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whatsoever, a right of interference in , important obligation was rendered the the affairs of the Irish catholics,. I was more arduous, inasmuch as the publis. also already sufficiently acquainted with press was entirely subject to the con. the character of that minister, his poli. trol and direction of the minister, who tical tergiversations and accommodating patronized the misrepresentations which preference of power to principle, under were daily issuing forth against the ca. all the changes which had convulsed tholic people of Ireland. the Roman siates for a long series of The removal of cardinal Litta to Mi. years and therefore I felt the full force lan at this period by the minister, on a of his peculiar disqualifications for ad congratulatory deputation to the Aus. mission to any share in !he setilement trian emperor, increased, as I appreof a question involving the religious in- hended, the difficulties of my mission. terests of the Irish catholic church. Previous to the departure of his emiz * On the oth of November, I was ad. nence, an arrangement had been made mitted to my first audience with the to refer the subject to the congregation sovereign poistiff, and had the honour of (as it is called) of ecclesiastical affairs placing my credentials at the feet of his a new ribunal instituted by, cardinal holiness, also the original remonstrance Consalvi, of which the acting officers of the R man catholics of Ireland, to-were principally appointed by him; and gether with an I'alian version, and a as the advancement or procrastination brief summary of !$ conienis and ob- of ihe proceedings rested entirely with jects. The holy father was graciously his eminence, I was not led to expect pleased 10 receive those documents in inuch benefit therefrom. Lo fact, scarce. the most courteous and condescending ly had cardinal Litta departed from manner; and I had the satisfaction, in Rome, when the secretary evaded the the course of an extended interview, to promised reference rven to this congreremove some erroneous impressions gation. However, after many applicawhich had been made upon the minutions to various cardinals, I succeeded of his holiness, who repearedly de in prevailing on two of the most vener*clared, he had never granted ihe vetoable of the sacred college, Pietro and

to the British crown, and promised he somaglia, to interpose with the holy "would examine minutely inio the matter, | father, who replied, that he had given and consult with cardinal Litta respect express orders for the immediate examiing it.

nation of the question; but he did not The influence of the minister, how.l appear to be aware of the arts practised ever, was too visible, as his holiness by the cardiual secretary to evade the "was pleased to express a desire that I execution of such orders. Under these *should place the papers in the hands of circumstances, I felt it my duty to socardinal Consalvi; but the holy faiher licit another interview with the soveaccompanied this request with the rei- reign ponriff, and accordi.ygly on the 22d teration of warm and earnest assurances December, 1815, obiained my second of his personal care, and promised that audience, when I laid before his holi. * he would refer the consideration of the ness several additional papers, including

malier to a congregation of cardir.als. Italian translations of the various reso* For some time after my audience lutions on the subject entered into by

with the holy father, I was engay. the Irish catholic prelates, clergy and ned in making arrangements for the people, subsequent io the year 1808, and promised consideration of the remontowo to the latest period. I also re. strance by an ecclesiastical tribunal. I specifully urged the holy faiher to refer held frequent intercourse with cardinalihe matter to the congregation of ProLitra, and other ecclesiastical authori- pagauda, as the only ordinary and comties, before whom I placed copies of the peient tribunal to entertain the question. Temonstrance, accompanied with such I found inat the mind of lus holiness further written arguments and state- had been practised upon by misrepré"ments, in support thereof, as my mind sentations of the real feelings of the

could furnish. I was also much occu-Irish catholics. 'He said he had ordered pied in removing the impressions which the examination, and desired me to had been produced by the extravaga:t bring all the papers to cardinal Consalvi, misrepresentations of a vetoistical fac. against which desire I humbly expostution in Rome; and the discharge of this (lated, in earnest, but respectful terms, :

nforming him of the political ojections, continued for nearly an hour, during
entertained in Ireland against the ad which I repeated and urged every argu-
mission of foreign temporal interfer- | ment I had before used, to induce the
ence, and stating, that I therefore felt | holy father to resist the obnoxious innom
myself bound, by the indispensable vation. The pope appeared much alarm-
obligations of my official station, to dis.ed for the state of the Irish catholics.
charge the painful duty of cautioning and expressed an apprehension, that
his holiness, against the practices by they would be subjected to new perse
which the secretary of state continued cutions, if they did not yield, in some
to elude the pon ifical orders for the due degree, to the desires of the British
examination of this religious guestion : government on this head. I told his
I concluded, by placing in the hands of boliness, that it did not appear, that
his holiness a solemn protest against the British government was so anxious
the interference of that political mi- for the measure; that, on the contrary,
nister, and respecifully declined, at the some of the most anti-catholic mem-
same time, to bring the papers to him. bers of the administration had express
The holy father directed me to hold them ed their opinions, that if emancipation
for cardinal. Litta, until his retura, to could be granted, its concession should
which direction I immediately sub- not be accompanied by any obnoxious
mitted, leaving only the protest against qualification. I observed further, that
the minister in the hands of his holi- the catholics of Ireland were no stran

gers to persecution, and that I was aum On my departure from the audience ihorised, as well by their published rechamber, I proceeded to the aparuments sulutions, as by my knowledge of their of the cardinal secretary, and expostur religious fidelity, to declare that they lated against his representations to the would prefer the re-enactment of the holy father, having previously ascertain whole penal code to any injurious innor ed, from my conversation with his ho-vations upon that religious system, for liness, that the minister had misled him, the maintainance of which they and as to the number and respectability of their forefathers, had, during three centhe opponents to the veto in Ireland; I turies, made such unprecedented sacrisucceeded in inducing the minister to fices. I added in reply to the anxious admit, after much discussion, the in- solicitude of his holiness, "We dread justice of such a representation, and to " pot persecution, holy father ; but we agree with me, that the remonstrance dread your holiness's sanction of a conveyed the sentiments of the nation." measure which we must resist; as we Although I had thus protested against " would be thereby deprived of those the authoritative interference of cardi sympathies of the holy see, which nal Consalvi, I did not feel that I was have ever consoled us under the fierce bound to decline availing myself of any trials we have endured for our attach, advantages that could be obtained "ment to the centre of unity." I in. through him, and as the only object of formed his holiness, that were he to his wishes was the gratification of the allow the gratification of the British ca. British government, I laid before him a binet to be preferred to a compliance plan for the domestic nomination of the with the prayers of his faithful chil, Irish bishops which, whilst it secured dren in Ireland, I should find it diffi the ancient rights of the several orders cult to persuade my constituents on my of the hierarchy, provided for the ex-return, that their religious interests clusion of any dangerous foreign influ- were not made secondary to the politi, ence. The minister approved, or af cal objects of the Roman court; I rer fected to approve, of the measure, but minded him that he had, in 1805, evaded by every meaus, contributing to through Monsignor Coppola, then ser its execution or accomplishment, noodcretary of Propaganda, in his letter to

Deeply impressed with the sense of the right reverend doctor Milner, dise danger to be apprehended from such tinctly reprobated such a measure as is ominous appearances, I deemed it my now proposed; and in which letter is duty to seek another interview with the quoted the declaration of pope Benedict sovereign pontiff, and accordingly on the XIV, to the bishop of Breslau, exx the 9th of January, 1816, I obtained a pressing an unsuperable objection to the third audience of his holiness, which I interference of any anti-catholic prince OMHOD. JOUR. Vd. V,



or power in the nomination of a catho. lject of the veto, which I had received à lic prelate, His holiness, on reading few days before from the illustrious this letter, was much moved; and I re- | bishop of Cloyne and Ross, the right tired, renewing my expressions of con- reverend doctor Coppinger. I renewed fidence in the paternal care of the holy | my entreaties for an adjustmeut of the See.

question, and his holiness was pleased - Two days after I had obtained this to order me to bring the letter of the ve. third audience, I waited on the cardi- | nerable prelate to cardinal Litta, with nal secretary, who, to my great sur-whom he promised to confer upon its prise, evinced considerable desire to see contents, the affair concluded by the enactment! The cardinal prefect having been reof domestic nomination-I found, how stored to health, and the resolutions of ever, ere long, that these professions the synod of Kilkenny having arrived of anxiety were equally insincere on at Rome, towards the end of May, I this, as on every other occasion, and again pressed in Propaganda the meathat, so far from aiding me by his co- sure of domestic nomination, and I operation, he continued as before the found that an intimation had been given ardent promoter of every measure pre- to the Irish prelates, that the sacred judicial to me and my mission.

congregation had no objection to the 3. The cardinal prefect Litta, having principle, and would establish the mea. Yeturned to Rome in February, I im sure, provided a mode was proposed mediately waited on his eminence, and that should meet general approval. I informed him of all that had occurred felt much gratified at this determinatiou, since his departure. Having urged him as our affairs were thus imperceptibly to execute his former intentions, he taken out of the hands of the political Teplied, that he could do nothing fur- secretary, and had returned to their ther in the business, until it should be proper tribunal, where they remained known how the prelates of Ireland had until the period of my arrest. I therereceived the amended answer which had fore avoided any further intercourse been forwarded to them by the cardinal with the minister of the Roman 'court, secretary of state. !!!

and confided my negociations to the The illness of cardinal Littat at this holy see, through the legitimate medium period, which continued for two months, ofthe Propaganda. “. interrupted my negociations with his . The anxious caution of the cardinal eminence, and I turned my attention to 1 prefect gave rise to many interruption s those officers of Propaganda from whom in the progress of domestic nomination; the rescript signed « Quarantotti" had hut the arrival of sir John Cox Hippis: emanated, well knowing theiriofuence, ley's report of June, this year, created and the opportunities they enjoy for its a general alarm, and induced his 'emie exercise. I was now satisfied, that the nence to resolve on an iminediate decimeasure of domestic nomination was sion. Many modes' of domestic nomi. the only one which could substantially uation had been proposed, as well in prevent the veto; for it was manifest, Rume as from Ireland; at length, his that if the appointment of our prelates eminence seemed to approve of one was to rest in Rome, the cardinal se- which I had, at his' request, submitted, cretary would place it at the disposal of but he commanded and countermand. the British minister-I therefore urged led its being taken into consideration se. that measure, and succeeded in inducing | veral tiines; so that the entire summer those officers to be as friendly to it as of 1816 passed away in interviews and they had before been to the obnoxious correspondence with the prefect, and innovation. I found his holiness and other members of the sacred congregathe sacred congregation willing to ac- tion, on this subject, which was now cede, as they disclaimed any views of become the primary object of attention patronage on their part, and expressed in Rome, as in Ireland. The details of a desire for a settlement of the matter this negociation will necessarily coasts in the most satisfactory way. .

i túte a principal portion of my future . On the 7th of March I had a fourth narrative. Suffice it bere to say, that I audience of the holy father, with a view laboured constantly and earnestly to to submit to his perusal an earnest and collect and promote the views of my dery able communication upon the sube I copstituents on the subject s

Nothing decisive having heen done, | Lansdowne and Mr. Brougham were de. and observing the approach of the an- sirous of an interview with me; of nual October vacations, and of the son which opportunity I availed myse}f, to iempities of November, Christmas, &c. inform those distinguished statesmen of I resolved on returning to Ireland, at the real state and merits of the question least for the winter, in the hope of find. of veto, and findir.g other eminent Briing such an unanimity amongst the tish subjects equally anxious for infora prelates and clergy on the mode of ego | malion on the matter, I drew up a contablishing this indispensable measure, cise elucidation, in a catechistical form, as might insure success in the future which was subsequently published in discussions, I communicated my inte London, under the title of The British tention to cardinal Litta, who delivered Statesman's 'Anti-vetoistical Cate: me a letter, dated 5th of October (since | chism.".. published) declaring that the letter from In January, 1817, I renewed my corGenoa, in favour of ministerial control, respondence with cardinal Litta, and was not mandatory, condemning the addressed to his eminence a long letter, pretensions set forth in sir John Cox re-arguing the subject of domestic no. Ilippisley's report, and admitting the mination, and urging its discussion in principle of domestic nomination. His the congress, which had been promised eminence at the same time promised to to take place three months before. His obtain, in the first general congress of eminence again commanded and could Novern her, a decree for the mode which termanded the consideration of the quesi had been submitted:

tion, but, at length after some earnest : On the 8th of October, I repaired to expostulations by friends of the measure; Castle Gandolfo, the country residence he ordered the plan which I had drawn of his holiness, where I was admitted to up to be prepaaed for immediate discuss my fifth and last audience; I repeated sion. The summary of this plan, as my former prayers, that he would gra- amended by his emninence, was That ciously please to attend to the desires of the parish priests, including the mem. his faithful children in Ireland ; and bers of chapters, should elect three . chaving placed in his hands an address candidates ;-That the metropolitan and expressive of their attachment and ve- suffragans should write their sentiments peration, I obtained, on their behalf, with respect to the qualifications of the apostolic benediction..ein

each ;-And, that the sacred congrega My intention of departure being ge- tion should institute on the joint testinerally known,' I received from all mony. That, with regard to coadjufriendly quarters' entreaties to desist rors, the incumbent prelate should profrom a perseverance therein, as it would pose the candidate 10 his parish priests probably occur, that the measure of do- and canons, who should declare their mestic pomination would be put' to rest assent or dissent by a plurality of if I were to depart, particularly during votes ---That the metropolitan and safe the winter season, when much danger | fragans should transmit their opinion's of a prejudicial infuence was to be ap- of him to the holy see, and the sacred prehended, from the influx of British: congregation institute accordingly. Travellers. I yielded to these appre- il The publication of a letter, which I "hensions, which, after the vacations, I had addressed to a member of this soon found to be too fatally realized;| board, increased, if possible, the hostiliand I had the satisfaction to learn, that ty of the veroistical party in Rome my stay was approved of by a vote of against mc, as it exposed the arts and the aggregate meeting of the catholics misreprésentations of the Roman minisof Ireland, held in this city on the 17thter and his'adherents; the most active of December. ; . on


o f my eneminés was the baron Omp. 1 I devoted my time, as usual, to the teida, Hanoverian ambassadør, distinremoval of erroneous impressions from guished only for his 'servihty and in. the minds of those to whom the ques.' Trigue, and who presumed to take a tion was to be submitted, but Novein- | prominent station in the affair. I was, ber and December rolled away without however, is formed of his unworthy deany decree on the subject. During this, signs, and succeeded in counteracting interval it was communicated to me, by them for several weeks & friendly cardinal, that the macquis ufl. Regardless of the calumnies which

were circulated now with increased in , agency of the baron Ompteida, to pro. dustry, in proporțion as the period for cure my arrest and banishment from adjusting the measure approached, I the Roman states. I had already felt it directed my attention to make arrange my duty to claim protection from the ments previous to the general congress, British consul, Mr. Parke; at first he which was finally fixed for Monday, the assured me of security, but afterwards 16th of May. The plan of domestic violated that engagement, and confe. nomination had been printed by Propa, derated with my enemies. Nearly two ganda ihree weeks before, and distribut. nonths had elapsed, since the Irish pa: ed among the cardinals who were to at. pers, containing my letter, had arrived tend. I hold a correct copy of ibis plan, at Rome; and I should here observe, and propose to include it in my future that the publication was not a strict narrative. Several reasons, in favour copy of the original. The sensation of domestic nomination; are adduced in created by that publication had subsidthe. Ponenza, or printed case, laid before ! ed, so that no charge could be justly their eminences, who ulaoimously ap. l grounded on it; however, the conduct proved of it, including the aged cardinal of the association made me appear as if Quarantotti, whose prominent zeal I deserted at home, and as, by my stay, would deem it injustice to overlook, as the measure of domestic uomination

I have found his eminence a most ear- Inight ultimately succeed, it was thought - nest supporter of the measure, and ap- a favourable opportunity for defeating

parently anxious to compensate thereby | it, by seizing on my person, and remove for the mischieyous rescript with which, ing me from Rome. inau inconsiderate moinent, under the. On the second day after the sitting of influence of the grossest misrepresenta- the congress, (the holy father. lying ill tion, he suffered his venerable name to at his country seat) I received an order be associated. ::.

of banishment, commanding me to 2. The account of divisions in the ca- quit the city in twenty four hours, and tholic association respecting me, which the states in three days. I protested geached Rome at this period, gaye new ) against the order as unjust, and a vioJife to the vetoists, and damped the zeal lation of my rights as a British subject, ofthe most ardent friends of the favourite and as an ecclesiastic; I demanded to measure of the Irish catholics. How. be informed upon what grounds it was ever, when the question was put by the made out, but could obtain no answer. prefect in the congress, all their emi. I again and again repeated my demand, nences voted for the passing of the de- but neither the governor, who was encree, with the solitary exception of car- trusted by Consalvi with its execution, dipal Fontana, formerly secretary of the nor any other person, ventured to insticongregation instituted by Consalvi, iute, or even to specify any charge. I and lately raised by him to the purple declared I would not depart without It had been the intention of the cardi- force, as I was not conscious of offence, nal prefect to pass, but got to publish it and would not compromise my rights. for the present; but cardinal Fontana, Meantime (on the 25th of May). I was though he professed to approve of the attacked by a malignant fever then premeasure,, proposed to the prefect, in a valent in Romne. This calamity did not Jow tone of voice, to defer the decree mitigate the hostile, spirit of my perseuntil the former congregation should be cutors, who persevered, and actually. conşulied, to which cardinal Litla in- made a forcible entry into my cop vent {considerately, and against the forms of at midnight; they broke into my bed. -proceeding yielded, without putting the chamber with a military force, placiog question of reference to theiremineuces. guards over me, a regular succession of Thus was losi, domeşlıq nomination, ai- which was continued at my room door though in that same congress the pend- to lhe day of my departure, a period of ing appointmepis, of Ireland had been | eight weeks. decided on its principles .

As my sufferings during that time The advocales of vetoistical arrange- were personal, I shall not here make. -ments triumphed in this result, them the subject of..coinplaint, I do newed their exertions to prevcata recon-, not repine at having been found worthy sideration of the matter. Accordingly, of persecution for my religion and my they made constant efforts, through the country, and though my health has been

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