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text, in order to maintain Calvin's tred towards the publishers of such horrible blasphemy, that our Savic works. It is thought a meritorious our suffered the pains of hell. act to ABHOR the crime of murder or Speaking of this impious act, the an- treason; why then should catholics notaturs say, “We see plainly that be blamed, if they include in their they have no conscience, indiffer- abhorrence, that of impiety and ence, nor other purpose, but to make blasphemy, of which the new Mathe poor readers believe that their nichees of our times, both Lutheropinions be God's own word, and to ans and Calvins are guilty, who draw the scripture to sound after make God the cause of Judas's the fantasy of their heresies. But betraying Christ, and therefore if the good reader knew for what the author of sin. Acts, ii, 23.point of doctrine they have thus But catholics are told, that “a chrisframed their translation, they would tian is bound to BURN AND DEPACE abhor them to the depth of hell; all heretical books; i. e. protestant forsooth it is thus: they would have bibles and prayer-books;" and that the scripture mean, that Christ, was "the speeches, preachings, and writin horrible fear of damnation, and ings of heretics (not protestants, ás that he was not only in pains corpo- the reviewer maliciously insinuates) ral upon the cross, (which they hold are pestiferous, and creeping like a not to have been sufficient for man's canker, and therefore never to be redemption) but that he was in the heard or read by christian men.” , sorrows and distress of the damned, In this last injunction the annotators without any difference, but that it merely copy the advice of St. Paul was not everlasting, as theirs is.-- to Timothy. (2 Epis. ii. 16, 18.) “But For this horrible blasphemy, (which profane and vain speeches avoid; is their interpretation of Christ's de- for they do much grow to impiety : scending into hell) God's holy word and their speech spreadeth as a canMUST BE CORRUPTED, and the sacri- ker; of whom is Hymenæus and fice of Christ's death (whereof they Philêtus: who have erred from the talk so presumptuously) must not be truth, saying that the resurrection enough for our redemption, except is done already, and have subverted he be damned for us also to the pains the faith of some.” It is therefore of het. Wo (exclaims the annota- to be hoped, that as the holy apos. tors) be to our poor country, that ile thought it incumbent on him to must have such books, and read such caution the exalted individual, w.hom translations. See Calvin and Beza be had appointed a bishop, to beware in their commentaries and annota-of false teachers, the following his tions upon this place, and you shall example by the catholic clergy, for see that for the defence of the said which they have the authority of blasphemies they have thus trans- scripture, the only guide of protestlated the text.” Wo, indeed; wo ants, is not a breach of charity suftito that country which can silently cient to doom their flocks to perpepermit such impious and iniquitous tual civil bondage in a land of free« doctrines to be disseminated. And dom! And as to defacing and burnwo to that country which can pro-ing protestant bibles and prayera duce such malignant and viperous books, the charge comes rather awk. scribblers, who delight in deceiving wardly from the quarter whence it the ignorant and unweary, and per- originates. Have the biblical accusets vert the honest expression of an in. of the catholic clergy forgot that dignant mind at the villainous con. the protestant legislators of this counduct of blasphemous men, into an in-try, in the year 1606, (3 Jas, I.) junction to maintain a personal ha- passed an act which authorized the
BURNING of all popish missals, psal- | plan, of employing the poor to dig ters, legends, &c. or other supersti. holes one day and fill them up the tious books, and empowered any two next. In the present dearth of emjustices, and all magistrates of cor- ployment, the printing branch has porations, from time to time, to enter suffered in proportion with other the houses und lodgings of popish trades, and therefore the republicarecusants, for the purpose of seiz- tion of the annotations should be cone ing, burning, and defacing, any cru-sidered rather as a subject of concilix, beads, popish relics, or books gratulation ihan of censure. Let wbich they might find therein.- the Hibernian society continue to Pretty fair and tolerant work this, distribute, and the Irish papist to and highly, praise-worthy in " en. burn bibles, the greater will be the lightened" protestants, who grant consumption of paper, and the dethemselves indulgence to perseeute mand for printing will increase; thus and oppress their catholic neigh- a number of hands will be employed, bours for the love of law and jus-whose families would otherwise be tice; to calumniate their principles, starving, and some benefit would acand pervert their writings, for the crue from the subscriptions raised to sake of truth and probity; and to further the purpose of mistaken zeal. ascribe motives for their rule of ac. Here I take leave of the foolish ap. tion which themselves are guilty of, prehensions of the bigot for the fate and pertinaciously encourage. If of his bibles and prayer-books, to catholics are told to burn and deface notice a more odious distortion of the heretical books, it is only when they sentiments of the Rheimish doctors. become the legal possessors of them : " We shall pass over (savs there. and the British and Foreign Bible" viewer) the various charges in Society may be assured, that should " which protestants are consigned the question of emancipation ever be 1" to eternal damnation, from which granted, their warehouse in Earl." it is asserted, even martyrdom in street will not be ransacked by ca “ heathen countries will not pretholics for materials to form a bon. “ serve them; and shall direct the fire on the occasion. But, if bible- ' "attention of our readers to injuncmen are simple enough to put a false“ tions of a more practical tendentranslation of the scripture into the "cy. The Irish catholics are inhands of a catholic for his own spe- | “formed, “That when Rome puts cial use, and assure him it is the " heretics, (i. e. protestants) to word of God, from which he is to “' DEATH, and ALLOWS THEIR PUdraw his religious creed, they ought 664NISHMENT IN Other COUNTRIES, not to be angry if he takes it into his brotheir blood is not called the head, or is recommended by his pas- ". blood of saints, no more than the tor, either to burs or destroy it.. sur blood of thieves, man-killers, and When it becomes his property, he " other malefactors, for the shed. has a right to do with it as he pleases. ".ding of which, by order of jus. Whether the Hibernian Society, “tice, no commonwealth shall ao. which is engaged in circulating the " swer.'"a-Rev. xvii. 6. scripture throughout Ireland, has Before I proceed farther in bis discovered a propensity in the Irish quotations, I will here give the real peasants to light their fires and their words of the annutators. Speaking pipes with the productions of its of the text, “ And I saw the woman evangelical labours, I have noi heard; drunken of the blood of the saints, but should such, be the case, I can and of the blood of the niartyrs of only consider it as an improvement | Jesus," they say, “It is plain that of my lord Castlereagh's sagacious" this woman signifieth the whole
" corps of all the persecutors that , by those who profess to be the most “have and shall shed so much blood | liberal, the most wise, and the most “ of the just : of the prophets, apos- enlightened of all human beings? atles, and other martyrs, froin the What must they think of men, who “ beginning of the world to the end. ! with hypocritical professions of ve• The protestan's foolishly expound neration for the blessings of civil and " it of Rome, for that they put he religious freedom, distort and falsi. “retics to death, and allow of their fy the principles of their unoffending “punishment in other countries; neighbours for the purpose of keepus but their blood is not called the ing them in a state of political sla. « blood of saints, no more than the very ?-Satisfied with the present “ blood of thieves, inan-killers, and degraded and credulous state of the “ other malefactors; for the shed. | public mind, and the little danger 4 ding of which, by order of justice, of detection from the lamentable "no commonwealth shall answer.” | apathy of the catholic body, the
The reader will here see the base- ' leading members of which seem raness of the reviewer in misquoting ther to prefer submission to the lash this passage, but that which follows of their calumniators than detection is still more glaringly disgraceful. I of their falsehoods, after treatiog his
British Critic.-" That though readers with an extract frɔm the 66 the Son of God rebuked his dis works of St. Augustin, as the words «ciples for proposing to invoke fire of the annotators, the reviewer ex6 from heaven, against the Samari. claims — “We would now put it 6 tans, as Elias had done, yet that “ fairly to the conscience of every
Elias's act was not reprehended, " candid advocate of emancipation, .. nor the church, nor christian " whether all the persecuting dog. 66 princes blamed for putting heretics "mas, which the church of Rome s to death."--Luke ix, 55.
66 ever held in the plenitude of her Rheims Testament. -6 Not jus “ power, are not revived, at the ut6. tice, nor all rigorous punishment" most extent ; and revived, at a " of sinners is here forbidden, nor " time, when a revival also of its 66 Elias's fact reprehended, nor the power is confidently expected." c church or christian princes blam. To this tribunal, impartially inform66 ed for putting heretics to death :ed, no catholic will hesitate to leave « but that none of these should be the decision of his case.--In fact, 6 done for desire of our particular his ouly hope, his sole desire, is to
revenge, or without discretion, | place the question of his emancipa66 and regard of their amendment, | tion in the hands of the candid and un“ and example to others. Therefore prejudiced protestant. In his present - St. Peter used his power upon state, exclus
ver upon state, excluded from any share in the 06 Ananias and Saphira, when he slegislative functions of the nation, he o stroke them both down to death cannot expect to arrive at his long66 for defrauding the church." -Luke wished for deliverance from civil ix. 55.
thraldom, but through the liberality Protestant reader. do you not and justice of upright protestants. blush at the gross injustice and dis- | To them therefore I appeal, in my ingenuity of this hireling of the | animadversions on the cowardly and press ? Is the cause of protestan- | flagitious attempts of bigotry' to tism come to such a pass, that it thwart their judgment, and if my must be defended by perversion, and remarks savour somewbat of sevesupported by falsehood? What must rity, I most solemnly assure them, foreigners think of our country, when it is to the hated system of intoler. they find such practices resorted to auce which brisguided zealots are en. deavouring to perpetuate, not to the advantage to be derived from its exeindividuals, against which they are cution, to enter into a minute detail directed. Following the precepts of of the various instances in which this that church in whose defence I write, I writ (de hæretic comburendo) has been nothing from my pen is dictated with carried into effect. Suffice is to a spirit contrary to the sublime max. state, that from the best investigaims of christian charity and the love tion I have been enabled to make, of truth: would to God the adver- (though I should premise, that in saries of emancipation could say the this instance, I lay no claim to misame. The reviewer in this charge nute accuracy) the number of thuse of reviving all the persecuting dog who have fallen victims of this hormas of the church of Rome, did not rid, though legal instrument of perforget to throw out a hint of their secution, appears to be as follows. practical tendency; a subject often During the reign of Henry IV. a referred to by protestant writers, but person of the name of Bradley, for little understood by their readers.- denying the doctrine of transubstanIn the first misquoted article, the re- tiation. In that of Henry V. Clayviewer has ipsinuated a direct accu-don, a Lollard, and Sir John Oldcassation against Rome in putting pro.tle, Lord Cobham, who being contestants to death; it is a circum-demned for heresy, . escaped from stance, however, which ought to be the tower, and was afterwards exegenerally known in this country, and cuted for a rebellion, and his body is no less remarkable than true, that burned in fulfilment of his former during the plenitude of the papal sentence. In the reign of Henry VI. power, and even to this moment, eight persons, chiefly, if not entirely, not a single individual has suffered condemned for what was then terndeath in Rome for the crime of he-led Lollardy. resy.--So much for Rome herself; 6. In the one and twenty years of and as to her ALLOWING their pu- Edward IV. we find but one instauce nishment in other countries, let us of the execution of this sentence; examine the history of our own, in whilst in little more than the same illustration of this imputed sanction period of time, the number was inof church dominion. The authority creased to ten, in the reign of Henry which I shall quote in proof that the VII. a proof this, it should seem, Roman catholic church, either in that the prevalence of persecution deher dogmas or her disposition, pended in a great measure on the does not possess the spirit of perse- personal character of the prince, cution, is that of a protestant gentle and of his prelates, or on some other njan, who seems to have derived his cause, perfectly extraneous to that information from Fox's Acts and Mo- to which it is generally referred the numents, Hume's History of England, unexampled intolerance of the caand Burnet's History of the Refornia- tholic religion. tion, all unquestionabe testimonies “ In the first twenty-three years of with the adversaries of popery,--|Henry VIII. thirty heretics were comMr, Brown, of the Inner Temple, in mitted to the flanies. The errors inhis “ Historical Account of the Laws puted to them, consisted in denying against the Catholics," 1813, makes the doctrines of, transubstantiation, the following observations, in the first and of intercession to the saints, in chapter of his work, “ On the Laws reading the scriptures in English, against Heretics in general : maintaining the principles of Lu
16. It would be a disgusting task, ther, and other similar deviations far from compensated by any real from those tenets and ceremonies
which the Romish church ordains. | culprit, for the crime of heresy, reIn the last fifteen years of this corded in the first twenty-three years reign, the number was augmented to of Henry VIII.'s reign; and the only forty-four. Of these, sixteen 'were notice of ecclesiastical punishment anabaptists; one suffered for deny- mentioned by this annalist in that ing the king's supremacy, and the period is, that on 6 the 11th of greater part of the remainder, for op- | February, 1526, four merchant's of posing or for non-compliance with the Stilyard did penance at Paul's the law of the six articles. From cross, and an Augustin friar, called these statements (observes Mr. B.) Dr. Barnes, bore a fagot." Howe. it will appear that ihis unchristian ver, when Harry threw off all spiriprocedure was so far from deriving |tual subjection to the pope, and Tom its rigour from the influence of the Cranmer, 6. a most revered bishop, Romish Clergy, called into action by and a venerable reformer” became the mandatory bulls of the pope, that his right hand man and the primate AFTER the reformation, as it is not of England, the pages of Stow are unfrequently termed, in 1533, the chiefly occupied in noting the imolaaverage number of offenders com- tion of victials for conscience sake. mitted to che flames, by virtue of the But admitting the account of Mr. writ de hæretico comburendo, was Brown to be literally true, what a CONSIDERABLY MORE THAN complete and triumphant refutation DOUBLED.' And, were I to take does it afford to the infamous accuinto account those catholics (amount- sation set up by bigotry of the pering to between thirty and forty) whosecuting principles of the Roman ce. were hung, ostensibly on convictions tholic clergy. The catholic religion founded on the NÈW statutes of was planted in this island by St. Autreason, but, in reality, for their gustin in 597, and the first instance adherence to the long-established which our adversaries are able to ad faith of the kingdom. ibis average duce of the crime of heresy being puwould be encreased to nearly a nished with death, is in the year 1401. FIVE-FOLD proportion."
- Thus, during a space of EIGHT Such is the statement of this re- | HUNDRED YEARS, in which they spectable protestant historian; and catholic religion reigned uncontrolled, although, as a catholic writer, I am and her ministers were invested with disposed to question the veracity of the plenitude of power, not a drop of his authorities, as to the number of blood was shed in support of her spiindividuals suffering for heresy under ritual rights, nor a temporal law catholic sovereigns, yet I aid ready passed to punish those who dogma. to admit that he has, in this detail, tised her doctrines. ----We see, howe. exlıibited a degree of candour which ver, in that period, the most virtuous must ever reflect the highest honour sovereigns, those who venerated and on his literary character, and is well practised her precepts, the Alfreds worthy the initation of the reviewer and the Edwards, framing laws for in the British Critic, and his bigot the government of the people, found. ted compeers of the English press. ed upon the basis of civil liberty, I have said that I doubt the accu- and to the former we are indebted for racy of Mr. Brown's testimonies, that glorious bulwark of Englishmen, and the reason for my so doing is, that the trial by jury.-We also see a caon examining a quarto edition of tholic primate animating and directing Stow's Annals of England, printed catholic barons to demand a restorain 1601, I cannot find the infliction |tion of those rights which had been of the sentence of death on a single wrested from them by our Norman ORTHOD. Jour. Vol. V.