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abominable, Lat. abominabilis, from ab Albion, an ancient or poetical name of

and omen, contrary to the omens, England. The name “ Albion” is foreboding: detestable.

derived from Lat. albus, white, on absurd, Lat. absurdus, from ab, from, account of the appearance of Eng.

and surdus, deaf, lit. proceeding l and's chalky cliffs.
from one that is deaf, and hence alchemist, Arabic al - kimia, alchemy
incongruous: opposed to manifest (which, however, is thought to be

ultimately from a Greek root cheAbsurdity. See absurd.

mos, juice, liquid): one who prac. abundance, Lat. abundantia, from ab and tises alchemy.

unda, a wave; lit. an overflow: ambiguity, Lat, ambiguus, from ambian overflowing fulness ; plen gere (amb, around, and agere, to teousness.

drive), to wander about with iraddress, V., Fr, adresser, from Lat. diri. resolute mind : doubtfulness or

gere (dis and regere), to arrange, uncertainty.

set in array: to prepare. | ambition, Lat. ambitio, from amb, admire, Lat. admirari, from ait and around, and ire, to go, a going

mirari, to wonder at; used by around, especially of candidates in

Bacon in its etymological sense. Rome to solicit votes, and hence, milo, A.-S. a, to, and do: bustle, trouble. primarily, desire for office: an aisle, 0. Fr, aisle (Fr. nile), Lat. ala, a eager desire for honor, superior.

wing of a building : in Gothic ca. ity, or power.
thedrals and churches, one of the ambitious. See ambition.
lateral divisions of a building sep. Amen, Heb. amen, true : an expression
arated from the middle of the nave used at the end of prayers, and
by two rows of piers.

meaning So be it.

annuity, L. Lat. annuitas, from annus, transitive use and sense the word

year : a sum of money payable is obsolete.

atrabiliar, L. Lat. atrabiliaris, from
anon, udv., A.-S. an = in, and on=one, Lat. atra, black, and bilis, bile :

that is, in one minute: hence soon. affected with melancholy.
anonymous, Lat. anonymus, from Gr. audience, Lat, audientia, a hearing, from

anonumos, without a name (an, audire, to hear : the act of hear.
privative, and onuma, name) : ing; admittance to a hearing.

augur, V., Lat. n. augur, a Roman of.
antic, adj., Lat. antiquus, old, ancient ficer who pretended to foretell

Used in this primary sense by future events by the fight, sing.
Milton. Then, since what is old ing, etc., of birds (avis), or by oth-
and old-fashioned is liable to be er celestial objects: to betoken.
thought of as odd, it came to mean Augur differs in meaning from
fantastic, grotesque.

betoken: persons or things augur ;
Aphrodite, Gr. Aphrodite, the Greek things only betoken.

name for Lat. Venus, from aphros, author, Lat. auctor, from augere, to in.
the foam of the sea. Cupid (Gr. crease, to produce : the composer

Eros) was her son, “ her boy.” of a book.
apothecary, Gr. apotheke, repository awe, n., A.-S. oga or aige, dread: rev.

(from apo, away, and tithenai, to erential fear.
put): one who sells drugs. In SYN. Awe - dread - reverence.
England apothecaries also pre-

Awe is a mixed feeling of
scribe for diseases, acting as sub-

sublimity and fear in view of

something great or terrible.
apparel, V., Fr. appareil, provision, fur.

Dread is strong personal fear
nishing: to clothe, to attire.

in view of something terrible.
argent, Lat. argentum, silver : resem-

Reverence is a strong senti-
bling silver, hence bright.

ment of respect, generally
armistice, Fr. armistice, from Lat. arma,

mingled slightly with fear.
arms, and stare, to stand still: sus-
pension of hostilities by agree- bane, V., A.-S. bana, destruction : to
ment; a truce.

poison. The verb is obsolete.
askance, Dutch schuins, sideways : ob- barb, contracted from Barbary: a

horse of the Barbary stock noted
astronomy, Gr. astron, constellation, for speed.

star, and nemein, to regulate (no- barbarian, Lat. barbarus, Gr. barbaros,
mos, law or rule): the science foreign : an uncivilized person.
which treats of the celestial bod bass, Fr. basse, deep, low : deep or

grave in sound.
atheist, Gr. (, without, Theos, God: one bay, v., Fr. abover, to bark: to bark at.

who denies the existence of a God. beam, A.-S. beam, a beam: a shaft of
atom, Gr. atom os (a = un, and tomos = rays.

cut): an ultimate, indivisible par. bedight. See dight.

beholding, beholden (=holden, i. e. held
atoning, adj., A.-S. at and one : to cause or bound in gratitude): obliged.

to be at one, to reconcile. In this “Beholding" is the all but uni-

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form spelling in the early copies calamity, Lat. calamitas, loss, misfort. of Shakespeare, though the more une, injury, lit. the injury of crops, correct form beholden was in use from calemus, reed, any straw of before that poet's time.

grain, stalk, blade : an event or a bestead, A.-S. be and stead, to help, as disaster producing extensive evil. sist: to help, avail.

calendar, Lat. calendarium, an account. betwist, A.-S. betwixt, from be, by, and book : an arrangement of the di. twig, two: between.

visions of time. bombast, Lat. bombax, the cotton-plant. candid, Lat. candidus, from candere, to

As“bombast" was originally used be of a glowing white : fair, just, for stuffing out clothes, it passed impartial. by metaphor to mean swollen or canonize, L. Lat. canonizare, from Lat. inflated language.

canon, a list or roll: to place upon boon, Lat. bonus, good, lit. that which the catalogue of saints. is asked as a benefit: a gift, a canopy, Gr. konopcion, a net of gauze to

keep off knats (konops, gnat): a bower, from A.-S. bur, a cottage. In covering over a throne or over a

this literal sense it is used by bed. Milton, and not in its modern cavalier, Fr. cavilier, a horseman, from meaning of an arbor. It had also Lat. caballus, a horse : a knight, a in early times the signification of gallant gentleman. a chamber or lodging-place; and censure, V., Lat. censere, to value : to in this sense the word is used by form or express a judgment of; Gray.

to criticise, to estimate. In this bridegroom, A.-S. brydguma, a man sense used by Shakespeare, but

newly married or about to be now obsolete. married.

Cerberus, Lat. Cerberus, Gr. Kerberos : buffoon, Fr. bouffon, from bouffer, to puff a monster in the shape of a dog

out, because the buffoons puffed guarding the entrance into the in:
out their cheeks : a mountebank, fernal regions.

chance, n., through Fr. chance, from bully, V., O. Eng. bully, to boil : to act | Lat. cadere, to fall : hence what

the part of a bully, a blustering befalls, and so fate, fortune.

chapel. See chaplain. butler, 0. Fr. bouteillier, from bouteille, chaplain, Fr. chapelain, L. Lat. capella

a bottle, lit. a bottle-bearer or cup nus, from capella, a hood, sacred bearer: a servant or officer in a vessel, chapel. It is said that household whose principal busi the kings of France, in war, carness is to take charge of the liq. ried into the field St. Martin's uors, plate, etc.

hat, which was kept in a tent as buttress, Fr. bouler, to push, to butt: a precious relic, whence the place

a projecting support to the ex took the name capella, a little hat, terior of a wall.

and the priest who had the cus

tody of the tent was called capel. cadence, Lat. cadentia, from cadere, to lanus, chaplain.

fall: a regular fall or modulation charm, Fr. charme, Lat. carmen, song, of sound.


children, A.-S. cild, pl. cildru, cildra. (= con ), with, and merx, mercis,

The word is a curious instance of a merchandise: holding intercourse.

double plural (= child +raten). commission, Lat. committere (com and cholera, Gr. cholera, from chole, bile: a mittere), to trust: 1. The act of

disease characterized by vomiting | perpetrating ; 2. Something inand purging.

trusted to a person. choristor, Fr. choriste, a singer in a commune, Lat. communicare, to com

choir, from Gr. choros, a choir. I m unicate : to converse together Christmas, from Christ, and L. Lat. familiarly.

missa, mass: the festival of the companion, Fr. compagnon, from L. Christian Church observed annu Lat, companium, fellowship, mess ally on December 25, in memory (com, together, panis, bread): an of the birth of Christ.

associate, a comrade. cinctured, adj., Lat. cinctura, a girdle company, the state of being a compan

(from cingere, to gird): having a ion (which see): fellowship. cincture or girdle.

compass, 7'., L. Lat.compassus (cum and civil, L. Lat, civilis, from civis, a citi I passus, a pace or step), circle: to

zen: civilized, refined. This ise encircle, to environ. of the word, as applied to a per compensate, Lat. com (con), with, and son, is obsolete.

penitere, pensum, to weigh : to clarion, L. Lat. clario, from Lat. clarus, balance, to make equal return.

clear, from its shrill sound : a compensation. See compensate. kind of trumpet whose note is conceit, It. concetto, from Lat. conceptus, clear and shrill.

(con and capere, to take), lit. someclerk, Lat. clericus, priest: a parish of thing conceived: used by John

ficer in the Church of England. I sop in the sense of quaint fancy. cloister, 0. Fr. cloistre, Lat. claustrum, congenial, Lat. congenialis, partaking

from claudere, to shut, to close : 1 of the same nature : kindred, a covered arcade in a monastic sympathetic. or collegiate establishment sur consent, Lat. con, together, and sentire, rounding an inner quadrangular to feel: sympathy, accord. Used area of buildings; a place of by Milton in this its etymological learned seclusion.

sense. coffer, Fr. coffre, from Lat. cophinus, conspirator, Lat. conspirator, from con

Gr. kophinos, a basket, a chest: spirare, to blow together, to agree, treasury or funds.

to plot : one who conspires with cognizance, L. Lat. cognoscentia, from others for an evil purpose.

Lat. cognoscere (con and noscere, contract, Lat. contractus, from con and to know ), to be acquainted : a trahere, to draw together : an badge worn by a retainer or de agreement, a covenant. pendent to indicate the person or convincement, a hybrid word comparty to which he belonged.

pounded of a Latin root, convince coherent, Lat. co for con, with, and he. (from convincere, to conquer), and

rere, to stick : cleaving together, an A.-S. suffix. It is now superand hence connected by some re seded by the form conviction. lation of order.

cope, A.-S.ceapan, to trade : to requite. commereing, Lat.commercium, from com ! copse, contraction of coppice, from 0. Fr. copeiz, from couper, to cut, be- curfew, Fr. couvrir, to cover, and feu, cause originally a wood of small fire: the bell-ringing at nightfall growth cut for fuel: a wood of practised in olden times as a small growth.

signal to cover fires, extinguish corn, A.-S. corn, grain: used by Bun lights, and retire to rest.

yan in the sense of wheat. curiously, Lat. curiosus, careful, from coronal, Lat. coronalis, belonging to the cura, care : carefully. In this crown (corona): a garland.

sense it is used by Bacon. The coronet, Lat. corona, a crown: an in modern meanings are extensions

ferior crown worn by noblemen. of this primary signification : thus, corpse, Lat. corpus, lit. a body, whether to be curious about a thing is to

living or dead: the dead body of be careful or anxious to learn a human being. In the first folio about it, and a curious object is of Shakespeare the word is spelled one that excites careful attention. corpes. Another form of the word, cynosure, from Lat. cynosura (Gr. kunostill used, is corse.

soura, lit, dog's tail), the ancient corse. See corpse.

name for the constellation of the covert, 11., O. Fr. covrir, to cover (cov-| Lesser Bear. To this, as contain

ert, covered): a place where ani ing the pole-star, the eyes of marmals hunted in the chase find iners are directed ; and hence the cover.

meaning of cynosure, as denoting crafty, A.-S. craft, strength, art: used any object that strongly attracts

by Bacon in the sense of merely attention.

practical. crew, 0. Eng. crue, from Fr. crue, in- decent, Lat. decens, decentis, beconing,

crease or gathering. The primi-1 modest: used by Milton in its
tive meaning is company, and in etymological sense.
this sense it is used by Milton. decrepitude, Lat. decreptus, lit. noised
In modern usage, except when out, noiseless, applied to old peo-
employed to designate a ship's ple who creep about quietly, from
company, it usually has a deroga de and crepare, crepitare, to make
tory implication.

a noise, to rattle: the broken state crosier, Fr. croix (= Lat. crux), a produced by decay and the infirm

cross: the official staff of an ities of age.
archbishop, terminating at the deliberation, Lat. deliberare, to weigh,
top in a cross.

from de and libra, a balance : crusade, Fr. croisade, from croix (crux), careful consideration.

the cross : a military expedition demean, Lat. minare, to drive: to beundertaken in the Middle Ages to have. This is the proper use of recover the Holy Land from the the word. The employment of it Mohammedans. The crusaders as synonymous with to lower, dewore a cross on their breasts.

grade, is founded on a mistaken crusader. See crusade.

notion that the word is connected cucumber, O, Fr. coucombre (now con- with mean, which it nowise is.

combre), Lat. cucumis, gen. cucu- demure, 0. Fr. de (hornes) murs (=Fr. meris : a well-known plant and mæurs), lit. of good manners: decits fruit, of the genus cucumis. I orous.

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