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I, -, now in the presence of Almighty God, the blessed Virgin Mary, the blessed St. John the Baptist, the holy apostles, St. Peter and Paul, and all the saints, sacred hosts of heaven, and to You my Ghostly Father, the superior general of the society of Jesus, founded by St. Ignatus Loyola, in the pontification of Paul the Third, and continued to the present, do, by the womb of the Virgin, the matrix of God, and the rod of Jesus Christ, declare and swear that His Holiress, the Pope, is Christ's vicegerent, and is the true and only head of the Catholic or universal church throughout the earth; and that by virtue of the keys of binding and

loosing given to his holiness by my Saviour, Jesus Christ, he hath power to depose heretical kings, princes, states, commonwealths and governments, all being illegal without his sacred confirmation, and they may be safely destroyed. Therefore, to the utmost of my power, I will defend this doctrine and his holiness' right and custom against all usurpers of the heretical or Protestant authority whatsoever, especially the Lutheran Church of Germany, Holland, Denmark, Sweden and Norway, and the now pretended authority and churches of England and Scotland, and the branches of the same now established in Ireland, and on the continent of America and elsewhere, and all adherrents in regard that they be usurped and heretical opposing the sacred moth

er church of Rome.

I do now denounce and disown any allegiance as due to any heretical king, prince or state, named protestant or liberals, or obedience to any of their laws, magistrates or officers.

1 do further declare that the doctrine of the churches of England and Scotland of the Calvinists, Huguenots and others of the name of Protestants or Liberals, to be damnable, and they themselves to be damned who will not forsake the same.

I do further declare that I will help, assist and advise all or any of his holiness' agents, in any place where I shall be, in Switzerland, Germany, Holland, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, England, Ireland or America, or in any other kingdom or territory I shall come to, and do my utmost to extirpate the heretical Protestant or liberal doctrines, and

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to destroy all their pretended pow- etics; rip up the stomachs and ers, legal or otherwise.

wombs of their women, and crush their infants' heads against the walls, in order to annihilate their execrable race. That when the same can not be done openly, I will secretly use the poisonous cup, the strangulating cord, the steel of the poinard, or the leaden bullet, regardlesss of the honor, rank, dignity or authority of the person or persons, whatever their position or sons, whatever may be their conditions of life, either public or in private, as I at any time may be directed to do so, by any agent of the Pope, or superior of the brotherhood of the Holy Father of the Society of Jesus.

In confirmation of which I hereby dedicate my life, my soul, and all corporeal powers, and with the dagger which I now receive I will subscribe my name, written in my blood, in testimony thereof; and should I prove false or weaken in my determination, may my brethren and fellow soldiers of the militia of the Pope cut off my hands and feet and my throat from ear to ear, my belly opened and sulphur burned therein with all the punishment that can be inflicted upon me on earth and my soul to be tortured by demons in an eternal hell forever.

I do further promise and declare that, notwithstanding I am dispensed with to assume any religion heretical for the propagation of the mother church's interest, to keep secret and private all her agents' councils from time to time, as they entrust me, and not to divulge, directly or indirectly, by word, writing or circumstances whatever, but to execute all that shall be proposed, given in charge, or discovered unto me, by you my Ghostly Father, of this sacred convent.

I do further promise and declare that I will have no opinion or will of my own, or any mental reservation whatsoever, even as a corpse or cadaver (perinde ac cadaver), but will unhesitatingly obey each and every command that I may receive from my superiors in the militia of the pope and of Jesus Christ.

That I will go to any part of the world whithersoever I may be sent, to the frozen regions of the North, to the burning sands of the desert of Africa, or to the jungles of India, to the centers of civilization of Europe, or to the wild haunts of the barbarous savages of America, without murmuring or repining, and will be submissive in all things whatsoever communicated to me.

I do furthermore promise and declare that I will, when opportunity presents, make and wage relentless war secretly or openly, against all heretics, Protestants and Liberals, as I am directed to do, to extirpate them from the face of the whole earth; and that I will spare neither age, sex or condition, and that I will hang, burn, waste, boil, strangle, and bury alive these infamous her

All of which I, - -, do swear by the Blessed Trinity and Blessed Sacrament which I am now to receive, to perform, and on my part to keep this, my oath.

In testimony hereof, I take this most holy and blessed sacrament of the eucharist, and witness the same further, with my name written with the point of this dagger, dipped in my own blood, and seal in the face of this holy sacrament.

An English Industry in California

E. H. Rydale


OMMERCIALLY, the English are a failure in California. While English money is supplied to many of the great mining, citric fruit and irrigation projects, and the English dot the landscape all the way from San Diego to Mount Shasta, compared with the other nations of the world, representatives of which thrive numerously in California, the English are failures. Of the few hundred millionaires who have acquired immense riches in this south land one only, a large department store proprietor, is an Englishman and can be classed among them; and he is a Canadian, fighting once for the Queen in the Riel Rebellion. All the other millionaires of California, be they Gentile or Hebrew, had no particular interest in the coronation of England's king. The intelligent class of English residents in California are known as "remittance men"; those who toil not, neither do they spin, but are maintained in all their fragrance and beauty by remittances periodically sent from trustees of English estates, the original devisors now mouldering beneath the mossy grave stones in the quiet church yards of old England. Removed from the incentive of industrial occupation or invention these bask in the eternal sunshine of California or mingle in superior social happenings that to some extent remind them of the glorious occasions of festivity once familiar to them in their home land. A leading English attorney of Los Angeles in a post-prandial speech some time ago advised all his countrymen to shed all the mannerisms and noticeable habits of the English and adopt as much as possible, chameleon-like, the color of the rock upon which they reposed. The English, however, are a benefaction to the State. It is well known that the

little school marm of New England, trained by Puritanical ancestors, has settled all over the United States and elevated the moral and religious tone of communities. So with the English; their rugged honesty and delightful manners have civilized California and prepared the way for that immense population constantly arriving by every train that is to make San Francisco the Paris of this continent and Los Angeles its London.

While as a class, the "remittance men" meet the condemnation and criticism of all thinking men in California, it is to the remittance men that California owes the establishment of its great ostrich feather industry. Some of these remittance men have enjoyed higher objects than social prestige and chronic idleness and have improved the face of the district with their care and capital. One of them came here thirty years ago filled with a desire to endow the American republic with the African ostrich and thus save money to the American people. For thirteen years he struggled on, feeding his family and ostriches with remittances and awaiting patiently, apparently in vain, for the appreciation by the American republic of the American ostrich feather. Ten years ago his efforts began to be rewarded and the American women, tourists and residents, began to fall over each other in their attempts to obtain the famed American ostrich feather.

Within a few years another AngloCalifornian millionaire had been created, a rara avis, and, after the manner of other wealthy in other foreign lands, he has spread his sails and flown home to the land of his fathers, endowed with a private opinion that England is the only place in the world where a gentleman ought to live. A stock com

pany survives him and carries on the immense business so well begun by this brilliant scion of one of England's nobles commercial families. The company has made a profit of over half a million dollars within the last four years; it is capitalized for $300,000 and is so adjusted that most of the important employees of the company share in the profits, a co-operative plan of the first class, insuring the best and most faithful services of several hundred people.

Not long after the establishment of this phenomenal success a procession of imitators began to appear and the land became deluged with the prospectii of ostrich feather companies; thousands in California do not look now with the old time interest and admiration on the perambulating long-legged ostrich; they own ostrich company stock subject to assessments. The standard English companies, however, pay well, one of them having declared a dividend annually for the last few years of thirtyfive per cent. While the greatest activity in the way of feather selling and exhibits remains in California, yet there are five times as many ostriches in Arizona as in California. All these creatures are increasing at the rate of thirty per cent. per annum, so that the American-Anglo ostrich feather trade will soon be a thing of the past; two or three million dollars find their way across the Atlantic in exchange for ostrich feathers; just as soon as the American ostrich population shall have

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multiplied in sufficient number to supply the American demand the demit is given to this lucrative trade. The consolation for the English in this matter is the fact that most of the California ostrich feather profits will be remitted. to London, for the English ostrich doubtless follow the example of their farmers now resident in California will illustrious pioneer and predecessor, that is, as soon as their fortunes are made vending finery to the American women they will seek the classic precincts of their native land, after the manner of other world conquerors from India, Ceylon and elsewhere.

Doubtless in a few years, when the Panama canal will induce many of the English to locate in this American Egypt, an English commercial song can be sung that will be more cheerful and encouraging. The advancing hosts of Americans from the frigid and torrid regions of the East are filling up the land; the city of Los Angeles has acquired a quarter of a million of these in the last ten years. The multiplication of women and ostriches mean unlimited supply and demand; in this industry the English control, and to them it will afford peculiar opportunities for monetary acquisition. An industry similar to that of Africa will soon be flourishing within our borders and doubtless the bear that ornaments the escutcheon of California will be removed and its place taken by an engraving of the peculiar and profitable ostrich that is to make countless fortunes for AngloAmerican investors of the near future.

Agnes Louise Provost

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and his opinions on them were yea and nay. He broke in now bluntly:

"I know blamed well I'd bring action if I were in a smash like that. When a man buys a railroad ticket he buys reasonable protection to the end of his journey, and he's entitled to his money's worth."

"Very true, Mr. Larrabee." It was President Gordon's earnest voice. "Every producer, broadly, speaking, bears a certain responsibility toward the con. sumer, but it is the tendency of the day to forget that. It reminds me of a talk I had with an enthusiastic friend the other day. He contended that nowhere is safety held so lightly, against dollars and cents, as in our own country. Gain, he said, is the pre-requisite; human life the negligible quantity. He cited the adulteration of foods and medicines, either actively poisoning them or robbing them of their nourishing and curative values, and he reminded me of the diphtheria epidemic last year, when so many children in the public schools sickened and died, until it was found that the antitoxin was adulterated. He says that it is cheaper to put more arsenic in dyes than the law specifies is safe, and that in consequence clothing and wall-papers exhale their own share of poison. But it saves a few cents on the yard or piece. He went into details about some of the more noticeable and sickening disasters of recent years, and said that all the attendant casualties resolved themselves into one primary cause-ultimate profit."

"He may be right to a certain extent." Wilmot leaned forward and punctuated each point with two upraised fingers. "I don't deny his facts, but his deductions are too sweeping. These things adjust themselves. It is not a clear-sighted business policy for

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