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mid-ocean. They consumed all their their own needs. They paid the Inprovisions; and then devoured the dians extravagant prices for fish, poor wretch whom their Captain which they themselves could have had banished. They had rescued taken from the waters, in exhausthim from starvation, only to plunge less quantities. him into a more hideous fate.

Driven to desperation by their Sir Walter Besant, in his Co- condition, they determined to religny,” states that the crew of the turn to France, in a ship given them vessel cast lots, to decide which of by the famous respectable pirate, them should be the sacrifice. But I Sir John Hawkins sometime slavehave carefully read the original nar- trade partner of “Good Queen rative of Laudonniere, (who was

Bess." with Ribault) and I do not find any- But on the very eve of their dething about casting lots. It would parture, the colonists were relieved seem, rather, that the fatal choice by seven vessels sent by Coligny. fell on Lachere, the banished man, In command, was the fearless and upon the theory that, inasmuch as capable Ribault. There were 600 he had already been practically sen- soldiers, and the fleet had brought tenced to death, and would have an ample store of food, arms, and been dead had he not been rescued, ammunition. he, and not his rescuers, was the But there was a saturnine potenman who should be sacrificed.

tate, who, from the lofty eyrie of the All the others reached England, Escorial, in Spain, watched the having been picked up, off the Brit- progress of this Protestant colonish Coast by a British vessel. ization. This was Philip II., a mon

In 1564, Coligny renewed his at- arch, who, in the name of Christ, detempt to colonize Florida with Pro- stroyed more innocent human beings testants. He provided three ships, than died during all the persecuwhich were filled with soldiers, sail- tions of the Roman emperors. To ors, town-workmen, and “gentle- maintain intact the Catholic pagan

For the second time, the ism, Philip exhausted the strength mistake of not sending a few tillers and undermined the future of the of the soil was made.

vastest empire that was ever held In June of the same year, these together under the same sceptre. Protestants landed on the East As to this Coligny enterprise, coast of Florida. They built “Fort only one policy was to be considCaroline" on a triangular island in ered: it was to be destroyed. Had Rieviere de May; (St. Johns), and not Christ, in the person of Pope proceeded to let history repeat Alexander VI. (poisoning Borzia, itself. They used all of their pro- of execrable memory) made a divisvisions, devoured what the Indians ion of the New World between could give or sell; and did not plant Spain and Portugal? And was not a seed!

Florida (all of the present Lower These Frenchmen, living on a South) fallen to the share of Spain? stream which literally teemed with And should a dog of a heretic, such edible fish of various kinds, were as Coligny, be permitted to colonize actually too proud to catch fish for it with other dogs of heretics ? Cer


tainly not. These detestable free- Caroline, with 150 men (40 of whom thinkers must be extirpated. France were on the sick list) awaited the will not defend them, nor avenge attack of the Spaniards. them for two reasons:

The wet season was on, and the (1) France is ruled from Rome troops of Menendez were wading by an Italian queen, and her Italian about in the swamps, trying to find confidantes;

their way to the fort. They were (2) France is weaker than Spain; so discontented and so discouraged and is rent in twain by internal dis- that an attack, by French and Insension.

dians, would have caused a colAccordingly, the Christian King, lapse of the Spanish design. Philip II., sent forth an army of Unhappily, the French were di2,600 men, under command of Me- vided; and had no plan. And the nendez, to overwhelm and extermi- rain was so violent that the sentries, nate the Protestant colony. For cold and bedrenched, begged to be what crime? Even from Philip's excused from further exposure on point of view, they were guilty of the ramparts of the fort. The prosnothing more heinous than trespass- pect for an attack from the Spaning.

iards, in such fearful weather, was To compel them to leave America, so unlikely, that the officers in would have been the extreme of just charge actually excused the senpunishment, for such an offense. tinels from duty. To slaughter them, could be ex- At that very time, the disheartcused on one ground, only, viz. it ened Spaniards suddenly descried was justifiable to kill a Protestant the fort, plucked up courage, therefor being one.

at, and rushed to the attack. Almost And that was the Roman Catholic no defense was made. The entire view, as Coligny, and every other garrison were captured, and masvictim of St. Bartholomew's Day sacred-excepting

of the was soon to learn.

women, and the children under fifMenendez crossed the ocean, and teen years of age--and excepting landed in Florida. He was no sol- Laudonniere and nineteen other dier; and his management was so men. wretched that his expedition would About 50 miles from the fort was have ended in disastrous failure, the band of Ribault, the unarmed, had not the Protestant chiefs ship-wrecked miserables, who did wrangled over the plans of resist- not know of the fall of Fort Caroance.

line, and who were laboriously tryRibault, most unwisely, went outing to get back to it through tangled with his small ships to offer naval underbrush and overflowed marsh. battle. A gale arose, and wrecked Within five miles of the fort, they his vessels. He and his men lost were halted, by the information of their arms and ammunition, escap- the scout sent in advance, that the ing with their bare lives.

flag of Spain was flying over the Laudonniere, in command at Fort fort.



The Roman Catholic Hierarchy: The Deadliest Menace to Our Liberties and

Our Civilization

(Copyright by Thomas E. Watson, 1911.)

(For the individual Roman Catholic who finds happiness in his faith, I have no word of unkindness. Some of my best friends are devout believers in their “Holy Father." If anything contained in the series of chapters dealing with the hierarchy causes them pain, and alienates their good will, I will deplore it.

The Roman Catholic ORGANIZATION is the object of my profoundest detestation NOT the belief of THE INDIVIDUAL.)




UPPOSE that you should make BELIEVE: I cannot KNOW any. a careful, conscientious study thing.'

of ancient paganism, its rites, And so it came to pass that men, ceremonies, and pretensions; and groping in the dark, child-like, were suppose that you should find that full of fears, were tremulously an accurate description of the be- timid, were terrified by every enigliefs, the customs, the vestments The eclipse scattered armies, and the practices of paganism cor- and ended wars. The tempest was respond almost exactly with those the anger of the gods. Sickness and of the Roman Catholic priesthood, death were the visitations of evil what would you think about it? spirits. To ward off misfortune, to

There is nothing new under the placate invisible powers at whose sun. The nursery tales that we tell mercy he lived, the poor human our children are as old as the known creature, unable to help himself, records of the human race. Mother was quick to believe that some one Goose enchanted the tots of Chal- else, more richly endowed with dea, Cinderella and her slipper are talent or merit, could interpose in

venerable than Abraham, his behalf, and rescue him from his Isaac and Jacob. The jests that affliction. circulate among the men of today, First, came the “Medicine Man." brought laughter to lips that were He was wiser than the average dust before Pericles and Aspasia tribesman: he had more common loved and ruled. The futile, de- sense: he used his eyes to good purspairing knock at the door of the pose: he experimented with herbs, Unknown is heard as far back as roots, leaves, bark, minerals, and literature reaches. The impen- the fruits that grew about him. He etrable mystery of the star-sown learned how to extract an aching firmament arouses no profound but tooth; how to set a broken bone; baffling train of thought that was how to move a torpid liver; how to not the haunting puzzle of the shep- bleed and blister. herds of Shinar.

In this way, the Medicine Man It rings weirdly like a

weirdly like a wail created for himself a position of throughout the hoary Past—this marked superiority in the tribe. He eternal cry, Give me something to was revered, as one who possessed




mysterious power. The ailing and monolyth, and in the statue on suffering sought relief at his hands. which virgins and barren women

What a short step it was for the hang garlands. Medicine Man to pretend that he

Even the Etruscan tomb yields up was in touch with the Supernatural; its long-hidden secrets; and we see and that he alone, could appease the the Phallic cross which links the wrath of the evil spirits. By the religion of these ante-Roman peonatural law of evolution, the doctor ple to those of the far Orient. became the priest: the Medicine Man ministered to the soul, as he

As mankind advanced in wealth, did to the body.

power and luxury, the palace and And it was literally so.. Among the temple increased in splendor. the American Indians, at the time No habitation was too sumptuous

ancestors peopled the New and maginficent for the King: none World, they found the Medicine too costly or ornate for the priest. Man in full blast-acting dually as And as the temporal power strove physician and as priest.

to augment the dominion of the Among the negroes of Africa, this dynasty, the spiritual arm has always been so; and it is so, stantly enhanced the privileges, the today. Even in Cuba and Hayti, prerogatives and the revenues of its where, left to themselves, the blacks order. have reverted to type, the witch- Originally, the religion of the doctor is an object of dread and of Romans had been simple and inexworship.

pensive. But Numa pretended to The Indian chief found it neces- have been taken into the confidence sary to stand well with the Medicine and counsels of Divinity; and he Man: the African chief acts in con- managed to impose a system of his cert with the Witch-doctor. Thus, own upon his credulous, and perin its most primitive form do we haps indifferent, countrymen. see the temporal power uniting with He instituted a priesthood which, the spiritual, to rule the tribe. Here as he intended, was most useful to we have the earliest union of church the temporal power. He established and State. (There is nothing new, a Pope, and a Sacred College of under the sun!)

cardinals. There were lower priests, Some worshipped the sun: others, called augurs. There was a Nunfire; others, gods who typified the nery of Vestal Virgins. cardinal virtues. Others, still, were As the Empire extended its frontso profoundly reverent of the mys- iers, absorbing one conquest after tic phenomena of sexual reproduc- another, Roman life underwent a tion, that they paid adoration to the complete transformation. The stern organs of generation. This Phallic brevity and simplicity of speech worship was at one time practically gave way to Oriental pomposity and universal. There are survivals of hyperbole—the florid verbiage of it in the Old Testament. It is sculp- courtiers and superficial thinkers. tured on the ruins, and in rock- Democracy disappeared. Class distombs of the East. It is to be seen tinction, sharply drawn, separated here and there, in Europe, in the the rich from the poor. Spartan contempt for epicurianism was dis- in private, smiled. But Roman placed by an insatiable craving for rulers considered all kinds of reenervating luxuries. The town- ligion useful, and used each for purhouse and the sea-side villa must be poses of government. a dream in stone. In the marblepaved court, fountains must plash.

Walter Pater, in “Marius, the In the furnishings of the dwelling, Epicurean,” delves to the very botregal ornamentation must be had.

tom of the question, “Why did On the festal board, the rarest, cost

Christianity win its way so rapidly liest viands must be spread; and

over Paganism?” Vastly erudite, hours, each day, must be devoted to this scholarly author, either with the pleasures of the table. In wear

mordaunt humor, or unconsciously, ing apparel, a corresponding love of demonstrates that Roman Catholidisplay must be manifest. And the cism made itself acceptable to the Roman of old—who held the plow- pagan world, by adopting the pagan handles, one day, and the helm of

usages and sentiments and superState, the next-had left the stage stitions. . forever. His descendant scorned

Hard by the path, in the Italy of every kind of manual labor, prided today, stands the little shrine, with himself on the number, the fine ap- its wooden image, within; and the pearance, and the varied accomp- offering of the faithful, without: so lishments of his slaves.

stood the pagan shrine, the pagan Apace with the alteration in the image and the pagan offering in the manners, morals and ideals of the Rome of Tibullus—more than a hunRoman people went the modifica- dred years before Christ. tions of the religious system. When Just as the individual Catholic of a priest of the sun, Eliogabalus, the present time invokes the good Eastern born, Eastern reared, offices of some favorite “Saint," so Eastern robed—could hold his place did the Roman pagans from the reas Emperor of the Roman Empire, motest times down to the advent of is further proof necessary to reveal Christianity. Vatican, the lesser the degradation of the Romans, lay god who caused the babe to utter its and cleric?

first cry: Fabulinus, who prompted In fact, all kinds of sects had the infant's first word: Cuba, who flocked to the Imperial City. From kept him quiet in his cradle: Domithe Euphrates came the supersti- duca, who watches over the traveller tions of Babylon and Assyria: from and sees him safely back to his the Nile came the triune deities of home: these were of the Household Egypt. Such a medley of mythology, deities of the Romans. Besides, of idolatry, of Phallic worship, of there were the godlets of the harZoroastrianism, of Numaism, of vest, of the vintage, of the mariner, Baalism, of crass paganism was of the shepherd, etc., etc.—in fact, never seen before.

a mob of lesser divinities who had Roman philosophers looked on, influence with the Omnipotent. and smiled: Roman priests per- Under the Cæsars, Rome was formed their genuflexions in public called “the most religious city in and, meeting each other afterwards, the world." Every home, even the

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