1. Sold 3 yards of muslin for 31.. 9s. 6d. what was the price per yard? Ans. 1L. 3s. 2d. 2. Paid 17s. 6d. for 4 bushels of salt: how much was it per bushel? Ans. 4s. 41d. 3. If 3 pounds of sugar be sold for 10s. 6d. what is the price per pound? Ans. Is. 32d. 4. Bought 8 yards of linen for 3 L. 11s. 8d. what was the price per yard? Ans. 8s. 1d. 5. Sold 132 yards of cloth for 221 L. 18s. 6d. How much was it per yard? Ans. 1L. 13s. 71⁄2d. of wheat, when 42 6. What is the price of a bushel bushels are sold for 171.. 13s. 6d. ? PROMISCUOUS QUESTIONS. Ans. 8s. 5d. 1. Bought two pieces of linen, one of which contained 30 yards, and the other 25 yards; the price was 7s. 6d. per yard: what was the cost of the two pieces? Ans. 20L. 12s. 6d. 2. Sold one piece of cloth, containing 41 yards, at 2 L. 18s. per yard; and another piece containing 36 yards, at 2 L. 6s. 6d. per yard: what is the amount of the whole? Ans. 202 L. 12s. 3. What is the amount of the following bill? 4. A person has 500 L. 18s. 9d. He owes to one man 25 L. 10s. to another 76L. 18s. 9d. to another 175 L. 10s. and to another 100 L. What sum will he have left after paying these debts? Ans. 123L. 5. A grocer has 10 bags of coffee, weighing each 120 pounds, and 2 bags, weighing each 160 pounds. If he sell 560 pounds, what quantity will remain ? Ans. 960 lb. 6. Bought 4 pieces of linen, containing 25 yards, 3 quarters, each, and 3 pieces containing 32 yards, 2 quarters, each; from which was afterwards sold 125 yards: what number of yards was then remaining? Ans. 75 yds. 2 qrs 7. A farmer has three tracts of land, the first contains 125 acres, 3 roods; the second, 200 acres, 2 roods, 18 perches; the third 175 acres, 10 perches. He intends dividing this land equally between his two sons: what will be the share of each son? Ans. 250 Ą. 2 R. 34 P. A person, at his decease, left property to the amount of 2425 L. 19s. His will directed that 200 pounds should be given to the poor, and that the remainder should be divided, equally, between his 3 daughters. What is the portion of each daughter? Ans. 741 L. 19s. 8d, Money Massachusetts, of Rhode-Island, Great Connecticut, and Britain. Virginia, A TABLE OF COINS which pass current in the United States of North America, with their Sterling and Federal Value. NAMES OF COINS. (GOLD) A Johannes, A Doubloon, Standard weight. Sterling New-Hampshire, New-York New-Jersey, ware, and Maryland. and North Carolina. Pennsylvania, Dela Caroli 0 1 17 0 1 15 6 2 2 A French Guinea, An English or Fr. The Dollar of Spain, An English Shilling, 0,20 0 All other Gold Coins of equal fineness, at 89 cents per dwt. and Silver at 111 cents per oz. 1 16 0 1 14 0 190 1 8 0 1 80 1 7 090009696 41 019 ་ 018 0 11 0, 22 2 0 17 016 0 011 A TABLE of other Foreign coins, &c. with their value in Federal Money, as established by a late Act of Congress. D. c. m. Mark Banco of Ham-. 0 0 0,55 5 Livre Tournois of 0, 33 5 0, 18 5 0, 10 0 67 COMPOUND REDUCTION. Compound Reduction teaches to change any sum or quantity which consists of several denominations, to a given denomination; and to change a sum of one kind of money to a given denomination of another kind. When a sum or quantity, consisting of several denominations, is to be changed to a given denomination, work by the following RULE. Reduce the highest denomination to the next lower one, and this again to the next lower, and so on; observing to add to the amount of each denomination the number there is of that denomination in the given sum or quantity. EXAMPLES. MONEY. 1. Reduce 25L. 10s. 6d. to farthings. The former of these two operations is given, merely to render the application of the rule more intelligible; the method of adding in the denominations of the sum, as in the latter operation, should be explained to the scholar. G Facit 735s. Result 7828d. 2. Reduce 36L. 15s. to shillings. 3. Reduce 32 L. 12s. 4d. to pence. 4. Bring 102 L. 19s. 74d. to farthings. Result 98861qrs. 5. Bring 21L. 10s. 6d. to farthings. Result 20666qrs. 6. Reduce 137 L. 15s. 63d. to farthings. 7. Bring 45 L. 3s. 14d. to halfpence. Result 132267qrs. Result 21675 halfpence. 8. Bring 10 L. 10s. to halfpence. 9. Bring 5 L. 6s. to farthings. 10. Bring 2 L. Os. 61d. to farthings. 11. Bring 6s. 61d. to farthings. Facit 313qrs. Note 1.-A sum of Federal Money, which consists of dollars and cents, is reduced to cents, by simply removing the separating point, instead of multiplying the dollars by 100, and adding the cents to the product. 12. Reduce $25.50 to cents. 13. Bring $456.05 to cents. 14. Bring $967.10 to cents. Facit 2550 cts. Result 45605 cts. Result 967.10 cts. Note 2.-To reduce a sum which consists of dollars and cents, to fourths, thirds, or halves of a cent, &c. reduce it first to cents as in the foregoing examples, then reduce those cents to fourths, thirds, or halves, &c. as under rule 1, note 2, Simple Reduction. 15. Reduce $5.25 to fourths or quarters of a cent. Facit 2100 fourths. 16. Bring $10.183 to fourths of a cent. Result 4075 fourths, 17. Bring $95.12 to fourths of a cent. Result 38050 fourths. 18. Reduce $17.33 to thirds of a cent. Result 17000 thirds. 20. Bring $420.10 to half cents. 21. Bring 375.124 to half cents. Result 75025 halves. Note 3.-To reduce pence, Pennsylvania currency* to cents, annex a cypher to their number, and divide by 9. * The same rule that applies to Pennsylvania currency, applies also to the currencies of New-Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland. |