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those charges cảnte considered the real | d'armes and constables. Immediately,
ground for the proceerling For, as to on his retiring, he wrote to the gover--
the three first, they are colourable pre- nor, stating the bad faith with which
tences. These charges are of fifteen or he had been treated, and protesting as
sixteen months standing, and, long after the delegate of the Irish people, as an
they were maile, he had his audience of ecclesiastic, and as a British subject,
leave with the pope, and was very gra- against the violation of rights about
ciously received, which could not have to be committed in his person. In this
been the case if they had any founda situation he lies at present, refusing to
tion in ruth, or were, at all, seriously ask any favour from the government
considered. He, of course, refused to of Rome, and only waiting for his con
receive charges given in this general | valescence to be carried into banish..
way, and which, being to be written onment by an armed force. He deserves
his pasport, he would be obliged to great praise for the propriety and firm
show in every great town he had to pass. ness with which he has conducted him.
The governor then promised him a self throughout this affair, which re-
free passport, provided he consented to | fects indelible disgrace upon the Ro-
go away voluntarily. He asked, it he man government. But if he has been
refused to do so, whether force would treated with icdignity--if he be cast
not be employed? He was answered, out as a culprit, without any claim to
that it ceriainly would. Every thing respect or decency; if, in his person,
was accordingly arranged, his place the whole of the Irish 'nation has been
taken with the courier, &c. when he insulted, has not your association jus-
found tha: the passport intended for cified the proceeding, by setting the ex-
him was not free, as had been promised, ample! I have thus far endeavoured
but a passport of banishment, contain- to give you a faithful account of this
ing a clause, that when shown in any proceeding.--You see, that the charges
town between this and the straits of vipon which it is supported are merely
Calai , would deprive him of a resting | ostensible, but that ihe real ground is
place, and force him into England to kept out of view. There is proof that
fiad, perhaps a prisou, under the sus it has had its origin wiih English agen.
pension of the 'Habeas Corpus act. (cy, so much the letters me: tioned be-
This breach of faith was followed by fore had led us to believe; this has been
sending constables after him at two reudered certain by the subsequent
o'clock on Saturday, and by surround: conduct of Ompteda and Park, and
ing his convent, where he had an asy- that it is connected with some uew and
lum, on the same evening, by the offi- ominous arrangement between Gon-
cers of the police. This was a second salvi and Castlereagh is clear, from the
breach of faith, for, observe, it was order of banishment having been issued
stipulated that he was to be free till immediately after the assumpion by
twelve o'clock on Saturday night, the the former of the exclusive managea
time appointed for the departure of the ment of Irishi ecclesiastical affairs. The
courier. Such a passport he at once two courts are now, it seems, deter-
determined not to take. In fact, it mined to proceed, without admitting of
bad occurred to his mind, that he might any interference upon our part; and
compromise his country were he to give you may expect to hear, perhaps, of a
any colour for saying, that he in any bill sanctioning all the pretensions of
way consented to the proceeding taken government, and going as far, at least,
against him; and, finding himself freed as Rome, and the vetoists, have brought
by the subsequent conduct of the gover them to believe they may proceed
nor, from any thing that, on his part, without the violation of conscience; a
might possibly bear such a construction, sanction which is all that English
he determined to submit only to force. statesmen have sought, as a plea to
He accordingly shut himself up in his Europe against the charge of persecu-
con vent, where he remained undistu:bo | tion, on acount of religion. But, as
ed, until Thursday morning last, at to emancipation, for which our fools
two o'clock, when the asylum was vio. | were ready to bid so high, I think the
lated by scaling the walls, and his room greatest simpleton must now see the
occupied, as I have said, by gens absurdity of hoping for it under present
OB1H0D. Jova. Vol. V.

20

.. circumstances. Adieu, my dear friend: { for conciliation; but he had also

amidst the gloom with which we are concurred in sacrificing the delegate surrounded, I still mást hope the same of the catholics of Ireland, the reProvidence which has led the faithful

verend Mr. Hayes-who might, perpeople of Ireland through so many persecutions and sufferings, will continue

haps, have been indiscreet in some of to protect and guide them. Before his expressions, but was certainly closing this letter, which has met with faithful, zealous, persevering, and many interruptions, I am happy to say intelligent-who had acquitted him-' that Mr. Hayes is pronounced out of self of a perilous duty with courage danger. * * * * * * *

and constancy, and who would pro. I am now much better, and shall leave

| bably have succeeded in crushing this is eight or ten days, when, I think Mr. Hayes will be also off. Count the veto for every

the veto for ever, if be had not M'Gauley has hastened his departure been abandoned, out of an absurd on account of what has taken place, so complacency to incurable vetoists and that the English and vetoistical agents corrupt retainers of an hostile ad. will remain masters of the field. Be. ministration. The fact is, he said, lieve me your attached friend."

that the catholics of Ireland are in

volved in a most dangerous predica. On the Saturday succeeding the ment. The parliament has refused publication of this highly important to grant us any thing upon any document, the board of Irish catho

terms; veto, or ne veto. They lics, which had been re-appointed would not concede any thing. Ara at the late aggregate meeting, held rangements and securities were out its first sitting at the new board of the case. They made no differroom, No. 17, in Fownes's-street, l ence. Our petition was rejected Dublin, when James M-Kenna, esq.

upon grounds totally independent of was called to the chair. Immediate any question of this description.ly on the chair being taken, Mr. It was a dismiss on the merits, and O'Connell rose, and addressed the in its pature was intended to be per.. meeting in an animated speech of petual and unqualified. Henee, considerable length. He began by some persons argued, that the go. expressing his regret at some of the vernment was careless 'respecting the measures which had been resorted to veto; but, what was the fact? The in order to procure unanimity. He damping fact was, that amidst this feared principle had been sacrificed

apparent indifference, the agents of in the main attempt to reconcile the the British ministry at Roine had corrupt, to animate the timid, and suceessfully resisted every plan of stimulate the torpid. For his own domestic nomination ; had procured part he had read the letter from Dr. the expulsion of the Irish catholic Dromgoole, which had been just delegate, and were now arranging published in the newspapers, with the yeto with the aid of the profligate poignant sorrow. He now, when it and corrupt cardinal Gonsalvi, and was too late, saw that the wavering | bis lay-tribunal. Yes, this was plairimpolicy of the catholic association ly the situation of catholic affairs. had thrown away the opportunity of The ministers will give us nothing, having domestic nomination esta- and they will take all. They will blished, and thereby of rescuing the leave the catholic people in slavery; catholic church from the imminent and they will at the same time pro• danger of vetoistical arrangements. cure from the court of Rome the He had cheerfully sacrificed intem-control of the catholic bishops. perance and extraneous topics, and The seceders, some of them, he every matter of form, in his desire made no doubt, duped by the prime. agent of corruption, came forward | scouted our humble petition from with a proposal to abandon all sub-) parliament, were weary of seeking jects of an ecclesiastical nature; at to undermine our religion, and what a moment when they must have remaioed of our liberties? If any known of the intrigues of Park, and 1 were so credulous they may remain Ompteda at Rome, they proffered torpid; but, every man who took conciliation on the terms of gagging his predictions of the future, from his the people with respect to their dears knowledge of the past, would consiest interests. But, were these gen der differently, and make, at least, tlemen themselves, silent on this one effort more to stem the nefarious subject, when they meet in their system which sought to continue our own divan? were they so abstract | civil servitude, and to embitter it by ed from ecclesiastical affairs ? Quite the degradation of our national the contrary. When they met in character, i tim their close divan, they caused Mr. These were not vain or idle fears; Bellew to prepare a petition, in every moment served to develope which all ecclesiastical arrangements the progress of this conspiracy. The were mentioned and offered. Were agency of Park at Rome was at first our professed enemies silent on the ineffectual, although Gonsalvi had subject ? Enquire of the eternal accepted 11,000 seguins from one of busybody with little talent, but with the Bentincks. Ompteda was sent considerable malignity to the catho- to reinforce Park; where he has lics-Cox Hippisley Enquire of exerted himself to procure a form the court of Rome, and of the bri. of mandate or bull to ordain the veto, bery and corruption preached there which the Genoese letter had only by Park, Ompteda, and Gonsalvi. I permitted. In this country also, He said he spoke this in the bitter- the intrigue was kept on foot. The pess of sorrow. He had many com seceders, who perceived the anxmunications made to him which left iety of the popular party for conno doubt on his mind, that a conspi- ciliation, proposed an union if we racy to carry the veto, and, if neces. were silent on ecclesiastical affairs. sary, to re-enact the penal code The object was now but too plain; against all who should not submit to our bishops appear weary with op-it, was in active progress. He did position; the catholic laity were to not say this lightly, but upon docu- be silenced; the Roman intrigue ments which could not fail to leave was going on; our present degrada. this conviction deeply impressed on tion was to be rendered perpetual, his mind.

and the nomination of our bishops He said his first and his most che was to be vested in the crown. rished ambition was to be useful to Unless the clergy and laity of cathothe catholics of Ireland; and he lic Ireland now, arouse, this plan never could, he feared, regain such will be carried into effect. Every a station of utility as might' have arrangement is nearly complete for been held before their desertion of its execution. · · Perceval boasted the reverend Mr. Hayes had ena. that the catholics filled the army bled Gonsalvi to procure his exile and navy without his being under from Rome. The stage was now the necessity of acceding to emanci clear for English intrigue there, and tion. Lord Castlereagh will next could the catholics of Ireland be sessions be able to make a similar sensible to two centuries of religi- boast with respect to the vete, ous-persecution, and foolishly ima- unless a powerful and combined gine, that the bigots who had lately effort be now made by all that 18

malos honest, faithful, and sincere of threatened persecution, he would in the catholic body.

propose such measures as seemed to He could not avoid being greatly him most likely to counteract the alarmed at the venality of some of designs of the corrupt amongst the the upper classes of the catholic catholics, and the genuine bigots body. He thought the influence of amongst their enemies He then secret service money might easily be moved that a sub-committe ve aptraced amongst them, but, he was pointed to prepare a respectful letter quite sure there was one of them to the prelates, and an address to who would readily be acquitted of the second order of the clergy, on any participation in the guilt of even the present state of catholic affairs ; knowing of the baseness of others. and also a letter of complaint and He alluded to the earl of Fingal.-remonstrance to the see of Rome, on The publie might judge of the anx. the indignity offered their delegate, iety of the government to crush the These propositions were agreed to. independence of the catholic prelacy in Ireland, when they reflected The following is a copy of the adthat for one speech of no great talent dress to the second order of the cleragainst the bishops, counsellor Belogy, adopted by the board : lew received a pension of £150 per "The general board of the catholics annum, from the highly envenomed of Ireland deem i! an imperative duty and orange administration of the

to adilress their revered pastors on the

present most awful aspeci of the cathoduke of Richmond. The existence ;

| lic affairs in this country. of this pension some persons had the “The delegate of the caiholic laity consummate effrontery to deny, but l of Ireland has lately been expelled from it was placed beyond any doubt by a Rome. It is true that he did not and Teference to the parliamentary papers

could not claim any authority or mission of this session. By looking at the

from any part of the ecclesiastical body; paper numbered 306, ordered by the

but he was the chosen representative of

the most constant, faithful, and attach-' House of commons, by a vote on the

| ed portion of the catholic laity in the 3d of June, 1817, to be printed, and entitled An Account of all Pensions | “This expulsion has been produced granted in Ireland since the 5th of by the intrigues of the unrelenting eneDecember, 1810, with the dates mies of our religion and country. Their thereof; at page 2 of that printed

| emissaries remain at present in the ul

| controlled and unchecked possession of paper, the eighteenth name from

those mercenary statesmen of the court the top, would be found, under

| of Rome, who are ready to sell the indate 15th of June, 1813, William heritance of the Lord for a mess of pot• Bellew, esq. £150 per annum. It tage, was on the 29th of the preceeding

To increase the alarm felt by the . month that he earned this pension,

catholic people of Ireland, it has been by censuring the bishops, and now

annvunced that thuse emissaries are he was still at his post keeping dis

about to be reinforced by sir John Cox

Hippisley, whose active exertions to pro. Bension" alive, and endeavouring to cure the servitude and degradation of earn more pensions by preventing the catholic church of Ireland, are too opposition to the veto. Never did well known to require description. so much anxiety and distrust pervade « The active exertions of the enethe catholic mind: never were the my of our faith are public and notorithe catholics so agitated as they were

ous. The guardians of that faith will by those recent events, and in order dangers which may overwhelm them

not slumber, nor will they despise to tranquillize the public feelings, in ruin. "and to endeavour to stem the torrent: “ The reverend prelates of our church

have publicly and solemnly declar- , address your lordship on the present most el that any interference on the part of critical and alarming posture of catholic the crown, with the nomination of our | affairs in this country. bishops, must essentially injure, and

". They repose the utmost confidence ic may eventually subvert the catholic re

the learning, piety, and zeal of the digai

fied prelacy of the catholic church of Ireligion in Ireland,

land, and they never will allow even the " Our enemies are using the most anxiety they feel for the safety of their restrenuous exertions to procure this no ligion; to infringe upon the respect with mination for the crowo. Shall the ca which they are deeply impressed towards tholic, clergy of Ireland behold the that illustrious order. threatened peril and look on in silence? ." They cannot with justice be accused

« For our parts we are determined of any want of confidence or respect, when never to submit to that interference.

they earnestly solicit your lordship's parOur ancestors forfeited 'property, and

ticular attention to the dangers which me.

Dace the independence and purity of the were prodigal in the submissive effusion

Irish catholic church. The expulsion of of their blood, rather than acquiesce in

the delegate of the catholic laity of Irethe infringement of the spiritual supre

land (the Rev. Mr. Hayes) from Rome, -macy of the venerated head of our has filled thein with astonishment, regret, church.

and alarm. They would not, directly or We, their descendants, would, we indirectly, countenance any disrespect to trust, cheerfully follow their example, the venerated head of our church, but they and we have learned too well the less

cannot possibly attribute that expulsion to sons you have taught us, not to know

any other cause than the successful intri.

gues of the unrelenting enemies of our rethe distinction between that allegiance which we owe, and have always paid,

ligion, and our country.

** They cannot be insensible to the strange exclusively, to the government of these

| situation in which that church tas been countries, in temporal affairs, and that placed-its hierarchy has ever cootinued fidelity which is due to the head of our | inviolate ; the prelacy have never surrenchurch in spiritual concerns.

deied or vacated their sces; the succession “We feel that language is inadequate has been continued and unbroken, from the to express the gratitude and respect | days in which christianity was first intro. of the catholic people of Ireland to

| duced by St. Patrick, to the present hour; wards their esseemed pastors and clergy

our bishops have been persecuted by the

law, but they have been ever faithful to of the second order. They do not pre

their religion ; they have given many marsume to suggest any mode of proceed.

tyrs to the sword and scaffold, but not one ing to them at the present crisis, con:

single apostate has yielded to the power fiding, as they implicitly do, in their zeal of persecution. and piety, to adopt such course in sup " Yet the rights of the catholic hierarport of their bishops as shall be most chy are not acknowledged, or, if acknow. conducive to the purity and safety of the ledged, are certainly not established ia religion committed to their care. We their full and proper force at Rome. Ca. deem it also our duty, at this alarming

tholic discipline in Ireland has been sub. crisis, to declare, that upon every oc

mitted to the propaganda, as if tnis were casion--on every event-in persecution

| a mere wissionary country without a na. or in toleration, you shall ever meet tbis arrangement has been the result of a

tional church. The catholics are told that the respectful and cordial support of the concession, or a privilege on the part of catholic laity of Ireland, who esteem bis holiness the pope to Ireland during the your learning, revere your piety, and most severe period of a sanguinary perse: reverence the holy and unabated zeal cution; and that it was intended as a mode with which you have ever fulfilled the of protection to our religiou during that the sacred duties of your profession. persecution, but it does appear to be at « EDWARD HAY. Secretary.” | present totally unnecessary ; and much

fear is entertained that it has been inade,

| as it is clearly liable to be made, the sub. The following is a copy of the let- lject of intrigue and management va the ter adoptrd by the Irish catholic part ou odontod hy the rich nathalie | part of the most insidious of cur energies,

whilst it has furnished a strong argument, board, and sent to the different mem-founde

founded on a colourable pretext, of foreign bers of the hierachy by the secretary; influence, to enable more candia enemies to

" MY LORI) I am directed by the catho- | oppose the progress of civil engaucipation. lic board of Ireland most respectfully to ] "May this board respectfully suggest,

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