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not be sufficient to touse a people | tions of this treaty, the Scots agreed who had basely submitted to the de- to furnish the English parliament spotic exactions of Elizabeth, and with an army of men ready equipped, that a feryour for religion, however which was to be paid by England, erroneous, could alone effect their out of the estates and revenues of the purpose. This made the traitor papists, prelates, inalignants, and Hampden, in answer to a friend who their adherents, or otherwise. -By asked him, ---". Why tbey pretended this covenant, the two kingdonis religion, when liberty, property, and were bound to extirpate popery in emporal matters were the chief end,” Ireland and bring the Irish to an unireplý, “ Should we not use the pre-formity in religion with them; and tence of religion, the people would they were further sworn to preserve not be persuaded to assist us." the liberties of parliament, and the Hence they confounded the ceremo just power and greatness of the sovenies of the church of England, and the reign. -- But of what force are oaths babits of ber ministers with the sup- with men who have no conscience to posed abominations of popery,in order bind thein. The document was no to subvert the power of the bishops and sooner signed and sworn to, but was clergy, which they at last achieved, immediately violated in the person and subscribed to the solemn league of the king and the constitution of and covenant of their Scottish bre parliament. The privileges of the their on the 28th of August, 1643.-- spiritual and temporal peers were anThis covenant was readily taken 'biy nihilated, both clergy and laity were the people of England, according to persecuted and the sovereign him-, Rapin, although the king issued a self but six years afterwards, having proclamation to the contrary. In endured the most inhuman and de. Şcotland, we are informed by the grading indignities, expiated his ersame bistorian, the committee of es- rors and ended his life on the scaffold. tates ordained it to be sworn and sub-Yet these men, “ whom laws would scribed by all the subjects, under not restrain, nor oaths,” to use the pain of having their goods and rents words of Pym in calumniating the confiscated. The duke of Hamilton papists, are held up as the paragons and some others refusing to sign it, of patriotism, and the honest strugthe said committee, by another act, glers for civil and religious liberty, ordered all their lands to be seized, by those who still stupidly accuse the and their persons to be apprehended, catholics of not keeping faith with with permission 10 KILL such as re. heretics!!! The reader has now sisted, Thus it was no crime to before him a summary of the boasted murder those who demurred to the system of toleration maintained by covenant, although the punishment the forefathers of our swaggering of a seditious heretic in the reign of patriots, in their " noble struggles," Mary by the ancient laws of the as Mr. Cobbett calls them, ia the land, was looked upon as a heinous cause of religious liberty, during the and deep offence in the eyes of these reign of Charles the first in England merciful respecters of the liberty of and Scotland. As the mild beconscience.- An union of sentiment nevolence of these pious saints insti. having taken place between the pu- gated the Irish catholics to arm in deritan rebels of the two kingdoms, a fence of their lives as well as their solemn treaty was entered into by religion, which our base writers have which the contracting parties bound falsely represented to be a traiterous themselves to a fulfilment of the arti- rebellion against the king's person, cles of the covenant. By the stipula- and a cruel massacre of protestants;
I shall in my next enter into a palli- lation by declaring to the duchess ation of that transaction, and, from D’Aiguilion that it was the noblest authentic documents, expose the con- present God could have made to man.' duct of those vile traitors, who, in Maupertius, another illustrious their unbounded zeal for the libero character, who for some time graced ty of the subject, and the right of the ranks of infidelity, for many years mankiad to worship God according before his death gave the most edito the dictates of conscience, basely fying proofs of his conversion and conspired to rob the Irish of both. return to the path of duty. His cou
WM. EUSEBIUS ANDREWS. rage and constancy were often put to Somers' Town, March 21, 1817. the severest trials; but he sliewed
himself superior to the railleries and INTERESTING ANECDOTES OF THE | insulting attacks of the enemies of reFRENCH REVOLUTION.
ligion. He published the motivés
which occasioned his conversion, and THB celebrated Montesquieu, among them advances the following whose writings will immortalize his maximn : “ That alone can be the true name, seemed at one period of his religion which conducts man to the life to prostitute his talents to pro- | greatest good by the best possible mote the cause of infidelity. Many means; now the religion of Jesus passages in his works show a want of Christ alone possesses ibis double adsubmission to faith. Yet he himself vantaxe, consequently his religion isassures us, that he was always the only true one.” cbristian in bis heart, and always One of the most outrageous of the entertained a sincere respect for re- infidel writers was Boulanger, who ligion, He candidly confesses, that a seemed in his writings to have confondness for novelty, a love of sin. ceived a determined resolution of gularity, a desire to pass for a ge rooting out christianity But see nius superior to the common maxiins him on his death bert. Þeing seized and prejudices of mankind, an am. with sickness, notwithstanding his bition of gaining the adıniration of apparent hatred of religion, and futhose men who arrogated to them. rious attacks which he had made upselves the right of distributing the | on it, he permits his friends to bring meeds of literary fame, induced him and introduce into his chamber the to adopt the same language as they curate of his parish, has several condid. Yet how often in his writings ferences on religion with the veneradoes he prove the falsehood of that ble ecclesiastic, receives instruction language by the candid confession from him, and yields to the light of which bis heart so frequently obliges truth. He acknowledges that during him to make in favour of religion. A his past life he had never gone furletter, which came from the press ther than to doubt of revelation, bad under the name of the Abbé Routh, never given it up entirely, and that gives us the real sentiments of this the pompous eulogies, which had great man ; it presents him to us not been passed upon his writings by the only complying with the duties of re- | infidel societies had intoxicated his ligion on his death-bed, but as hav- mind, and contributed more than any ing on many occasions in his past thing else to seduce him. Ifter this life given proof of his faith, and thus acknowledgment he mak:-s kiti conconfirming the truth and sincerity of |fession with all the outward masks that repentance and religious disposi- | of the most lively and sincere reo tion which he manifested in his last pentance; and on receiving the sacramoments. He bore testimony to reveal nents he offers a most public répara
tion forthe scandals he had given by his , and stand much in need of his mercy, impiety, and in the most moving and Is my repentance, joined to the coneloquent manner expresses his com- fidence which I have in him, suffipunction and declares that the only cient to secure this miercv? Yes, regret which he feels in dying, is his without doubt it would be suffici. inabiliiy to repair all the evil which ent, so infinite is the goodness of he had done.
God, if I had nothing to reproach Similar to this is the example of La myself with but my own faults and Metrie, a cynic philosopher, who in failings. But I have given scandal bis last i!lness expressed ibe deepest to others, and injured the souls of regret for having given into the wild | others, must I not ask their forgivefollies of inaterialism ; of (ount De ness, and thus make them in some Boulainvilliers, who expired in the manner intercessors for me at the arms of the Abbé de la Borde, wiihtbrove of mercy? Yes, indeed; I do the mo s lively sentiments of repent. trust tbat those whom I have linus inance; and a De Maillet, who, on his jured, will exercise this charity in death-bed, at Marseilles, abjured my bebalf I have behaved ill to the impious system which he had al. your mother, but her piety, which I tempted to establish.
well know, makes me confident that But the most striking spectacle of she will give me the pardon which I of this nature, and one which pre- ask of her. But I have been culpasent to us ihe most eloquent and im- bly negliyept with regard to your sispressive lesson, is the conversion of ters; and on this second point of my the infidel writer Toussaint, who died misconduct I should smuk illo despair, at Berlin in 1772. One of his fellow if I did not consider that a: their age academicians gives an account of his impressions are weak, and that your last moments in the following man- good mother has the will and the ner. “On the eve of his decease, his power to repair the evil, by the soson came by his order tu request that lid and virtuous education which myself and my wife would attend at she will give them. You alone tben, his house on the following morning, my son, in these my last inomeuts are at ten o'clock, for the purpose of as, | a subject of dreadtul un
a subject of dreadful uneasiness and sisting at a ceremony of religion to alarm to my mind, I have been a be pertormed at that hour. We ac- cause of scandal to you by my irrecordingly went, and finding the ca-ligious life, and the w. rdly maxims tholic curate with him left them alone of which I have given you an examfor some minutes. We then entered ple. Will you pardon me? Will the room in company with his wife you do what lies in your puwer to oband children, we all knelt down, and tain forgiveness from Gud for ne? the priest prepared to give him the vill you voluntarily adopt principles holy communion. At that moment, for your conduct different from those Toussaint, raising himself in his bed which I have given you ? Unfortuso as to be nearly seated upright, nately you are now al an age at which begged the curate to wait a few mi- | the wisest and best lessons are but nutes, called to him his son, and too often forgotten. May. I hope bade him stansi directly before him. that you will blot out from your • My child, (said he hear with at- mind those lessons which it now tention, and cherish in your memory gives me so much pain to think that the words which I now address to you. I instilled into you? Hear, my son, I am about to appear before God, to the truths which at this moment, give an account to him of my whole thou late, I solemnly declare to you. life. I have grievously offended him, | I call to witness that God wbo I am
going to receive, and before whom I to profess the ancient worship, only am going to appear, that if in my the ambassadors or ministers of caactions, my words and my writings, tholic courts hd the privilege of I have appeared to be no christian, it bringing with them priests of their was never from conviction, but frosnown religion, for themselves and for vanity, human respects, or to please | the persons attached to thej, embassy. certain persons. If then you have It was through these chapilains that any confidence in your father, mani- a spark of catholicism was preserved fest it by the respect with wbich you in Sweden in the seventeenth cen. receive this iny last instruction. tury. It was then dangerous for any May you engrave deeply in your mind, other catholic priest to venture into and ever have in your remembrance that country ; but towards the midthis last scene of your father's exist. dle of the eighteenth, the Swedes epce. Kneel down, my son, and I grew more tolerant. The Swedish join your prayers with those of my government sent to Germany, and friends here present, who are wit. other countries, for a number of in. Desses of this my admonition to you; telligent workmen, mostly catholics, promise God that you will profit by to work at the cloth and silk manuibese my instructions, and conjure factures, and to these the free exere bim to pardon me.'. .
cise of their religion was verbally " I was truly astonished (adds the promised. The catholic chapels at relater) at this discourse, which I that time were the French, the Auslittle expected to hear, and I was trian, and the Spanish. struck with admiration at the energy There lived then a man whose me. and presence of mind, with which mory always will be revered, Christhis enfeebled and dying mortal deli topher Theodore d'Antivari, envoy vered himself," : .. . .
of the emperor of Germany to the
court of Sweden. He was the auWe are requested to correct an thor of some useful establishments, error in the anecdotes inserted last by founding four beds in the royal month, page 66. -Helvetius was the infirmary for sick persons of the roauthor of the infamous book, L'Es man catholic religion, and by giving prit, and not the marquis D'Argens, funds for the maintenance of a priest. as there stated.-The marquis wrote He died in 1763; but having left the Lettres Juives, Lettres Caba- those funds to the administration of Listiques, &c.
his successors, they were completely
wasted by one of them The esta STATE OF CATHOLICITY IN GER-blishment of the infirmary still exists. · MANY, UNDER LUTIERAN
The diet of 1778 was the first since DOMINION.
the reformation, which authorised
the profession of the catholic reliNote on the State of the Catholic Re- gion, not with regard to native ·ligion in Sweden, by M. Gridens, Swedes, but with regard to foreigaVicar Apostolic at Stockholm. ers. It was in consequence of this
that king Gustavus III. issued, in The roman catholic religion, 1781, the decree of toleration which which was introduced in Sweden in fixes the privileges of the catholic the ninth century, was expelled from religion in Sweden. it in the sixteenth, to make room for This decree grants permission to Luther's reformation, the doctrine the catholics to build churches, to of which was declared the religion of bave bells and church-yards, to bring the state. No person was allowed their children up in the religion of
: their fathers, to practice openly the | the poor, of the infirm, and, above ceremonies of their worship within all, for the expences of a particular their churches, to procure clergymen house devoted to the education of who are authorized to solemnize poor children. The catholics have their christenings, marriages, and no church of their own at Stockholm, funerals, and to deliver the proper because they have not funds sufficertificates of these acts. It is in cient to erect or purchase a conve. consequence of this decree that a ca- bient building. The divine service tholic' parish was established at is performed in a large hall, which Stockholm in 1784, with the consent they hire of the city, and which has of king Gustavus III. and with the been properly fitted up at the ex. concurrence of pope Pius VI. who pence of the propaganda. The apos. had sent a priest to Stockholm with tolic vicar was at first assisted in his the title of apostolical vicár, in Swe- functions by another priest, and the den. The congregation of the pro- court of Rome provided for their paganda at Rome undertook to pro. maintenance. The number of catho. vide alone for the expences of a wor: lies in the interior of Sweden is copship of which they witnessed the re- siderable enough to require the pre. storation in Sweden with particular sence of a priest, and the establishpleasure. The new parish got firmly ment of a chapel in some large town, established. The catholics frequent as Gottenburg, for instance, whither ed with zeal a church which united trade has at all times drawn foreignthem all under one and the same ers of the roman catholic religion, priest. Some years after, the French, some of whom fix themselves there, Austrian, and Spanish chapels, were and others make occasional stays.successively shut up. The catholic Louis XVI. had destined some funds courts gave over sending any chap- for such a religions establishment ; lains to Sweden, and maintaining but the circumstances which prethem there.
vented the execution of his pious deThe catholics who reside at Stock- sigo are well known. holm, in the interior of Sweden, in | The degree of toleration introthe large towns of that country, duced into Sweden does not authoamount to the pumber of one thou- rise catholics to be entrusted with sand, or thereabouts. The parish any public civil functions, they are of Stockholm counts seven or eight excluded from them. But posterior bundred of them. They are Gerlaws leave the road of military pro, mans, and descendants of Germans, motion open to them, especially who went to Sweden to work in the whenever they possess distinguished cloth, silk, and glass manufactures; talents. The Swedes, who are all Freochmen who went thither to Lutherans, are strictly forbid returnexercise their respective arts, or who ing to the primitive religion of their having been in the retinue of some fathers. The law, on the contrary, ministers, or other great personages, favours the passing from the catholic continued in Sweden ; Halians that to the lutheran religion, repaired to Sweden for the purposes The pope appoints the apostolical of trade; and individuals of almost vicars in Sweden, and the king au. every nation.
thorizes them by a kind of diploma This catholic parish of Stockholm to exercise their functions through. is in general very poor. If there be out the kingdom, by conforming among them some few individuals themselves to the decree of tolerawho have the power of giving alms, / tion. . they are employed for the relief of There is at present but one priest