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materially injured by the strict mode of "I abstain from putting forth any preconfinemept and deportation resorted tensions to merit, but I am not so fas toy yet I feel consoled at making the fa- tidious, as to sbrink from the assurance crifice to so good a cause. i 's that I laboured with all the enthusiasm
On the 16th of July, I was conveyed of attachment, and all the ability which by a military escort, to the frontiers of I could command to promote the objects the Roman states, and, ba ving remain. of my delegation. If I have not been ed some days at Florence to recruit my so successful as this board and I could health, I proceeded on my journey, and desire, there is still some consolation in reached home on the 24th of Septem: the reflection, that although we have ber. It
not established any new measure of Having now informed the board of public benefit, nevertheless, we have my conduct of this mission, and of the hitherto prevented a grievous public circumstances connected with its con- mischief; and I should feel myself wantclusion, I feel in yselt under the painful ing in the complete discharge of my necessity of requesting your aliention duties were I not to add this parting to the expenses attendant upon it. I mouition, that the ultimate consummacan with perfect sincerity assure this tion of the national desires must depend board, that if my privale resources were in a principal degree upon the line of adequate to the supply of my expeodi- conduct which this board may, in the ture, L hould be as ready to devote my present juncture of atlairs, adopt. , purse, as I have ever been, and still am, If any member of this board, or any to centribute my humble exertions, and other Irish catholic, shall be desirous of to hazard both liberty and life in de explanation upon any matter to which I fence of my country and her religion, have referred, you may be assured of
The collection, transcribing, compila- my readiness to meet such desire.'; tion, and translation of documents, the It is only left for me now to thank the payment of court-fees, and other necesaboard for its indulgent attention, and, sary disbursements, increased my ex-with your permissiou, I will withdraw, penses to a considerable amounts but lest iny presence should produce any idewhen the circumstances attending such licacy in the mind of any member, or a delegation, the expenses of travelling, prevent the full and free discussion of and an absence of two years are consi- my conductor, nisi reil dered, I trust I shall not be esteemed to have subjected my constituents to an I certify, the above to be a correct extravagant cost, when I state the total copy of my report, read to the catholic of my expenditure, from the period of board, on Saturday, 18th December, my appointment to that of my return to ' 1817. (Signed) RICHARD HATES, this capital, to have amounted to the Late delegate to the Roman catholics sum of 8401.6 of this sum I have real
of Ireland to the holy see. ceived 3701., and therefore a balance of
, 470l. remains due, which I am contident will not be deemed unreasonable in mel: ADDRESS AND APPEAL, to mention, when I inform this board, of the Roman Catholics of Ireland, that it is due to friends on the continent, to their Protestant Brethren of to whom I promised an early remit- the United Kingdom of Great tance.. por " It is true that I could have avoided l
ded! Britain and Ireland.
ų i ni incurring a considerable portion of such expense, had I agreed to accept an offer | FELLOW-SUBJECTS, made by the Roman governor, to io-1,'., We, the Roman catholics of Ireduce me to depart without force, of pay- | land, being anxious to promote the spiing all the costs attendant on my return rit of liberality in every order of the to Ireland. ,,But I venture to anticipate state, and to conciliate the dispositions your approval of my determination to lof our protestant brethren, submit to decline the acceptance of any, favour your consideration this our address and from a court which had cast such indig-appeal, on behalf of six millions of loyal nities upon an iadividual, whom it had subjects of the British crown: who are uniformly recognized and treated with excluded, by an unjust and upwise code es delegate of the catholics of Ireland. } of laws from the enjoyment of the con
stitution. We do not desire to elicitan, ference to such discussions, than threren intemperate ori inconsiderate support; futation of direct complaints shall ren. we only ask from you a patient hearing der unavoidable, in the sequel of this of oirt claims; and, if we shall succeed appeal. jm manifesting their justice, we rely! It would have tended much to the upon the sincerity of your repeated de- promotion of the public welfare, if our clarations in favour of civil and religi opponents had rather directed their atous liberty, as an earnest of your en tention to those religious and political deavours to promote, by legal means, points, upon which we are agreed, than the consumination of our just preten. to bave sought for grounds of difference, *sions,
| to justify preconceived hostility. We Before we enter upon the recital of earnestly urge you to adopt the more our wrongs, or the vindication of our just judgment; and we shall feel much purposes, we desire to give expression disappointment if we do not obtain an to the sentiments of gratitnde which unanimous admission that the princihave been excited by the liberal support ples, which we all in common profess la we have received on several occasions, entertain, comprehend every article of from a portion of our protestant couu). religious and political belief necessary *trymen; and, in a particular mariner, for the constitution and permanency of we-offer our sincere assurances of yrate social order, and the protection or profal recollection to those members of the | motion of the national interests of a honourable houses of parliament, who christian state. have, by their votes or advocacy, con! We believe in one only true and livtributed to the advancement of libe. ing God, subsisting in three persons, Falty, and mitigated the severity of our Father, Son, and Holy Ghost; to this exclusion.
God alone we give divine honour and . Our case is simple; it does not re- adoration. We believe the scripture of quire the aid of any factitious illustra. the old and new testament to be the tion to display its merits. We 'enter-word of God:' and, if at any time, or in -tarn no secret views; otir objects have any place, the pastors of the catholic been solemnly and repeatedly promul- church have restrained the ignorant gated; we seek not to accomplish an in- from reading them, it was not out of novation of the constitution, but to acce- disrespect to these sacred volumes, lerate its unrestricted operation; we de much less out of a sacrilegious desire to sire not the destruction, but the settle keep the people in ignorance or error; ment of the state : we do not pretend to bứt purely because they conceived, that ani ascendency over any portion of our by doing so they acted in obedience to fellaw-subjects the enjoyment of equal the authority of these scriptures them, rights constitutes the extent of our po- / selves, which inform us that the un. Jitical aspirations. I viss
learned are apt to wrest them to their To such our reasonable desires is op own destruction. We believe that, in posed the assertion, that our religious order to enter into eternal life, we must doctrines disqualify us for that partici- keep the commandments of God: that pation in the constitution which our in the construction of these divine for protestant countrymen possess. This dinances they must be understood in impeachment of religion has ever been the plain and ordinary sense of the the plea of persecution in every state, words, without equivocation or reservaand equally unwarranted'in each: fortion. We believe in our Eord Jesus he who sustains it, assumes the exer. Christ, the eternal Son of God, who was cise of a control over the consciences made man that he might be the Saviour of men, which God has not granted to of all mankind. We acknowledge hiin any human government. . It is not, our only Redeemer-that his death is however, desired by us, that our reli- the fountain of all our good : and that -gion, its doctrine or discipline, should mercy, grace, and salvation can, by no be sheltered from scrutiny by any such means be obtained, but through him. general protection; we are ready, as We confess him to be the only medias well on our behalf, as on behalf of your tor of redemption between God and and our ancestors to vindicate our com-man-and, although we, who are Rur mon faith against such imputations; man catholics, address ourselves to the .but we prefer declining. any further re- angels and saints of God, and desire
Hasir prayers, as we do also to God's . Thus, then, it is manifest, that every: vervants here upon earth, yet we do not religious and political principle, essenoffer to them any share of that adora- tial to the good order of a christian so sion which is due to God alone; as we ciety, and to the subsistence of our mean' no otherwise than that they state, is equally recognized by protesta would pray for us, and with us, to ourants and catholics; and it would become common Lord, who is our God and a difficult question to ascertain how two their God, and obtain for us, through classes of our population thus united the merits of our Redeemer, all bless in principle and practice, could be subr. ings of which we stand in need.
jected to different measures of governa We all know and admit that we are ment, if we could not trace the origin of taught by the precepts of that Divine | this system of misrule to the selfish Redeemer, as revealed for his inspired purposes of its founders. Citizens of followers, toʻlove one another, and that the same state, and subjects of the same this charitable principle is extended to sovereign, who should have been joina an indispensible obligation to love our ed in brotherhood of loyalty and of neighbours even as we love ourselves. citizenship,' were distracted by the arts We also learn from the same unerring ofinterested individuals, whose angry source of instruction, and it is a lesson spirit was too successfully diffused, and, well worthy of the serious consideration after a wastetul persecution, settled in a of our opponents, that with what judge system of hostility, equally discredita. meut we have judged, we shall be judged, ble to its abettors and pernicious to the and with what measure we have measur. state, as unjust in iis principle and ell, it shall be measured to us again. We operation :rendering the rights of one further, in common,'acknowledge, that class of subjects tributary to the prejus the same blessed Founder of christian | dices of another. " faith has instructed us, by, precepts and In support of such hostilities, imper example, to pay obedience to every tations were raised against us which, lawful, authority, without any regard to though utterly untrue, were circulated the religious opinions of the persons with such ardour of industry, as to ob by whom it is administered
tain too general a belief among the This summary of religious doctrive is protestants of the realm. To remove recognized by us, in common with every all doubts and apprehensions, the legisu christian community; but our coinci- lature proposed to us the ungracious dence with our protestant brethren is office of disclaiming, upon path, (those not confined to the bare recognition of imputed, principles; and we, merging general principles. Our ecclesiastical the degrading obligation in our desire to constitution is episcopal, and observes | sacrifice every feeling of indignation to the same orders of hierarchy as is the public welfare and repose, submitted observed in the protestant church, We to the following vilifying test : 's approximate very closely in the observ. 1-41, A. B. do hereby declare, that I do ance of rites, and our approximation is profess the Roman catholic religion. But still more observable in our liturgy or “1, A. B. do swear, that I do abjare, form of prayer; the difference in very
condemn and detest, as unchristian and im many instances existing solely in the
pious, the principle, that it is lawful to tanguage in which the same sentiments
murder, destroy, or any ways injure any
person whatsoever, for or under the preare expressed.
tence of being a heretic: and I do declare In our political and social relations,
solemnly befre God, that I believe, that the similarity is complete. We hold no act in itself unjust, immoral, or wicked, the same allegiance to our most gra- can ever be justified or excused by, or uno cious sovereign, we venerate the same der pretence or colour, that it was done constitution, we are governed by the either for the good of the church, or in obe. same parliament, we contribute equally dience to any ecclesiastical power wbatsos to the supply of the pecuniary, naval,
ever. I also declare, that it is not an artiand military resources of the state,
cle of the catholic faith, neither am I and in the several transactions of life
thereby required to believe or profess that we are regulated by the same principles,
the pope is infallible, or that I am bound
to obey any order in its own nature immo. and influenced by the same motives as ral, thongh the pope or any ecclesiasti. those which our fellow.subjects approve cal power should issue or direct such and adopt."
order, but, on the contrary, I hold that it
would be sinful in me to pay any respect is laxful to murder or destroy any person or obedience thereto ; 1 farther declare, or persons wbatsdever, for, or under pre. that I do not believe that any sin whatsor tence of, their being hereties; and also that ever committed by mne can be forgiven at unchristian and impious principle, that no the mere will of the popę, or of any priest, faith is to be kept with heretics; I further or of any person or persons whatsoever; deciare, that it is po article of my faith, but that sincere sorrow for past sins, a firın and that I do renounce, reject, and abjure and sincere resolution to avoid future guilt, / the opinion, that princes excoin municated and to atope to God, are previous and in- | by the pope and council, or by any authodispensable requisites to establish a well | rity of the see of Rome, or by any autho. founded expectation of forgiveness and rity whatsoever, may be deposed, or murthat any person who receives absolution | dered by their subjects, or by any person without these previous requisites, so far what oevers and I do promise, that I witt from obtaining thereby any remission of not bold, maintain, or abet any such opi. his sins, incurs the additional guilt of vio- nion, prany other ppinion contrary to what lating a sacrament, and I do swear, that is expressed in this declaration; and I do I will defend to the utmost of my power I, declare, that I do not believe that the pope the settlement and arrangement of proper- | of Rome, or any other foreign prioce, prety in this country, as established by the tate, state, or poteptate, hain or ought to laws now in being ; I do hereby declare, lanve any temporal or civil jurisdiction, disavow, and solemnly abjure any intei power, superiority, or pre-eminence, die tion to subvert the present church establish rectly or indirectly, within this realm'; ment, for the purpose of substituting a ca- and I do solemnly, in the presence of God, tholic establishment in its stead; and I do and of his only Son Jesus Christ, my Rex solemoly swear that I will not exercise any deemer, profess, testify, and declare, that privilege to which I am or may become I do make this declaration and every part entitled, to disturb and weaken the protest. thereof, in the plain and ordinary sense of ant religion and protestant goyeroment in the words of this oath, without any eyaz this'kingdon. .. So help me God,"? | sion, equivocatiop, or mental reservation
Previous to the enactment of this ob- whatever, and without any dispensation ligation, another test of allegiance had already granted by the popé, or any authobeen framed by the legislature to frity of the se'e of Rome, or any other perwhich we also subscribe, in common
son whatever: and without thinking that I
am, or can be acquitted before God or with our fellow-subjects, in the follow- ||
| man, or absolved of this declaration, or any ing terms:
part thereof, although the pope, or any * I, A. B.- Do take Almighty God and other person or persons or authority his only Son Jesus Christ, my Redeemer, ) whatsoever, shall dispense, with. er annul to witness, that I will be faithful, and bear the same, or declare that it was pull and true allegiance to our most gracious sove | void from the beginning. reign lord, king George the third, and him
So help mé God." will defend, to the utmost of my power, It was not unreasonable for us to exagainst all conspiracies and attempts, what
pect, that such solemn assurances of ever, that shall be made against his person,
loyalty and reuunciations of the imput. crown, and dignity; and I will do iny utmost endeavour to disclose, and wenke
éd doctrines, would have removed all ķpowo to biß wajesty, and his heirs, all
grounds of alarm. But though every treasons and traitorous conspiracies which
candid mind was satisfied, still there may be formed against him or them; and I were found many persons to renew do faithfully prouise to maintain, support, those offensive imputations. There and defend, medthe utmost of my power, was, 'but one mode left to sustain the succession of the crown in his inajesty's them, after so unequivocal a disclaimer family, against any person or persons on our part. It was a 'mode, which no; whatsoever; hereby utterly renouncing thing short of the most desperate/pre. and abjuring any obedience or allegiancendis do
judice could'sanction; but it was not unto the person takipg upon himself the
considered 100 desperate for the adopstile and litle of prince of Wales, in the life-time of his father, and who, since his motion Ypponento o ne canon death, is said to have assumed the stile and l of Ireland. title of king of Great Britain and Ireland, They resolved to get rid of our so by the name of Charles the third, and to lema declarations in the most summary any other person claiping, or pretending a manner; and, accordingly, added ano right to the crown of these realms; and I ther more general and more obnoxious do swear, that I do reject and detest, as imputation : by which they impeached wqchristias and impious to believe, hal it Rumah catholics, generally, and their
Fellow-subjects, particularly, of a total ously entertained such doubts of their disregard of the obligations of an oath; I good faith. Our august sovereign is, thus imputing to the great majority of at this moment, engaged in treaties of christians'a propensity to the horrid alliance with the catholie princes of crime of perjury, and to the legislature Austria, France, Spain, Portugal, Sicily, itself, the offence of having been acces. Sardinia, Bavaria, Saxony, Tuscany, sary to its procuration.
and even with the pope of Rome, the The indecency of this charge was not sovereign pontiff of the Roman catho. less glaring than its extravagant false- lic church. These alliances have been
hood; but the malignant industry of publicly known in the several stages of · its originators too generally prevailed, their commencement, progress, and man and many of our fellow-subjects, incon- turity; and yet no alarm for their sta. siderately submitted to its influence. bility was felt on account of the religious
It could not have required much re-creed of those princes or their people. Alection to ascertain the injustice of this It would seem, that the operation of charge; for it must have been imme- this principle of distrust in catholic fide diately observed, that if we entertained lity is directed exclusively against your no regard for the obligations of an oath, fellow-subjects of that communion, who or were indifferent to the observance of have frequently and recently supported good faith, we could readily accomplish you, even in your resistance to some of our political emancipation, by subscrib- those powers. We deem it impossible ing to the oaths and declarations which that you can approve the continuance are subscribed to by our protestant of a system thus fraught with inconsisbrethren, and which alone rendered tencies; and which violates alike the them eligible to offices and honvurs, in principles of gratitude, generosity, and preference to Roman catholics. It is justice. In truth, the want of good faith plain, therefore, that so far from evinc-has been manifested, not by the Roman ing a disregard of our solemn obliga-catholics of Ireland, but by their oppotions, we manifest a conscientious sin- nents. Our present degraded state recerity, which should obtain for us the sults from the violation of a solemn more respect, because it is exercised by treaty, by a protestant king of England: us in despite of the most urgent, politi- a fact to which we refer, not for the purcal, and personal inducements to its poses of reproach, but in order that you violation and you cannot fail to ob- may be induced to feel the more sensiserve the anomalous and unchristian bly impressed of the obligation imposed principle of government, sanctioned by upon you, to aid us in all lawful exerthis penal system, against which we tions to re-establish our participation in complain ; inasmuch as it holds out the benefits of the constitution, strong inducements to the commission By a solemn treaty entered into be of such a description of perjury as can tween the late king William II1. and not be visited by human punishments; the Irish catholics, and which secured to and constitutes a disregard to the obli- his majesty and the British crown most gations of an oath as the only necessa- important advantages, it was provided ry qualification for our eligibility to the that the Irish catholics should enjoy highest offices of trust and confidence complete liberty of conscience. The in the state. This single necessary re- royal word of that sovereign, and the sult of that penal code appears abun- good faith of the English nation, which dantly sufficient to excite in every ho- he represented, were pledged to the Roronourable, religious, and patriotic man catholics of Ireland, as securities mind, an earnest wish for its immediate for their enjoyment of the religious liabolition.
berty for which they then expressly co es The imputation of bad faith thus venanted, and of which they are now raised against the members of the Ro-deprived. man catholic church, is a mere artifice. We forbear to dwell, by a detailed reIts injustice is well known to those by ference, upon that violent infraction of whom it is raiseil, as their own acts at a solemn compact, to which we trace test: for they never objected to treaties the origin of the penal code which opor alliances with foreign catholic princes presses us; and which, so long as it or people, on account of their religion; continues unrepealed, must furnish & as they should have done, if they seri-| ground of imputation against British
OR TROD. JOUR. Vol. Y.