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GENERAL RULE. Divide the given number, or quantity, by as many of the price as make a dollar, for the answer in dollars.

1. What is the value of 800 loaves of bread, at 6 cents each, and also at 12 cents each? cts.

cts. 1 61 1 7 | 800(50 dols. Ans. | 121 | 1 | 800 at 12 cents. 80

Ans. 100 dollars.

Dols.cts. 2. 720 lb. of pork at 61 cts. per lb.

Ans. 45.00 3. 1446 lb. of beef at 64 cts. per lb.

90.37 4. 680 lb. of sugar at 10 cts. per lb.

68.00 5. 2128 lb. of cheese at 10 cts. per 1b.

212.80 6. 336 lb, of sugar at 124 cts. per Ib.

42.00 7. 1364 lb. of ham at 124 cts. per lb.

*170.50 8. 160 yds. of muslin at 20 cts. per yd.

32.00 9. 1462 yds. of check at 20 cts. per yd.

292.40 240 lb. of coffee at 25 cts per Ib.

60.00 11. 726 yds. of muslin at 25 cts. per yd. 181.50 12, 324 yds. of linen at 50 cts. per yd.

162.00 75 bushels of potatoes at 50 cts. per bu.

37.50 Note.- When the given quantity consists of several denominations, proceed as directed in Rule 8. 14. 2 cwt. 3 qrs. 14 lb. at $7.00 per cwt. Ans. $20.12) Cwt.qrs.lb.

Or thus: 2 3 14

2qrs.

Ž 7.00 2grs. 7

2 3 14

10.

13.

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Ans. 8 20.12

Ans. $20.12. 15. 37cwt. 2qrs. 14]b. at 820.10 per cwt.

Dols.cts.

Ans. 756.261 16.

7cwt. Oqrs. 16lb. at $ 6.20 per cwt. 44.28 17. 4cwt. Iqr. 161b. at $14.43 per cwt. 63 334 + 18. 47lb. 1002.(Troy-yt.) at 81.25 perlb. 59 79 + 19. 64yds. 3qrs. at $2.25 per yd.

145.68% 20. 240A. IR. TOP. at $15.25 per acre. 3664.76

1

per lb. ?

APPLICATION. 1. What is the value of 120 lb. of rice, at 3d. per lb. ?

Ans. IL. Ios. 2. Bought 640 lb. of pork at 4d. per Ib. ; what is the amount?

Ans. 10L. 135. 4d. 3. How much will 3906 lb. of beef come to, at 7d. per Ib.?

Ans. 122 L. Is. 3d. 4. What is the amount of 2004 lb. of sugar, at 10d.

Ans. 87 L. 13s. 6d. 5. How much will 121 lb. of cheese come to, at Is, per 1b. ?

Ans. 6L. Is. 6. What is the value of 1234 yards of muslin, at is. 11 d. per yard?

Ans. 122L. 2s. 3 d. 7. If I yard of linen cost 4s. how much will 987 yards cost?

Ans. 197 L. 8s. 8. If 1 gallon of wine sell for 1ls. what will 543 gallons bring?

Ans. 298 L. 13s. 9. How much will 800 bushels of wheat amount to, at 13s. 4d.

per
bushel ?

Ans. 533 L. 6s. 8d. 10. How much will 47 tons of hay amount to, at 6 I.. 6s. 8d. per ton?

Ans. 297 L. 13s, 4d. 11. If I yard of cloth cost 1L. 195. 4d. how much will 1677 yards come to?

Ans, 3298 L. 2s. 12. Sold 3906 lb. of sugar, at 124 cents per lb.; what is the amount ?

Ans. 488 dols. 25 cts, 13. Bought 324 yards of calico, at 25 cents per yard; what is the amount?

Ans. 81 dols. 14. What will 16 cwt. 2 qrs. 17 lb. of sugar amount to, at 5 L. lls. 10d. per cwt. ?

Ans. 93L. 25. 2d · 15. Sold 83 yds. 2 qrş. of superfine cloth, at 10 dols. 50 cts. per yard; how much does it amount to?

Ans. $ 876.75. 16. If i acre of land be worth 11 L. 155. what is the value of 578 acres 3 roods?

Ans. 6800L. 6s. 3d.

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TARE AND TRET.

TARE and Tres are allowances made by the seller to the buyer, on some particular commodities.

Tare is an allowance made for the weight of the barrel, box, bag, or whatever contains the commodity:

Tret is an allowance of 4 lb. in every 104 lb. for waste, dust, &c.

Gross weight is the weight of the goods, together with the barrel, box, bag, or whatever contains them.

Neat weight is the weight of the goods, after all allowances are deducted.

CASE 1. When the tare is so much in the whole gross weight.

RULE. Subtract the tare from the gross weight, and the remainder will be the neat weight.

EXAMPLES. 1. The gross weight of a certain hogshead of sugar is 7 cwt. 3 qrs. 16 lb. ; the tare is 3 qrs. 10 lb.; what is the

3 neat weight?

Ans. 7 cwt. O qrs. 6 lb. 2. What is the neat weight of 12 hogsheads of sugar, the gross weight of each hhd. being 6 cwt. 2 qrs! 17. lb. ; the tare in the whole 8 cwt. 3 qrs. 14 lb:

Ans. 70 cwt. 3 qrs. 22 lb. (1)

(2) Cwt.gr8.lb.

Cwt.qrs.lb. 7

6 2 17 gross, each. 3 10 tare

12

3 16 gross

Ans. 7 0

6 neat.

79
8

3
3 14 tare in all.

8 gross in all,

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Ans. 70 3 22 neat weight.

. 3. The gross weight of a certain hogshead of sugar is 8 cwt. 3 qrs. 17 lb.; the tare is 3 qrs. 16 lb. ; what is the neat weight?

Ans. 8 cwt. Oqrs. 1 lb. 4. What is the neat weight of 456 cwt. I qr. 19 lb. of tobacco, tare in the whole 15 cwt. 2 qrs. 13 lb. ?

Ans. 440 cwt. 3 qrs. 6 lb. 5. What is the neat weight of 4 casks of indigo, the gross weight of each cask being 4 cwt. 2 qrs. 14 lb. ; the tare in the whole 1 cwt. O qrs. 26 lb.

Ans. 17 cwt. 1 gr.

2 lb.

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.

qrs. 16.

6. What is the neat weight of 5 casks of

sugar,

the gross weight and tare as foilows ?

Caut. qrs. Ib.
No. 1, Gross 4 2 14 Tare 1 5
2.
3 0 17

1 1.
3.
5 3 19

2 11
4.
6 1 16

2 27
5.
3 2 18

I 3

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Ans, 21 cwt. 2 qrs.

CASE 2. When the tare is so much per barrel, box, bag, &c.

RULE. Multiply the number of barrels, boxes, &c. by the tare per barrel, box, &c. subtract the product from the gross weight, and the remainder will be the neat weight,

EXAMPLES. 1. What is the neat weight of 15 casks of raisins, each weighing, 2 cwt. 3 qrs. 12 lb. gross ;-taré 21 lb. per cask? Cwt.qrs. lb.

15 casks. 2 3 12

21 tare per cask. 5

15 14 1 4

30 3

23)315 lb. (4) 11 qrs. ī
42 3

*28
2 3
7 tare.

2 cwt. 3 qrs. 7 lb.

35 40

0 5 neat:

12 gross.

28

7

per hhd.?

2. What is the neat weight of 4 hogsheads of tobacco, each weighing 10 cwt. 3 qrs. 10 lbs. gross ;-tare 100 lb.

Ans. 39 cwt. 3 qrs. 4 lb. 3. What is the neat weight of 6 casks of raisins, each weighing 3 cwt. 2 qrs. 10 lb. gross ;-tare 20 lb. per cask ?

Ans. 20 cwt. I 4. What is the neat weight of 35 bales of silk, each weighing 317 lb. gross ;-tare 16 lb. per bale ?

Ans. 10535 lb.

qr. 24 lb.

CASE 3.
When the tare is so much per hundred weight.

RULE. Deduct from the gross such aliquot part or parts of it, as the tare is of a cwt.; the remainder will be the neat. Or, multiply the pounds gross by the tare per cwt. and divide the product by !12; the quotient will be the tare, which deduct as before.

EXAMPLES. 1. What is the neat weight of 40 kegs of fays, gross weight 75 cwt. 3 qrs. 12 lb.--tare per cwt. 14 lb. ?

Cwt. qrs. lb. 14 75 3

12 gross. 9 26 tare.

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1 14 neat. 2. What is the neat weight of 35 kegs of raisins, gross weight 37 cwt. I qr. 20 lb. ;-tare per cwt. 14 Ib. ?

Ans. 32 cwt. 3 qrs. 3. What is the neat weight of 6 hogsheads of sugar, weighing, each, 8 cwt. 2qrs. 14 lb. gross ;--tare 16 lb. per cwt.?

Ans. 44 cwt. lqr. 12 lb. 4. What is the neat weight of 9 hogsheads of tobacco, each weighing 6 cwt. 2 qrs. 12 lb. gross ;-tare 17 lb. per cwt. ?

Ans. 50 cwt. 1 qr. 22 lb.

CASE 4.
When tret is allowed with tare.

RULE.

Deduct the tare from the gross weight as before, the remainder is called suttle ; divide the suttle by 26, and the quotient will be tret; subtract the tret from the suttle, and the remainder will be the neat weight.

EXAMPLES. 1. What is the neat weight of 8 cwt. 3 qrs. 26 lb. gross ;--tare 38 lb.-trett 4 lb. per 104 lb.?

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