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And let him learn to know, when maidens sue,
Men give like Gods; but when they weep and kneel,
All their petitions are as truly theirs,
As they themselves would owe them.}

Isab. I'll see what I can do.
Lucio. But, speedily.
Isab. I will about it strait ;

No longer staying, but to give the mother 4
Notice of my affair. Thumbly thank you ;
Commend me to my brother: soon at night
I'll send him certain word of my success.

Lucio. I take my leave of you.
Isab. Good sir, adieu.





Enter Angelo, Escalus, a Justice, and Attendants.

E must not make a scare-crow of the law;

Setting it up to fears the birds of prey,
And let it keep one shape, till custom make it
Their perch, and not their terror.

Escal. Ay, but yet
Let us be keen, and rather cut a little,


3 -would owe them.] To owe fignifies in this place, as in mang others, to possess, to have. Steevens.

-the mother] The abbess, or prioress. JOHNSON. 5-10 fear the birds of prey,] To fear is to offright, to terrify. So in Tbe Merchant of Venice,

“-this aspect of mine
Hath feard the valiant.” Steevens.

Thari 4

Than fall, and bruise to death. Alas! this gentleman,
Whom I would save, had a most noble father ;
Let but your honour know,? (whom I believe
To be most strait in virtue)
That, in the working of your own affections,
Had time coher'd with place, or place with wishing,
Or that the resolute acting of your blood
Could have attain'd the effect of your own purpose ;
Whether you had not sometime in your life
Err'd in this point, which now you censure him,
And pull’d the law upon you.

Ang. 'Tis one thing to be tempted, Escalus,
Another thing to fall. I not deny,
The jury, passing on the prisoner's life,
May in the sworn twelve have a thief or two
Guiltier than him they try. What's open made to

justice, That justice seizes on. What know the laws, That thieves do pass on thieves? ''Tis very pregnant,

6 Tban fall, and bruise to death.-] I should rather read, fell, i.e. Arike down. So in Timon of Athens,

All, fave thee, I fell with curses. WARBURTON. Fall is the old reading, and the true one. Shakespeare has used the fare expresion in the Comedy of Errors,

-as easy may'st thou fall

A drop of water.
i. e. let fall. So in As you like it,

the executioner
Falls not the axe upon the humbled neck”

STEEVENS. ? Let but your honour know,-) To know is here to examine, to take cogni fance. So in Midjummer-Nighi's Dream,

Therefore, fair Hermia, question your de fires;

Know of your truth, examine will your blood. Johnson. 8

is very pregnant, [ 'Tis plain that we must act with bad as with good ; we punish the faults, as we take the advantages, that lie in our way, and what we do not see we cannot note.



The jewel that we find, we stoop and take it,
Because we see it, but what we do not fee,
We tread upon, and never think of it.
You may not so extenuate his offence,
8 For I have had such faults; but rather tell me,
When I, that censure him, do so offend,
Let mine own judgment pattern out my death,
And nothing come in partial. Sir, he must die.

Enter Provojt.
Escal. Be it, as your wisdom will.
Ang. Where is the provost ?
Prov. Here, if it like your honour.

Ang. See, that Claudio
Be executed by nine to-morrow morning.
Bring him his confeffor, let him be prepar'd;
For that's the utmost of his pilgrimage.--[Exit Prov.
Escal. Well, heaven forgive him and forgive us

all! : Some rise by fin, and some by virtue fall :

Some * For I bave bad- -] That is, because, by reason tbat I have had faults. JOHNSON.

9 Some rise, &c.] This line is in the first folio printed in Italics as a quotation. All the folios read in the next line, Some run from brakes of ice, and answer none.

JOHNSON. The old reading is perhaps the true one, and may mean, fome run away from danger, and stay to answer none of their faults, whilf others are condemned only on account of a single frailty. If this be the true reading, it should be printed,

Some run from breaks (i. e. fractures) of ice, &c. Since I wrote this, I have found reason to change my opinion. A brake anciently meant not only a sharp.bit, a fnafle, but also the inclosure into which farriers put such unruly horses as will not permit themselves to be shod without confinement. This, in some places, is called a smith's brake. In this last sense, Ben Jonsoņ wres the word in his Und rwoods.

“ And not think he had eat a fake,
" Or were set up in a brake.


Some run through brakes of vice, and answer none; And some condemned for a fault alone.

Enter Elbow, Froib, Clown, and Officers. Elb. Come, bring them away: if these be good people in a common-weal, that do nothing but use their abuses in common houses, I know no law: bring them away.

Ang. How now, fir! What's your name? and what's the matter?

Elb. If it please your honour, I am the poor duke's constable, and my name is Elbow ; I do lean upon justice, sir, and do bring in here before your good honour two notorious benefactors.

Ang. Benefactors? Well; what benefactors are they? are they not malefactors ?

Elb. If it please your honour, I know not well what they are: but precise villains they are, that I am sure of; and void of all profanation in the world, that good christians ought to have,

Escal. ' This comes off well; here's a wise officer.

Ang. Go to : What quality are they of ? Elbow is your name? Why dost thou not speak, Elbow ?

Cloten. He cannot, fir; he's out at elbow,
Ang. What are you, sir?

And, for the former sense, see the Silent Woman, act iv. Again, for the latter sense, Bully d'Ambois, by Chapman.

“ Or, like a strumpet, learn to set my face

“ In an eternal brake." Again, in The Opportunity, by Shirley, 1640.

“ He is fallen into some brake, some wench has tied him by " the legs.” I offer these quotations, which may prove of use to some more fortunate conjecturer; but am able myself to derive very little from them to suit the passage' before us. STEEVENS.

9 This comes of well ;] This is nimbly spoken ; this is volubly uttered. Johnson.


Elb. He, fir? a tapster, sir; parcel-bawd'; one that serves a bad woman; whose house, fir, was, as they fay, pluck'd down in the suburbs; and now she profeffes a hot-house”; which, I think, is a very ill house too.

Escal. How know you that?

Elbow. My wife, sir, whom I deteft before heaven and your honour, -

Escal. How! thy wife ?

Elb. Ay, sir; whom, I thank heaven, is an honest woman ;

Escal. Dost thou detest her therefore?

Elb. I say, fir, I will detest myself also, as well as she, that this house, if it be not a bawd's house, it is pity of her life, for it is a naughty house.

Escal How dost thou know that, constable ?

Elb. Marry, sir, by my wife; who, if she had been a woman cardinally given, might have been accused in fornication, adultery, and all uncleanness there,

Escal. By the woman's means ?

Elb. Ay, sir, by mistress Over-done's means: 3 but as she spit in his face, so she defy'd him.

Clown. Sir, if it please your honour, this is not fo.

Elb. Prove it before these varlets here, thou honourable man, prove it.

1 A tapsier, fir ; parcil bawd;] This we should now express by saying, he is half-tapster, half-bawd. Johnson.

? The frofefes a hot-boufe ;] A-bot-house is an English name for a

W bere lantly harbour'd many a famous whore,
A purging-bill now fix'd upon the door,
Tells you it it a hot-house, so it may,

And jill be a whore-boufe. Ben. Jonson. JOANSON. 3 Ay, fir, by mistress Over-done's means : ) Here seems to have been fonc mention made of Froth, who was to be accused, and some words therefore may have been lost, unless the irregularity of the narrative may be better imputed to the ignorance of the conftable. JOHNSON


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