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cnt plan, and uniting their subjects of every denomination, in the ties of one common interest, strengthened their respectives states against the encroachments of each other, and prevented their dominions from being changed a second time, into extensive fields of battle, covered with bodies, fallen by the sword of religious madness; or desolate wastes similar to those from whence restraints and distress have banished the human species: the present Emperor's mother restored her Christian subjects of every denomination, to the freedom and rights of citizens. The son has opened his calm bosom to the Jew, and is become the father of the man who blasphemes the Saviour whom his sovereign adores. Ireland! Ireland, where the Protestant gentleman gives alms to the pilgrim without enquiring into his religion, and where the Catholic peasant presses his distressed fellow creature, to take share of a handful of vegetables, scarce sufficient to support
his own wretched existence: Ireland,
whose generous sons have more compassion and feelings for the stranger, than
their their neighbours for the brothers of their blood—Ireland, where some strokes given by a peer of the realm, to a poor inoffensive priest in the last stage of a decay, which in a few days rescued him from the miseries of this life, " the law's delay, "and the proud man's contumely"—Ireland, where this scene raised such indignation in the generous breast of every Protestant, that a lawyer*, who to the powers of the orator joins the courage of the hero, without fee or reward, pleaded for obscurity against eminence, for weakness against power, and, after asserting the rights of humanity at the bar, went to encounter death in the field for a helpless, client, in the last struggles of the agony—Ireland, so famous for the generous sentiments of her inhabitants, is the devoted spot, where out of a million and half of subjects, not one can become a coal measurer,—a common soldier,—an excise-man,—nor have more than two apprentices at a time! Their Dissenting brethren, so humane in their private characters, and the professors of whose religion are so tolerant in Holland and Switz
erland, consider their Catholic neighbours as so many slaves ready to cut their throats, at the first signal given by their royal masters, without whose concurrence the chain could never have been fastened to their bodies. The kings of England on the other hand, whose treasury would be better supplied by opulent subjects than by a million of naked and famished objects, are obliged at an enormous expense, to hire foreign mercenaries of every religion, with their respective chaplains, whilst their dauntless subjects are forced to throw themselves into the arms of those sovereigns who pay them for fighting, and permit.them to pray as they think fit. Thus government is distressed on one hand, and the kingdom is deprived of its strength and internal resources on the other. The Catholics, between their fellow subjects and the throne, are like the forlorn hope between two armies. They are doomed to civil destruction between both, .
• Europe will soon bear a different aspect: and the examples set by those princes, who, for the aggrandizement of their states, are doing away all religious
distinct distinctions, are so many warnings to copy after them. The Gauls, the Romans, the Carthaginians, thought themselves once invincible. Their divisions precipitated .their downfal. No oracle has as yet declared that foreign candidates for glory and conquest will be deterred from attempting to become our masters. The power to resist becomes greater in proportion to the number of the subjects: In proportion to the stake they have to defend, their attachment to their country, their attachment to each other. A small state, rich, populous, and well united, is preferable to a large but divided kingdom. Let religious distinctions, then, be laid aside. It is equal to the Israelite, released from bondage, whether his temple be built by Solomon or Cyrus; provided he has liberty to pray unmolested, and to steep under his vine and
fig-tree. Diseases, sickness, death,
which mows down the young and old,— emigrations,—the waste of war,—countries, now unknown, which will be hereafter discovered,—colonies that ever and always depopulate the parent-state,—rising empires,—and princes inviting strangers to settle in their dominions,—will
leave leave land enough in Ireland, to the end of time, for ten times the number of its inhabitants.
The world is in a continual change. New monarchs sway the sceptre. New ministers direct their councils. New characters are daily mounting the stage of life, to become the objects of the applause, derision, or censure of mankind. Every new generation is a new world, raised on the ruins of the former, aiming at their present advantages, without any retrospect to past transactions, in which they are noways concerned. We frequently change our bodies. Reason on Its travels from age to age, acquires a new mode of thinking. In a word, every thing is liable to change; and it is high time to change from division to union.
Let not religion, the sacred name of religion, which even in the face of an enemy discovers a brother, be any longer a wall of separation to keep us asunder: though it has been often perverted to the worst of purposes, yet it is easy to reconcile it with everv social blessing. ... . . "In