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than that of Lord Coke. The requirement of una- Half hidden 'mid the clustering leaves nimity is continually producing in our Courts, the White cottages erect their eaves, most grinding aggravation to the oppressiveness While nobler mansions rear the head, which, at the best, attends litigation. But yes- 'Mid blooming gardens round them spread. terday, within twenty steps of where I write, a And not unknown to martial fame case was tried in which the parties, and five or six Bright Delaware, thine honored name, witnesses, had been three days at court. The The war-cry and the cannons' roar question was, whether three or five dollars a month, Have echoed on thine either shore, should be allowed for the hire of a slave, for eight And on the bank thy waters lave and a half months. The jury could not agree ;

Is many a warrior's lowly grave. and after much wrangling among themselves, were If e'er in after years removed discharged, and the battle is to be fought over again From scenes in youth's bright hours beloved, next Spring, upon this controversy about 18 dollars. My steps in lovelier lands should rove, In the same Temple of Justice,"two months ago, 'Mid myrtle-bower and orange grove, a suit was dismissed in despair of a verdict, after Mine eyes will from their beauties tura four hung juries, and seven years duration; the And for thy well-known scenery yearn ; plaintiff being a poor and aged woman, sueing for To me their charms can ne'er compare the value of her only slave, who had come to his With thine, my native Delaware. death by the alleged misconduct of the defendant.

MARY G. WELLS. The expenses of the suit had exhausted her means, and its delays and vexations had broken her spirit.

Philadelphia, Nov. 10, 1845. The neighbor who, as her agent, attended for her to the suit, declared, (what indeed was obvious,) that a verdict against her in the outset, would have been less grievous than a verdict for her at last. BUREAU OF NAVAL CONSTRUCTION, &C. Defeat at first, better than victory at last! So eating a thing is Delay, in law-suils !-Such cases We are a people of resolutions, and nothiog can are perpetually occurring.

resist the effects of a resolution, hurráed over by Really, those who, in the face of such facts, some few hundreds of men, engaged in the laudawould cling to unanimity as a feature of jury.trial, ble work of settling the policy of the nation and in civil cases, and of small amount, are the slaves details of the government. I was particularly of an ignoble superstition, wholly unworthy of this struck with this spirit of meddling, or, to use a age, and of this country.

milder word, interference, by a set of men who can

M. know very little on the subject. Most of them are November 14, 1845.

probably mechanics—I would not wonder if they were all ship-carpenters--and from this circumstance, they arrogate to themselves the right to entertain an opinion that a Captain in the Navy is not,

er officio, or in officio, necessarily a skilful Naval THE DELAWARE.

Constructor; they even go further, and express this

opinion, thereby intimating a belief, that the art « Et dulces moriens reminiscitur Argos."

and mystery of ship-building is totally distinct from Æn. Lib. X., 782.

sailing, commanding or fighting a ship or fleet.

That there is some foundation for such opinions, Thou gently-gliding Delaware,

may be gathered from various specimens of shipTo me thine aspect's ever fair,

building produced under the direction of Captains Or when beneath Apollo's ray,

in the Navy. But had it not been for Captains in Thy brightly-beaming waters play,

the Navy, what kind of ships-of-war would we Or when upon thy tranquil breast,

have had in the early period of our history; and The pale and silvery moon-beams rest, had it not been for them, what ships might we have Or when alone the "eyes of night," not had now? It appears that a meeting was held Look down on thee serenely bright.

in Philadelphia, on the 24th September, by the The skiff puts forth its tiny sail

“young Democracy,” (so say the newspapers.) at To catch the softly-swelling gale,

which it was “Resolved, that aware of the dispoAnd gallant vessels proudly ride

sition of the President to have the laws faithfully Upon thy blue and rippling tide,

executed, we shall hail with satisfaction, the apO'er which the native Indian too

pointment of a 'skilful Naval Constructor,' to the Erst paddled in his light canoe.

head of the Bureau of Construction, Equipment, On either bank tall trees arise

and Repairs, required by the act of Congress, 1842, To greet the calm and cloudless skies; re-organizing the Navy Department, and the re

form of any other bureau not organized agreea- ular meetings. How does it concern the people, bly to said act."

whether laws are observed or not? Has not the This resolution probably means something. It President got the Constitution and the Attorney is clearly inferrable from it that, in the opinion of General of the United States 10 guide him in the the meeting, the present “head of the Bureau of administration of the laws, when he wants help? Construction, Equipment, and Repairs," is not "a These members of popular meetings had better skilful Naval Constructor," as required by the law,- stay at home, mind their business, and leave law that there is some other Bureau, or Bureaux, whose to the lawyers, to Congress, and the President of chiefs are not of the kind contemplated by the law. the United States. Things have come to a nice I believe the chief of the Bureau of Construction, pass, when people step forward, to wrest from is a Captain in the navy, and not by profession a Captains the unlimited power they have always Naval Constructor, and, therefore, it is only reason- enjoyed; but the navy is safe, in spite of such able to suppose he is skilful in a branch of science demönstrations and complaints; the Captains will which he never studied. Nevertheless, he may pos- retain all the arbitrary power, which they have alsibly be an instance of those remarkable geniuses, ways had, and exercised so much to the advantage rarely appearing, capable, by a sort of intuition, of of the navy and the country, as well as to the satbeing skilful in any thing he may be asked to do ? If isfaction of all subordinates, who, much to their so, what right have these public meetings to be ex- credit, have obeyed in fear and trembling. pressing any opinion on the subject? I dare say, I have heard, too, that some, nay all, of the Sorthe head of the Bureau of Construction is some geons, Pursers, Chaplains, and Naval Constructors, gallant veteran of the “batile and the breeze,” as and even the Naval slore-keepers, have got some fully competent to plan and build a ship of war as absurd notion of "a bill of rights ;” but I can tell the very best mechanic in the country. Besides, these gentlemen, it is vain to hope, because rights does it really require any skill to construct a ship naturally belong exclusively to Captains, either full which shall be a swift sailer, carry a certain num- fledged or in embryo. How preposterous it is for ber of guns at a given height above water, with these persons to ask for rank! Do they not see that the ammunition and stores, and men necessary to rank can only be conferred on the nobles and arismake an efficient ship-of-war ? Is it not presuma- tocrats of society? We admit the intelligence, ble, that a man who has been all his life living in learning, and science of the Surgeons; and the ships, is of all others most capable of building high shop-keeping qualifications of Pursers, and them? Could not any man, who has lived all his their superior integrity and respectability; and the life in a house, build a house just as well as a pro- physical science of the Naval Constructors; but fessional builder or architect? This attempt to put we do not perceive that these afford any argument a skilful Naval Constructor in a place occupied by whatever for protecting them, by what they call a Captain in the navy, (some one perhaps who has relative rank, from the arbitrary power of those never crossed the ocean,) ought to be frowned who alone have rank and authority. The serfs of down by members of Congress, unless they are Russia have better sense : they kiss the hand of the willing to see the navy ruined. Next we shall hear Czar, and never complain of the knout being disaof some meeting, Resolving that a Purser in the greeable. Let these dissatisfied gentlemen learn a navy is more likely to understand accounts, and lesson from the ignorant Russians. These gentle. the purchase of tobacco, sngar, bread, beef, and men are too thin-skinned by half; they ought to small stores, than a naval Captain! One great rise above being annoyed by the petty demonstramistake has been already made, by having a Sur- tions of authority, assumption, and ignorance, on geon at the head of medical affairs in the navy. A the part of those who are the nobles and aristoCaptain would have been much better suited to the crats of the society in which their lot has been place. If found necessary, it would have been the cast. Be content and passive, gentlemen, there easiest thing in the world to have ordered some is no remedy for you. Congress won't listen to Surgeon, as a clerk, to tell him what to do. What you, and if it does, won't believe your representacan a Surgeon know more than a Captain of the tions, because the opposite party will tell the memrequirements of sick men and of hospitals ? When bers not to give ear to your nonsense. a man is sick, does not every Captain know that he hill work all the way, and you had better give it requires medicine, and I should like to be informed up. Do not suppose that, because Naval Conwhether a Surgeon can possibly know more than structors, Surgeons, Pursers, and such civil perthis? It is one of the absurdities of the age to sons employed in the military, or rather Naval essuppose, that a Captain in the navy is not compe- tablishments of France, Sweden, Denmark, and tent as a skilful

aval Constructor, a skilful phy. England, have an established rank relative to the sician and Surgeon, and an adroit Purser and ac- military officers of their navies, you in the Americountant, a man emphatically of dollars and cents. can Navy can claim any such protection. If you

It is to be hoped Congress will be better inform- will calmly examine the matter, you will perceive ed than to listen to the absurd suggestions of pop-'that there is a vast difference between the navy of

It is up

the United States and the navies of Europe: the

Earth's beauty must grow dim, first belongs to a republican people, who claim Before that radiance. Would'st ihou pine away, equal rights for all : but the latter pertain to crown. Seeing its light grow fainter day by day ed heads, to monarchies, in which there is a recog.

Before that gleam,nized aristocracy. Now, if such people as Sur. And yearning for a home of purer birth, geons, Pursers, Chaplains, Secretaries, &c., are with thy sad soul doomed still to dwell on earth? admitied to have rights pertaining to military rank

And oh! the flow of song! in the navies of kings and queens, do you not see how improper, how unnatural, and how unsafe it The sudden gush of melody, which springs must be to admit any thing approaching to a rank From the full heart, as light from angel wings, or military consideration, for civil officers employed

Intense and strong! in the navy of a Republic ? It is bad enough to Know'st thou the burning tears, like drops of rain, allow all naval rank and power to a select few; and Wrung from the bursting heart in that deep strain ? to extend it, simply as a protection, to a hundred

Know'st thou the haunting fears, or two more, would be totally incompatible with The perished hopes, the memories of the dead, our republican principles. The ideas broached by The nameless sadness o'er a deep heart spread? the public meeting referred to, as set forth in the

The secret tears, fanciful Resolution copied above, are too absurd The weariness of earth, the yearnings vain, for serious consideration.

Which pour their bitterness in that deep strain !

And fame-yea, what is fame?
The poet's sole reward-the price of tears
And silent sorrow, borne through weary years,

To gild a name;

Alas! fame hath no healing for the breast

With all its weight of bitterness opprest.
Pause, mortal, ere thou seek

And wouldst thou bear all this
Unknowing what you ask, this mighty power-
The gift of song, a bright and fatal dower.

To bow thy spirit to an early tomb-
Yea, pause and speak,-

The weariness and void, the tears and gloom,

To share life's bliss ? Know'st thou the price of tears, of heart-strings riven,

Then take the boon, unto thy soul 'tis givenThe depth of wo, for this frail power given ?

But hope not then repose unless in heaven!

Thou seekest for the bliss

Of deep and sudden song—the fire and might
Thrilling thy spirit with a quick delight, -

Alas! for this
Would'st thou give up thy peace--thy calm repose,
And yield thy soul to deep and silent woes ?

Know'st thou the quenchless love,
The depth of pure devotion, whose unrest
Must be a fire-flame feeding on thy breast,
With none to prove

O'er the wooded hills are showering
Its fervent tenderness, or yield a tone

Hazy streams of melting light; To satisfy the yearnings of thine own?

Amber clouds, the earth embowering,

Tinge the scene all softly bright.
And thou must pour it forth
Upon the sky, the stream, the mount, the main ;
All lovely things, which give not back again

And the western sky is gleaming,
Its untold worth :

With a fading purple dye,
Alas! it is but mis’ry to possess

Where the vesper star is beaming,
So deep a fount of wasted tenderness!

Like a seraph's raptured eye.
And the bright, glorious dreams,
Which visit the hushed soul, as with a ray
Of glorious inspiration-what are they

'Tis the hour when memory's treasures, But fleeting gleams?

Come like angels from the past ; Marking the soul with radiance too divine

Yonder joys and gentle pleasures, For earth--a light which never can be thine.

Such as undecaying last.




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servations : “ Haec terra valde wihi placet, utinam

homines terrae similes!" I often received an af.
'Tis the hour for pensive musing,
When Hope's visions, brightly clear,

firmative answer to my enquiries, whether there
All our future lives suffusing,

was a vacant school in the neighborhood, coupled
Drive away each thought of fear.

with an offer to accompany me to the trustees ;
this offer I generally accepted when made towards
noon, for I had discovered that these dignitaries

prefaced the negotiations by an invitation to a sub-
Present, past and future blending,

stantial dinner, but this very abundance of vacant In one tissue dimly fair,

schools prevented my engaging any where, as I Lull the soul, 'till night descending,

wished to indulge my taste for rambling a lilile lonLike the light, they fade in air.

ger, sure to find employment as soon as necessity

C. C. L. would compel me to accept it. Five dollars and
Greene, New York, 1815.

fifty cents, however, could not last forever; at least
mine did not. A fine morning, I found that the larger
part of my last half dollar had gone to pay for my
lodging, and, consequently, that it would be advi-

sable to find employment during the day. As if to A "SCHOOLMASTER" AMONG THE " DUTCH."

punish me for my imprudent delay, I was that day Oteju meminisse juvabit.”

more unsuccessful than common. Every school

in the neighborhood appeared to be engaged. I saw In the fall of the year 1834, I found myself, after the sun fast sinking towards the West, and had almany eventful changes, assistant-leacher of an ready resigned myself to spend the night “à la belle academy in the neighborhood of Philadelphia. On étoile,” for want of the means to pay for my lodgcomparing notes with the Principal, I was con- ings, when I saw a short distance before me, a firmed in my belief, that his school, instead of pro- "lown," i. e. a tavern, a store, and two dwelling. ducing him the golden harvest which his sanguine houses, each with its invariable accompaniment of a disposition had led him to expect, would barely fur- large red barn. I addressed myself to a thick-set, nish him his daily bread, and that, therefore, he honest looking farmer, who, with his team, was would have to dispense with my services. I re. wending his way towards one of the dwellings, and gretted this contingency the less, as it appeared to enquired whether he knew any school in want of present a favorable opportunity for executing a plan a teacher. which I had contemplated for some time, viz : to “ No," said he, “but we want a schoolmaster in spend a winter in the " Dutch” counties,-a coun- our school, and if you are one, as you appear to try which I had heard spoken of sometimes as a be, and can teach an English school, you had better real Canaan, “flowing with milk and honey," and come and stay overnight at my house yonder, we'll sometimes as the Botany Bay, or rather, as the Si- talk about it after supper. I am one of the trusberia of the United States.

tees,” added he, with a dignified flourish of his I was detained a couple of days in getting a new whip. pair of soles on my well-worn shoes; but as soon I was accordingly ushered into a house, which, as this important preliminary 10 a pedestrian tour for neatness and cleanliness, would have advantawas settled to my satisfaction, I set off, carrying geously compared with the habitations of our proudwith me-Caesan like-my whole fortune, viz : est citizens—and here, let me add, that nothing can two shirts, a pair of woollen socks, wrapped in a be more erroneous than the generally received opinhandkerchief, and last, not least, five dollars and ion, that the dwellings of the “ Dutch” farmers fifty cents, the nett profit of three months labor. are uncleanly; with one single exception, (to be The first part of my journey led me through a bro- mentioned hereafter,) every dwelling which I enken, hilly, and rugged country; but afterwards, the tered in that country, would have satisfied the further I progressed, the more I was delighted with most scrupulous in that respect. The wife, a good the appearance of every thing about me. It was looking woman of about 30 years of age, received an undulating, well-watered, and evidently a very the probable “ schoolmaster”-for as such I was at fertile lime-stone region. The post and rail fences once introduced—with a droll mixture of real kindscrupulously kept free from briars and brambles ;ness and affected dignity: she obstinately refused the large red barns, and clean, substantial dwellings: 10 speak English to me, fearing, as she said, that I the fine appearance of the catile : every thing de- would laugh at her. The children, three in numnoted that it was inhabited by a thrifty, industrious ber, hung their heads, and cast upon me stolen race of “ Dutchmen." Still, there must have been glances, which betokened as much confidence and in the inhabitants, something which, in my opinion, pleasure at my arrival, as a parcel of mice, shut counterbalanced these good qualities; for I find in up in a box, might be supposed to feel upon the my note-book, the following summary of my ob-'sudden introduction of a cat amongst them. After

Vol. XI-95

a great deal of difficulty, however, the eldest boy piece of advice, which showed me that pelty jealwas persuaded to shake hands with me, and we, ousies and heart-burnings could find their way, even viz : the family, properly speaking, the “school- into the “ Dutch" counties, I picked up on the way master,” 2 laborers, i hired boy, and 2 hired maid- a short biography of the Judge. It appears that servants, sat down in true democratic style, to a he was the son of an honest “ Dutchman," who, substantial


of meat, pie, etc. The bever- anxious to distinguish himself, or rather his family, age was coffee, of a peculiar, strong taste, which advised his son, (the Judge,) at an early age, to they all drank without sugar, and I found out after- to spend one winter in "the Jarsys,” to learn Eng. wards that it was the general custom of the country. lish. The son went, assisted in feeding the cattle, Supper over, my friend, the trustee, proposed that etc., of a New Jersey farmer, in the morning and we should go together to the store, expressing his evening, as an equivalent for his board, and during belief, that we would there find liis colleague, the the day, attended a school in the neighborhood. other trustee. We accordingly went to this “caffé This plan of getting an “edication,” without subdes mille colonnes” of G*town, but to no pur- tracting anything from the parental acres, now so pose, as far as the other trustee was concerned. much in vogue, was but little practised in those To make amends, we found, among a dozen far- days, and on his return, young B. found that he was mers, who, seated on the counter, empty boxes, etc., entitled to a place among the “ Savans" of his were discussing their “ long nines," or their short county. He was early appointed Justice of the earthen pipes,-the Saugrado of the country, whose Peace, and a few years afterwards, assistant Judge. immense erudition is probably to this day a matter The courts in Pennsylvania consist of a presiding of amazement to the unsophisticated farmers. He Judge, appointed from the body of the lawyers, was holding forth on politics when we entered, but and of two assistant Judges, appointed from the as soon as he was informed that I was a candidate citizens. Judge B. was also a kind of notary for the “ Octagon Schoolhouse,” he quit the sub-public; he wrote deeds, wills, etc. ; but at the time ject, and with several flourishes of rhetoric, mod- that I made his acquaintance, his reputation, in that esily told us that he was a prodigy of erudition, respect, had suffered considerably from the followthat he spoke Latin and French as well as "Dutch," ing occurrence. An old bachelor, in the neighthat a Doctor who did not speak French was not borhood of Gx town, thinking that he had just worth a fig, and that he had just received a new cause of complaint against his nephews, applied to French work, Byecallavie, which explained how Judge B. to write his will, and left by it the whole to cure all diseases, and which he would show us of his property to some third person. When, at when we came to his house. A few days after the dea:h of the old bachelor, the will was opened, wards I saw the book; for he really had one-it it was found that the deceased, a plain farmer, who

Bichat, la vie et la mort!” The most ludi- had never in his life been upon the water, styled crous part of the occurrence was, that, at every himself a “mariner;" Judge B. having copied new assertion, the “ Doctor" applied to me," as a verbatim a form of a will which he found in learned man,” 10 corroborate it by my testimony, “ Everybody his own Lawyer,” or some other and not to confess my entire ignorance of what he book, in which the person making his will is supwas talking about,-a confession which I felt would posed to be a mariner-an expression which the be fatal to my prospects, I was compelled to as- Judge probably thought to be some law term. This sent. On our return to the house, I was conducted circumstance, and some eccentricities in the habits to a chamber which, from its appearance, I rightly of the deceased, induced the nephews to endeavor concluded must be the state-room of the house. to set aside the will, greatly to the detriment of The furniture of it was a singular medley of fine, Judge B.'s character as a scrivener. old, well-preserved, prim-looking articles, and of We found this Solomon in a more gracious mood modern gew-gaws; the floor was covered with a than we had expected, thanks to an early visit of rag carpet, but the bed was rich and tasteful far my friend Æsculapius, who-probably to secure a beyond anything I had anticipated.

good endorser of his assertions—had represented The next morning, after breakfast, my friend, me as the “ beau idéal" of wandering “shoolmasthe trustee, and myself, started for the residence of ters.” his colleague, Judge B. On the way he informed Judge B. accordingly received me as a man, me that I must not be too positive of a favorable whose importance was but little less than his own; reception, as probably his colleague would feel of- and after a lengthy discussion between the trusfended that I had not addressed myself to him first, tees and myself,—they insisting that I should reand that he, (Trustee No. 1,) would, out of kind-ceive, as compensation from every scholar, 3 cents ness to me, advise me, if I wished to have peace, for each day of actual “attendance at school," never to tell the Judge what I thought of his and that I should “board round" among the em"Johnny," who was an absolute nombskull, but whom players; and I bargaining for half a dollar a month the Judge had the weakness to believe as "smart" for each scholar from the day the school opened, as bis, (Trustee's No. 1,) “ David.” Besides this to the first of April, and that the employers should

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