Page images

a title

And show like those you are:-You, worthy uncle, On mine owe word? whiles I see lives the gashes
Shall, with my cousin, your right roble son, Do better upon them.
Lead our firsi battle: worthy Macduff, and we,
Shall take upon us! what else remains to do,

Re-enter MacDUFF
According to our order.


Turn, hell-hound, turn. Siw. Fare you well.

Macy. Of all men else I have avoided thee : Do we but find the tyrant's power to-night, But get thee back, my soul is too much charg'd Let us be beaten, if we cannot fight.

With blood of thine already. Macd. Make all our trumpets speak; give them Macd.

I have no words, all breath,

My voice is in my sword;" thou bloodier villain Those clamorous harbingers of blood and death. Than terms can give thee out! (They fight [Ereunt. Alarums continued. Macb.

Thou losest labour :

As easy mayst thou the intrenehant airs
SCENE VII. The same. Another part of the With thy keen sword impress, as make me bleed •
Plain, Enter MACBETH.

Let fall thy blade on vulnerable crests;
Macb. They have tied me to a stake ; I cannot fly, I bear a charmed life," which must not yield
But, bearlike, I must fight the course. :_Whar's he, To one of woman born.
That was not born of woman? Such a one


Despair thy charm Am I to fear, or none.

And let the angel,

whom thou still hast servd,

Tell thee, Macduff was from his mother's womb Enter Young SIWARD.

Untimely ripp'd. Yo. Siw. What is thy name?

Macb. Accursed be that tongue that tells me so, Macb.

Thou'lt be afraid to hear it. For it hath cow'd my better part of man: Yo. Siw. No; though thou call'st thyself a hot- And be these juggling fiends no more believ'd,

That paltere with us in a double sense ;
ter name
Than any is in hell.

That keep the word of promise to our ear,
My name's Macbeth.

And break it to our hope.--I'll not fight with thee. Yo. Siw. The devil himself could not pronounce And live to be the show and gaze 'o' the time.

Macd. Then yield thee, coward,
More hateful to mine ear.

We'll have thee, as our rarer monsters are,
No, nor more fearful.

Painted upon a pole ; and underwrit,
Yo. Siw. Thou liest, abhorred tyrant; with

Here may you see the tyrant.

my sword


I'll not yield I'll prove the lie thou speak'st.

To kiss the ground before young Malcolm's feet, [They fight, and Young Siward is slain. And to be baited with the rabble's curse. Macb.

Thou wast born of woman. Though Birnam wood be come to Dunsinane, But swords I smile at, weapons laugh to scorn,

And thou oppos’d, being of no woman borth, Brandísh'd by man that's of a woman born. (Éxit

. Yet I will try the last : Before my body

I throw my warlike shield ; lay on, Macduff ;
Alarums. Enter MACDUFF.

And damn'd be him that first cries, Hold, mnough.. Macd. That way the noise is :-Tyrant show

(Exeunt, fighting. thy face: If thou be'st slain, and with no stroke of mine,

Retreat. Flourish. Re-enter, with Drum and CoMy wife and children's ghosts will launt me still.

lours, Malcolm, Old SIWARD, Rosse, LENOX, I cannot strike at wretched kernes, whose arms

Angus, CATHNESS, MENTETH, and Soldiers. Are hir'd to bear their staves"; either thou, Macbeth, Mal. I would, the friends we miss were safe arOr else my sword, with an unbatter'd edge,

riv'd. I sheathe again undeeded. There thou should'st be; Siw. Some must go off: and yet, by these I see, By this great clatter, one of greatest nole, So great a day as this is cheaply bought. . Seems bruited :: Let me find him, fortune!

Mal. Macduff is missing, and your noble son. And more I beg not.

[Exit. Alarum. Rosse. Your son, my lord, has paid a soldier's Enter MALCOLM and Old SIWARD.

debt; Siw. This way, my lord ;-the castle's gently The which no sooner had his prowess confirm'd

He only liv'd but till he was a man: render'da The tyrant's people on both sides do fight;

In the unsbrinking station where he fought,

But like a man he died. The noble thanes do bravely in the war ;

Siw. The day almost itself professes yours,

Then he is dead ? And little is to do.

Rosse. Ay, and brought off the field : your cause

of sorrow Mal.

We have met with foes That strike beside us.

Must not be measur'd by his worth, for then

It hath no end.
Enter, sir, the castle.


Had he his hurts before ?
[Exeunt. Alarum.

Rosse. Ay, on the front.
Re-enter MACBETH.


Why then, God's soldier be he! Macb. Why should I play the Roman fool, and Had I as many sons as I have hairs, die

I would not wish them to a fairer death:10

And so his knell is kuoll'd. 1 The first folio reads upon's. 2 • But, bearlike, I must fight the course.' This was To cry hold! was the word of yielding (according an phrase at bear-baiting. * Also you shall see two ten to Carew's Survey of Cornwall, p. 74,) that is when Jog courses at the great bear. -Antipodes, by Brome. one of the combatants cries so. To cry hoid! when

3 Bruited is reported, noised abroad; from bruit, Fr. persons were fighting, was an authoritative way of sep

4 Why should I play the Roman fool, and die. Al Jarating them, according to the old military laws. This Iging probably to the suicide of Cato of Utica. is shown by the following passage produced by Mr

5 My voice is in my sword.' Thus Casca, in Julius Tollet: it declares it to be a capital offence 'Whosoever Cæsar =

shall strike stroke at his adversary, either in the heal Speak, hands, for me.'

or otherwise, if a third do cry hold, to the intent to part 6. The intrenchant air,' the air which cannot be cut. them.'-Bellay's Instructions for the Wars, 1599.

7 I bear a charmed life.' In the days of chivalry, 10 When Siward, the martial Earl of Northumber the champion's arms being ceremoniously blessed, each land, understood that his son, whom he had sent against wok an oath that he used no charmed weapons. Mac- the Scotchmen, was slain, he demanded whether his beth, in allusion to this custom, tells Macduff of the se. wounds were in the fore part or hinder part of his body. curily he had in the prediction of the spirit.

When it was answered, " in the fore part;" he replied, 8. That palter with us in a double sense' That “ I am right glad ; neither wish I any other death in shutlle with ambiguous expressions.

me or mine." - Camden's Remaines


He's worth more sorrow, Which would be planted newiy with the time, And that I'll spend for him.

As calling home our exild friends abroad, Siro.

He's worth no more; That Aed the snares of watchful tyranny; They say, he parted well, and paid his scoro: Producing forth the cruel ministers And so, God be with him !-Here comes newer of this dead butcher, and his fiendlike queen; comfort.

Who, as 'tis thought, by self and violent hands Re-enter Macduff, with Macbeth's Head on a That calls upon us, by the grace of Grace,

Took off her life ;--this, and what needful else Pole."

We will perform in measure, time, and place: Macd. Hail, king! for so thou art; Behold, So thanks to all at once, and to each one, where stands

Whom we invite to see us crown'd at Scone. The usurper's cursed head: the time is free:

(Flourish. Eseunt I see thee compass'd with thy kingdom's pearl, That speak my salutation in their minds; Whose voices I desire aloud with mine,

THIS play is deservedly celebrated for the propriety o Hail, king of Scotland !

its fictions, and solemnity, grandeur, and variety of its

action ; but it has no dice discriminations of character: All, Hail, king of Scotland !

the events are too great to admit the intiuence of par.

(Flourish. ticular dispositions, and the course of the action neces Mal. We shall not spend a large expenses of sarily determines the conduct of the agents. time,

The danger of arnbition is well described ; and I Before we reckon with your several loves,

kuow not whether it may not be said, in defence of some And make us even with you. My thanes and kins- parts which now seem improbable, that in Shakspeare's

time it was necessary to warn credulicy against vain men,

and illusive predictions. Henceforth be earls, the first that ever Scotland

The passions are directed to their true end. Lady In such an honour nam'd.* What's more to do, Macbeth is merely detested; and though the courage

of Macbeth preserves some esteem, yet every reader I These words, on a pole,” Mr. Steevens added to rejoices at his fall.

JOHNSON the stage direction from the Chronicle. The stage di. rections of the players are often incorrect, and sometimes ludicrous.

4 Malcolm, immediately after his coronation, called 2 Thy kingdom's pearl,' thy kingdom's wealth or a parliament at Forfair ; in the which he rewarded ornament. Rowe altered this to peers, without authority. them with lands and livings that had assisted him

3 To spend an expense of time is, it is true, an awk against Macbeth. Manie of them that were before ward expression, yet it is probably correct; for, in the thanes were at this time made earles; as Fife, Menteith, Comedy of Errors, Act iji. Sc. 1, Antipholus of Ephesus Atholl, Levenox, Murrey, Caithness, Rosse, and an says. This jest shall cost me some expense.'

gus.'-Holinshed's History of Scotland, p. 176



THIS historical play was founded on a former drama, do the deed, and the sententious brevity of the close,

entitled 'The Troublesome Raigne of John, King of manifest that consummate skill and wonderful know. England, with the Discoverie of King Richard Corde. ledge of human character which are to be found in lion's base Son, vulgarly named the Bastard Fawcon. Shakspeare alone. But what shall we say of that bridge : also the Death of King John at Swinstead Abbey. heartsending scene between Hubert and Arthur? a As it was sundry times) publikely acted by the Queenes scene so deeply affecting the soul with terror and pity, Majesties Players in the honourable Citie of London. that even the sternest bosom must melt into tears; it This piece, which was in two parts, was printed at would perhaps be too overpowering for the feelings, London for Sampson Clarke, 1591,' without the author's were it not for the 'alleviating influence of the innocence name: was again republished in 1611, with the letters and artless eloquence of the poor child. His deak W. Sh. in the title-page; and afterwards, in 1622, with afterwards, when he throws himself from the prison the name of William Shakspeare at length. It may be walls, excites the deepest commiseration for his hapless found by the curious reader among the Six Old Plays fate. The maternal grief of Constance, moving the on which Shakspeare founded,' &c. published by Mr. haughty unbending soul of a proud queen and affectionSteevens and Mr. Nichols some years since.

ale mother to the very confines of the most hopeless Shakspeare has followed the old play in the conduct despair, bordering on madness, is no less finely con. of its ploi, and has even adopted some of its lines. The ceived, than sustained by language of the most impas. number of quotations from Horace, and similar scraps sioned and vehement eloquence. How exquisitely of learning scattered over this motley piece, ascertain it beautiful are the following lines :to have been the work of a scholar. It contains likewise "Grief fills the room up of my absent child; a quantity of rhyming Latin and ballad metre; and, in Lies in his bed ; walks up and down with me; a scene where the Bastard is represented as plunder. Puts on his pretty looks, repeats his words, ing a monastery, there are strokes of humour which, Remembers me of all his gracious parts, from their particular tun, were most evidently produced Scuffs out his vacant garments with his form ; by another hand chan that of Shakspeare. Pope autri Then have I reason to be fond of grief. butes the old play to Shakspeare and Rowley conjointly ; Shakspeare has judiciously preserved the character but we know not on what foundation. Dr. Farmer of the Bastard Fauleonbridge, which was furnished him thinks there is no doubt that Rowley wrote the old play; by the old play, to alleviate by his coinic humour the and when Shakspeare's play was called for, and could poignant grief excited by the too painful events of the not be procured from the players, a piratical bookseller iragic part of the play. Faulconbridge is a favourite reprinted the old ona under his name.

with every one: he is not only a man of wit, but an Though, as Johnson observes, King John is not heroic soldier; and we lean toward him from the first written with the utmost power of Shakspeare, yet it for the good humour he displays in his litigation with has parts of preeminent pathos and beauty, and charac- his brother respecting the succession to his supposed ters highly interesting drawn with great force and truth. father :The scene between John and Hubert is perhaps one of "Ho hath a trick of Ceur de Lion's face, the most masterly and striking which our pet ever The very spirit of Plantagenet ! penned. The secret workings of the dark and turbulent This bespeaks our favour toward him: his courage. soul of the usurper, ever shrinking from the full de his wit, and his frankness secure it

. velopement of his own bloody purpose, the artful expres. Schlegel has remarked that, in this play, the politi Bions of gra:eful attachment by which he was Hubert to cal and warlike events are dressed out with solema

pomp, for the very reason that they possess but little fortune by similar means, and wishes rather to belong true grandeur. The falsehood and selfishness of the to the deceivers than the deceived. Our commiseration monarch are evident in the style of the manifesto ; is a little excited for the fallen and degraded monarch conventional dignity is most indispensable when per- toward the close of the play. The death of the king sonal dignity is wanting. Faulconbridge ridicules the and his previous suffering are not among the least iai. secret springs of politics without disapproving them, but pressive parts; they carry a pointed moral. frankly confesses that he is endeavouring to make his Malone places the date of the composition in 1590.


King JOHN:

Prince Henry, his Son; afterwards King Henry III. CARDINAL PANDULPy, the Pope's Legate.
ARTHUR, Duke of Bretagne, Son of Geffrey, late Melun, a French Lord.

Duke of Bretagne, the elder Brother of King John. CHATILLON, Ambassador from France to King
WILLIAM MARESHALL, Earl of Penbroke.

John. GEFFREY Fitz-PETER, Earl of Essex, chief Jus- Elinor, the Widow of King Henry II. and Mother ticiary of England.

of King John. William Longsword, Earl of Salisbury, CONSTANCE, Mother to Arthur. ROBERT Bigor, Earl of Norfolk.

BLANCH, Daughter to Alphonso, King of Castile, Hubert de BÚRGII, Chamberlain to the King.

and Niece to King John. Robert FaulCONBRIDGE, Son of Sir Robert Ladr FALCONBRIDGE, Mother to the Bastard and Fanlconbridge :

Robert Faulconbridge. Philip FAULCONBRIDGE, his Half-brother, Bastard Son to King Richar the First.

Lords, Ladies, Citizens of Angiers, Sheriff, Heralds, James Gurney, Servant to Lady Faulconbridge. Officers, Soldiers, Messengers, and other AttendPETER of Pomfret, a Prophet. Philip, King of France.

SCENE, sometimes in England, and sometimes in Lewis, the Dauphin.



for us.


So, hence! Be thou the trumpet of our wrath, SCENE I. Northampton. A Room of State in An honourable conduct let him have:

And sullen' presage of your own decay.the Palace. Enter King John, QUEEN ELINOR; Pembroke, look to't ; Farewell, Chatillon PEMEROKE, Essex, SALISBURY, and others, with


El. Whai now, my son? have I nci ever said, King John.

How that ambitious Constance would not cease, Now, say, Chatillon, what would France with us ? Till she had kindled France, and all the world, Chat. Thus, after greeting, speaks the king of Upon the right and party of her son ? France,

This might have been prevented and made whole, In my behaviour,' to the majesty,

With very easy arguments of love! The borrow'd majesty of England here.

Which now the manage* of two kingdoms must Eli. A strange beginning : -- borrow'd majesty ! With fearful bloody issue arbitrate. K. John. Silence, good mother; hear the em K. John. Our strong possession, and our right

bassy. Chat. Philip of France, in right and true behalf

Eli. Your strong possession, much more than Of thy deceased brother Geffrey's son,

your right; Arthur Plantagenet, lays most lawful claim

Or else it must go wrong with you, and me: To this fair island, and the territories ;

So much my conscience whispers in your ear; To Ireland, Poictiers, Anjou, Touraine, Maine : Which none but heaven, and you, and I, shall hear Desiring thee to lay aside the sword, Which sways usurpingly these several titles;

Enter the Sheriff of Northamptonshire, esko Ana put the saine into young Arthur's hand,

whispers Essex Thy nephew, and right royal sovereign.

Esser. My liege, here is the strangest controK. John. What follows, if we disallow of this ?

versy, Chat. The proud control of fierce and bloody Come from the country to be judg’d by you,

That e'er I heard : Shall I produce the men ? To enforce these rights so forcibly withheld. K. John. Let them approach.- (Exit Sheriff

. K. John. Here have we war for war, and blood Our abbies, and our priories, shall pay

for blood, Controlment for controlment: so answer France. Re-enter Sheriff, with Robert FAULCONERIDGE, Chat. Then take my king's defiance from my

and Philip, his bastard Brother." mouth,

This expedition's charge.-What men are you? The furthest limit of my embassy.

Bast. Your faithful subject, I, a gentleman, K. John. Bear mine to him, and so depart in Born in Northamptonshire; and eldest son, peace :

As I suppose, to Robert Fauiconbridge; Be thou as lightningi he eyes of France; A soldier, by the honour-giving hand For ere thou canst report I will be there,

Of Cæur-de-lion knighted in the field. The thunder of my cannon shall be heard :

K. John. What art thou?


I In my behariour probably means. In the words and ages. Sub illius temporis curriculo Faleasius de action I am now going to use.'

Brentr, Neusteriensis, et spurius ex parte matris, atque 2 Control here means constraint or compulsion. Bascardus, qui in vili jumento manticato ad Regis paulo 3 i. e. gloomy, dismal.

ante clientelam descenderat.'

Mather Pars.--Ho4 i. e. conduct, administration.

Jinshed says that 'Richard I. had a natural son named 5 Shakspeare in adopting the character of Philip Philip, who, in the year following, killed the Viscount Faulconbridge from the old play, proceeded on the fol de Limoges to revenge the death of his father.' Perhaps lowing slight hini :

the name of Faulconbridge was suggested by the fol• Next them a bastard of the king's deceas'd, lowing passage in the continuation of Harding's Chro

A hardie wild-head, rough and venturous.' nicle, 1543, fol. 24, 6:- One Eaulconbridge, th' erle The character is compounded of two distinct person of Kent his bastarde, a stoute-hearted man.

Rob. The son and heir to that same Faulcon K. John. Sirrah, your brother in legitimate, bridge.

Your father's wife did after wedlock bear him: K. John. Is that the elder, and art thou the heir? | And, if she did play false, the fault was hers; You came now of one mother then, it seems. Which fault lies on the hazards of all husbands Bast

. "Lost certain of one mother, mighty king, That marry wives. Tell me, how if my brother, That is well known; and, as I think, one father : Who, as you say, took pains to get this son, But, for the certain knowledge of that truth, Had of your father claim'd this son for his ? I put you o'er to heaven, and to my mother; In sooth, good friend, your father might have kept Of that I doubt, as all men's children may. This calf, bred from his cow, from all the world, Eli. Out on thee, rude man! thou dost shame In sooth, he might: then, if he were my brother's, thy mother,

My brother might not claim him; nor your father,
And wound her honour with this diffidence. Being none of his, refuse him: This concludes,"

Bast. I, madam? no, I have no reason for it; My mother's son did get your father's heir ;
That is my brother's plea, and none of mine : Your father's heir must have your father's sand.
The which if he can prove, 'a pops me out

Rob. Shall then my father's will be of no force,
At least from fair five hundred pound a year; To dis possess that child which is not his?
Heaven guard my mother's honour, and my land ! Bast. Of no more force to dispossess me, sir,
K. Joha. A good blunt fellow :-Why, being Than was his will to get me, as I think.
younger born,

Eli. Whether hadst thou rather,-be a Faulcon-
Doth he lay claim to thine inheritance ?

Bast. I know not why, except to get the land. And like thy brother, to enjoy thy land;
But once he slander'd me with bastardy:

Or the reputed son of Caur-de-lion,
But whe'r' I be as true begot, or no,

Lord of thy presence, and no land beside ?
That still I lay upon my mother's head;

Bast. Madam, an if my brother had my shape,
But, that I am as well begot, my liege,

And I had his, Sir Robert his,' like him:
(Fair fall the bones that took the pains for me!) And if my legs were too such riding-rods,
Compare our faces, and be judge yourself. My arms such eel-skins stuff?d; my face so thin,
If old Sir Robert did beget us both,

That in mine ear I durst not stick a rose,
And were our father, and this son like him ; Lest men should say, Look, where shree-farthings'
O old Sir Robert, father, on my knee

I give heaven thanks, I was not like to thee. And, to his shape, were heir to all this land,
K. John. Why, what a madcap hath heaven lent Would, I might never stir from off this place,
us here!

I'd give it every foot to have this face;
El. He hath a trick? of Cæur-de-lion's face, I would not be sir Noolo in any case.
Che accent of his tongue affecteth him:

Eli. I like thee well; Wilt thou forsake thy fortune,
Do you not read some tokens of my son

Bequeath thy land to him, and follow me ?"
In the large composition of this man?

I am a soldier, and now bound to France.
K. John. Mine eye hath well examined his parts, Bast. Brother, take you my land, I'll take my
And finds them perfect Richard.—Sirrah, speak,

chance :
What doth move you to claim your brother's land? Your face hath got five hundred pounds a year;

Bast. Because he hath a half-face, like my father; Yet sell your face for five pence, and 'uis dear.-
With that half face would he have all my land : Madam, I'll follow you unto the death.
A half-faced groat' five hundred pound a year! Eli. Nay, I would have you go before me thither.

Rob. My gracious liege, when that my father liv'd, Bast. Our country manners give our betters way.
Your brother did employ my father much ;-


K. John. What is thy name? Bast. Well, sir, by this you cannot get my land; Bast. Philip, my liege ; so is my name begun ; Your tale must be how he employ'd my mother. Philip, good old Sir Robert's wife's eldest son.

Rob. And once despatch'd him in an embassy K. John. From henceforth bear his name whose To Germany, there, with the emperor,

form thou bear'st: To treat of high affairs touching that time : Kneel thou down, Philip, but arisell more great: The advantage of his absence took the king, Arise, Sir Richard, and Plantagenet. 12 And in the mean time sojourn'd at my father's; Bast, Brother, by the mother's side, give me your Whero how he did prevail, I shame to speak: But truth is truth ; large lengths of seas and shores4 My father gave me honour, yours gave land : Between my father and my mother lay

Now blessed be the hour by night or day, (as I have heard my father speak himself,) When I was got, Sir Robert was away: When this same lusty gentleman was got.

El. The very spirit of Plantagenet! Upon his death-bed he by will bequeath'd I am «ny grandame, Richard ; call me so. His lands to me; and took it, on his death,

Bast. Madam, by chance, but not by truth : That this my mother's son was none of his;

What though? And, if he were, he came into the world

Something about, a little from the right, Full fourteen weeks before the course of time. In at the window, or else o'er the haich :13 Then, good my liege, let me have what is mine, Who dares not stir by day, must walk by night; My father's land, as was my father's will.

And have is have, however men do catch :

Near or far off, well won is still well shot; 1 Whether.

2 Shakspeare uses the word trick generally in the And I am I, howe'er I was begot. gense of a peculiar air or cast of countenance or fea. ture."

8 Queen Elizabeth coined threepenny, threehalf; 3 The poel makes Faulconbridge allude to the silver penny, and threefarthing pieces; these pieces all had groals of Henry VII. and Henry VIII. which had on her head on the obverse, and some of them a rose on them a half-face or profile. in the reign of John there the reverse. Being of silver, they were extremely thin; were no groats at all, the first being coined in the reign and hence the allusion. The roses stuck in the ear, or of Edward III.

in a lock near it, were generally of ribbon ; but Burton 4 This is Homeric, and is thus rendered by Chapman says that it was once the fashion to stick real flowers in in the first Iliad :

the ear. Some gallants had their ears bored and wore hills enow, and farro-resounding seas

their mistresses' silken shoestrings in them. Powre out their shades and deepes betweene.'

9 To his shape, i. e, in addition to il

10 Robert öj.e. 'this is a decisive argument.'

11 The old copy reads rise. 6 Lord of thy presence means possessor of thy own 12 Plantagenet was not a family name, but a nick dignified and manly appearance, resembling thy great name, by which a grandson of Geoffrey, the first Ear progenitor.

of Anjou, was distinguished, from his wearing a broom7 Sir Robert his for 'Sir Robert's; his, according to stalk in his bonnet. a mistaken notion formerly received, being the sign of

13 These expressions were conimon in the time of the genitive case.

Shakspeare for being born out of wedlock.


[blocks in formation]

K. John. Go, Faulconbridge; now hast thou thy Bast. My brother Robert? old Sir Robert's son?

Colbrand the giant,'' that same mighty man?
A landless knight makes thee a landed squire. Is it Sir Robert's son, that you seek so?
Come, madam, and come, Richard; we must speed Lady F.Sir Robert'3 son! Ay,thou unreverend boy
For France, for France; for it is more than need. Sir Robert's son! Why scorn'st thou at Sir Roberi?

Bast. Brother, adieu ; Good fortune come to thee! He is Sir Robert's son ; and so art thou.
For thou wast got i' the way of honesty:

Bast. James Gurney, wilt thou give us leavo (Exeunt all but the Bastard. awhile! A foot of honour better than I was;

Gur. Good leave, good Philip. But many a many foot of land the worse.


Philip ?-sparrow !'1-_James, Well, now can I make any Joan a lady:

There's toys abroad ; 12 anon I'll tell thee more. Good den, Sir Richard, ---God-a-mercy, fellow ;

(Exit GURNEY And if his name be George, I'll call him Peter: Madam, I was not old Sir Robert's son; For new-made honour doth forget men's names;

Sir Robert might have eat his part in me 'Tis too respective, and too sociable,

Upon Good Friday, and de'er broke his fast:
For your conversion. Now your traveller, Sir Robert could do well; Marry, (to confess!)
He and his toothpick at my worship's mess; * Could he get me ? Sir Robert could not do it;
And when my knightly stomach is suffic'd, We know his handy-work:—Therefore, good mother,
Why then I suck my teeth, and catechise

To whom am I beholden for these limbs?
My picked man of countries :—My dear sir Sir Robert never holp to make this leg.
(Thus, leaning on my elbow, I begin,)

Lady F. Hast thou conspired with thy brother 100 I shall beseech you—That is question now; That for thine own gain should'st defend mins And then comes answer like an A B.C-book:

honour? O sir, says answer, at your best command; What means this scorn, thou most unloward knave? At your employment ; at your service, sir :

Bast, Knight, knight, good mother,--Basilisco No, sir, says question, I, sweet sir, at yours ;

like:13 And, so, ere answer knows what question would What! I am dubb'd; I have it on my shoulder (Saving in dialogue of compliment;

But, mother, I am not Sir Robert's son; And talking of the Alps, and Apennines,

I have disclaim'd Sir Robert, and my land; The Pyrenean, and the river Po,)

Legitimation, name, and all is gone : It draws towards supper in conclusion so.

Then, good my mother, let me know my father, But this is worshipful society,

Some proper man, I hope ; Who was it, mother? And fits the mounting spirit, like myself:

Lady F. Hast thou denied thyselsa Faulconbridge? For he is but a bastard io the time,

bast. As faithfully as I deny the devil. That doth not smack of observation : 8

Lady F. King Richard Cæur-de-lion was thy (And so am I, whether I smack, or no ;)

father ; And not alone in habit and device,

By long and vehement suit I was seduc'd Exterior form, outward accoutrement;

To make room for him in my husband's bed :-
But from the inward motion to deliver

Heaven, lay pot my transgression to my charge!
Sweet, sweet, sweet poison for the age's tooth: Thou art the issue of my dear offence,
Which, though I will not practise to deceive, Which was so strongly urg'd, past my defence.
Yet, to avoid deceit, I mean to learn ;

Bast. Now, by this lighi, were I to get again,
For it shall strew the footsteps of my rising.- Madam, I would not wish a better father.
But who comes in such haste, in riding robes ? Some sins do bear their privilege on earth,
What woman-post is this ? hath she no husband, And so doth yours ; your fault was not your fofly;
That will take pains to blow a horn before her ?9 Needs must you lay your heart at his dispose,-

Subjected tribute to commanding love,

Against whose fury and unmatched force

The awless lion could not wage the fight,
O me! it is my mother ;-How now, good lady? Nor keep his princely heart from Richard's hand.
What brings you here to court so hastily? He, that perforce robs lions of their hearts,
Lady F. Where is that slave, thy brother ? where May easily win a woman's. Ay, my mother,
is he,

And coo Even till That wat And conti Even till Salute the WU I DO Const,

thai Til your To make


With all my heart I thank thee for my father! That holds in chase mine honour up and down?

wick discomfited in the presence of King Athelstan. The 1 Good evening.

History of Guy was a popular book in the poet's age. 2 Respeclide does not here mean respectful, as the Drayton has described the combat very pompously in commentators have explained it, but considerative, re- his Polyolbion. gardful.

11 The Bastard means ' Philip? Do you take me for 3 Change of condition.

a sparrow?' The sparrow was called Philip from i 4 It is said, in All's Well that Ends Well, that'a note, which was supposed to have some resemblance : traveller is a good thing after dinner. In that age of that word, 'phip phip the sparrows as they dig.'--Lyly's newly excited curiosity, one of the entertainments at Mother Bombie. great tables seems to have been the discourse of a travel 12 i. e. rumours, idle reports. Jer. To use a toothpick seems to have been one of the

13 This is a piece of satire on the stupid old drama of characteristics of a travelled man who affected foreign Soliman and Perseda, printed in 1599, which had proba fashions.

bly become the butt for stage sarcasm. In this piece 5At my worship's mess' means at that part of the there is a bragging cowardly knight called Basilica table where I, as a knight, shall be placed. See note His pretension to valour is so blown and seen through on All's Well thal Ends Well, Aci i. Sc. 2.— Your that Piston, a buffoon servant in the play, jamps upon worship' was the regular address to a knight or esquire, his back, and will not disengage him till he makes in Shakspeare's time, as ' your honour' was to a lord. Basilisco swear upon his dagger to the contents, and in

6 My picked man of countries may be equivalent to the terms he dictates ; thus :-
my travelled fop: picked generally signified affected, Bas. 0, I swear, I swear.
over nice, or curious in dress. Conquisite is explained Pist. By the contents of this blade,-
in the dictionaries erquisitely, pikedly : so that our Bas. By the contents of this blade,
modern exquisites and dandies are of the same race. Pist. I, the aforesaid Basilicon

7 An ABC or, as it was then called, is a Bas. I, the aforesaid Basilico, -knight, goed fellow,

knight. B i. e. he is accounted but a mean man, in the pre Pist. Knave, good fellow, knare. sent age, who does not show by his dress, deportment, 14 Shakspeare alludes to the fabulous history of King and calk, that he has travelled and made observations Richard I, which says that he derived his appellation of in foreign countries.

Cour de Lion from having plucked out a lion's hea, 9 Shakspeare probably meant to insinuate that a to whose fury he had been exposed by the Duke of woman who travels about like a post was likely to horn Austria for having slain his son

with a blow of his te her husband.

The story is related in several of the old chronicles, 23 10 Colbrand was a Danish giant, whom Guy or War. I well as in the old metrical romance.

Ausst. 'I

In such a

K. Phi,

be Against u

Call for o To cullt We'll lay Wade to But we w

Const. Lest inac

My lord

That righi And then That botr

K. Phi,

Dur messet What Eng We coldly

Clut. "The

I Leopold beria thrown 16.) from hi of the events of the comity hariously

spere has bei

play of King

« PreviousContinue »