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ally glorying in their incredulity, the admission of our claims, accordo striving ia' every society to dis-iny to the acute logic of “No-poper seminate their anti-christian prin. rys, men, will be the end of protesto ciples, whilst nearly all England antism. Admit the catholics, say breathes this infectious doctrine, they, to political power, and dowa it is not wonderful, if this country tumbles the beauteous fabric to its becomes UNITARIAN in religion. base. Thus the self-assuming libero For although the protestant cler- / ality of an * enlightened''protestant gy, headed by their bishops, áre | consists in acknowledging the human making some effort to slem the and fallible institution of his faith, torrent, by opposing the deep when opposing the restitution of his laid designs of those who, under neighbour's just rights; and calling the mask of a national education, for vengeance on the heads of the are atteinpting the subversion of sufferers for entertaining a siinilar all apostolical religion, though I opinion of it's vulnerability! Such is geal and assiduity have been call the tuleration and a superior reason ed into action by the threatening of the age in which we live ! ** danger, nevertheless ihe principles of protestantism render her | REPUBLICATION OF THE RHEINISK upequal to the contest, and she Bible, In The British Critic of must either yield to the violence of last month, an article appears under these attacks, or again shelter her- the foregoing title, in which the rieto self under the immoveable rock of viewers have taken care to befoul catholicity :-she must either re- the annotators of that work with ati siga her hierarchy, or see it again the liberality of the most renlighio united in commugion with the ca- ed” protestanis, and the Irish cathotholic church.”.

dic prelates are made partakers of • With these just and uncontroverti. I their filthy abuse, for having apble arguments, which need no exo proved and sanctioned the re-public planation, I shalt conclude for the cation of it at this time. In the inpresent. Our views of the British Iroductory part of this precious piede constitution must stand over for ano- of invective, the reviewers say. ther month.' Enough bas been ad-.. the tolerance of the church of vanced to shew the necessity of a England is such, that its enemies perusal of the whole work, and cannot accuse it ; the intolerance of prove the fraud and treachery of a the church of Rome is such, that its our adversaries, I cannot refrain, friends cannot defend it. By the however, from offering one more re 1 church of England, the principle of mark upon the inconsistency and persecution is abhorred; by the intolerauce of our opponents in jus church of Ro:ne it is acknowledged; tifying their resistance to our claims, and although by her advocates it The anticipated fall of the establish-may be kept out of sight, to suit the ed church, in consequence of the convenience of the moinent, yet alarming growth of Deistical Infi. never has the principle been abandelity, is deemed a grievous crime dumed, or its practice forgotten.". in a catholic clergynan; yet pro- lo my next I shall undertake locontestant controvertists bave been verytrovert the kind assertion of these profuse in their predictions of the gentlemen, and prove that in the ato downfall of popery. To doubt the tempt to establish their positions, duration of the established church they have only been guilty of its e is an offence sufficient to exclude Fosterian practice of garbling and çatholics from participating in the suppressing the context of annotat privileges of the constitution ; yet tions to suit their base purposes, and that the principles they endeavour , only to beg that the reverend author to fix upon us are equally as appli. I will favour me with his reply as cable to themselves.


| early in the mouth as possible.

| Equally desirous that the important EIPOSITION OF THE THIRTY-NINE subjects on wbich catholies differ ARTICLES. - A work has been ree from their protestant brethren cently published, under the title of should undergo a free examination, A Familiar and Practical Expo- upin equitable and impartial terms, sition of the Thirty-nine Articles of my pages will always be open to Religion of the United Church of any remarks that may be offered in England and Ireland. By the opposition to my own opinions or Rev. Ä. C. O'Dannoghue, A. M. those of my correspondents, it writof St. John's college, Cambridge: I leo with the spirit of sincerity, and Domestic Chuplain to the Right and a tbirst after truth. .. :: Hon. Lord Viscount Mount Earl,"

WM. EUSEBIUS ANDREWS. a copy of which has been sent me | Somer's-Town, Oct. 25, 1817. by the reverend author, accompanied with a very polite and flattering for the Orthodox Journal. ... letter, for which I request he will . accept my best thanks. The author' N Goreng In The Curious therein begs leave to submit his line

s newspaper of the 1st of October, work to my serious perusal, and !

!1817, is a curious document, and pf candidly acknowledging that he diri fers widely from me “ on many,

some importance, if it be authentic; grave poiais both of theology and

any I mean an address from the British political economy,”

catholic board to the pope, on a

expresses a ie wish to see the points upon which

subject which, if founded in truthy we differ temperately discussed,"and

dit would, per haps, be more prudeat zhat he should « bail any discussion

to conceal than publish. Every of the subjects alluded to, which

body has heard of the Protestinga may be conducied in a temperate

Catholic - Dissenting Commillee; and candid spirit;" and concludes

| but, sir, who could believe, if it by assuring me, that if I can "re.

were not evident from a similarity of fute any of its arguments, or dis- | politics and conduct, that it is reprove any of its statements, he shall | vived; and that the board, like an deem it his bounden duty to retract ill-omened phenix, has arisen of the the guilty passage." As I shall I ashes of the aforesaid committee ! never shrink from defending the The board, more modest in appear. true principles of my religion. so. in ance than the committee, who failed contending with a gentleman, my

in their wishes of choosing a prede. desire is to conduct the discussion

cessor to Dr. Poynter, are neverthewith temperance and candour, I

less determined to be meddling with have not had leisure yet to bestow | ecclesiastical affairs, and to elect a a serious attention on the labours of bishop at least ex post facto. They Mr. O'Donnoghue, but from what have given a splendid certificate, 004 I have seen it appears to me to be der their signatures, as due judges. rather intended for a deforination of of the various episcopal qualifica the civil and religious principles of tions of Dr. P. But it is creditable catholics, than an exposition of for his lordship that he needs not the thirty-nine articles of the esta- such attestations, as it is to be hoped blished church. Next month, how that bis character in the christian ever, I will endeavour to point out metropolis stands too high to be in an inaccuracy or two, and I have jured by them, I say to be injured by, them; for, ‘in my opinion, the,, thing enough. But upon hisexpulsion board could not have hit on a plan they became daily bolder, and, at more calculated than this address is | last succeeded (for, alas! they are in itself to render his lordship rather the tools employed by our bitterest suspected at Rome. After having enemies) in putting'an insurmountathus dutifully advised his holiness. | ble obstacle to the emancipation of the board, if they shall fancy that the Irish by effecting a fatal dis.' Dr. P. has been shielded by their union among them. The three reprotection, may be expected, in the spectable personages above alluded spirit of the bill of 1813, to tell their to, are by no meaus answerable for bishop'what clergymao in his dis the practices of the board. If retrict should be removed or silenced. I port speaks the truth, they have Pray, Mr Editor, how can these

netér attended any of the meetings gentlemen be entitled or duly quali

since the indignity offered to their tied to advise his holiness in a spiri.

colleague. It is said only that the tual matter, all the circumstances of vicar general of one of them was which can be known only to him

wheedled into the cellar in Lincoln's self and his counsellors? And how

Inn, January 31, 1816, on an assurdutiful it is to threaten his holi

ance from the grand master of the ness with the blame of the fail,

lodge, that a certain question should

7 not come forward. Behold, that ure of emancipation, if their ad. vice is not listened to.

.very question was the most mate:

I believe that the emancipation of 1813, which

rial part of the discussions, (See has been condemned by the pope in

Orthodox Journal for February, the most essential articles, would ne

1816, p. 72.) Let the board, Mr.

| Editor, only go on as it is now dom ver have been attempted but through the intrigues of the board. It is ob

ing, and you may congratulate the servable in the present address, that

catholic public that there is not s6' they tell the pope they do not be

much danger to be apprehended lieve one word of the report which

from them; yet it is to be lamented has excited their greatest alarm! No

that half a dozen individuals should

act apparently under the counte candid or reflecting man, Mr. Edi-na tor, will ascribe any share of this

Inance of so many respectable per transaction to Dr. P.

sons among our catholic nobility

It is plain, I and gentry. If the board were in that if the address has been really fact, supported by all thatisrespecte sent to Rome, (and is not a politi-able in the British catholic body: cal maneuvre, as I strongly suspect and not merely tolerated for peace is the case, to gain a little credit with

sake, it would be incredible that the public, and perhaps money, for their meetings should be permitted to i yiog to the defence of a bishop so resemble those of a club or benefit much respected and beloved), it society, instead of being public, and must bave gone without his lordship's accessible to all that would have a kuowledge : he is too well acquaint, rational claim of witnessing their des ed with Rome to suffer it, unless he liberations and proceedings. Evet is playing a deeper game with the their acts and resolves concerning board, and getting rid of them, as (as they pretend) the whole body of it is reported he has wisely diseno his majesty's British cathotic subu tangled bimself from their leader. jects, are circulated for private use : Hæd Dr. Milger been supported by For private use, truly, Mr. Editor, only three certain personages in the there is more meaning in his phrase English catholic body, the board than they are perbaps aware of them might have been kept an innocent selves; it is an unconscious confesORTHOD. JOUR. Vol. V.

8 E

sion that they do not represent the sion, but they do not understand by British catholics. And will catholics it " a' bare permission, 'but such as be so silly in ibis state of things as to hath joined with it a most wise and answer their new call for more money powerful bounding, and otherwise, when they are not so much as allowed ordering.(Confession of Faith, to know what is going on?' I hope, c. v. No. 4.) “God froni all eternithat whenever they establish affiliat-ty,” say they, "has, for his own gloed societies for their private use, ry, unchangeably fore-ordained whatthese will be universally counteract-soever cometh to pass in time." (Larg. ed by others on more constitutional Cat. L. 12.) “ In relation to the principles for the public good, and fore-knowledge of God, all things in unison with our fellow-catholics in come to pass immutably and infalliIreland. I am, sir, your humble | bly."-(Confession of Faith, ć. V, servant, .. A CATHOLIC. No.2.) According to this doctrine, October 21, 1817.

whatsoever happens in this world, whe

sther good or evil, happens by necese For the Orthodox Journal. sity; not indeed by a necessity of

nature, or what the pagans called On recommencing the sketch of fate, but by a necessity arising from Calvinistic doctrine, it may be ne-God's decree, which depends upon cessary to inform the reader that the no condition or supposition without sources from which the statements hiniself; and it is not in the power of are borrowed are, 1st.--"The Con. any man' to prevent it. We say fession of Faith" of the Church of usually, such a man ruined himself Scotland, and “The Larger and by his extravagance; another, through Shorter Catechisms” of the same carelessness, set fire to his hoase; church. 2d. From an Explanation another being intoxicated, fell and of the Shorter Catechism, common. broke lris leg ; 'another again was Jy known by the name of Fisher's hanged for having stolen his neighCatechism. In the references, the bour's property; in all these cases first numeral figure stands for the we blame the rashness, imprudence, question of the Shorter Catechism, or perversity of the sufferers, and be. and the second for the question in lieve tbat if they had been wiser, if the Explanation.

they had taken such and such preNECESSITY.....,, cautions, they would have prevented It is, and has always been the ge- these misfortunes. But in the prinperal belief of christians, that, under ciples of the calvinists, none of those the wise government of God's provi- | men can be blained for what has hapo' dence, tbere are things that happenpened. W. It was to be so; it was by his absolute will and command: decreed.” ! Not only the event itself others which he only suffers to was decreed, but the rashness, the take place, being the effect of the extravagance, the injustice which malice and ignorance of inen. These | brought on those events were delatter are said to happen by God's creed. How then could they be preperniission." Indeed, to pretend vented ? It is not the determiuation that God commands by his decree of man, but “the decree of God," what he forbids by his law, is equal-/ which is the real reason why any ly absurd and impious. But the cal-thing' comes to pass." When any vinists do not admit of this distinc- misfortune happens through the igo tion between what God permits and norance, forgetfulness,' neglect, or what he commands. They some. | wilful malice of a person, those cirtines, indeed, use the word permis | cumstances leading to the event are

said by the calvinists to have been drunkard, of that duelist, upon the stated in the decree with the event it- foresight of their own determination self;, consequently must come 10 to drink or to fight; he has decreed pass by absolute necessity.

it independently of that foresight, · There are events that are called because it was his absolute will that casual,being produced by a concourse they should die at that precise mo, of circumstances unforeseen, or be- ment; and in order to execute his cause the connection of those cir- | decree, he decreed at the same cunstances with the event is not per- time "every particular circum, ceived, for which reason also they stance of their death, the intoxicaare said to happen by chance.--. tion of the one, the quarrel and duel Among those casualties some are the of the other, and this again, not by effect of the free determination of " a bare permission,” or upon the men; and when accompanied with foresight of their own wicked dispoany criminal circumstance, they are sition, but absolutely their own wick, laid at the door of the sinner, not ofed disposition being itself the effect God; but the calvinists, without of God's absolute decree. In short, any distinction, ascribe all sorts of be decreed their death, and every casual events to the positive com- thing ihat led to it; and when the mand of God. " Are things that time for the execution of his deeree are casual or accidental positively de- came, he himself gave à beiug to creed?—Yes. (Q.7.9. 22.) Not what he had decreed. “What is it merely permitted, but positively for God to execute his decrees?" decreed;" therefore nu imprudence, They answer." It is to bring them no oversight, no blunder,, no acci- to pass, or give an actual being in dent, can be prevented. Whatsoever time, to what he proposed from etercomes to pass in time has been de- nity."- Q. 8. 9. 1. Under the irrecreed from all eternity ; and the desistible efficacy of God's decree, cree depends upon no supposition or man iherefore can no more prevent çoudition without God. At mistakes, guard against imprudence,

Scripture inforips us, that the days or subdue their unruly passions, of a man may be shortened, either when God has determined to make by his own imprudence or by a just them meuns for the execution of his puoishment of God. “ Bloody and will, than they can rob him of his deceitful men shall not live out half omnipotence. their days.—Ps. lv. 23. " The STATE OF PROBATION.... years of the wicked shall be shorten- It was always understood, till the ed.—Prov. x. 17. : Consequently, days of Calvin, that man, during when we see a man waste his constitu- this present life, is in a state of protion by drinking, or lose his life in a bation ; thạt we are all running in a duel, we blame bis folly, and accuse ruce for the promised prize ; and ac. him of having shortened his life, and cordingly exhorted on to run, that we of being the cause of his death. But may obtaio it. -1 Cor. ix. 2+, That in the calvinists' doctšine, a mian two roads and two gates are opened never shortens his life. "The de before us, the one wide, that leadetk cree of God,” say they, " has im | to destruction,' the other narrow, moveably fixed the precise moment which leadeth to life.; and that in of every one's life and death, with consequence we are commanded to every particular circumstance there-enter, in at the strait gate.--Matth, of," Q. 7. q. 23. The decree is vii. 13, 14. That whatsoever a man absolute. God has not ordered the soweth, that he shall also reap. precise moment of the death of that Gal. vi. 7. In short, that God is no

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