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It was a parti-colored dress
61. parti-colored, colored part by part, I fristian (a coarse twilled cotton
having various tints and colors. stuff), that the satin in a gar62. piebald, diversified in color.
ment might appear through it. 63. English ... Latin.. The leading 66. three parts. The expression al.
men of those times were fond ludes to the old musical catches
the entrance to Hades.
or three creatures of any kind, 64. Like fustian ... satin: that is, like the hounds in hunting having
the fashion which formerly been in former times held with
LITERARY ANALYSIS.–61. It was ... dress. What is the figure of speech? (See Def. 20.)
63, 64. Observe how the specific illustrations in these lines carry out the general idea in lines 61 and 62.
64. Like fustian, etc. Explain the comparison. 69. What apposite classical reference is made in this line?
For he could coin or counterfeit
75, 76. he could ... words. The Pres words,” these counterfeits.
byterians coined a great num They therefore passed as “curber, such as out-goings, carry rent,” that is, as current coin, ings-on, workings-out, gospel
currency. walking-times, etc.
| 83. his phrase : that is, Hudibras's dic76. wit, sense.
tion. . 81, 82. the orator ... pebble-stones. The 86. Tycho Brahe (1546-1601), an emi
allusion is to Demosthenes, who, nent Danish astronomer. By to remedy a defect in his articu Erra Pater (the name of an old lation, put pebble-stones in his astrologer) is meant William mouth while practising in speak Lilly, also an astrologer and a ing.
contemporary of Butler's. 77, 78, 80. no stone ... touch them on... 88. Could ... ale. As a justice of the
current. The meaning is that peace he had a right to inspect
LITERARY ANALYSIS. — 75-80. For he could coin ... took 'em. Show the felicitous manner in which the metaphor in this passage is carried out.
85-92. In mathematics ... algebra. By what device does the author contrive to convey an exceedingly ludicrous idea of Hudibras's mathematical attain. ments?
Besides, he was a shrewd philosopher
94. gloss, a commentary.
111. entity and quiddity. The school. 95. crabbed'st author: that is, the au- ! men made fine distinctions be
thor the most difficult to be tween “entity" (essence) and understood.
“quiddity” (nature), on the one 108. clerks, learned men.
hand, and substance on the 109, 110. He could reduce ... abstracts. other. The former two might “Acts," general notions; "ab
remain when body had perished, stracts,” the results of the proc and hence they were termed ess of abstraction. The old phi "the ghosts of defunct bodies." losophers pretended to extract 114. words congealed ... air. The refernotions or ideas out of things, ence is to a humorous account, as chemists extract spirits and published in Butler's time, of essences.
words freezing in Nova Zembla.
LITERARY ANALYSIS.-93, 94. Point out the hypermeters in these lines.
109-116. He could ... fly. Point out the skilful manner in which Butler sat. irizes the philosophy of the schoolmen.
111-114. Where entity, etc. Of what verb understood are these two clauses the objects?
114. Like words ... air. What is the figure of speech? (See Def. 19.)
He knew what's what, and that's as high
116. metaphysic wit, intellectual acu- from his name, and acquired its men.
opprobrious meaning from its 117. school divinity, theology.
having been used as a term of 118. hight, called.-irrefragable. The reproach by his antagonists,
reference is to Alexander Hales who were the followers of (an English philosopher of the
Thomas Aquinas. 13th century), who was so deep- 121, 122. nominal and real way: that is, ly read in what was termed the ways of the nominalists and school divinity that he was realists, two antagonistic schools called “Doctor Irrefragabilis," into which the mediæval metaor the Irrefragable Doctor.
physicians were divided. 119. A second Thomas. Thomas Aqui- 124. Sorbonist, a member of the cele.
nas (1224-1274), a schoolman, brated French college of the was one of the most learned Sorbonne, founded in the reign men of his time.
of St. Louis by Robert Sorbon. 120. Dunce. Reference is made to 125, 126. fit for skull... full. It was Duns Scotus, a learned scholas
an old notion that lunatics (luna, tic theologian, born in Dunse the moon) were liable to be cra: (Scotland), and died 1308. The zier than common at the full of English word dunce is derived ! the moon.
LITERARY ANALYSIS. — 117-128. In school divinity ... unfurnished. Point out any satirical expressions in this description of the theology of the school. men.
125. weave fine cobwebs. What is the figure of speech? (See Def. 20.) 127, 128. in a head ... unfurnished. Explain this expression.
11.-RELIGION OF HUDIBRAS.
133. errant saints: that is, the Presby. /
ion of the Presbyterians in those
the Church of England and to its most innocent customs, as, for example, the eating of Christ. mas pies and plum porridge at Christmas, which they (the Pres. byterians) deemed sinful.