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spendest thy time, but also how thou art accom Fal. I would, your grace would take me with panied : for' though the camomile, the more it is you ;6 Whom means your grace ? trodden on, the faster it grows, yet youth, the more P. Hen. That villainous abominable misleader of it is wasted, the sooner it wears. That thou art my youth, Falstaff, that old white-bearded Satan. son, I have partly thy mother's word, partly my Fal. My lord, the man I know. own opinion; but chiefly, a villainous trick of thine P. Hen. I know, thou dost. eye, and a foolish hanging of thy nether lip, that Fal. But to say, I know more harm in him than duth warrant me. If then thou be son lo me, here in myself, were to say more than I know. That he lies the point;-Why, being son to me, art thou so is old (the more the pity,) his white hairs do witness pointed at? Shall the blessed sun of heaven prove it: but that he is (saving your reverence) a whorea micher,' and eat blackberries? a question not to master, that I utterly deny. If sack and sugar be be asked. Shall the son of England prove a thief, a fault, God help the wicked! If to be old and and take purses? a question to be asked. There is merry be a sin, then many an old host that I know, a thing, Harry, which thou hast often heard of, and is damned: if to be fat be to be hated, then Pha. it is known to many in our land by the name of raoh's lean kine are to be loved. No, my good pitch: this pitch, as ancient writers do report, doth lord; banish Peto, banish Bardolph, banish Poins, defile; so doth the company thou keepest for, but for sweet Jack Falstaff, kind Jack Falstaff

, Hairy, now I do not speak to thee in drink, but in true Jack Falstaff, valiant Jack Falstaff, and there tears ; not in pleasure, but in passion; not in words fore more valiant, being as he is, old Jack Falstaff

, only, but in woes also :-And yet there is a virtu- banish not him thy Harry's company; banish plump ous man, whom I have often noted in thy company, Jack, and banish all the world. but I know not his name.

P. Hen. I do, I will.

(A knocking heard. P. Hen. What manner of man, an it like your (Exeunt Hostess, Francis, and B&R DOLPH. majesty ?

Re-enter BARDOLPR, running. Fid. A good portly man, i'faith, and a corpulent; of a cheerful look, a pleasing eye, and a most noble

Bard. O, my lord, my lord; the sheriff

, with a carriage ; and, as I think, his age some fifty, or

most monstrous watch, is at the door. by'r-lady, inclining to threescore; And now I re

Fal. Out, you rogue ! play out the play ; member me, his name is Falstaff: if that man should much to say in the behalf of that Falsiaff. be lewdly given, he deceiveth me; for, Harry, I

Re-enter Hostess, hastily. see virtue in his looks. If then the tree may be Host. O Jesu, my lord! my lord known by the fruit, as the fruit by the tree, then, Fal. Heigh, heigh! the devil rides upon 2 fiddle peremptorily I speak it, there is virtue in that stick : What's the matter? Falstaff: him keep with, the rest banish. And tell Host. The sheriff and all the watch are at the me now, thou naughty varlet, tell me, where hast door: they are come to search the house: Shall I thou been this month?

let them in? P. Hen. Dost thou speak like a king? Do thou Fal. Dost thou hear, Hal ? never call a true stand for me, and I'll play my father.

piece of gold, a counterfeit: thou art essentially Fal. Depose me? if thou dost it half so gravely, mad, without seeming so. 80 majestically, both in word and matter, hang me P. Hen. And thou a natural coward, without up by the heels for a rabbet-sucker, or a poulter's instinct. hare.

Fal. I deny your major : if you will deny the P. Hen. Well, here I am set.

sheriff, so; if not, let him enter: if I become not a Fal. And here I stand :- judge, my masters. cart as well as another man, a plague on my bringo P. Hen. Now, Harry? whence come you? ing up! I hope, I shall as soon be strangled with a Fal. My noble lord, from Eastcheap.

halter as another. P. Hen. The complaints I hear of thee are griev. P. Hen. Go, lide thee behind the arras; '--the

rest walk up above. Now, my masters, for a true Fal. 'Sblood, my lord, they are false :-nay, I'll face, and good conscience. lickle ye for a young prince, i’faith.

Fal. Both which I have had: but their date is P. Hen. Swear'st thou, ungracious boy? hence- out, and therefore I'll hide me. forth ne'er look on me. Thou art violently carried

[Ereunt all but the Prince and Porxs. away from grace: there is a devil haunts thee, in P. Hen, Call in the sheriff.the likeness of a fat old man: a lun of man is thy

Enter Sheriff and Carrier. companion. Why dost thou converse with that trunk of humours, that bolting-hutch of beastli-| Now, master Sheriff ; what's your will with me ? ness, that swoln parcel of dropsies, that huge bom

Sher. First, pardon me, my lord. A hue and cry bardí of sack, that stuffed cloak-bag of guts, that Hath follow'd certain men unto this house.

P. Hen. What men ? roasted Manningtrees ox with the pudding in his belly, that reverend vice, that gray iniquity, that

Sher. One of them is well known, my gracious lord, A gross

fat man. father ruffian, hat vanity in years? Wherein is he


As fat as butter. good, but to taste sack and drink it? wherein neat and cleanly, but to carve a capon and eat it?

P. Hen. The man, I do assure you, is not here ; wherein cunning, but in craft? wherein crafty, but For I myself at this time have employd him. in villainy? wherein villainous, but in all things ? And, Sheriff

, I will engage my word 'to thee, wherein worthy, but in nothing?

That I will, by to-morrow dinner time,

Send him to answer thee, or any man, I A micher here significs a truant. So in an old phrase For any thing he shall be charg'd withal: book, Hormanni Vulgaria, 1509 :- He is a mychar ; And so let me entreat you leave the house. vagus est non discolus.' hide ; and hence the word sometimes also signified lege of fairs, by exhibiting a certain number of start skulking thief, and sometimes a miser. In. Lyly's plays yearly. It appears from other intimations that Mother Bombie, 1594, we have: How like a micher he there were great festivities there, and much good eating stands, as is he had truanted from honesty.'

at Whitsun ales, &c. 2 A young rabbit.

6 i. e. go no faster than I can follow. 3 The machine which separates flour from bran.

7 When arras was first brought into England, it wa! 4 A bombard was a very large leathern vessel to hold suspended on small hooks driven into the walls of bou drink. perhaps so called from its similarity

to a sort of ses and castles ; but this practice was soon discontinued cannon of the same name. That it was not a barrel, as After the damp of the stone and brickwork had been some have supposed, is evident from the following pas- found to ret the tapestry, it was fixed on frames of Woent Bage:

at such distance from the wall as prevented the dann * His boots as wide as the black jacks,

from being injurious ; large spaces were thus left be Or bombards loss'd by the king's guards.' tween the arras and the walls, sufficient to contait ered

Shirley's Martyr'd Soldier. one of Falstaff's bulk. Our old dramatists avail them 5 Manningtroe, in Essex, formerly enjoyed the privi. I selves of this convenient hiding

place upon all occasions

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To mich was to skulk, to

Sher. I will, my lord: There are two gentlemen Glend. I


the earth did shake when I was Have in this robbery lost three hundred marks.

born. P. Hen. It


be so : if he have robb'd these Hot. And I say, the earth was not of my mind, men,

If you suppose, as fearing you it shook.
He shall be answerable ; and so, farewell.

Glend. The heavens were all on fire, the earth
Sher. Good night, my noble lord.

did tremble.
P. Hen. I think it is good morrow: Is it not? Hot. O, then the earth shook to see the heavens
Sher. Indeed, my lord, I think it be two o'clock. on fire,

(Éreunt Sheriff and Carrier. And not in fear of your nativity.
P. Hen. This oily rascal is known as well as Diseased nature oftentimes breaks forth
Paul's. Go call him forth.

In strange eruptions : oft the teeming earth
Poins. Falstaff!-fast asleep behind the arras, Is with a kind of colick pinch'd and vex'd
and snorting like a horse.

By the imprisoning of unruly wind
P. Hen. Hark, how hard he fetches breath : Within her womb; which, for enlargement striving,
Search his pockets. (Poins searches.] What hast Shakes the old beldame earth, and topples down
thou found ?

Steeples, and moss-grown towers. At your birth,
Poins. Nothing but papers, my lord.

Our grandam earth, having this distemperature,
P. Hen. Let's see what they be : read them. In passion shook.
Poins. Item, A capon, 2s. 2d.


Cousin, of many men
Item, Sauce, 4d.

I do not bear these crossings. Give me leave
Item, Sack, two gallons, 5s. 8d.?

To tell you once again,—that, at my birth,
Item, Anchovies, and sack after supper, 2s.6d. The front of heaven was full of fiery shapes;
Item, Bread, a halfpenny.

The goats ran from the mountains, and the herds
P. Hen. Ó monstrous! but one halfpenny-worth Were strangely clamorous to the frighted fields.
of bread to this intolerable deal of sack What These signs have mark'd me extraordinary ;
there is else, keep close; we'll read it at more ad- And all the courses of my life do show,
vantage : there let him sleep till day. I'll to the I am not in the roll of common men.
court in the morning ; we must all to the wars, and Where is he living,-clipp'd in with the sea
thy place shall be honourable. I'll procure this fat That chides the banks of England, Scotland,
rogue a charge of foot; and, I know, his death will Wales,
be a mark of twelve-score. The money shall be Which calls me pupil, or hath read to me?
paid back again with advantage. Be with me be- And bring him out, that is but woman's son,
ümes in the morning; and so good morrow, Poins. Can trace me in the tedious ways of art,
Poins. Good morrow, good my lord. (Exeunt. And hold me pace in deep experiments.

Hot. I think, there is no man speaks better

Welsh :-

I'll to dinner.
SCENE I. Bangor. A Room in the Archdean

Mort. Peace, cousin Percy; you will make him con's House Enter Hotspur, WORCESTER,


Glend. I can call spirits from the pasty deep.
Morl. These promises are fair, the parties sure, Hot. Why, so can l; or so can any man:
And our induction* full of prosperous hope. But will they come, when you do call for them?

Hot. Lord Mortimer,--and cousin Glendower, Glend. Why, I can teach you, cousin, to command
Will you sit down ?-

The devil.
And, 'uncle Worcester :-A plague upon it! Hot. And I can teach thee, coz, to shame tho
I have forgot the map.

No, here it is.

By telling truth ; Tell truth, and shanie the devil.-
Sit, cousin Percy; sit, good cousin Hotspur, If thou have power to raise him, bring him hither,
For by that name as oft as Lancaster

And I'll be sworn, I have power to shame him hence.
Doth speak of you, his cheek looks pale; and, with 0, while you live, tell truth, and shame the devil.
A rising sigh, he wisheth you in heaven.

'Mort. Come, come,
Hot. And you in hell, as often as he hears No more of this unprofitable chat.
Owen Glendower spoke of.

Glend. Three times hath Henry Bolingbroke
Glend. I cannot blame him : at my nativity,

made head
The front of heaven was full of fiery shapes, Against my power: thrice from the banks of Wye,
Of burning cressets; and, at my birth,

And sandy-bottom'd Severn, have I sent him,
The frame and huge foundation of the earth, Bootless'home, and weather-beaten back.
Shak'd like a coward.

Hot. Home without boots, and in foul weather too.

Why, so it would have done How 'scapes he agues, in the devil's name?
At the same season, if your mother's cat had Glend. Come, here's the map: Shall we divide
But kitten'd, though yourself had ne'er been born.

our right,

According to our three-fold order ta’en ?
St. Paul's Cathedral.
2 In a very curious letter from Thomas Rainolds, vice Into three limits, very equally:

Mort. The archdeacon hath divided it
chancellor of Oxford, in 1566, to Cardinal Pole, ainong
the Conway Papers, he entreats the suppression of some
of the wine taverns in Oxford, and states as one of his the Tinker to the Taming of the Shrew. Sackville's in
reasons that they sell Gascony wine at 16d. a gallon, duction to the Mirror for Magistrates is another instance.
zacke at 23. 4d. per gallon, and Malvoisie at 28 6d, to

5 Shakspeare has amplified the hint of Holinshed,
the utter ruin of the poor students. In Florio's First who says, Strange wonders happened at the nativity of
Fruies, 1578:-- Claret wine, red and white, is sold for this man for the same night that he was born, all his
fivepence the quarte, and sacke for sixpence; muscadel father's horses in the stable were found 10 stand in blood
and malmsey for eight.”. Twenty years afterwards sack up to their bellies.' The poet had probably also heard
had probably risen to eightpenceor eightpence halspenny that, in 1402, a blazing star appeared, which the Welsh
a quart, which would make the computation of five bards represented as portending good fortune to Owen
shillings and eighepence for (wo gallons correct. To the Glendower,
note on sack, at p. 433, we may add that sack is called

6 Cressets were open lamps, exhibited on a beacon,
Vinum Hispanicum by Coles, and Vin d'Espagne by carried upon a pole or otherwise suspended. Cotgrave
Sherwood. ' In Florio's Second Frules it is Vino de thus describes them under the word falot, a czessel

light (such as they use in play houses,) made of ropes
3 A score, in the language Toxopholites, was twenty wreathed, pitched, and put into small open cages ofiron.'
yards. A mark of twelve score meant a mark at a dis 7 Beldame, and belsire, formerly signified grand
tance of two hundred and forty yards.

mother and grandfather. 4 Induction is used by Shakspeare for commence.

8 To topple, in its active sense, is to throw dowon. meni, beginning. The introductory part of a play or 9 Shakspeare has already, in Act ii. Sc. 1, quibbled poem was called the induction. Such is the prelude of upon boots and boot,

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Engrana, from Trent and Severn hitherto,"

Glend. Come, you shall have Trent turn'd. By south and east, is to my part assign'd:

Hot. I do not care : I'll give thrice so much and
All westward, Wales beyond the Severn shore, To any well-deserving friend;
And all the fertile land within that bound,

But, in the way of bargain, mark ye me,
To Owen Glendower: and, dear coz, to you I'll cavil on the ninth part of a hair.
The remnant northward, lying off from Trent. Are the indentures drawn? shall we be gone
And our indeutures tripartite are drawn :

Glend. The moon shines fair, you may away by Which being sealed interchangeably,

night: (A business that this night may execute,) l'H in and haste the writer, and, withal, To-morrow, cousin Percy, you, and I,

Break with your wives of your depar hence And my good lord of Worcester, will set forth, I am afraid, my daughter will run mad, To meet your father, and the Scottish power, So much she doteth on her Mortimer. (En. As is appointed us, at Shrewsbury.

Mort. Fye, cousin Percy! how you cross my My father Glendower is not ready yet,

father! Nor shall we need his help

these fourteen days: Hot. I cannot choose : sometimes he angers me, Within that space (To Glend.] you may have With telling me of the moldwarp and the ant, drawn together

Of the dreamer Merlin and his prophecies ;
Your tenants, friends, and neighbouring gentlemen. And of a dragon and a finless fish,

Glend. A shorter time shall send me to you, lords, A clip-wing'd griffin, and a moulten raven,
And in my conduct shall your ladies come : A couching lion, and a ramping cat,
From whom you now must steal, and take no leave ; And such a deal of skimble-skamble stuff
For there will be a world of water shed,

As puts me from my faith. I tell you what,Upon the parting of your wives and you.

He held me, last night, at least nine hours, Hot. Methinks, my moiety,” north from Burton In reckoning up the several devils' names, here,

That were his lackeys: I cried, humph, -and well, In quantity equals not one of yours :

-go to, See, how this river comes me cranking in, But mark'd him not a word. O, he's as tedious And cuts me from the best of all my land, As is a tired horse, a railing wife; A huge half moon, and monstrous cantle* out. Worse than a smoky house ;-I had rather live I'll have the current in this place damm’d up; With cheese and garlick, in a windmill, far, And here the smug and silver Trent shall run, Than feed on cates, and have him lalk to me, In a new channel, fair and evenly :

In any summer-house in christendom. It shall not wind with such a deep indent,

Mort. In faith, he is a worthy gentleman ; To rob me of so rich a bottom here.

Exceedingly well read, and profited Glend. Not wind ? it shall, it must; you see, it In strange concealments ;-, valiant as a lion, doth.

And wondrous affable : and as bountiful Mort. Yea,

As mines of India. Shall I tell you, cousin ? But mark, how he bears his course, and runs me up He holds your temper in a high respect, With like advantage on the other side;

And curbs himself even of his natural scope, Gelding the opposed continent as much,

When you do cross his humour; 'faith, he does : As on the other side it takes from you.

I warrant you, that man is not alive, Wor. Yea, but a little charge will trench him here, Might so have tempted him as you have done, And on this north side win this cape of land; Without the taste of danger and reproof; And then he runs straight and even.

But do not use it oft, let me entreat you. Hol. I'll have it so; a little charge will do it. Wor. In faith, my lord, you are too wilfu: Glend. I will not have it alter'd.

blame;'í Hol.

Will not you? And since your coming hither, have done enough Glenu. No, nor you shall not.

To put him quite beside his patience. Hot.

Who shall say me nay? You must needs learn, lord, 'to amend this fault: Glend. Why, that will I.

Though sometimes it show greatness, courage, blood, Hot.

Let me not understand you then, (And that's the dearest grace it renders you,) Speak it in Welsh.

Yet oftentimes it doth present harsh rage, Glend. I can speak English, lord, as well as you; Defect of manners, want of government, For I was trau.

English court;' Pride, baughtiness, opinion, 12 and disdain : Where, being bu 'nung, I framed to the harp The least of which, haunting a nobleman, Many an English di .v, lovely well,

Loseth men's hearts; and leaves behind a stain And gave the tongue a helpful ornament ;6 Upon the beauty of all parts besides, A virtue that was never :een in you.

Beguiling them of commendation. Hot. Marry, and I'm glail of it with all my heart; Hot. Well, I am schoold; good manners be your I had rather be a kitten, ana cry-mew,

speed! Than one of these same metre ballad-mongers : Here come our wives, and let us take our leave. I had rather hear a brazen canstick' turn'd, Or a dry wheel grate on an axle-tree;

Re-enter GLENDOWER, with the Ladies. And that would set my teeth nothing on edge, Mort. This is the deadly spite that angers me, Nothing so much as mincing poetry ;

My wife can speak no English, I no Welsh. "Tis like the forc'd gait of a shuffling nag.

7 A very common contraction of candlestick. The T 1. e. to this spot (pointing to the map.).

noise to which Hotspur alludes is mentioned in A New 2 A moiety was frequently used by the writers of Trick to cheat the Devil, 1636 :Shakspeare's age as a portion of any thing, though not divided into equal parts.

" As if you were to lodge in Lothbnry, 3 To crank is to crook, to turn in and out. Crank.

Where they turn brazen candlesticks." ling is used by Drayton in the same sense : speaking of 8 i.e. the writer of the articles. The old copy reads a river, he says thai Meander

I'll haste the writer, &c.' The iwo necessary words Hath not so many turns and crankling nooks as she.'| (in and) were suggested by Sleevens.

4 A cantle is a portion, a parl, a corner or fragment 9 The moldwarp is the mole , A. S. molde and toror. of any thing. The French had chanteau and chantel, pan; because it warps or renders the surface of the and the lialians canto and cantone in the same sense. earth uneven by its hillocks.

6 Owen Glendower's real name was Owen ap-Gryf. 10 Skilled in wonderful secrets. fyth Vaughan. He took the name of Glendower from 11 Shakspeare has several compounds in which the the lordship of which he was the owner.

firre adjective has the power or an adverb. In King 6 This disputed passage seems to me to mean that he Richard III, we meet with childish-foolish, senseless gave to the language the helpful ornament of verse. obstinate, and mortal-staring: Hotspur's answer shows that he look is in that sense 12 i e. self-cainion or conceit.

up in

with you,

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you down,

Glend. My daughter weeps; she will not part Hot. I had rather hear Lady, my brach, howi

in Irish. She'll be a soldier too, she'll to the wars.

Lady P. Would'st thou have thy head broken ?
Mort. Good father, tell her,--that she, and my Hot. No.
aunt Percy,

Lady P. Then be stih.
Shall follow in your condit' speedily.

Hot. Neither; 'lis a woman's fault.
[Glend. speaks to hs daughter in Welsh, and Lady P. Now God help thee!
she answers tim in the same.

Hot. To the Welsh lady's bed.
Glend. She's desperate betre; a peevish self-will'd Lady P. What's that?

Hot. Peace! she sings.
Ine that no persuasion can do good upon.

(A Welsh song sung by LADY M.
(LADY M. speaks te MORTIMER in Welsh. Hot. Come, Kate, I'll have your song too.
Mort. I understand thy looks: that pretty Welsh Lady P. Not mine, in good sooth.
Which thou pourest down from these swelling hea Hot. Not yours, in good sooth! 'Heart, you swear

like a comfit-maker's wife! Not you, in good sooth: I am loo perfect in; and, but for shame,

and, As true as I live; and, Aš God shall mend In such a parley would I answer thee.

me; and, As sure as day:

(LADY M. speaks. And giv'st such sarcenet surety for thy oaths, I understand thy kisses, and thou mine,

As if thou never walk'st further than Finsbury.'
And that's a feeling disputation :

Swear me, Kate, like a lady, as thou art,
But I will never be a truant, love,

A good mouth-filling oath ; and leave in sooth,
Till I have learn'd thy language; for thy tongue
Makes Welsh as sweet as dilties highly penn'd,

And such protest of pepper-gingerbread,

To velvet-guards," and Sunday-citizens.
Sung by a fair queen in a summer's bower, Come, sing,
With ravishing division, to her lute.*

Lady P. I will not sing.
Glend. Nay, if you melt, then will she run mad. Hot. "Tis the next way to turn tailor, or be red.

(Lady M. speaks again. breast teacher."? An the indentures be drawn, I'N Mort. 0, I am ignorance itself in this.

away within these two hours; and so come in when Glend. She bids you on the wanton rushes lay ye will.


Glend. Come, come, Lord Mortimer; you are as
And rest your gentle head upon her lap,

And she will sing the song that pleaseth you, As hot lord Percy is on fire to go.
And on your eyelids crown the god of sleep, By this our book's drawn; we'll but seal, and then
Charming your blood with pleasing heaviness; To horse immediately.
Making such difference ''wixt wake and sleep, Mort.

With all my heart. [Exeunt.
As is the difference betwixt day and night,
The hour before the heavenly-harness'd team

SCENE IT. London. A Room in the Palace.
Begins his golden progress in the east.

Enter King HENRY, Prince of Wales, and Lords. Mort. With all my heart I'll sit, and hear her sing:

K. Hen. Lords, give us leave: the Prince of Wales By that time will our book,' I think, be drawn.

and I Glend. Do so;

Must bave some private conference : But bo near And those musicians that shall play to you,

at hand,
Hang in the air a thousand leagues from hence;

For we shall presently have need of you.
And straight they shall be here : sit, and attend.

(Ereunt Lords
Hot. Come, Kate, thou art perfect in lying down: I know not whether God will have it so,
Come, quick, quick; that I may lay my head in For some displeasing service!) I have done,
thy laj.

That in his secret doom, out of my blood
Lady P. Go, ye giddy goose.

He'll breed revengemeni and a scourge for me ;
(GLEN POWER speaks some Welsh words, and But thou dost, in ihy passages of life,

then the Music plays.
Hol. Now I perceive the devil understands for the hot vengeance and the rod of heaven,

Make me believe,--that thou art only mark'd

To punish my mistreadings.. Tell me else,
And 'tis no marvel, he's so humorous.

Could such inordinate, and low desires,
By'r-lady, he's a good musician.

Such poor, such bare, such lewd, such mean at.
Lady P. Then should you be nothing but musical;

for you are altogether governed by humours. Lie Such barren pleasures, rude society,
still, ye thief, and hear the lady sing in Welsh. As thou art match'd withal, and grafted to,
1 Guard, escort.

nants, &c.-In a MS. letter from Sir Richard Sackville, 2 Capulet, in Romeo and Juliet, reproaches his daugh. in 1560, to Lady Throckmorton, announcing a grant of ter in the same words:-

some land to her husband Sir Nicholas, he says, “It hath "A peevish self-rill'd harlotry it is.'

pleased the queen's majesty to sign Mr. Frog morton's
3 It seems extraordinary that Steevens could for a book."- Conway Papers.
moment conceive that Mortimer meant his lady's tiro 8 Hound.
prominent lips! It is obvious, as Mr. Douce has re 9 That this is spoken ironically is sufficiently obvious,
marked, that her eyes svollen with tears are meant, as Mr. Pye has observed; but the strange attempts to
whose language he is too perfect in, and could answer misunderstand the passage made by some commenta.
with the like if it were not for shame.

tors, make the observation in some measure necessary.
4 A compliment to Queen Elizabeth was perhaps 10 Finsbury, being then open walks and ticids, was
here intended, who was a performer on the lute and the common resort of the citizens, as appears from many
virginals. See Melvil's Memoirs, folio, p. 50. Divi old plays.
sions, which were then uncommon in vocal music, are

11 Velrel-guards, or trimmings of relvei, being the
pariations rf melody upon some given fundamental city fashion in Shakspeare's time, i he terin was used

metaphorically to designate such persons. ö It has been alreally remarked, that it was long the

12 Tailors, like weavers, have ever been remarkablo custom in this country to strew the floors with rushes, for their vocal skill. Percy is jocular in his mode of as we now cover them with carpets.

persuading his wife to sing, and this is a humorous turn 0 So in Beaumont and Fletcher's Philaster:

which he gives to his argument, 'Come, sing, '— I will who shall take his lute,

not sing. '' 'Tis the next (i. é. readiest, nearest) way And touch it till he croion a silent sleep

to turn tailor or redbreast teacher.' The meaning is,
Upon my eyelid.

'ln sing is to put yoursell upon a level with tailors and
The God of sleep is not only to sit on Mortimer's teachers of birds.
eyelids, but to sit cruioned, that is, with sovereign do-

13 Service, for action.

14 Mlean attempts are mean, unuorthy underlukings 7 lt was usual to call any manuscript of bulk a bouk Lerod, in this place, has its original signification of idle, in ancient times, such as patents, granis, articles, coven gracious. naughty.

Accompany the greatness of thy blood,

Enfcoff?d10 himself to popularity:
And hold their level with thy princely heart? That being daily swallow'd by men's eyes,

P. Hen. So please your majesty, I would I could They surfeited with honey; and began
Quit all offences with as clear excuse,

To loathe the taste of sweetness, whereof a little As well as, I am doubtless, I can parge

More than a little is by much too much. Myself of many I am charg'd withal:

So, when he had occasion to be seen, Yet such extenuation let me beg,!

He was but as the cuckoo is in June,
As, in reproof of many tales devis'd, -

Heard, not regarded; seen, but with such eges,
Which oft the ear of greatness needs must hear,– As, sick and blunted with community,
By smiling pickthanks? and base newsmongers, Afford no extraordinary gaze,
I may, for some things true, wherein my youth Such as is bent on sunlike majesty,
Hath faulty wander'd and irregular,

When it shines seldom in admiring eyes :
Find pardon on my true submission.

But rather drowz'd, and hung their eyelids dowth K. Hen. God pardon thee !--yet let me wonder, Slept in his face, and render'd such aspect Harry,

As cloudy men use to their adversaries; At thy affections, which do hold a wing

Being with his presence glutted, gorg’d, and full.
Quite from the flight of all thy ancestors.

And in that very line, Harry, standest thou :
Thy place in council thou hast rudely lost," For thou hast lost thy princely privilege,
Which by thy younger brother is supplied ; With vile participation; not an eye
And art almosi an alien to the hearts

But is a-weary of thy common sight,
Of all the court and princes of my blood:

Save mine, which hath desir'd to see thee more ; The hope and expectation of thy time

Which now doth that I would not have it do, Is ruin'd; and the soul of every man

Make blind itself with foolish tenderness. Prophetically does forethink thy fall.

P. Hen. I shall hereafter, my thrice-gracious lord, Had I so lavish of my presence been,

Be more myself. So common-hackney'd in the eyes of men,

K. Hen, For all the world, So stale and cheap to vulgar company;

As thou art to this hour, was Richard then Opinion, that did help me to the crown,

When I from France set foof at Ravenspurg; Had still kept loyal to possession ;*

And even as I was then, is Percy now. And left me in reputeless banishment,

Now by my sceptre, and my soul to boot, A fellow of no mark, nor likelihood.

He hath more worthy interest to the state," By being seldom seen, I could not stir,

Than thou, the shadow of succession: But, like a comet, I was wonder'd at:

For, of no right, nor colour like to right,
That men would tell their children, This is he; He doth fill fields with harness in the realm;
Others would say,-Where? which is Bolingbroke? Turns head against the lion's armed jaws;,
Aud then I stole all courtesy from heaven, And, being no more in debt to years than thou,
And dress'd myself in such humility,

Leads ancient lords and reverend bishops on,
That I did pluck allegiance from men's hearts, To bloody battles, and to bruising arms.
Loud shouts and salutauons from their mouths, What never-dying honour hath he got
Even in the presence of the crowned king. Against renowned Douglas ;, whose high deeds,
Thus did I keep my person fresh, and new; Whose hot incursions, and great name in arms,
My presence, like a robe pontifical,

Holds from all soldiers chief majority,
No'er seen, but wonder'd at: and so my state, And military title capital,
Seldom, but sumptuous, showed like a feast; Through all the kingdoms that acknowledge Christ?
And won, by rareness, such solemnity.

Thrice hath this Hotspur Mars in swathing clothes,
The skipping king, he ambled up and down This infant warrior, in his enterprises
With shallow jesters, and rash bavin wits,

Discomfited great Douglas; ta'en him once,
Soon kindled, and soon burn'd: carded' his state; Enlarged him, and made a friend of him,
Mingled his royalty with carping fools;

To fill the mouth of deep defiance up,
Had his great name profaned with their scorns ; And shake the peace and safety of our throne.
And gave his countenance, against his name, And what say you to this ? Percy, Northumberland,
To laugh at gibing boys, and stand the push The archbishop's grace of York, Douglas, Mortimer,
Of every beardless vain comparative ::

Capitulate!? against us, and are up.
Grew a companion to the common streets,

Bui wherefore do I tell these news to thee?

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| The construction of this passage is somewhat ob means little else than to rein by imperceptible progres scure. Johnson thus explains it :- Let me beg so much sion, by gentle violence.' extenuation, that upon confutation of many false 6 Barins are brushwood, or small fagots used for charges, I may be pardoned some which are true. Re lighting fires. proof means disproof. 2 A sycophant, a flatterer, one who is studious to gain taphor is probably taken from mingling cnarse wan) wib

7. To card is to mix, or dehase hy mixing. The me favour, or to pick occasions for obtaining thanks. 3 This appears to be an anachronism. The prince's the value of the latter. The phrase is used by über

fine, and carding them together, thereby aimitisting removal from council, in consequence of his striking the writers for to mingle or mix. Lord Chief Justice Gascoigne, was some years after the 8 The quarto, 1598, reads capring. The quarto, 139, battle of Shrewsbury, (1403.) His brother the duke of and subsequent old copies, read carping, which I am Clarence was appointed presitlent in his room, and he inclined to think from the context is the word which was not created a duke till 1411.

Shakspeare wrote. A carping momus,' and 'a carpa 4 True to him that had then possession of the crown. ing fool,' were very common expressions in that azt. 5 Massinger, in The Great Duke of Florence, has

9 i.e. every beardless vain young fellow who affated adopted this expression :

wit, or was a

les in con.parisons. Vide da i

Sc. 2.
A prince in expectation, when he lived here 10 i, e. gave himself up, absolutely and entirely, be
Stole courtesy from heaven; and would not to popularity. To enfeoff is a law term, signifying to gint
The meanest servant in my father's house

or grant any thing to another in fee simple. Have kept such distance.'

11 Interest to the state. We should now write in the Mr. Gifford, in the following note on this passage, gives so in The Winter's Tale, he is less frequent te ble

state ; but this was the phraseology of the poet's time the best explanation of the phrase, which the commen- princely exercises than formerly." Thou hast but the alors have altogether mistaken :- The plain meaning shadow of succession, compared with the more words of the phrase is, that the aitability and sweetness of Gio interest in the state (i. e. great popularity) which he present yanni were of a heavenly kind, i. e. more perfect than was usually found among men, resembling that divine condescension which excludes none from its regard, and, formerly signified in make

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articles of agreement, The 12 To capitulate, according to the oid dictionaries

, therefore, immediately derived or stolen from heaven, nobles enumerated had entered into such articles, &* irom whence all good proceeds. The word stolen here I confederated against the king.


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