« PreviousContinue »
Shall never a bed for me be spread,
Slowly Sir Launfal's eyes grew dim,
Slumber fell like a cloud on him,
2. The crows flapped over by twos and threes,
The little birds sang as if it were
The one day of summer in all the year,
3. Summer besieged it on every side,
But the churlish stone her assaults defied;
Green and broad was every tent,
And out of each a murmur went
LITERARY ANALYSIS.-100. Shall never a bed. Arrange in the direct order. 105. Ere day create, etc. Express this periphrasis in a single word.
109-118. The crows ... degree. What contrast is presented in this stanza? -Point out a picturesque expression ; a fanciful expression ; a striking sim. ile. Show the propriety of the term “outpost" as here used.
119. Summer besieged, etc. Show how the thought suggested as simile in line 115 is here continued as metaphor.
122–125. her pavilions tall... every tent. Explain these expressions as here employed.
4. The drawbridge dropped with a surly clang,
And through the dark arch a charger sprang,
In his siege of three hundred summers long,
Had cast them forth : so, young and strong,
To seek in all climes for the Holy Grail.
And morning in the young knight's heart;
And gloomed by itself apart;
Full as the rain fills the pitcher-plant's cup.
He was ’ware of a leper, crouched by the same,
And a loathing over Sir Launfal came :
The flesh ’neath his armor 'gan shrink and crawl,
Like a frozen waterfall;
LITERARY ANALYSIS.—128-139. The drawbridge ... Grail. Note the powerful manner in which the narrative is managed: the mere structure of the lines suggests a rush and flash.—Point out the element of hyperbole in this stanza.
140, 141. It was morning ... heart. In which line is “morning” used in a literal, in which in a figurative, sense ?--Change the metaphor in line 141 into a simile.
143-146. Rebuffed ... cap. Is “Rebuffed ” used in a literal or in a figura. tive sense ?~Remark on the verbs "gloomed” and “ brimmed." --Show the felicity of the simile.
147. made morn. Explain.
For this man, so foul and bent of stature,
So he tossed him a piece of gold in scorn.
“ Better to me the poor man's crust,
Who gives from a sense of duty;
That thread of the all-sustaining Beauty
PRELUDE TO PART SECOND. 1. Down swept the chill wind from the mountain peak,
From the snow five thousand summers old;
It had gathered all the cold,
LITERARY ANALYSIS.-159-173. The leper ... before. Point out the antithesis in this stanza; the aphorisms. — Is there any verb to which "he" (line 166) is subject? (Of course, as "he" will not parse, it must in strict grammar be condemned as a solecism.) In what line is the thought brought fully out ?- Point out a metaphor in this stanza.
174-239. To what is the Prelude to Part Second a companion piece? Re. mark on the two.
174-180. Down... bare. Point out an instance of synecdoche in this stanza. --Etymology of “wold” (176) ?
2. The little brook heard it and built a roof
'Neath which he could house him, winter-proof;
3. Sometimes his tinkling waters slipt
Down through a frost-leaved forest-crypt,
4. No mortal builder's most rare device
Could match this winter-palace of ice;
Lest the happy model should be lost,
By the elfin builders of the frost.
LITERARY ANALYSIS. 181-210. The little brook ... frost. The narrative description in these stanzas presents a good example of an exercise of fancy, as contrasted with a work of imagination. Select what you deem the most graceful strokes of fancy; the most picturesque epithets or expressions.-Explain “crypt” (190); "relief” (195); "arabesques” (196).
184. groined. Quote Emerson's use of this verb in the poem of The Problem.
5. Within the hall are song and laughter,
The cheeks of Christmas grow red and jolly,
With lightsome green of ivy and holly;
And belly and tug as a flag in the wind;
Hunted to death in its galleries blind;
Now pausing, now scattering away as in fear,
Like herds of startled deer.
Of Sir Launfal's gray hair it makes a harp,
The icy strings,
Was—“Shelterless, shelterless, shelterless !"
As he shouted the wanderer away from the porch,
The great hall-fire, so cheery and bold,
Through the window-slits of the castle old,
Against the drift of the cold.
LITERARY ANALYSIS.—211-224. Within ... deer. How is the picture of winter dreariness in lines 174-180 intensified by the picture in stanza 5?Point out a personification; a simile.—Explain “corbel” (213); “Yule" (216).- What is meant by “the soot-forest's tangled darks" (223) ?
225-232. But ... shelterless! What, again, is the effect of the juxtaposition of the pictures in stanzas 5 and 6?-Point out a metaphor in stanza 6, and state what you think of it as a figure.
233. flared like a torch. State your opinion of the propriety of this as a predicate to “voice."
233-239. The voice ... cold. Point out a striking predicate in stanza 7.