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amongst the rest, one of them should | all manner of employment in their native be of the same nature as that which country, and necessitated either w live in
| ignorance and conteinpt at home, or (it' How constitutes the main remedy pro- | their great discomfort, and impoverisbment · posed by our reforniers for the pre of the land) to seeke education and for: sent evils we are enduring, that is to
tune abroad ; misfortunes made incident to
the said catholiques of Ireland ONLY, say, a reform in their parliament,
maniere, (their numbers, qualitie and loyaltie consi. which they say was corrupted by dered) of all the dations of Christendome." the liberty-loving ancestors of our | The second article states, “ that modern patriots. How the complaints by this incapacity, which, in respect of these vilified petitioners were re- of their religion, was imposed upon dressed history has recorded; but the said catholics, men of mean con first let me staté a few of the abuses dition and quality, for the most part which the Irish confederates prayed were in that kingdom employed in tre sovereign to have removed, as places of greatest honour and trust, enumerated in a renonstrance ads who, being to begin a fortune, built dressed to him, bearing date the 171h it on the ruins of the catholic naof March, 1642, and signed by lord tives ;" and the third details the outviscount Gormanstown, sir Lucas ragės, pillages, peculations, breachos Dillon, kniybt, sir Robert Talbott, of faith, and other gross violenees bart: 'aud John Walsh, esq. in their practised against them by the minisbehalf. In this docuinent, after inters of the king to urge them into forming his majesty, that his dutiful rebellion, a summary of which have and loyat subjects, the catholics of been before related. The substance Heland, were necessitated to take of the 12th, 13th, and 14th, with arms for preservatiun of their reli- the conclusion, bear so néar an anagion, the maintenance of his majes-logy to the abuses complained of by tay's rights and prerogatives, the na- the modern reformers, that I here intural and yurt defence of their lives sert them in full .and estates, and the liberties of their « 12. That whereas this your majestie's country, and complaining of the mis
kingdome of Ireland in all successions of
ages since the reigne of king Henry the representations practised by their
second, sometimes king of England aud chemies to poison the royal ear lord of Ireland, had parliaments of their against them, they solemnly protest f owne, composed of lords and cominons in that they have been maliciously tru
the same manner and forme qualified with
equall liberties, powers, priviledges and dweed therein, and that they never
immunities with the parliament of Engentertained any rebellious thought land, and onely depend of the king and against his mrjesty, his crown, or
crowne of England and Ireland: And for dignity. The petitioners then pro
| all that tyme no prevalent record or au,
thentique president can be fonnd, that, aby ceed to lay before the king the list of statute made in England could or did bind their grievances, under fourteen ge- this kingdome before the same were here neral heads, the first of which is as
established by parliament; yet upon untrue follows:
suggestions and informations given of your
subjects of Ireland, anact of parliament, co“ Imprimis, The Catholiques of this tituled, An act for the speedie and effectúak kingdome, whome no reward could invite, reduceing the rebelsin his majestie's kingdoms no persecution inforce to forsake that reli. of Sreland to their due obedience to his man Fish professed by them and their ancestors, jesty and crowne of England; and another fur thirteen hundred years, or thereabouts, act, intituled, An act for adding unto and 0.3are since the second yeare of the reigne of playncing the said former act, was pro. queene Elizabeth, made incapable of pla- cured to be enacted in the said parliament cor of bonour or trust, in church or com. of England in the eighteenth yeare of your monwealth, their nobles become contemp. majestie's raigne, by which acts and other tible, their gentry debarred from learning in proclamations your majestie's subjects, universities, or public schools within this unsunimondd, unheard, were declared rekingdom; tbeis younger brothers put by bells, and two millions and a halfe of acres
arrablo, meadow, and profitable pasture , came into Dublin voluntarily, and that within this kingdome sold to undertakers could not be justly suspected of any crue for certain summes of monie ; and the edi. 1 if Irishmen ur Catholiques, by the like fices, loghs, woodes, and bogges, wastes direction were pillaged in Dublin, robbed aodother theirappurtenances, were thereby and pillaged abroad, and brought to their mentioned to be granted and passed gratis. | tryall for their lives. The citives of DubWhicb arts the said catholiques doe con- | lin aod Corke, and the ancient corporate ceave to have been forced upon your ma- townes of Drogheda, Yeoghal and King jestie; and although void and unjust in sale, who voluntarily received garrisome. themselves to all purposes, yett containe in your majestie's name, and the adjacent matters of evill consequence and extreame countryes who relieved them, were 2971 prejudice to your majestie, and totally used, and now live in worse condition than destrnctive to this nation. The scope the Israelites did in Egypt; so that it will seemeing to aime att rebells, only, and at be made appeare, that more murdery the disposition of a certain quantitie of breaches of publique faith, and quarters. land; but in effect and substance, all the more destruction and desolation, møre er lands in the kingdonc, by the words of the eltie, not fitt to be named, were committed said Acts, may be distributed, in whose pos. in Ireland, by the direction and advise of session soever they were, without respert the said lords justices and theire partie of, to age, condition, or qualitie ; and all the said councill in less than eighteena your majestie's tenure:, and the greatest | months, than can be parallelled to have been part of your majestie's standing revenue in done by any christian people. this kingdom taken away; and by the said "14. The said lords justices and their adaets, if they were of force, all power of par herents have, against the fundamental largele døning and of granting those lands is taken I of the lande, procui ed the sitting of bath from your majestie ; a president that no howses of parliament for several sessioni, age can instance the like. Against this act I (nyne parts of ten of the naturall and gend. the said catholiques do protest, as an act | ine members thereof being absent, it stand. against the fundamentall luwes of this king- ing not with their safety to come under their dome, and as an act destructive to your ma power and made upp a considerable pomber jestie's rights and prerogatives, by collour in the howse of commons of clerks, souldiers, wbereof, most of the forces séut hither to serveing men, and others, nut legally, or not infest this kingdome by sea and land, disco chosen at all, or returned, and having no vowed any qülhoritia from your majestie, manner of estate within the kingdom, in but doe depend upon the parliament of which sitting sundry orders were conceived, England.
and dismisses obteyned of persons before im 13. All strangers and such as were not peached of treason in fall parliament, and inhabitants of the citty of Dublin, being passed or might have passed some actsagainst commanded by the said lords justices, in | law and to prejuuice your majestie and this and since the said month of November 1641, | whole nation. And dureing these troubles, to depart the said citty, were no sooner terms were kept, and your majestie's court departed, than they were by the direc- l of cheefe place, and other courts sat at tions of the said lords justices pillaged Dublin to no other end or purpose, but by abroad, and their goods seized uppon and false and illegalt judgments, outlawries and confiscated in Dublin; and they desireing other capitall proceedings to attaint many to returne under the protection and safetie thousands of your majestie's most faithfuil of the stale, before their appearance in subjects of this kingdome, they being never action, were denied the saine; and dia | summoned, nor haveing notice of those vers other persons of rank and qualitie, proceedings; and sheriff's made of abscure by the said lords justices imployed in meane persons, by the like practice, appublique service, and others keeping close pointed of purpose ; and poor artificers, within their doores, without annoying any common soldiers and menial servants, reman, or siding then with any of the said turned jurors, to pass upon the lines and catholiques in arms, and others in severall estates of those who came in upon prö. parts of the kingdom liveing under, and tectivn and publique faith. . . haveing the protection and safetie 'of the “ Therefore the said catholiques, in the state, were sooner pillaged, their howses behalfe of themselves and of the whole burnt, themselves, their tenants and kingdome of Ireland, doe protest and de. servants killed and destroyed, than any clare against the said proceedings in the nsother, by direction of the said lords jus. ture of parliameots, and in the other counts tices. And by the like direction when any | aforesaid, and every of them, as being commander in cheefe of the army, pro heynous crimes against law, destructive to mised, or gave quarter or protection, the parliaments and your majestie's prerogatives same was in all cases violated: and many and authoritie, and the rights and just persons of qualitie, who obtained the same, liberties of your most faithful subjects. were ruiued before otheri ; others that l “ Forasuwcb, dread soveraigne, as the speedy applycation of apt remedyés unto the complaints of our modern reformthese grievances and heavie pressures, will lers. Here we have a formal repre: tend to the settlement and improvement of your maje tie's revenue, the prevention of
of sentation (o a protestant king of the further effusion of blood, the preservation abuses and peculations committed of this kingdome from desolation, and the on a catholic nation by protestant content and satisfaction of your said sub
statesmen. Here we liave an official jects, who in manifestation of their duty and zeale to your majestie's service, will
statement that a protestant parliabe most willing and ready to imploy tenment unjustly, and conirary to the thousand men under the conduct of well ex faith and law of nations, presumed perienced commanders in defence of your mind royal rights and prerogatives. They there.
to invade the legislative rights of an fore most humbly beseech your majestie, independent people. llere we have that you will vouchsafe gratious answers to a solemn charge laid before the sothese their humble and just complaints, I vereign against his protestant minisand for the establishment of your people in a lasting peace and securitie, the said ca.
ters, of corrupting and abusing the tholiques doe most humbly pray, that your constitution of parliament, for the majestie may be further gratiou.ly pleased purpose of pursuing, under the semto call a free parliament in this kingdome, blance of law, a system of rapine in suche convenient tyme as your majestie in your high wisdome shall think fiti, aod
and intolerance. And how were the urgencie of the present affayres of the the complaints of the catholics of said kingdome doth require; and that the Ireland received ? With tender said parliament be held in an indifferent loommisoration on the north of the
commiseration on the part of the place, summoned by, and continued be: fore, some person or persons of honour and generous strugglers in the noble fortune, of approved faith to your ma- cause of civil and religious liberty ; jestie, and acceptable to your people here, and the most furious revenge on that. and to be timely placed by your majestie lof tho desnotic and trant Charles ? in this governirent, which is most neces. sary for the advancement of your service, | Ah, reader, if you think thus, you and present coudition of the kingdome: in are most egregiously deceived.which parliament the said catholiques doe No; the sovereign was sensible of humbly pray these or other their grievances
the justness of the complaints of his may be redressed, and that in the aid par. liament, a statute inade in this kingdome | Trish Subjects ; he had 101 condin the tenth yeare of king Henry the se. | dence in their loyalty and fidelity, vénth, commonly called Poyning's act, and and he ordered that their grievalices all acts explayuing or enlarging the same,
should be enquired into and rebe by a particular act suspended during that parliament, as il hath beene allready done in dressed. But, mark; the cold. the eleveenth yeare of queen Elizabeth, upon blooded avarice of his corrupt and occasions of far less moment than now doe bigotted ministers, induced them to offer themse ves ; and that your majestie, with the advice of the said parliament, will berrily the best mterests of their be pleased to take a course for the further master, and, by the most perfidious repealing, or further continuance of the
treachery, not only contravened the said statutes, as may best conduce to the
king's commands, but, by a refineadvancement of your service here, and peace of this vour realine : and that no
ment in the vice of hypocrisy, conmatter, whereof complaint is made in this trived to execute the orders of his remonstrance, may debar catholiques, or determined enemies--the leaders of give interruption to their free votes, and sitting in the said parliament, as in duty
the protestant parliament of Enghound, they will ever pray for your majes
land; who, according to Rapin, tie's long and prosperous raigne over them." hearing that the rebels had presented
to the lords justices a letter in the PROTESTANT METHOD OF REDRESSING nature of a remonstrance, wherein • " THESE GRIEVANCES.
they demanded the free exercise of Here, reader, we have a cata- their religion, and a repeal of all. "logue of real national grievances, of laws to the contrary, made a great much more insufferable extent than noise about it. “ They knew (says
the historian) the lord Costelough, I notwithstanding Rapin asserts, that with the lord Taaff were on their every shadow of grievance in Engway to England, with propositions land was removed by the peaceable to be offered to the king concerning disposition of the monarch, and means for procuring the peace of Charles found it necessary to appeal Ireland. So fearing, or pretending to the loyal part of his people for to fear, the king would grant liberty the protection of his person and of conscience to the Irish papists, the crown. --This call from their prince commons desired a conference with in his adversity, was answered by the lords. After which it was solemn- the catholics with a zeal and devely declared by both houses, That they tion unparalleled in history. Almost would never consent to any tolera- every catholic in England capable of tion of the Popish religion in Ire bearing arms tlocked to the standard land, or any other his majesty's do. of their injured monarch, and Ireminions.". . What an admirable spe. land, although her complaints were cimen of the liberal and tolerant unredres,ed, contributed both mera spirit which pervaded the ancestors and money to swell the ranks of the of our modern reformers and biblical royal army. The aid afforded by enthusiasts in their noble struggles the Irish, and their bravery in the for the cause of civil and religious field, operated so much against the liberty! flow consistent and how cause of the puritan rebels, that the equitable are the clamours of our de. English parliament on the 24th of magogues and bigots at the supposed October 1041, published the bloody intolerance of the pope and the je- | ordinance, 6. That no quarter should suits ! Following up ihe spirit of be given to any Irishman, or pupist the above resolution, seven catholic / born in Ireland, that should be taken priests having been condemned, for in hostility against the parliament, conscience only, in the first week of either upon the sea, or in England December, 1641, the king sent to or Wales.” The spirit of revolt soon acquaint both houses that the French spread itself amongst the puritans ambassador had solicited him to of Ireland, and lord Inchiquin acchange the sentence into banishment, cepted of the presidency of Munster and he required their advice. A froin the parliament. In this profew days after the commons voted | vince there were no bounds to his that all of them should be hanged, cruelty, and he caused to be admi. in which the lords concurred. The nistered to his followers an oath for king, however, suspended the exe-| the extirpation of popery and the cution, on which these merciful extermination of the Irish. senators again petitioned his majesty Such are a few of the prominent to execute the unfortunate victims ; features of the clement disposition of but he refused to comply with their the ancestors of our protestant re. desires. Meanwhile, the commons formers and bible-mongers, to enucaused the Irish deputies (lords merate one half of their murderous Costelough and Taaff) to be com- deeds would fill a large volume, and mitted to prison, and their papers | I have already swelled this article to seized, in the expectation of finding too great a length. In concluding, something which might prejudice therefore, let me ask the reader Charles; but the deputies found means whether it is possible, with these to escape, and obtained an interview facts before his eyes, for a catholic with their sovereign. A few months possessed of the feelings of a man, after this, the puritan leaders broke not to feel iodigrant at the clamourall measures with their sovereign, | ous rantings of the demagogue, or the malignant insinuations of the bi- ! been more oppressed during his reign got, at the alleged tyranny and than any other class of subjects cruelty of catholic sovereigns and whatever. Let them remember tbis, states. Let Mr. Cobbelt rave against and decide upon the case according the inhuman doings of ihe Bourbons, i to justice and equity. and Mr. Blair storm at the intolera!
WM EUSEBIUS ANDREWS. ance of the pope and the jesuits ; Somers'-Town, April 25, 1817. still they will not be able to wipe from the page of history the barba To the Editor of the Orthodox rous and despotic deeds committed
Journal. by their puritan ancestors on the persons and property of the catholics SIR,- In perusing your descripin these countries; nor will the ful- tion of the effects prodiiced in Seotsome praise lavished on them as the land by the Reformation, I was senstruggling friends for civil and reli- sibly struck with a quotation from gious liberty, make them appear in the historian Echard, which strongother light, in the eyes of the can- 1 ly implies to the present state of cadid and unprejudiced man, than as Tholic affairs in Ireland and England. the persecutors of conscience, the No English catholie, who considers murderers of their sovereigo, and the attentively the procedure of affairs in subverteps of the British constitu- this country, ever since the year tion. On the other hand, not all | 1789, will fail to observe, that with a the calumnies and falsehoods circu- view to weaken us, a division among lated by means of a corrupt press, our body has been aimed at, and has can ever make the catholics swerve been, to a certain degree, etlected. from the unbending principles of But every intelligent and attentive their holy religion, which teaches observer will perceive, that, if our them to abhor alike the abettors of enemies bave endeavoured for these corruption or sedition. In a few last thirty years to obtain a moral as days the claims of five millions pro- well as civil accendancy over us, by fessing this faith, to be admitted to our disunion amongst ourselves, there the civil rights of citizens in a free | have been amongst us persons who, state, will undergo discussion in par-, either from want of kuwi g their diament. It will be well, therefore, religion, or for want of attachment to for i very member of the senate,'who it, or from a vanity that has made sincerely value the constitution of them forget the real blessings of rethe country, to reflect on the near Jigion, have been ready to co-operate resemblance the present times bear to with our avowed enemies, and to barthose on which I have been descant ter the real honour of religion, when ing. Let them keep in mind this in- steadily adbered to, with all its Hora dubitable fact, that when the pro- blest hopes and pio-pects hereafter, testant scriptural and reforming dis- | for the sake of present temporal ciples of liberty in the seventeeth emoluinent and distinctioit. These century were engaged in undermin.l have been led to separate their own ing the constitution, and insulting advantages from those of the comtheir soverrign with the mockery of muniiy, while they have professed to justice, the Irish catholics formed forward the interests of all; and, the only body throughout the British because they possess the superiority dominions, who had preserved their which money invariably bestuws, faith and attachment to the cause of they have pretended to take the inthe king and the liberties of their terests of the body iüto their hands, country, notwithstanding they had to become their advocates and