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action admired affairs already Alvear Alzaga American appearance arms army arrived Artigas AUTHORS Banda Oriental became Belgrano body British brother Buenos Ayres called capital Captain carried cause chief command considered decree determined Director Duval effect Elio enemy English executive Fair force formed four give governor Goya hand head honour horse hundred inhabitants Junta land leave LETTER London looked Martin means Monte Video Mora morning native never night officer once Paraguay ParanŠ party patriots Peru political port present prisoners provinces readers received RETREAT River Plate Rosita sent side soon South South American Spain Spaniards Spanish spirits success taken things thousand took town troops turned vessel viceroy whole wind
Page 251 - Talibus orabat dictis, arasque tenebat, cum sic orsa loqui vates : ' Sate sanguine divom, 125 Tros Anchisiade, facilis descensus Averno ; noctes atque dies patet atri janua Ditis ; sed revocare gradum superasque evadere ad auras, hoc opus, hie labor est.
Page 117 - ... the prejudices which are favourable to tyranny, that if we should unhappily be succeeded by men of sentiments less pure than ourselves, they may not find in the customs of the people any thing to assist them in mocking at their rights. This preamble was followed by a decree, that there should be an absolute, perfect, and identical equality, between the president and the other members of the junta. Four of the articles of this decree show curiously in what manner these men were juggling the people.
Page 257 - ... are guided by justice, do hereby solemnly declare in the face of the world that it is the unanimous and indubitable will of these Provinces to dissolve the intolerable bonds which hitherto connected them with the Kings of Spain, to recover the rights of which they were divested, and to clothe themselves with the high character of a free nation, independent of KinÁ Ferdinand VII, his successors, and the mother country.
Page 257 - Power who presides over the universe, in the name and by the authority of the people whom we represent...
Page 256 - ... city of San Miguel del Tucuman, on the 9th of July, 1816, the ordinary sitting having terminated, the Congress of the United Provinces continued its former discussion on the great and august object of the independence of the countries which form them: constant and decided was the cry of the whole land for its solemn emancipation from the despotic power of the kings of Spain ; but the representatives, nevertheless, consecrated to so great a...
Page 247 - Fe, a popular movement took place, which had for its object a system of absolute equality; but it was put down by the bayonets of General Viamont, a blunt and honest soldier, but a great disciplinarian, who had long ruled the inhabitants rather despotically, and who, accustoraed to rigid military subordination, was anything but a forbearing sub-delegate from the metropolis.