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Mr. WESLEY'S REPLY.
THE following extract from Locke's letter on toleration, together with Mr. Wesley's reply, has been sent to the author, with a request to answer it, if in bis power, says the writer of the letter. Mr. Locke in a profound manner opens the gate of toleration to all mortals, who Ho not entertain any principles injurious to the rights of civil society: but my correspondent is surprised that such an impartial writer should make an oblique charge on the Roman Catholics, if it were not grounded on truth. . ,
"WE cannot find any sect that teachesex"pressly and openly, that men are not obliged ** to keep their promise; that princes may be "dethroned by those that differ from them in ** religion, or that the dominion of all things be
** longs only to themselves. But nevertheless
** we find those, that say the same thing in other U 2 "words. "words. What else do they mean who teach, "that faith is not to be kept with heretic*? "What can be the meaning of their aflerting "that kings, excommunicated, forfeit their
*' crowns and kingdoms? That dominion
"is founded in grace, is an assertion by which "those that maintain it, do plainly lay a claim
"to the possession of all things. 1 fay, these'
"have no right to be tolerated by the magis"trate."
Again: " That church can have no right to ** be tolerated by the magistrate, which is con"stituted upon fitch a bottom, that all those ** who enter into it, do thereby, ipso facto, deli*' ver themselves up to the protection and ser"vice of another prince: for by this means the "magistrate would give way to the setting up "of a foreign jurisdiction in his own country, "and suffer his own people to be enlisted, as it "were, for soldiers against his own govern"ment. Nor does the frivolous and fallacious "distinction, between the court and the church, "afford any remedy to this inconvenience; ef", pecially, when both the one and the other, "are equally subject to the absolute authority of "the same person* who has not only power to "persuade the members of his Church to what<f ever he list?, either as purely religious, or as in '. "order ** order thereunto, but also can enjoin it them, "on pain of eternal fire.
"It is ridiculous for any one to profess himself "to be a Mahometan only in his religion; but "in every thing else a faithful subject to a Chris"tian magistrate, whilst at the same time, he "acknowledges himself bound to yield blind w obedience to the Mufti of Constantinople; "who himself is entirely obedient to the Otto"man emperor, and frames the feigned oracles "of that religion according to his pleasure. But ** this Mahometan, living amongst Christians, "would yet more'apparently renounce their "government, if he acknowledged the fame '* person, to be head of his church, who is the f* supreme magistrate in the state."
Locke on toleration, p. 59