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gardener had them into the vineyards, and had them refresh themselves with the dainties. He also showed them there the King's walks and arbors, where he delighted to be. And here 45 they tarried and slept.

5. Now I beheld in my dream that they talked more in their sleep at this time than they ever did in all their journey; and being in a muse* thereabout, the gardener said even to me, “Wherefore musest thou at the matter? It is the nature of the se fruit of the grapes of these vineyards to go down so sweetly as to cause the lips of them that are asleep to speak.”.

6. So I saw that when they awoke they addressed * themselves to go up to the city. But, as I said, the reflection of the sun upon the city — for the city was pure gold — was so extremely 55 glorious that they could not as yet with open face behold it, but through an instrument made for that purpose. So I saw that, as they went on, there met them two men in raiment that shone like gold; also their faces shone as the light.

7. These men asked the pilgrims whence they came ? and they 60 told them. They also asked them where they had lodged, what dangers and difficulties, what comforts and pleasures, they had met with in the way? and they told them. Then said the men

43. had them into the vineyards : that is, I 51, 52. go down so sweetly . . . speak.

caused them to go, conducted See Song of Solomon vii., 9.
them. — had them refresh: that 53. addressed themselves: that is, pre.
is, caused them to refresh. In pared themselves.
this instance, as in the preced- 55. pure gold. “And the city was pure
ing, "had” is a principal, not gold, like unto clear glass.”_
an auxiliary, verb, and the use Revelation xxi., 18.

of the word is idiomatic. 56, 57. with open face . . . instrument. 49. in a muse = in deep thought.

See 2 Corinthians iii., 18.

LITERARY ANALYSIS.–49. muse. Give the derivation of this word.

50-52. It is the nature . . . speak. Remark on the form of statement in this sentence. For what logical subject does the anticipative subject "it" stand ?

53-59. So I saw ... light. Point out a periodic sentence in paragraph 6. 53, 54. So I saw ... city. Analyze this sentence. 56. but. What part of speech is “but” here? 57-59. So I saw ... light. What simile in this sentence ?

that had met them, “You have but two difficulties more to meet with, and then you are in the city.”

69 8. Christian, then, and his companion asked the men to go along with them ; so they told them that they would. “But,” said they, "you must obtain it by your own faith.” So I saw in my dream that they went on together till they came in sight of the gate.

9. Now I further saw that betwixt* them and the gate was a river, but there was no bridge to go over, and the river was very deep. At the sight, therefore, of this river the pilgrims were much stunned; but the men that went with them said, “ You must go through, or you cannot come at the gate.”

75 10. The pilgrims then began to inquire if there was no other way to the gate? To which they answered, “ Yes; but there hath not any, save two, to wit, Enoch and Elijah, been permitted to tread that path since the foundation of the world, nor shall, until the last trumpet shall sound. Then the pilgrims — especially so Christian — began to despond in their minds, and looked this way and that; but no way could be found by them by which they could escape the river. Then they asked the men if the waters were all of a depth ? They said, “No;" yet they could not help them in that case: “for,” said they, "you shall find it deeper or 85 shallower, as you believe in the King of the place.”

11. They then addressed themselves to the water, and entering, Christian began to sink, and, crying out to his good friend Hopeful, he said, “I sink in deep waters, the billows go over my head, all the waters go over me ; Selah."* Then said the other, go “Be of good cheer, my brother; I feel the bottom, and it is

75. come at = come to, reach.

LITERARY ANALYSIS.-64. but. What part of speech is “but” here? 72. no bridge to go over. Supply the ellipsis.

77, 78. there hath not . . . permitted. Remark on this construction, and change the form of expression.

81. despond in their minds. Query as to any redundancy in this expression.

87. Give the derivation of the following words in paragraph 11: “compassed” (93); “discover" (99); “hobgoblins ” (105).

89. Hopeful. What is the syntax of this word ?

good." Then said Christian, “Ah! my friend, the sorrows of death have compassed * me about. I shall not see the land that flows with milk and honey." And with that a great darkness and horror fell upon Christian, so that he could not see before 95 him. Also he, in a great measure, lost his senses, so that he could neither remember nor orderly talk of any of those sweet refreshments that he had met with in the way of his pilgrimage. But all the words that he spake still tended to discover * that he had horror of mind and heart-fears that he should die in that 100 river and never obtain entrance in at the gate. Here, also, as they that stood by perceived, he was much in the troublesome thoughts of the sins that he had committed, both since and before he began as a pilgrim. It was also perceived that he was troubled with apparitions of hobgoblins * and evil spirits; for 105 ever and anon he would intimate so much by words. Hopeful, therefore, had much ado * to keep his brother's head above water. Yea, he would sometimes be quite gone down, and then, ere a while, he would rise up again half dead. Hopeful did also endeavor to comfort him, saying, “ Brother, I see the gate, and 110 men standing by to receive us.” But Christian would answer, “ It is you, it is you that they wait for. You have been hopeful ever since I knew you.” “And so have you,” he said to Christian. “Ah, brother," said he, “surely, if I was right, He would now rise to help me ; but for my sins He hath brought me into 115 the snare and left me.” Then said Hopeful, “ My brother, you have quite forgot the text, where it is said of the wicked, “There are no bands in their death, but their strength is firm ; they are

99. to discover, to show.

| 118. bands = bonds.

LITERARY ANALYSIS.-93, 94. I shall not ... honey. Analyze this sentence.

99. discover. Distinguish between the signification of “discover” as used by Bunyan and its modern meaning, and trace the steps in the change.

102, 103. he was much in the troublesome thoughts. Modernize this form of expression.

107. ado. Give the derivation of this word.

107, 108. to keep... water. Adverbial phrase (purpose), modifying what verb?

109. ere a while. Explain this phrase.
112. hopeful. Do you suppose this to be intended as a pun?
117. forgot. Query as to this form.

not troubled as other men, neither are they plagued like other men.' These troubles and distresses that you go through in 120 these waters are no sign that God hath forsaken you, but are sent to try you whether you will call to mind that which heretofore you have received of his goodness and live upon him in your distresses."

12. Then I saw in my dream that Christian was in a muse a 125 while. To whom, also, Hopeful added these words: “Be of good cheer; Jesus Christ maketh thee whole.” And with that Christian brake out with a loud voice, “Oh! I see him again, and he tells me, 'When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee, and through the rivers they shall not overflow 130 thee.'" Then they both took courage, and the enemy was after that as still as a stone, until they were gone over. Christian, therefore, presently found ground to stand upon, and so it followed that the rest of the river was but shallow. Thus they got over.


13. Now, upon the bank of the river, on the other side, they saw the two Shining Men again, who there waited for them. Wherefore, being come out of the river, they saluted them, saying, “We are ministering spirits, sent forth to minister* to those that shall be heirs of salvation.” Thus they went along towards 140

the gate.

14. Now you must note that the city stood upon a mighty hill; but the pilgrims went up that hill with ease, because they had these two men to lead them up by the arms. They had likewise left their mortal garments behind them in the river; for though 145

139. ministering spirits. See Hebrews

i., 14.

128. brake = broke. 132. were gone.

See note 12, page 6. 137. Shining Men. See lines 58, 59.

145. their mortal garments : that is,

their bodies.

LITERARY ANALYSIS. 122. call to mind. Substitute a single word for these three.

123, 124. distresses. Give as many synonyms of this word as you can. 125. was in a muse. Substitute a single-word verb.

125-135. Then ...over. How many sentences in paragraph 12?-State the grammatical class of each sentence.—Is there any period in the paragraph ?Point out a simile in this paragraph.

they went in with them, they came out without them. They therefore went up here with much agility and speed, though the foundation upon which the city was framed was higher than the clouds. They therefore went up through the region of the air, sweetly talking as they went, being comforted because they safe 150 ly got over the river and had such glorious companions to attend them.

15. The talk that they had with the Shining Ones was about the glory of the place, who told them that the beauty and glory of it was inexpressible. “There,” said they, "is Mount Sion, 155 the heavenly Jerusalem, the innumerable company of angels, and the spirits of just men made perfect. You are going now," said they, “ to the paradise * of God, wherein you shall see the tree of life, and eat of the never-fading fruits thereof; and when you come there, you shall have white robes given you, and your walk 160 and talk shall be every day with the King, even all the days of eternity. There you shall not see again such things as you saw when you were in the lower region upon the earth — to wit, sorrow, sickness, affliction, and death; for the former things are passed away. You are now going to Abraham, to Isaac, and to 165 Jacob, and to the prophets, men that God hath taken away from


155-157. There ... perfect. For the is in the midst of the paradise

source of the terms and phrases of God.— See Revelation ii.,
here used by Bunyan, see He- |
brews xxii., 22, 23.

160. white robes. “What are these 158, 159. paradise ... tree of life. “To which are arrayed in white

him that overcometh will I give robes ?” — See Revelation vii., to eat of the tree of life, which


LITERARY ANALYSIS.—147. agility and speed. Which of these words is of Latin and which of Anglo-Saxon origin?

150, 151. safely got. Remark on the position of the adverb.

153-155. The talk ... inexpressible. Note the mode in which the members of this sentence are loosely joined by the relative pronoun “who.” Express the thought in a more modern manner.

154, 155. beauty and glory ... was. How may the singular number of the verb be justified here?

155. There ... is. What is the logical subject of "is.” Hence in what number should the verb be?

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