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EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA, to wit : Be !T REMEMBERED, that on the tenth day of August, in the fifty-fourth year of the Independence of the United States of America, A. D. 1829, Carey, Lea & Carey, of the said district, have deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof they claim as proprietors, in the words following, to wit:

“Encyclopædia Americana. A Popular Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature, History, Politics and Biography, brought down to the present Timo; including a copious Collection

of Original Articles in American Biography; on the Basis of the seventh Edition of the German Conversations-Lexicon. Edited by Francis Lieber, assisted by E. Wigglesworth."

In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, “ An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts and books to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned :” and also to the act, entitled, “An Act supplementary to an act, entitled, * An Åct for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts and books to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned ;' and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving and etching historical and other prints."

Clerk of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

General Library System
University of Wisconsin - Madison
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Madison, WI 53706-1494



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Ar the beginning of this work, it was mentioned, that the zoological articles would be contributed by Dr. Godman of Philadelphia. It has now become our painful duty to inform our readers, that we are deprived of his valuable assistance by his death, which took place on the 17th of April, 1830. The articles in this department will, however, be communicated by a gentleman whom Dr. Godman himself designated to sapply his place.

The recent great and rapid changes in the state of the world, which continually present new accumulations of matter of general interest, and the laborious nature of the present undertaking, having rendered additional assistance necessary, to enable us to bring out the volumes with sufficient despatch, Mr. Bradford, whose name now appears on the title-page, is engaged to aid permanently in the remainder of the work. We hope to be able, therefore, to gratify the wishes of our readers, in future, by the publication of a volume every three months.


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Boston, Dec. 1830.

An improved form of the tabular view of the European States, belonging to the article Europe, in Vol. IV, will be found immediately after the Index to this volume.


Evelyn, John; an ingenious cultivator on this occasion he drew up a small tract
of philosophy and the liberal and useful on navigation and commerce. In the
arts in England in the 17th century. He reign of James II, he was one of the com-
was the son of Richard Evelyn, esquire missioners for executing the office of privy
of Wotton, in Surrey, where he was born, seal during the absence of the earl of
October 31, 1620. He was entered as a Clarendon in Ireland. He continued in
student at Baliol college, and thence re- favor at court after the revolution, and was
moved to the Middle Temple. The civil made treasurer of Greenwich hospital.
war induced him to leave England ; and He died February 27, 1705—6. The me-
he spent some years in France and Italy. moirs of Evelyn, comprehending an in-
He returned home in 1651, and, in 1656, teresting diary and correspondence, were
published a poetical version of the first published by W. Bray, esquire, 1819, 2 vols.
book of Lucretius. He made some efforts 4to.; and more recently his miscellaneous
in favor of the royal cause in 1659; on works have been collected and given to
which account he was much favored by the public. They include treatises on
Charles II, after his restoration. In 1662, gardening, architecture, medals, &c., be-
he published his Sculptura, or the History sides a curious tract, entitled Mundus mu-
and Art of Chalcography, or Engraving on liebris ; or, the Ladies' Dressing Room un-
Copper, 8vo., reprinted in 1755. On the locked and her Toilette spread, in Bur-
foundation of the royal society, he was lesque; together with the Fop's Dictiona-
nominated one of the first fellows; and ry, or Catalogue of Hard Names and
at its meetings he read a discourse on Terms of the Art Cosmetic, &c., first
forest trees, which formed the basis of printed in 1690.
his most celebrated publication. This was EVERDINGEN; the name of a celebrated
Sylva, or a Discourse of Forest Trees, Dutch family of painters. Of these, Cæ-
and the Propagation of Timber in his Ma- sar van Everdingen was distinguished as
jesty's Dominions; to which is annexed, a portrait and historical painter and archi-
Pomona, or an Appendix concerning Fruit tect. He was born at Alcmaer, 1606,
Trees, in relation to Cider, &c. (1664, fol.); died 1679. His younger brother Alder
a work several times reprinted, particular- van Everdingen, was a celebrated land-
ly in 1776 and 1812, with the improve- scape painter, born 1621. His sea pieces,
ments of doctor Andrew Hunter. As a se- in which he represents the disturbed ele-
quel to this treatise, he published Terra, ment with great truth to nature, are par-
a Philosophical Discourse of Earth, re- ticularly celebrated. In forest scenes, too,
lating to the Culture and Improvement he was a master. He is known, also, as
of it for Vegetation and the Propagation an able engraver, by his plates to Renard
of Plants (1675, folio). This also was ed- the Fox. He died 1675.—The youngest
ited by doctor Hunter in 1778. Mr. Eve- brother, John, born 1625, was a lawyer,
lyn was appointed one of the commission- and painted only for his own amusement.
ers of the sick and wounded seamen in EVERTSEN, John, admiral of the Dutch
1664; and also a commissioner for re- fleet, died 1666. In his time, the naval
building St. Paul's cathedral. When power of the Dutch was raised to its
Charles II formed a board of trade, he highest point. The victories of Ruyter,
was nominated one of the members; and Tromp and Vassenaer had made the flag


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