. He was an unfit instrument for tyranny, his measures ALMIRA, all the livelong day, would have been too mild for an oppressing king,

Like air, or breath, or beam, considering himself insulted by his liege subjects

Around me doth thy presence play,

As falls around the Periscian's way refusing obedience to his laws, however burden

His shadow, from the morn's first ray
Gen. Oglethrope lived to “the green old

'Till flowers begin to dream.
age" of eighty-seven. He saw the foolish attempt
of his Government to trample under foot justice,

When summer skies blithe sunshine bring,

I seek the open air ; to subjugate and oppress loyal subjects; and he

Comes then a step, like step of Spring, lived to witness their signal and ever-memorable

A form with her fresh coloring, defeat. In reviewing the character of Gen. Ogle- A voice she well might claim to sing, thrope, we see much to admire, and but liule to I feel that thou art there.



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