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MIHE following extract is taken proves, beyond the possibility of doubt, 1

instituted from an anonymous letter, in that the proceedings now

against Mr. Hayés, did not originate serted in The Dublin Chronicle of

in Rome or with its government; but the 18th of June instant:-.

in soine place and with some govern" A let:er has heen received in this ment reinose from the Roman capital, city from an ancient ecclesiastic, and , but holding an influence of authority the principal of one of the colleges in over that court, which must extinguish Rome, dated at that city in the latter every pretence to independence on the end of last month, from which it would part of the sovereign pontiff, aud which appear that the violation of personal furnishes another proof, if, indeed any freedom by the minis'ers of the holy were wanting, of the necessity which alliance was not confined to Lucien the present dependent state of his hoBonaparte as its single object. It is liness impuses on the ca:holics of Irepositively stated by the writer, ihat the land to look to themselves for the British government, acting through its maintenance of their religion, I un. representatives at Paris, succeeded in derstand it is further stated, in the obtaining from the ministers of the letter laiely received from Rome, to other great powers a joint remonstrance which I have referred, that ca dinal or rather instruction to the court of Gonsalvi, that ready instrument of des Rome, directing that court to remove potism, and hired agent of the enemies the representative of the Roman ca-l of the catholics of Ireland, laboured tholics of Ireland, the rev. Mr. Hayes, most zealously for the ev forcement of not only from the city, but from the this anathema against the representaecclesiastical states. It is added, that tive of the Irish catholics; that after the reasons alleged by those powers for much solicitations, and more misrepre. demanding the banishment of that rev. sentations, he succeeded in obtaining gentleman, was his having written a from his holiness, who has too long letter to a Roman catholic barrister in been ihe dupe of his artful delusions. the city of Dublin, complaining of the a consent that the rev, Mr, Hayes should intrigues and other bad practices re- | be cited before the governor of Rome, sorted to by persons in connection with a second Pilate, and receive his senthe British government, for the pura tence of exile, without being suffered to pose of counteracting that imporianterter upon any defence. This is stated mission to which he was deputed by to have actually occurred, but the final the voice of this country. It is now results are not mentioned ; and, therefour months since that letter was pub- fore, it is not known whether Mr. Hayes lished in this city, and more than three has submitted, without remonstrance, months since it appeared in print at to this despntic sentence." Rome; for no time was lost in for The same Journal of the 20th, warding it to that city, with a view to under the head “Further particuthe injury of the alleged writer. It lars,” states, that on the order be. appears, therefore, that this letter, lin which is now considered to be so offen

To l'ing issued by the civil magistrate sive as to justify the harsh measures

| for Mr. Hayes's departure from the resorted to against the supposed writer, / Roman territory, he refused to comwas allowed to obrain very extensive ply, and took refuge in his convent. circulation in Rome for more than two | At the time the last accounts came months, without exciting the Roman I away, he was safe in his cell, and guvernment to acts of host lity. It was the

the convent was surrounded by senread by the ininistery of that court,

: | tinels, who dare not enter, but would

in and its contents communicated to his holiness in March, and was allowed / arrest the reverend gentleman, to rest without complaint until the last should he appear beyond the walls. week of May, a circumstance which On the accuracy of these state, ORTHOD. JOUR. Vol. V.

2 H

ments we are unable to form any in support of the right reverend Dr. opinion; indeed we have heard as Poynter, in his present dispute with much as if the whole was a hoax, in the Propaganda regarding Mr. Gan. vented by the crafty and deceitful dolphy. agent of the British board, and forwarded to Dublin immediately on

THE PROTESTANT ASCÈNDENCY. its arrival here. However let the

The following are copies of letters story be true or false, let it be the

which passed between Mr. Canning act of the Paris committee, or the

and the committee for conducting contrivance of a Scotch clergyman,

the last dinner in celebration of Mr. it is of serious import to the catho

Pitt's birth day.

“ Gloucester Lodge, May 11. lics of this empire, inasmuch as it

“SIR-I have to acknowledge the proves that the purity of their reli• | honour of your letter of the 6th instant. gion is in much greater danger from which reached me only yesterday) te. British influence at Rome, than the questing my company to dinner at Merstability of the protestant constitu- chants Taylors' Hall, on the triennial tion is from the influence of the pope celebration of Mr. Pitt's birth-day. in this country. It is therefore much “It is some years since I attended at

| a similar celebration. I have heard to be wished, that some means were

that since that period there has been intried to obtain the banishment of

troduced among the standing toasts' the corrupt and wily minister allud- of the club, the Irish orange toast of ed to, from the capital of the chris- Protestant Ascendency.' tian world, whose general conduct: “The coupling this toast with the is as much opposed to the precepts name of Mr. Pitt would appear to imof the catholic church and it is to ply what (according to the best of my

knowledge) I believe not to be true; it common honesty and integrity, and in

| in any case assumes to express the opicannot fail to involve his employers nion of the club upon a question of in the infamy attached to it, not- great politicalimportance, on which Mr. withstanding the high rank and dig- Pitt's friends are divided. nity they hold in society.

“My acceptance therefore of the inThe following article is copi

vitation with which you have been deed from a Dublin weekly paper of

sired to honour me, must depend upon the 8th instant, called The Sunday

the answer which, you may be good

enough to give to the question, whether Freeman's Journal:

I have been rightly informed with res.“ At a recent meeting of the Eng- pect to this toast lish catholic board, the duke of Nor. "I have the honour to be, &c.* fork in the ehair, a vote of thanks (Signed)

Geo. CANNING. and confidence was passed to Dr.

"John Gifford, Esq.” Poynter, having reference to his con

This letter produced another from troversy with this misguided writer. (Mr. Gandolphy ) It is quite be

| Mr. Gifford, with the subjoined reỹond question, that the steps taken

solutions inclosed :

“THÉ PITÍ CLUB. at Rome were all the effect of ma

"Ata general meeting of the commitnagement and misrepresentation, tee held at the city of London tavern, Yet rhapsodies, proceeding from May 21, 1817, such a source, and forced into notice"OLIVER HATCH, esq. in the chair, bysuch means, are quoted against the « RESOLVED- That this committee Catholics--quoted in parliament cannot withhold their expressions of surand quoted with success.” .

prise and regret at the sentiments constained in Mr. Canning's answer to the

| honorary secretary's letter of invitation. the same gentlemen have addrossed « That with respect to the toast to a strong remonstrance to the pope, I which Ms. Canning appears to entertain so strong an objection, it has certainly been led to form from all the informa: been for some years past one of the tion which they have been able to col. • standing toasts' of the club; but that lect, as well from the public declarations from that gentleman alone have they of Mr. Pitt himself, as from the conlearned, that it is the Irish orange munications of his personal friends. toast;" they not only not having adopt. “That it is not, therefore, without ed it from any other club, but being extreme concern that they have for the perfectly ignorant of the fact that it first time been induced to believe, and forned one of the toasts of the orange that upon the authority of a gentleman societies in Ireland.

of such extensive knowledge and abili: “That the septiment, or rather the tjes, whose talents they admire, and principle, involved in that toast, | whose character they respect, that the must stand or fall by its own merits, friends of catholic emancipation are and not by its use or abuse by any budy enemies to protestant ascendency; of men whatever.

whereas, they had always understood, . «That according to their conception that those friends of Mr. Pitt who voted of the British constitution, the protes. for the claims of the catholios had dis. tant ascendency' is essential to its very avowed all intention of interfering with existence; that they consider it not | the ascendency of the protestants, and only as ' a question of great political | it is far beyond their power to reconcile importance,' but as a question of vital the preservation of the protestant esta. importance to the established religion of | blishment with the destruction of the the country, which is so interwoven, I protestant ascendency, as it were, with its government, that

That in communicating their sen. the destruction of the one must produce timents to Mr. Canning on this subject, the destruction of the other; a conse. they are very far from wishing to guesquence whiçb, in their apprehension, tivn, much less to controvert any opi. has long ceased to be a subject for sper nion which that gentleman may be culation, by becoming a matter of his pleased to entertain, having no other torical fact.

object in view than to rescue their own “That on this point, they assuredly opinions, and their own conduct, from do entertain a must decided opinion misconception or misrepresentation; and they feel that they have a right to that there are so many points of conexpress that opinion, either by their | știtutional importance on which their toasts, or by any other channel of com opinions are strictly congenial with his mụnication which to them may appear own, and they are such firm friends to most expedient or proper.

| the administration of which Mr. Can" That they admit, and deeply la ning forms so distinguished a part, that ment, the fact, that a difference of opis | they lament more than they can ex nion on this great question prevails | press, that he should have made a saamong the friends of Mr. Piit; that crifice of their opinion on this one sub wbile they assume to themselves no ject (which in them would amount to a right to censure those who view it in a dereliction of principle) the condition of different light from that in which they his acceptance of their invitation; a have been accustomed to regard it, determination on his part at which while to such they willingly allow the they are the more surprised as another utmost credit for purity of intention distinguished memberofthe cabinet, who and for consistency of conduct, they has spoken and voted on the same side of claim for themselves the same justice, the question of catholie emancipation in asserting and vindicating their own as Mr. Canning, has, without the smallopinions with freedom and with firm- est objection or hesitation, accepted a ness.

similar invitation.'' “ That if they rightly understand " OLIVER HATCH, Chairman." Mr. Canning, Mr, Pitt was not, in his · belief, a friend to the protestant'ascend. To these resolutions Mr. Canning

cncy: on which point they can only returned the following answer: express their own decided'.conyiction, Gloucester Lodge, May 25, 1817. that the protestant ascendency never | Mr. Canning has the honour to achad a firmer friend than that illustrious knowledge the receipt of Mr. Gifford's statesman; a conclusion which they have I letter of the 23d (in reply to Mr. Can.

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ning's of the 11th instant) and of the tent with that entire attachment to the paper which accompanied it, contain-ci astian1:00 in church and state, which ing the copy of certain resolutions signed M . Cannig firmly believes 10 be com. by Mr. Oliver Hatch,

mun to all M Pii's friends, as well

| as to the bulk or he nation. Upon the general matter of these re

; solutions, Ms. Canning has neither the pretension nor the desire to offer any

| The Morning Herald of the 28th observation; but he feels himself called instant contains the annexed article: upon to notice, for the purpose of re “ We have already announced the pelling an inference most upaccounta

arrival of the princess of Wales at bly drawn from Mr. Capning's letter of Rome on the 9d instant Her roval the 11th-that those of Mr. Pill's friends who, in concurrence (as they

highn ss was amongst the personages believe) with Mr. Pitt's opinion, give a

of distinction who assisted at the qualified support to the question, im.

procession of the Holy "acrament, properly terined catholic emancipita. which took place on the 3d, in that tion, are, by Mr. Canning's admission, city. (We suppose the editor meant enemies to the protestant ascendency. the 5th, being Corpus Christi ) The

Nothing in Mr. Canning's letter to other personages were, king Charles Mr. Gifford-nothing that he ever IV. and the queen his consort; the wrote or uttered in his life-affords the

queen of Etruria (Maria Louisa) ; shadow of a foundation for such an in.

and the prince of axe Giotha. ference. His ojection to being present


Mr. Neil Douglas, the travelling at a meeting in honour of Mr. Pitt, at which the toast of “ Protestant Ascen

preacher, has been acquitted of the dency" is to make part of the ceremo- seditious charges laid against him, as nial, rests on grounds perfectly consis. ' stated in our last.


HOUSE of LORDS, May 16. TRANSUBSTANTIATION.--Op the 25th instant, according to the reports in the

CATHOLIC CLAIMS. daily papers, general THORNTON, after The duke of GLOUCESTER presented a quoting from hishop Burnet an account of l petition from the university of Cambridge the popish plots in the latter end of the against the catholic claims. His royal reign of Charles II, and of the appre highness stated, that though his name, in bensions entertained at that period by the consequence of the high office which he pation for their religion, in consequence of held in that university, appeared at the the religious opinions of the duke of York, head of the petition, yet he by no means and observing ibat the declarations against concurred in the prayer of in transubstantiation, &c. which were then Another was presented froin Oxford unv. enacted were rendered unnecessary by the The earl of DoNOUGH MORE rose-It oaths of supremacy, allegiance, and abju- was his duty now to call their lordships'. ration, (with which it was not his inten- attention to the petitions from their catho. tion at all to interfere) moved that the lic fellow-subjects which lay on their table. propriety of repealing such parts of the He had presented two petitions, one of 25th and 3 th of Charles (1. as required which was froin the general body of the in certain cases, a declaration against the Irish catholics, in the present session ; and belief of transubstantiation, and asserting he had presented two other petitions last that the worship of the cburch of Rome session, one from the nobility and others was idolatrous, should be referred to the who had thought proper to petition sepaconsideration of a committee of the whole rately, and the other from the Irish cathobouse.

lic prelates and clergy. It had been inti. LORD CASTLERBAGI thought that at mated to himn by some of those who signed least it would be expedient to postpone the the former petition, fbat they were desiconsideration of this subject uptil another rous to have it now brought under consi session, and therefore moved the previous deration; and the prelates and clergy bad question, which was agreed to without a sent over two most respectable individuals, division.

1 selected from their body, to give every

information in their power to the members Every engine had been set to work to of the two houses of parliament, and lend prejudice the public mind against the unall the aid which they could give to the fortunate catnolics, whose cause he advefurtherance of any measure of relief which cated; and he was sorry to say that the parliament might thiok proper to enter meins adopted to injure then with the taid. It was clear, therefore, that the public had not been without success. It prelates and clergy were desirous that the was not merely of the exertion out of subject of their petition should be consi- doors for that object, that he had to comdered. When their lordships had the whole plain. With all due respect to the noble body of the Irish catholics, ecclesiatical lord on the woolpack, he inust say that be and lay, peer and peasant, all joining in had contributed to this result. The noble. one petition that their claiins might he lord had risen from the wool-ack the other considered, and relief given from those | day, and with all the authorit, which disabilities to which they were subjected ; belonged to his high situation and unblehe stood there the representative, though mished character, and with extraordinary an inadequate one, of the whole body of warmth, called the attention of their his catholic countrymen, claiming on their lordships to this question, as one which behalf that they should at length be ad concerned the very vitals of che constitution. mitted to the freedom of the constitution, l'he noble lord inust have meant a great and the rights and privileges of British deal by that expression, for it was not his subjects. In calling their attention to custom to speak without meaning, and his these petitions of no small part of the meaning must have been this-that all population of these kingdoins, it was his those who supported the catholic claims wish to abstain from all generality; and were advocates for ineasures which would instead of resting their claims upon the subvert the constitution. triumphant ground of their merits, he would 'The LORD CHANCELLOR,«He rose to rather advocate their cause by refuting order. With the most sincere respect for tbe calumoies with which they had been the noble earl, he inust reinind him that loaded. Never had the catholics been he only stated an opinion which he had assailed with more violence and acrimony ever conscientiously held, and in which he than at the present moment, as their lord was the inore confirined the more he conships must be aware of, from what had sidered the subject. That opinion he was passed in both houses of parliainent, as bound to state and to support, but with a well as from what had appeared in the desire that the most liberal toleration public presg--a press which was free, and shoulú be given to all religious persuasions. be hoped still would continue free-the If the noble earl thought that he meant authentic recorder of the opinions and prio. to prejudice the debate of this night, he ciples of public men : notwithstanding the assured the noble eart that he meant as extraordinary crusade to which a noble such thing. secretary of state had exposed it, by subo The earl of DONOUGAMORE.--He jecting it to the control of every magistrate doubted whether he noble lord, who was and justice of the peace, in the manner the master of order in that house, was not stated in the circular letter, for every himself out of order. He did not think the sentiment aod opinion of which these ma- noble lord entitled to interupt him when gistrates might not approve; and thus con speaking, though the explanation would stituting himself, through the medium of have been proper at another tiine. Hor. the magistrates, a sort of licenser of the ever, he was happy to find that the noble press on all subjects, religious and political. lord had endeavoured a little to soften what The question never came before them under he had said on a former occasion; but he greater irritation of the public mind than I was sure the noble lord's situation in the at this moment. The catholics had to cabinet was a most painful one. The nocomplain, that they had been most grossly ble lord could keep him at a distance; but calumniated, and that, while their claims it must be most painful to his feelings, were refused, they themselves had been which were so acute on this subject, to be most cruelly inaligued. He himself, and daily sitting in the cabinet, and in the ha. probably others of their lordships, had bit of advisiog the sovereign, along with received tracis, written and published persons who were aiming a blow at the against the catholics, that might make the vitals of the constitution; or whose priahair of any liberal man stand on end. One ciples he must be convinced would, if acted would think that the object way to raise upon, give a deadly blow to the constituthe riots of 1780. The sufferings of pro- tion. There were sucb men in the cabinet, testant martyrs were represented in pic- and there could be no impropriety in mentures, and the pope and priests expressing tioning the circumstance, as they had opensatisfaction at the tortures which these ly declared their opioions to parliament, martyrs endured.-This was not a fair and These stroog expressions did certainly often candid manner of meetiog the petitioners put an extinguisher on a good cause, and

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