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EXAMPLES.

ENGLISH MONEY. Note 1.-To change shillings to pounds divide them by 20, because 20 shillings make 1 pound. 1. Bring 60 shillings to pounds.

acit 3 L.

or

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158.

6 L. 158. 3. Bring 120 shillings to pounds.

Facit 6 L. 4. Bring 446 shillings to pounds.

Facit 22 L. 6.8. Note 2.-To bring pence to shillings divide them by 12, because 12 pence make one shilling. 5. Bring 72 pence to shillings.

Facit 68. 6. Bring 195 pence to shillings.

Facit 16s. 3 d. Note 3.-To bring farthings.to pence divide them by 4, because 4 farthings make one penny. 7. Bring 36 farthings to pence.

Facit 9 d. 8. Bring 763 farthings to pence.

Facit 190 d. 3 qr8. Note 4.-'o bring pence to pounds, bring them first to shillings, and then bring those shillings to pounds. 9. Bring 480 pence to pounds.

Facit 2 L. 10. Bring 9655 pence to pounds. Facit 40 L. 48. 7 d.

Note 5.-To bring farthings to pounds, bring them first: to pence, then bring those pence to shillings, and then bring those shillings to pounds.

11. Bring 3840 farthings to pounds. Facit' 4L. 12. Bring 6529 farthings to pounds. Facit 6L. 168. Od: 1

FEDERAL MONEY. Note 6.- To reduce cents to dollars divide them by 100: or, which is the same thing, separate two figures from the right of their number ; and all on the left of these will be dollars.

1. Bring 600 cents to dollars.

Facit 6 dollars. 2. Bring 1250 cents to dollars. Facit 12 dols. 50 cts. 3. Bring 4575 cents to dollars. Facit 45 dols. 75 cts.

Note 7.To change fourths of a cent to cents, divide them by 4To change halves of a cent to cents, divide them by 2mm To change thirds of a cent to cents, divide them by 3, &c.

4. Bring 20 fourths of a cent to cents. Facit 5 cents. 5. Bring 125 fourths of a cent to cents. Facit 314 cts. 6. Bring 75 half cents to cents. Facit 37} cts. 7. Bring 432 thirds of a cent to cents. Facit 144 cts.

Note 8.-:o change mills to dollars divide them by 1000: or, which is the same thing, separate three figures from the right of their number, and all on the left of these will be dollars. 8. Bring 4000 mills to dollars.

Facit 4 dols. 9. Bring 25750 mills to dollars. Facit 25 dols. 75 cts. 10. Bring 96532 mills to dollars.'

Facit 96 dols. 53 cts. 2 m.

TROY WEIGHT. 1. Bring 672 oz. to pounds.

Facit 56 lb. 2. Bring 145 dwt. to ounces. Facit 7 oz. 5 dwt. 3. Bring 560 gr. to dwt.

Facit 23 dwt. 8 gr. 4. Bring 960 dwt. to lb.

Facit 4 lb. 5. Bring 9624 gr. to lb. Facit i lb. 8 oz. 1 dwt.

AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. 1. Bring 75 Cwt. to tons.

Facit 3 T. 15 Cwt. 2. Bring 56 qrs. to Cwt.

Facit 14 Cwt. 3. Bring 840 lb. to quarters.

Facit 30 qrs. 4. Bring 86 oz. to 1b.

Facit 5 lb. 6 oz. 5. Bring 176 drams to oz.

Facit ll.oz, 6. Bring 958 qr. to tons. Facit 11 T. 19 Cwt. 2 qr. 7. Bring 9856 Ib. to Cwt.

Facit 88 Cwt. APOTHECARIES WEIGHT. 1. Bring 672 ounces to pounds.

Facit 56 Ib 2. Bring 336 drams to ounces.

Facit 42 3 3. Bring 91 scruples to drams. Facit 30 33 oz. 4. Bring 89 grains to .

Facit 4 9 9 gr. 5. Bring 192 to 3.

Facit 6. Bring 12660 gr. to 1b.

Facit 2 tb 2 3 3 3 LONG MEASURE, 1. Bring 60 miles to leagues.

Facit 20 L. 2. Bring 567 furlongs to miles. Facit 70 M. 7 fur. 3. Bring 640 poles to furlongs.

Facit 16 fur. 4. Bring 286 yards to poles.

Facit 52 P. 5. Bring 52 feet to yards.

Facit 17 yd. 1 ft. 6. Bring 588 inches to feet.

Facit 49 ft. 7. Bring 186 lines to inches. Facit 18 in. 6 lin. 8. Bring 2880 poles to leagues,

Facit 3 L. 9. Bring 75 inches to yards. Facit 2 yd. Oft. 3 in.

CLOTH MEASURE. 1. Bring 60 qr. to French ells.

Facit 10 E. Fr. 2. Bring 464 qrs. to English ells. Facit 92 E. E. 4 qr. 3. Bring 750 qrs. to Flemish ells. Facit 250 E. Fl. 4. Bring 46 qrs. to yards.

Facit llyd. 2 qr. 5. Bring 480 nails to quarters.

Facit 120 qr. 6. Bring 95 nails to English ells. Facit 4 E. E. 3qr. 3 na.

LAND MEASURE. 1. Bring 286 roods to acres.

Facit 71 A. 2 R. 2. Bring 360 square perches to roods. Facit 9R. 3. Bring 4719 square yards to square perches.

Facit 156 P. 4. Bring 756 square feet to squareyards. Facit 84 yd. 5. Bring 966 square perches to acres.

Facit 6 A. O R. 6 P. LIQUID MEASURE. d. Bring 91 pipes to tuns.

Facit 45 T. IP. 2. Bring 50 hogsheads to pipes.

Facit 25 pi. 3. Bring 945 gallons to hogsheads. Facit 15 hhd. 4. Bring 163 quarts to gallons.. Facit 40 gal. 3 qt. 5. Bring 87 pints to quarts.

Facit 43 qt. 1 pt. 6. Bring 59 hhd. to tuns.

Facit 14 T. 3 hhd. 7. Bring 6048 pints to tuns.

Facit 3 T. DRY MEASURE. 1. Bring 308 pecks to bushels.

Facit 77 bu. 2. Bring 246 quarts to pecks.

Facit 30 pe. 6 qt. -3. Bring 300 pints to quarts.

Facit 150 qt. 4. Bring 486 quarts to bushels. Facit' 15 bu. Ope. 6 qt. 5. Bring 384 pints to bushels.

Facit 6 bu.

TIME. 1. Bring 675 months to years.

Facit 56 Y. 3 mo. 2. Bring 208 weeks to years (supposing 52 weeks to make a year.)

Facit 4 Y. 3. Bring 4386 days to years (supposing 365 days to make a year.)

Facit 12 Y. 6 D. 4. Bring 72 days to weeks.

Facit 10 w. 2 D. 5. Bring 4440 hours to days.

Facit 185 D, 6. Bring 726 minutes to hours. Facit 12 h. 6 min., -7. Bring 360 seconds to minutes, Facit 6 min. 8. Bring 30240 minutes to weeks.

Facit 3 w.

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PROMISCUOUS EXAMPLES. 1. How many shillings are there in 20 pounds ?

Ans. 240. 2. What number of pounds do 65 shillings make ?

Ans. 3 L. 5 s. 3. How many cents are there 65 dollars ?

Ans. 6500. 4. In 3400 cents,

how
many
dollars ?

Ans. 34. 5. How many quarters of a cent are there in 96 cents ?

Ans, 384. 6. How many cents are there in 480 quarters of a cent?

Ans. 120. 7. What number of half pence do 45 pence make ?

Ans. 90. 8. How many three pences are there in 10 shillings?

Ans. 40. 9. How many six pences are there in 6 shillings?

Ans. 12. 10. How many shillings are there in 18 three pences ?

Ans. 4 s. 6 d. 11. How many pennyweights are there in 50 grains ? (Troy Weight)

Ans. 2 dwt. 2 gr. 12. How many ounces are there in 15 pounds ? (Troy Weight)

Ans. 180. 13. In 86 drams, how many ounces? (Avoir. Weight)

Ans. 5oz. 6 dr. 14. In 5 tons, how many hundred weight? (Avoir. Wt.)

Ans. 100. 15. How many 3 are there in 153?

Ans. 5. 16. How many are there in 14 tt?

Ans. 163.

17. How many inches are there in 12 feet? Ans. 144. 18.- In 25 furlongs

how many

miles ? ·Ans. 3 m. Ifur. 19. How many nails are there in 3 quarters. of a yard?

Ans. 12. 20. How many English ells are there in 75 quarters of a yard ?

Ans. 15. 21. How many square yards are there in 37 square feet?

Ans. 4 yd. 1 ft. 22. In 125 roods, how many square perches?

Ans. 5000. 23. In 79 pints how many quarts?

Ans. 39 qt. 1 pt. 24. How many gallons are there in 3 hogsheads?

Ans. 189. 25. In 900 pecks how many bushels ? Ans. 225. 26. How many minutes are there in 360 seconds ?

Ans. 6 27. How many days are there in 12 weeks? Ans. 84.

COMPOUND ADDITION.

Compound addition is the adding of sums or quantities which consist of several denominations.

RULE.

Place the sums or quantities so that the numbers of the same denomination may stand directly under each other, and form a separate column; then add up the several columns, successively, beginning with the one of the lowest denomination : if the amount of either of the columns be not equal to 1 of the next higher denomination, set it down; but if it be, reduce it to that denomination, and add the number it contains of said denomination into the column of the same.

If a remainder occur on reducing the amount of any column, set it under that column.

PROOF: as in Simple Addition,

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