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Christi, (Tears of Christ !) a luscious wine, worthy |curred 28 hours sooner. None of us desired the of its reputation. It is made from the grapes in celebrity of Pliny the elder, that " martyr of nathe neighborhood of the mountain, and derives its ture,” as he is justly styled, upon condition of appellation from the manner in which it exudes sharing his fate. When we grew tired of looking from them, even before they are subjected to any and admiring, (for even contrast may become mopressure but their own weight; it drops from the notonous,) we descended and remounted our donpress like tears, and is of crimson hue. A mile keys, which manifested much more willingness in from the Hermitage, we again abandoned our carrying back their burdens to Portici, than they mules, and climbed the “ashy steep” on foot. had done in bringing them from there. On reachAdvancing slowly, and secured to our guides by ing Naples, it was quite late, and we were rather leathern belts, we accomplished the task without exhausted, yet could not resist the temptation of difficulty ; peril there was none, for at every step, going to the Opera, to see Madame Pasta, in we sank into the dried and parched soil, as if tread. “ Tancredi.” The magnificent theatre of Don ing on newly ploughed ground, and, of course, Carlos was brilliant with lamps, chandeliers and there was no risk of slipping, but the jerking mo- gilding. Its drop-curtain was the most splendid I tjon, occasioned by the unequal walk of our con- ever saw-it was blue and gold, with a rich bordoctors, was extremely disagreeable, and I quick- der of roses, and the centre adorned with Cupids, ly liberated myself from harness, and held the in cars, drawn by various animals. To show, that strap in my hand, to pull against, when assistance “ Love conquers all things," was, (I conjecture,) was requisite. As we progressed, our sensations the design. The King and Queen, with their of wonder and delight increased. There we were, suite, were present, and Pasta seemed inspired. environed by a surface of blackened lava, miles in She was more than human. We bad heard her extent, and totally devoid of a tree or bush, or any before, but never did she appear as lovely, or sing semblance whatever of vegetation. Above us so divinely. Her voice might have vied with the curled the thick smoke of the Volcano, mingled clearest and softest flute, as she executed most difwith white and greyish vapors, which, owing to ficult and exquisite passages in music. Well might the dampness of the weather, arose from the earth. she be called the Queen of Song. When we retired Below us, lay expanded the “blue glittering bay to our pillows that night, it was to dream of her of Naples," with its twin promontories, islets, vil- syren notes and eloquent acting. lages and cities; beyond these, in perspective, Sultry clouds portended rain, when we arose, next soared a series of undulating Appenines, tinged morning, at an early hour, in order to prepare for with that soft, plumb-like hue, so peculiar to Italy. another excursion-our goal, Pompeii, in its loneGazing upwards, I thought of Pluto's dismal em- liness and desolation! While breakfasting, the sky pire-downwards, of paradise itself. The abodes vented its wrath in a plentiful and rapid shower, after of Misery and Happiness, seemed to have chang- which, the clear blue ether triumphed in the heaved places. The blending of light and shade was ens, and at 8 o'clock we departed, with the presage striking and beautiful! The traveller was right, I of a fine day and travelling baskets well stocked think, who designated light as the physiognomy with provisions for a cold dinner in the Villa of of scenery, and compared a landscape to a regular Diomede, the first edifice that presents itself as set of features, averring, that both may be good, you enter Pompeii, by what is termed the Appian but neither speak, unless the light of nature, or of way—the way we intended going. We retraced mind, illumine them. Owing to the continual our steps as far as Porlici, and thence proceeded crumbling of the lava, the crater presents a differ- through the towns of Torre del Greco and Torre ent form almost annually; to us, its outline was del Annunziata, both of which suffered from the that of an oval, -some parts of the edge were too burning torrents of Vesuvius, indeed, were destroyhot to stand upon for more ihan a few minutes, and ed by them, but have since been rebuilt. We saw a sheet of paper thirust in, was soon ignited. We de vineyards, which the lava had streamed across, and scended 14 feet into the abyss, and walked upon a becoming cold, had formed, in some places, solid broad and projecting rock, where we distinctly crusts several feet thick, and of a brown color:heard the crackling of the flames in the aperture portions of the road were hewn through these stony whence oozed the fiery smoke. The next day, beds. We were informed that the lava runs very this gigantic rock tumbled down, and created a slowly, and that the smallest impediment will stop dreadful panic in the vicinity of the mountain. its course,-it then swells sometimes to the height The crash it made, and the quantity of ashes and of a dozen or fourteen feel, environs whatever hincinders it forced into the air, caused persons, for ders its progress, till it has destroyed or covered an instant, to believe, that an eruption was com- it ; flints and porous rocks, it causes to break with mencing, and to rush from their dwellings. When an explosion like gun powder; trees and wooden told of this event, I trust all of our party felt grate-objects it ignites and consumes; when hardened, it ful to Providence for saving us from the awful end is capable of receiving a brilliant polish, and is apthat would have been ours, had the avalanche uc-'plied to ornamental as well as useful purposes. Most of the Neapolitan towns are paved with it, f the principal doors of some, the names of the ownboth ancient and modern. As we approached Pom- ers are written in red paint. Among others, I repeii, our interest almost amounted to awe-we ar-collect those of Pansa, the Roman Consul, and rived, and thrilling with curiosity, alighied near the Caius Sallust, the historian,-the latter is said to Herculaneum gate. Our path towards it was bor- have possessed one of the most beautiful residendered by a double row of Mausoleums, massive, ces in the city, containing a great deal of handgrey with age, and bearing inscriptions ; some ot some furniture and mosaic decorations, statues and which were quite legible. After examining them, paintings, which, with myriads from other mansions, we quitted this funereal suburb and entered the city: public and private, have been conveyed to the Musilently we threaded its solitary streets, their raised seum in Naples, rendering it a complete Golconda footways flanked with tenantless, roofless houses, of such treasures. It is surprising, in what a perwherein the stillness of death prevailed. Not a fect state the things are, and how much the arti. sound was audible, save our loitering steps upon cles of household furniture and utensils for various the mosaic floors, and our low-toned voices, when purposes, resemble those of the present century, we made a casual observation, or questioned the designed for similar use. The streets of Pompeii cicerone who accompanied us. Mirth or loud con-are regular and straight, but entirely too narrow to versation would have seemed unbefitting, while admit of carriages passing each other in any of wandering through that solemn city, with its de-them, so that a certain nomber must have been apcaying fanes, theatres and dwellings of yore! The propriated to vehicles proceeding in certain direchorrible fate of the beings who once enlivened them, tions—the traces of wheels still indent the pavegleamed, too, upon our memories, and added depth ment of several, and not being more than two or to feeling, as we viewed and inspected their forsa- three feet apart, prove that the carriages of those ken haunts. It is inferred, however, that the Pom- times were very diminutive, perhaps mere cars, or peiians, generally, escaped with their lives, as not small

, open chariots, such as we see depicted in more than a hundred skeletons have ever been dis- antique paintings. The grandest and best preservcovered among the ruins, and only one in the the ed of the public edifices, are the Temple of Isis, atre, where, according to history, the people were the Palace of Justice, and the Amphitheatre, where assembled in great numbers, when the eruption the famous combat took place between the Pombegan ; and that, as the Volcano always gives in-peiians and Nocereans during an exhibition of dications of a violent and dangerous discharge, Gladiators, for which the Roman Senate exiled its hours before it takes place, only those perished, leaders, and prohibited all such sports for the space who were too old, too feeble or two sick to run, of ten years. The shops of Pompeii excite equal or perhaps too avaricious to abandon their wealth interest, though, of course, not equal admiration, in their flight.* Of this miserly class, it was con- with its nobler and more aristocratic buildings. The jectured, was Diomede, in whose stately mansion we staluary's, the apothecary's, the carpenter's, the dined, (as above stated,) because his skeleton was jeweller's occupation is either mentioned on a sign found to be near his gate, grasping a key in one without, or designated by some mark or emblem hand, and coins and jewels in the other. With within. The counter of the apothecary bears him, strong in death was the ruling passion! In stains of vials and glasses, wbich contained somehis cellar we saw 15 wine casks glued to the thing corrosive; that of the confectioner displays wall by lava, and evident impressions of 5 or 6 hu- those of saucers and cups, and in the bakery are man bodies. Pompeii was buried beneath a deluge ovens. We lingered through these deserted abodes, of ashes and cinders, from which it has been com- once the busy scene of human activity and labor, but pletely dug out, and now stands fully revealed, re- now so "sad, solitary and silent," till the slanting sembling a city that has been the prey of flames, rays of the declining sun invested them with a facexcepting that its walls and window-sills are not titious cheerfulness, at the same time that they blackened by smoke. Its houses are only two sto- warned us, (if we wished to be benefitted by then ries high, but inany of them are rich in architec- ourselves during our ride home,) to depart :-so betural ornament and arabesque painting, -many are stowing the well-earned and expected recompense adorned with colonades, inclosing a spacious court, upon our honest and intelligent “ Sivanni,” for his with a fountain or reservoir in the centre. Over services, we returned to bustling, thriving, noisy * Vasi, in his “ Picture of Naples and its environs," tells it, and the long ride, and the sentimental, exciting

Naples. The moon rose in splendor as we entered us, that " when dense clouds of black smoke arise, and ticularly when they assume the form of a cone or pine tree, and moralizing day we had spent, did not decrease it is considered as an infallible sign of an approaching erup our appetites, when we attacked the abundant suption."

per which awaited us.



But one faint ripple on the sand beach trace,

And sorrowing echo, with a single sigh,

Bemoan thy fall!
Suggested by a picture of the Neapolilan City, Bat with a watchful eye and vigorous arm

Then sleep no longer thou,
Await thy coming doom.

Cincinnati, Ohio.
Fair Naples ! still a sylph-like queen, thon reignest
Close by the base of stern Vesuvius' mount,
Lifting thy cross-marked spires, and turrets bold,
In grand magnificence. Colossal forms,
Of rich and varied beauty, deck thy plains.

Notices of New works.
The Sculptor's art, the Painter's magic power,
And all the Architect's unwearied skill
Combine to decorate thy classic halls,

THE ILLUMINATED BOOKS OF THE MIDDLE AGES. Or wreathe thy brow with coronets of life:

A History of Illuminated Books, from the IVth to the While more than Andalusian charms begirt

XVIIth Century. By Henry Noel HUMPHREY8. IlThee round, as wrought by Nature's plastic hand. lustrated by a series of specimens, consisting of an en

Yet, why exultest thou, fair, beauteous queen ? tire page of the exact size of the original, from the most Bat yesterday I looked, and thou wast not !

celebrated and splendid MSS. In the Imperial and Roy.

al Libraries of Vienna, Moscow, Paris, Naples, CopenVesuvius' lurid billows swept thy plains,

hagen and Madrid; From the Vatican, Escurial, AmbroAnd tossed, and heaved themselves with awful glow,

sian and other great Libraries of the Continent, and from And wild, majestic grandeur, round the spot the Rich Public, Collegiate and Private Libraries of Thou claimest now as thine : and, like the waves Great Britain. PRINTED IN GOLD, SILVER AND CoAnd frightful ebulitions of the lake,

LORS. London: Printed for Longman, Brown, Green

and Longmans, Paternoster-Row, 1844. Seen in Apocalyptic vision, spread Fierce gloom and desolation all around.

This splendid work is coming out in numbers, Beneath thee, still those billows surge and heave the first of which we have received from Wiley With ever ceaseless agitation. E'en now and Pulnam, of New York. The last number will I hear their sullen, deep, sepulchral voice, contain a continuous sketch of the art of IllumiComplaining of confinement long, with threats nation.” The others, like the one before us, will Or fierce revenge. And yet thon sleepest still, be devoted to specimens of the richest illuminaRegardless of impending fate. Perhaps tions, with brief descriptions of the MSS., from Thou trustest in thy quiet, silvery Bay,

which they are taken. This first number contains Mirroring thy charms upon its glassy face, only four specimens; the first two from a “RecolOr painting on the clouds thy walls and spires lation of the Chronicles of England, written for With pencil dipt in sunset beams.

Edward IV." These Chronicles contain, in part, Beware!

" a strange compound of traditional history, minHow oft have fondest hopes been blasted all, gled with the fable and romance of the early part And expectations suddenly destroyed

of the middle ages, not omiuing the slaying of giBy one fell stroke! The fiery surging crests ants and marine monsters, with singular copiousHave oft contended with the sleeping flood, ness of detail.” The chief illumination consists Reeliping at thy feet, with issue dire.

of many full length figures, highly colored ; among Their wild, impetuous force, was quickly tamned : which are Clarence and Gloucester, and the unTheir lurid glare in sudden darkness veiled : known author presenting his work to the King. Themselves, with all their frighted desolation, These chronicles “have continued to form a porInto the cold embrace of that still Bay

tion of the library of the successive Kings of EngWere headlong urged : while scarce a ripple bore land, since the time of their presentation to EdIntelligence to waves a league from shore, ward IV., till the time of their deposit with the of their arrival, or their silent doom!

royal books in the British Museum, of the noble Dost thou, proud city, then, in day-dreams bright, and still increasing library of which they formed Expect escapement from like dire result ? the nucleus." Or trustest thou in ponderous, towering walls, The next illumination is taken from the Orations And structures vast, to save thee from such end? of Demosthenes, written for one of the Farnesi,

Thy massive fabric, borne upon the crest a name intimately connected with the History of or some Vesuvian billow, yet may glide,

Italian art in the XVth century. The last is from Like leaves upon the mountain rivulet,

the Venetian Diploma of Semitecolo, Governor of In Autumn stórm, till, with tremendous plunge, Pago and Isola, on the coast of Dalmatia, bearing The molten stream, with all its spoils, is lost date in 1644. Some of the most interesting speciIn the o’erflowing deep: and thy sad fate mens of Illuminated books are to be found among

VOL. XI-88

middle ages.


the small volumes, called ducali, containing the We have also from the same publishers, diplomas or appointments issued by the Venetian

THE FRUITS AND FRUIT TREES OF AMERICA; OT, State. The picture before us represents the Holy

the Cullure, Propagation and Management, in family, in a richly colored group, to which is added

the garden and orchard, of fruit trees generally. the miniature of the appointed Conte, or Gover

With descriptions of all the finest varieties of nor, taking the oath of allegiance, before his pat

fruit, native and foreign, cultivated in this counron saint. No bare description of these splendid illumina

try. By A. J. DOWNING, Corresponding Mem

ber of the Royal Botanic Society of London; and tions can give any idea of their richness and beau

of the Horticultural Societies of Berlin, the Low ty. The Vignettes and Initial Letters are curi

Countries, Massachusetts, Pennsylrania, Indiously devised and inimitably executed. On beholding such specimens of Art, one is convinced

ana, Cincinnati, etc. Illustrated with many

engravings. that, in this respect, at least, the middle ages did not deserve the appellation of “DARK ;" for he “What wondrons life is this I lead! scarcely knows which to admire most, the skill and Ripe Apples drop about my head; taste of their original executors, or of those who

The luscious clusters of the vine now transmit them to us, in such superb style. In

Upon my mouth do crush their wine;

The nectarire and curious Peach reference to the circumstances of the iwo periods,

Into my hands themselves do reach.” he is almost constrained to award the palm to the

Marvell. The work will be costly, but those who can af

How many are there who have ground unoccuford it, would find it a rare accession to their valo- pied, upon which they might plant vines and fruit

trees. ed treasures of Literature and Art.

In this happy land of civil and religious freedom, nearly every one might, in more than one sense, “ live under his own vine and fig tree," and

draw thence not only the enjoyment of luxury, but A Critical Commentary and Paraphrase on the

bis own maintenance. To all we say, let Mr. Old and New Testament and the Apocrypha. lish your grounds, construct your landscape gar

Downing be your example and your guide ; embelBy Patrick, Lowth, Arnold, Whitby and LowA New Edition, with the text printed at

dens, and fill your empty space with fruits and flowlarge; in four volumes.

ers, which "grow while you sleep," and bloom and

Wiley and Putnam: New York.

ripen upon the gratuitous air and sun-smile of

Heaven. This is esteemed, by many competent Judges, - Travels in NORTH AMERICA, In the years 1841-2. at least among those friendly to the Church of

With Geological Observations on the United England, and such as she was a century and a half

States, Nova Scotia and Canada. BY CHARLES ago,-to be one of the best commentaries extant.

Lyell, Esq., F. R. S. Author of the PrinIt is the fruit of the learned labors of several emi.

ciples of Geology.In 2 vols : 8 vo. nent Divines, some of whom flourished as far back as the latter part of the 17th century. The Com- Our people are, perhaps, not only too desirous mentary, from Genesis to Solomon's Song, inclu- of the praise of foreign travel-authors, but also too sive, is by the Right Reverend Father in God, sensitive to their censure. There is, it is true, Dr. Symon Patrick, Lord Bishop of Ely. That great excuse for these feelings; because so much upon the larger and lesser prophets, is by William defamation has been heaped upon them. But we Lowth, B. D., Prebendary of Winchester. That should not expect foreigners to think and judge as upon the Apocryphal Books, is by Richard Arnold, we do; and may allow them to condemo us even B. D., Rector of Thurcasion, in Leicestershire. unjustly, when we reflect upon the influence of edaThat upon the Gospels and Epistles of the New cation, and habit, and National prejudices. Testament, is by Daniel Whitby. D. D., Chantor We are much inclined to believe, that the indig. of the Church of Sarum. That upon the Reve- nation of our people has been aroused more by the lation, is by Moses Lowman.

quo animo and the quo modo, of these authors, Besides the critical annotations, and the clear many of whom must have stifled their own conand concise paraphrases in these volumes, there sciences, than by what they have said of us. are many valuable and learned dissertations, in con- We of the South have been particularly exposed nection with the Commentary, not only by the to libel and aspersion, because there were charges writers above mentioned, but by numerous others, of enormous cruelly and inhumanity superadded to the light of whose erudition these authors have the faults and vices we had in common with our added to their own. The work is in 4 large vol- countrymen. When Dickens got to Richmond, he umes, bound in cloth, at $16; and may be ordered was so alarmed by the dark clond of slavery which through the Booksellers in Richmond.

overspread the South, that he fled from the appalling scene. Featherstonhaugh, however, a quack in Again at page 144 , he

says: science, and far worse in character, had the hardi

After the accounts I had read of the sufferings hood to penetrate this Southern gloom ; but his of slaves, I was agreeably surprised to find them, terrible accounts tend only to confirm the fears of in general, so remarkably cheerful and light-heartsuch as Dickens.

ed. It is true that I saw no gangs working under When a foreigner publishes his travels in the overseers of sugar plantations, but out of two milUnited States, we look at once to see what he says larger proportion are engaged in such farming oc

lions and a half of slaves in the United States, the on the subject of slavery, not that we care what he cupations and domestic services as I witnessed in says; for we can, generally, easily anticipate his Georgia and South Carolina. I was often for days views; but as a test of the liberality of his mind, together with negroes who served me as guides, and the impartiality of his judgment. When the and found them as talkative and chatly as children, spirit in which he speaks of an institution, to which usually boasting of their master's wealth, and their he is unused at home, and rendered inimical, by

own peculiar merits." Education and by all that he has ever heard of its What will some folks think of the following, horrors, is an impartial and philosophical one, we

“ It is notorious that the hardest taskmasters to are prepared to regard him as a lover of truth and the slaves are those who come from the northern justice. Next to seeing how far a man differs from free States." us, it is important to observe how he expresses and maintains that difference of opinion.

“ The more I reflected on the condition of the

slaves, and endeavored to think on a practicable So far as we have examined, Mr. Lyell stands

plan for hastening the period of their liberation, the test we have proposed, as a professed follower the more difficuli the subject appeared to me, and of Science should do. We rejoice at the spirit in the more I felt astonished at the confidence diswhich he has written, and at what he has written, played by so many anti-slavery speakers and wri

The course because he will have an opportunity of reaching ters on both sides of the Atlantic. those whom we could not ;-of administering the

pursued by these agitators shows that, nert to the antidote, where the poison has been at work. Such **

positively wicked, the class who are usually called

well-meaning persons," are the most mischievous testimony as the following may offset the accounts in society." of former false and suborned witnesses,-literally suborned, because they wrote for “general circula

Of course, he takes views of the opposite side tion" with a view to make the most money. At

of the question ; but in a mild, philosophical and

even statesmanlike manner. page 107, he says of the planters on James River,

We could not only multiply such extracts; but "All the planters in this part of Virginia, to find much else to present to our readers. We hope, whose houses I went without letters of introduc- however, hereafter to give a Review of the work, tion, received me most politely and hospitably. To and must conclude for the present. We no more be an Englishman engaged in scientific pursuiis expect foreigners to view our institutions or manwas a sufficient passport, and their servants, horses, and carriages were most liberally placed at

ners as we do, than that all the sugar canes or cotmy


ton plants of the South and West should be of one

size ; but when an author can take such impartial of the condition of the slaves, he says,

and philosophic views of habits and institutions so

different from his own, with his mind pre-occupied, “ The negroes, so far as I have yet seen them, perhaps prejudiced, it is conclusive proof of his whether in domestic service or on the farms, ap; possessing some of the highest attributes of man, pear very cheerful and free from care, better fed than a large part of the laboring class of Europe ; attributes which, among others, exalted Washingand, though meanly dressed, and often in patched ton above all mankind. garments, never scantily clothed for the climate. The work is dedicated by the author to George We asked a woman in Georgia, whether she was Ticknor, Esq., of Boston ; who seems to be a libthe slave of a family of our acquaintance. She eral friend of Letters. Mr. Prescott in his “Conreplied, merrily, “Yes, I belong to them, and they belong to me. She was, in fact, born and brought quest of Mexico,” acknowledges his great indebtup on the estate.

edness to Mr. Ticknor. "On another occasion we were proceeding in a The work is very neatly printed, and has many well-appointed carriage with a planter, when we geological Illustrations. came unexpectedly to a dead halt. Inquiring the cause, the black coachman said he had dropped one of his white gloves on the road, and must drive back and try to find it. He could not recollect The North American Review,-October 1845,within a mile where he had last seen it : we re- Contains a fair Review of Lyell's travels; and we monstrated, but in vain. As time pressed, the master in despair, took off his own gloves, and saying

are glad to find, quotes without comment, most of he had a second pair, gave them to bim. When his passages on Slavery. Peter the Great; Milour charioteer had deliberately put them on, we itary Affairs of the Nation; Mills' System of started again.”

Logic; Brougham's Lives of men of Letters ;

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