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Antony. Yet hear me, countrymen ; yet hear me speak.
Antony. Why, friends, you go to do you know not what.
245 You have forgot the will I told you of.
Citizens. Most true; the will !-let's stay, and hear the will.
Antony. Here is the will, and under Cæsar's seal.
Second Citizen. Most noble Cæsar! We'll revenge his death.
Antony. Moreover, he hath left you all his walks,
First Citizen. Never, never !-Come, away, away!
[Exeunt Citizens with the body. Antony. Now let it work. Mischief, thou art afoot, Take thou what course thou wilt!
244. loves. The plural is here used to 250. seventy-five drachmas = thirteen or
indicate that the feeling was fourteen dollars of our money. shared severally by those ad. 259. to walk abroad: that is, to walk dressed.
abroad in. 246. have forgot. See note to line 62, 263. fire. The word “fire” is here “spoke."
I pronounced as a dissyllable.
LITERARY ANALYSIS.-266. Pluck down benches, etc. The incidents in the play of Julius Cæsar are largely taken from Plutarch's Lives. It is well known
II.-TRIAL SCENE FROM THE MERCHANT OF VENICE.
[INTRODUCTION.—The Trial Scene forms the second scene, act iv., of the Merchant of Venice, first published in 1600. It has always been one of the most popular of Shakespeare's comedies, both with readers and audiences-a popularity justified by the fact that it stands in the first rank for the almost tragic interest of its main plot, for the variety and strongly marked discrimination of its characters, and for the sweetness, beauty, and grace that pervade it.] Scene-A Court of Justice. Present–The Duke, the Magnificoes, ANTONIO, BAS
SANIO, GRATIANO, SALERIO, and others.
Duke. I am sorry for thee : thou art come to answer
I have heard
NOTES.—2. so please = if it so please. speare always uses of, as we do 5. Uncapable, incapable.
with void and empty. 5, 6. empty From.
Elsewhere Shake- 1 8. qualify, modify.
that Shakespeare used this work, for one of the few existing autographs of the great poet is found in a copy of Sir Thomas North's translation of Plutarch. The following passage from North's text will illustrate what Shakespeare had "to go on” in writing Julius Cæsar: “Afterwards, when Cæsar's body was brought into the market-place, Antonius making his funeral oration in praise of the dead, according to the ancient custom of Rome, and perceiving that his words moved the common people to compassion, he framed his eloquence to make their hearts yearn the more ; and, taking Cæsar's gown all bloody in his hand, he laid it open to the sight of them all, showing what a number of cuts and holes it had upon it. Therewithal the people fell presently into such a rage and mutiny that there was no more order kept amongst the common people. For some of them cried out, 'Kill the murtherers !' others plucked up forms, tables, and stalls about the market-place, and having laid them all on a heap together, they set them on fire, and thereupon did put the body of Cæsar, and burnt it in the midst of the most holy places. And, furthermore, when the fire was throughly kindled, some here, some there, took burning fire-brands, and ran with them to the murtherers houses that killed him, to set them on fire.”
And that no lawful means can carry me
Duke. Go one, and call the Jew into court.
Shylock. I have possessed * your grace of what I purpose,
11. his envy's reach: that is, the reach 30. royal, a complimentary term to inof his malice.
dicate the wealth and power of 21. remorse, relenting.
Antonio. 23. where = whereas.
35. gentle. A pun on Gentile is meant 25. loose, release.
to be suggested. 30. Enow = enough.
| 36. possessed, informed.
Upon your charter and your city's freedom.
Bassanio. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man,
Shylock. I am not bound to please thee with my answers. 05
44. But, say = but suppose; humor, | 54, 55, 56. he ... he... he: one, anwhim, caprice.
other, another. 47. baned, poisoned.
59. nor I will not. Observe the double 48. a gaping pig: that is, a pig's head negative, a common idiom in served up on the table.
Shakespeare's time. 50. affection. The word here signifies 61. that I follow = why I follow.
emotions produced through the 64. current, course.
senses by external objects. 68. offence. The word here means the 53. firm, sound.
state of being offended.
Antonio. I pray you, think you question with the Jew:
Bassanio. For thy three thousand ducats here is six.
Shylock. If every ducat in six thousand ducats
Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rendering none ?
The pound of flesh, which I demand of him,
Duke. Upon my power I may dismiss this court,
70. think you question: that is, remem-1 certain Polish monarch, might ber that you are arguing.
claim to be a king above gram72. main Hood, high tide ; bate, abate. mar (rex super grammaticam). 76. to make no noise. As this phrase 77. fretten, fretted ; that is, shaken.
also is under the government 83. judgment. The word is here used