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length agreed to by the commons, 1 lération, which is more than can be in which they represented to his said of the evangelical reformers majesty that those officers could not, and demagogues of that or the preby law, be capable of employments, sent age. But James, in pursuing and that the incapacities they were his wish to establish liberty of conplaced under could in no way be science, so honourable to the feeltaken off but by an act of parlia. ings of a British sovereigo, so conment. Therefore, out of reverence genial to the spirit of christianity, and duty to him, they offered to and so necessary to the happiness of prepare a bill, for his royal assent, a free people, assumed a power into indemnify those who had incur-compatible with the principles of red penalties by not qualifying them- the constitution, aud proceeded to selves agreeable to the statutes, but grant a general indulgence to his at the same time they entreated the people to break the statute law of king to dispense with their future ser- the land, and to absolve them of his vices, that all jealousies might; be own royal authority from all the removed from the hearts of his ma- penalties thereby incorred. This jesty's loyal protestant subjects.- assumption of power was set forth These sentiments did not please the in the following words, taken from king, and two days after he pro- the before-mentioned proclamation rogued the parliament, which never for liberty of conscience, which was sat again, it being subsequently dis- | re-issued in 1688:-“ And as he solved. Following the practice of (the king) is desirous to have the his predecessors, since the church benefit of the service of all his subbecame united with the state, James jects, which by the law of nature continued to dispense, and in some is inseparably annexed, and inherent cases to suspend the operation of the to his royal person; and that none laws, until his protestant subjects of his subjects may be, for the fu. thought proper to dispense with their ture, under any discouragement or oaths of allegiance, and his regal | disability, who are otherwise . well services. By most writers, whether inclined, and fit to serve him, by political or historical, this unfortu. | reason of some oaths, or tests, that nate monarch is branded as a tyragt hare usually been administered on and a bigot. That many of the such occasions: he hereby further measures of James's reign savoured declares, that it is his will and pleaof despotism and cruelty it must be sure that the oaths of supremacy confessed; but these were the acts and allegiance, and the several tests of his ministers, particularly the and declaratious mentioned in the harbarities of the protestant judge acts of parliament made the 25th Jeffries and colonel Kirk, as we and 30th year of his brother's reign, have it from the king's own mouth, shall not hereafter be required to be that he did not know of the pro- taken, declared, or subscribed by ceedings of these mercenaries until any persons whatsoever, who are, it was too late to prevent them. or shall be employed in office, or That he was not an intolerant bigot, place of trust, civil or military, his proclamation issued on the 4th of under him, or his government. April, 1687, granting to every Bri- And it is his intention, from time to tish subject entire freedom to follow time hereafter, to grant his royal that mode of worship which con- dispensations to all his subjects to science should dictate, is a demon. be employed, who shall not take the strative proof, and clearly shews said oaths, or subscribe or make the that he was a friend to religious-to-, said tests and declarations. Audbe i

does hereby give his free and ample generals were directed to enter into pardon to all non-conformists, renegociations with the arined Irish,

and by the treaty of Limerick the all crimes and things by them com- catholics of that country were allowmitted or done, contrary to the pe ed the free exercise of their religion, pal laws, formerly made relating to and all the privileges granted to the religion, and the profession and ex. most favoured subjects. Catholics ercise thereof." This conduct of are accused of not keeping faith with James was most undoubtedly illegal heretics ; the practise of it, however, and contrary to the principles of the seems confined to their protestant British constitution, but it cannot accusers. Although the treaty afore. be deemed tyrannical, with any de- said received the sanction of the gree of candour or justice; he, how great seal of England, not 'two ever, paid dearly for presuming to months had passed over before it was dispense with the laws, as the loss of infringed and shamefully violated in his throne was the price of his folly. the face of the Irish nation. Nor The people were too much in dread was this all; the English parliament of popery to entertain the same li (now exclusively protestant) was beral sentiments exhibited in the not content with absolving the so. declaration of James, they there vereign from his engagements, confore withdrew their attachment to trary to his wishes, but it usurped him, and he withdrew himself from the right of legislating for Ireland, the country.

at that time an independent kinga

dom, and in the year 1691, passed DISPENSATIONS GRANTED BY PAR- | an act to alter its laws upon the LIAMENT.

most essential and fundamental This important event formed a rights of the subject, by excluding new epoch in the annals of the coun-Román catholics, who then compostry. The nation being left without ed the decided majority of the naao executive, the crown was confer- tion, from a seat in either house of red on the eldest daughter of James parliament. From this time the caand her Dutch husband. In doing tholics were shut out of the senate, this, a declaration of rights was and from the field of politics ; laws submitted on the part of the people, were made, and offices were occuand agreed to on that of the new pied wholly by protestants, and sovereign, in which it was declared, lest the statutes already enacted to that the pretended power of suspend- i prevent the growth of popery should ing or dispensing with the laws, be considered by some of the antiby regal authority, without consent papal alarmists still insufficient for of parliament, is illegal. This “glo the purpose, further galling ones rious" revolution, as it is termed, were added to the bloody catalogue, was compassed without bloodshed to harass and ruin those who pero in Eugland, but in Ireland matters sisted in professing the ancient faith, did not proceed so smoothly. A while the principles of toleration strong resistance was made by the were called into action in favour of Irish to the claims of the new mon- of protestant dissenters from the arch, William III. and several san establishment. Thus, for more than guipary conflicts in the field were a century, the entire management of occasioned thereby. The warlike the kingdom has been confined to state of the continent at this time the protestant part of the communi.

rendering it inconvenient to send ty, who have multiplied its laws in - Supplies to Ireland, -the English a ten-fold degree ; but, let me ask, ORTAOD. JOUR, VOL Y.

2Q

is the ecclesiastical establishment ( they therefore advocate and support more secure, the political constitu- | proscriptive and despotio laws, such tion less defiled, or the people in a as no other country, however arbistate of greater happiness at this trary, ever decreed, under pretext period, than when catholics and pro. of securing what they never possesstestants composed the senate, or the ed in reality, civil freedom, contentformer constituted the entire na-ing themslves with its shadow. So tion ? Every candid man must ad. pure in their mode of worship, and mit that the present times bear a so charitable and liberal in their great analogy to the days of the opinions, they condemn their cathoStuarts, as to political discontent lic neighbours for holding the docand religious frenzy; and if we trine of exclusive salvation; yet look to the reasonings of our parlia- | scruple not to call the Eternal Wismentary reformers, the enviable state dom to witness their own upchrisof the constitution under our ca- tian feelings in consigning the greattholic ancestors ought to raise a blush est part of christendom to the burn. of shame at its present vitiated condi. (ing torments of hell as idolaters, in tion in the cheeks of those who have order to qualify themselves for a now the exclusive care of it. Not- seat in parliament, or an office under withstanding the sacramental test, the crown. So exact in principle, and abjaration of and declaration and so correct in conduct, they reagainst popery, still continue to be proach catholics with holding the thought the pillars of the constitu- impious tenets of granting indulgtion and the bulwark of the esta- ences and pardons for leave to comblished church, we see the latter mit sin, and follow the practice of it surrounded with a multitude of sec- themselves. Thus, but few years taries, all setting the doctrine of her had transpired after the passing of thirty-nine articles at nought, and the test act, before it was found that her existence threatened by the mad many persons had got into office extension of bible-societies; we be without qualifying themselves under hold the most important privileges it, and unless some method was de of the former suspended, under the vised to screen them from the penalalleged ground of preserving it entire ties of the crime committed, their from the innovations of seditious services must be dispersed with, and and restless demagogues; and we the places given up. As the violaexperience, in common with our fel- | tors of the law iv this instance, howe low-subjects, the heavy pressure of ever, were not catholics, an act was an overwhelming system of taxation, passed in the year 1700, (about a an increase of pauperism, and a des twelvemonth before the death of crease of national happiness and don | William III. who held the crown mestic comforts. Yet, amidst all under the bill of rights, which dethese evils, brought upon us by pro- clared against the dispensing power, testant administration, the cry but which it appears had been against popery is not the least abat-, privately exercised) indemnifying, ed, aod the press is as actively em- or absolving from all penalties, such ployed in the propagation of calum- | persons holding places as had refus. nies and falsehoods, as in the most ed or neglected to take the test, and. bigotted and furious days of puri. allowing tbem a further time to do tanism and evangelical intolerance. it. Io the year following, a similar So tenacious of liberty themselves, absolution or indulgence bill passed, the bigots are continually alarmed at allowing all defaulters to continue to the slavish doctrines of popery, and transgress against the law of the

land until the month of August, | ASTONISHING INSTANCE OF PROTEST 1703. Soon after, two other bills ANT LIBERALITY AND VISDOM. passed, the first allowing three Thé extreme length of the forego. months, and the second six months, ing articles I am fearful has tired to persons appointed to offices before the patience of the reader, but the they are required to take the test. detail is essentially necessary, for Since this these acts of indulgence | the purpose of elucidating one of were frequently passed, and during the most profounded acts of legisla. the last half century not a single tion upon record, which lately passsession has beer held, without a law ed the two houses of parliament, and being enacted to absolve all such received the royal assent without a transgressors, at the same time ap- / single observation. But if it glided pointing a period within which they through all its stages in the womb of were to comply with this essential wisdom in secrecy and silence, the duty; but care has always been birth of this grand production of taken, before the period expires to ministerial sagacity created no small renew the indulgences, so that a per- degree of exultation among the wri. son may remain his whole life in ters of the protestant press, it having an open violation of the statute law received the united praises of the in of the land, by this annual grant of and out faction, as a laudable meaparliamentary absolutions. Thus we sure of conciliation and liberality. see a regular system of indulgences The instrument itself is entitled " An established by protestant legisla act to regulate the administration tors, under which, transgressions of oaths, in certain cases, to officers against the statute law are tolerated, in his majesty's land and sea forces. ** and bills of absolution or indemnity Before, however, I enter into its passed to protect the offender from claim for public approbation, I shall the punishment denounced against lay before the reader the sentiments him; and shall the catholic be of our protestant scribblers on this still reproached with the danger great subject, which precedency is and impiety of papal indulgences, due to their superior abilities over which he knows full well can. the ignorant and unenlightened panot authorize him to commit sin, pist. The first notice, and I am or grant him licence to break the apprehensive a very portentous one laws of God, his church, or his too, of the passing of this act, was country? What gross inconsisten given in The Globe, or British Press, cy and injustice must it be to revile of the 9th July, in the following and accuse individuals wrongfully words: of that which we commit ourselves; “In reporting sir J. C. Hippisley's yet such is the conduct of those who speech, we omitted to state, that in speak bring this charge against catholics.

ing of concessions to Roman catholias, he

noticed a bill which ought to be accepted as Let the candid reader compare the no inconsiderable boon, and which had pass. moral conduct of the accused with ed the two houses of pariiament this ses. that of the accuser, and however sion. By this bill cacholics are released, dangerous his religious or political

| both in the army and navy, from taking

'any disqualifying oaths on receiving comprinciples may be represented, I am missions, and the annual act of indemnity confident the rigid catholic will be 1 exempts them from the penalties of omit. found as'much attached to the gesting them after being commissioned.”:, puine spirit of the British constitu- On the following day, (the 10th)

tion and civil freedom as any the The Morning Chronicle contained · most enlightened protestant in the the subjoined observations. kiugdom.

| “ We have no doubt but that the libera

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part of the community will be surprized, / gazette of the present cabinet, who as well as rejoiced, to learn that a bill bas

accordingly replied, in his paper of passed both houses of parliament, which completely does away and removes the

the same evening, in the following most obnoxious incapacities that stood in terms: the way of our Roman catholic fellow "The Morning Chronicle of this day, subjects. A bill, similar in substance and makes some observations on a bill which effect to that, on the pretence of which the has lately passed, and a copy of wbich it administration of lord Grønville and bord

professes to give : our readers will howGrey was pot an end to, has passed through

end to, has passed through ever see, by a súbjoined literal copy, in both houses almost sub silentio; and what which we have printed in italics a pararenders the circumstance more singular is, graph which The Chronicle has thought fit that it was first introduced into the house to amit, that it has misrepresented the of lords by one of the regent's ministers, measure itself. and that it went through all its stages in the " It is entitled-An act to regulate Hearing of a ful! bench of bishops! It is

the administration of baths in certain entitled-[Here follows a copy of the bill,

cases to officers in his majesty's land which see below.) By the provisions of

and sea forces. Whereas by certain acts this bill the great obstacle to the entry of

passed in the reigns of his majesty's Roman catholics into the army and navy,

royal predecessors, it was provided, that and to their advancement to the highest

officers in bis majesty's rayal pavy, and rank in the service, is completely and wise officers in his majesty's army shall take ly withdrawn. They are not to be called

certain oaths, and make and subscribe cer.' on to take the oaths before entering the

tain declarations, before they shall enter army or navy; and we need not tell our

upon the offices or places of trust to which constitutional readers, that after they have

| they may be appointed ; and whereas entered the service, all further obligations doubts have been entertained whether the of taking the oaths, or the sacrament, is

provisions of the said acts are still in force done away by the annual act of indemnity

in that behalf :---And whereas the practice which is passed at the beginning of each

of taking the said oaths, and making and session. All religious distinction, there

subscribing the said declarations, by officers fore, is removed as to the military and naval

previous to their receiving commissions in service ;-and there can be in future no ob

his majesty's army, hath been long disus. stacle to a Roman catholic rising to the

ed: Ånd whereas it is expedient to remove command of an army, or to be lord high

such doubts, and to assimilate the practice of admiral of England, if that office should

the two services: Be it therefore enacted cease to be in commission. We highly ap

by the king's most excellent majesty, by plaud the wisdom and liberality of this act

and with the advice and consent of the of grace, but we cannot help remarking lords spiritual and temporal and cominoni, as a curiosity, that the measure should

in this present parliament assembled, and originate with the very ministers who owe

by the authority of the same, that from their places to the endeavour made by their

and after the passing of this act, it shall predecessors to obtain the same boon for

and may be lawful to and for his majesty's their fellow-subjects. That all the bishops

principal secretaries of state, the lord high should have countenanced the bill is also

admiral of the united kingdom of Great truly creditable to their sense of justice,

Britain and Ireland, or the commissioners though, after the misrepresentation of the

for executing the office of lord high admi. language of the truly liberal-minded bishop

ral aforesaid, the commander in chief of of Norwich (a misrepresentation, by the

his majesty's land forces, the master-genes bye, which we shall feel it to be our duty

ral of the ordinance, and the secretary at to correct,) we own we were not prepared

war for the time being, respectively, or any to look for. The bill will have the further

persons thereunto lawfully authorized, to good effect of doing away one topic of die

deliver commissions or warrants to any vision among us ; for, after this, at no ge

officer or officers in his majesty's royal neral election, and in no county, can the present ministers presume to revive the cry

navy, land forces, or royal marines, with of No-Popery !”

out previously requiring such officer or

officers to take the said oaths, or make • This allusion of the whig organ and subscribe the said declarations ; to the unsuccessful attempt of the

any thing in any act or acts contained to

the contrary thereof in any wise notwithGrenville administration to amelio

standing. Provided always, That nothing rate the situation of the catholics, herein contained shall extend, or be conproved highly offensive to the editor | strued to extend, to any oaths required by of the Courier the domi nioil any act or acts now in force tu be taken,

or to any declarations thereby required to

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