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3. None of our great poets can be called popular in any exact sense of the word, for the highest poetry deals with thoughts and emotions which inhabit, like rarest sea-mosses, the doubtful limits of that shore between our abiding divine and our fluctuating human nature, rooted in the one, but living in the other, seldom laid bare and otherwise visible only at exceptional moments of entire calm and clearness. Of no other poet, except Shakespeare, have so many phrases become household words as of Wordsworth. If Pope has made current more epigrams of worldly wisdom, to Wordsworth belongs the nobler praise of having defined for us, and given us for a daily possession, those faint and vague suggestions of other world lines, of whose gentle ministry with our baser nature the hurry and bustle of life scarcely ever allowed us to be conscious. He has won for himself a secure immortality by the depth of intuition which makes only the best minds at their best hours worthy, or indeed capable, of his companionship, and by a homely sincerity of human sympathy which reaches the humblest heart. Our language owes him gratitude for the habitual purity and abstinence of his style, and we who speak it, for having emboldened us to take delight in simple things, and to trust ourselves to our own instincts. And he hath his reward. It needs not to bid

“Renowned Chaucer lie a thought more nigh
To rare Beaumond, and learned Beaumond lie
A little nearer Spenser ;"

for there is no fear of crowding in that little society with whom he is now enrolled as fifth in the succession of the great Eng

lish poets.



The child is father of the man ;
And I could wish my days to be
Bound each to each by natural piety.

[INTRODUCTION.—This noble ode, characterized by Emerson as the “highwater mark of English thought in the 19th century," was composed partly in 11803 and partly in 1806. The mood of mind out of which it grew is set forth by Wordsworth himself in an explanatory piece, herewith appended. (See page 300.) It may be noted that the word “immortality" in the title is used in a larger sense than its ordinary meaning: it implies not only deathlessness, but eternality of existence; that is, eternal pre-existence as well as eternal future existence.]

There was a time when meadow, grove, and stream,
The earth, and every common sight,

To me did seem

Apparelled * in celestial light,
The glory and the freshness of a dream.
It is not now as it hath been of yore ;*

Turn wheresoe'er I may,

By night or day,
The things which I have seen I now can see no more.

NOTES.—Line 6. of yore. Not in the

sense of olden times, but as re-
lated to the poet's own experi-

ence as expressed in the first line—“There was a time when meadow, grove," etc.

LITERARY ANALYSIS.-1-5. Analyze the first sentence. 4. What is the primitive meaning of " Apparelled ?"

1-9. Show the antithesis in the first stanza.-Compare the first stanza with this from Shelley :

"Out of the day and night

A joy has taken flight:
Fresh spring, and summer, and winter hoar
Move my faint breast with grief, but with delight
No more-0 never more !!

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The rainbow comes and goes,
And lovely is the rose.

The moon doth with delight
Look round her when the heavens are bare ;

Waters on a starry night

Are beautiful and fair ;
The sunshine is a glorious birth;

But yet I know, where'er I go,
That there hath passed away a glory from the earth.



Now, while the birds thus sing a joyous song,

And while the young lambs bound

As to the tabor's sound,
To me alone there came a thought of grief :
A timely utterance gave that thought relief,

And I again am strong :
The cataracts blow their trumpets from the steep;
No more shall grief of mine the season wrong;
I hear the echoes through the mountains throng,
The winds come to me from the fields of sleep,

And all the earth is gay ;

Land and sea
Give themselves up to jollity,



21. tabor, a small drum.

28. the flelds of sleep: that is, “the yet 22. To me alone there came = to me reposeful, slumbering country there came only.

side. It is early morning, and 25. The cataracts. Wordsworth has in the land is still, as it were, rest.

his mind the many falls of the ing.”
beautiful English “ Lake coun- 31. jollity. See L'Allegro, page 50,
try,” where he lived.

line 18, of this book.

LITERARY ANALYSIS.—10–18. Express briefly (and in general terms) the idea contained in stanza ii.

26. No more ... wrong. What is the figure of speech? (See Def. 20.)–Express the thought in plainer language.

30, 31. Land ... jollity. What is the figure of speech? (See Def. 22.)

And with heart of May
Doth every beast keep holiday ;-

Thou child of joy,
Shout round me, let me hear thy shout, thou happy

Shepherd boy!



Ye blessed creatures, I have heard the call

Ye to each other make, I see
The heavens laugh with you in your jubilee; *

My heart is at your festival,

My head hath its coronal,*
The fulness of your' bliss I feel—I feel it all.

Oh evil day! if I were sullen
While the Earth herself is adorning

This sweet May morning,
And the children are pulling,

On every side,
In a thousand valleys far and wide,

Fresh flowers; while the sun shines warm,
And the babe leaps up on his mother's arm :-

I hear, I hear, with joy I hear !

-But there's a tree, of many one,
A single field which I have looked upon,
Both of them speak of something that is gone:

The pansy * at my feet

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Doth the same tale repeat:
Whither is fled the visionary gleam ?
Where is it now, the glory and the dream?

37. Yo blessed creatures: that is, the ob- 41. coronal, a crown or garland (as at jects of nature, animate and in

banquets in the days of Greece animate, mentioned in the pre and Rome). ceding stanza.

57. visionary = vision-like. 39. jubilee, shout of joy.

58. dream. See line 5.

LITERARY ANALYSIS.–32. with heart of May. Vary the phraseology. 39, 41, 55. Give the etymology of “jubilee ;" "coronal ;" “pansy." 44, 49. What is the grammatical construction of “herself?” Of " flowers ?"

58. is ... dream? How do you justify “is" and "it" where the reference is to “the glory and the dream ?”



Our birth is but a sleep and a forgetting :
The soul that rises with us—our life's star-

Hath had elsewhere its setting,

And cometh from afar,
Not in entire forgetfulness,

And not in utter nakedness,
But trailing clouds of glory do we come

From God, who is our home.
Heaven lies about us in our infancy;
Shades of the prison-house begin to close

Upon the growing boy ;
But He beholds the light, and whence it flows,

He sees it in his joy ;
The youth who daily farther from the east

Must travel still is nature's priest.
And by the vision splendid

Is on his way attended;
At length the man perceives it die away,
And fade into the light of common day.



59. a forgetting: that is, a forgetting of

what took place in the ante-
natal life. The doctrine of pre-
existence was held by Plato and

Pythagoras (as well as by the
seers of Egypt and India). Per-
haps to every fine soul the
thought comes in flashes.

LITERARY ANALYSIS.—59. Our birth, etc. The transition of thought here is, perhaps, somewhat abrupt. There was an interval of more than two years between the writing of stanza iv, and that of stanza v. Stanza v. may be committed to memory.

63–66. forgetfulness ... our home. Compare the poet Campbell's remark: “Children have so recently come out of the hands of their Creator, that they have not had time to lose the impress of their divine origin."

67–77. With the thought in these lines compare the exquisitely tender verses of Hood :

“I remember, I remember,

The fir-trees dark and high ;
I used to think their slender tops

Were close against the sky.
“It was a childish ignorance,

But now 'tis little joy
To know I'm farther off from heaven

Than when I was a boy." 72-75. The

outh ... attended. Transpose into the prose order.

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