Page images
PDF
EPUB

SIR,

ERO.

SIR,

STATE PAPERS,
COMPRISING THE WHOLE OF THE

CORRESPONDENCE
RELATIVE TO THE LATE NEGOCIATION FOR PEACE

BETWEEN

GREAT BRITAIN AND FRANCE, AS LAID UPON THE TABLES OF THE TWO HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT,

ON THE 27TH AND 28TH OF DECEMBER. (No. 1.)

not permitted him to return an Answer in writDowning -Jireet, Sept. 6, 1796. ing, but that he was directed to express himself N obedience to the o ders of the KING, my verbally to this effect :

Master, I have the honour to transmit to you “ That the Executive Directory of the the inclosed Note, and to request of you that “ French Republic would not, for the future, you will forward it to His Danish Majesty's “ receive or answer any Overtures of ConfidenMinister at Paris, to be by him communicated “ tial Papers, transmitted through any interto the Executive Directory.

"mediate channel from the Enemies of the The sentiments of your Court are too well Republic, but that if they would send Perknown to the KING to admit of His MAJES “ fons furnished with full powers and official TY's entertaining any doubt of the satisfaction

" papers, there might, upon the Frontiers, with which His DANISH MAJESTY will see “ demand the Passports necessary for proceeding the intervention of his Min kers employed on to Paris.” such an occasion, or of the earneftness with London, Sept. 23, Co. de Wedel JARLSBER which you, Sir, will concur in a measure that

1796. has for its obje& the re-eitablishment of Peace. To the Count de Wedel Jarlberg.] GRENVILLE.

( No. 4. ) NOTE. (No. 2.)

Paris, Sept. 19, 1796. HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY, animated

I WAS indisposed at my country. house when with the same defire which he has already mani- your Excellency's Courier brought me the Letfested, to terminate, by juft, honourable, and ters which your Excellency did me the honour permanent Conditions of Peace, a War which to write to me on the 7th init together with the has extended itself throughout all parts of the Note of Lord GRENVILLE encloled therein. I World, is willing to onit nothing on his part set off for Paris on the following day, where, which may contribute to this object.

after demanding an audience of Citizen DELAIt is with this view that he has thought CROIX, Minister for Foreign Affairs, I preit proper to avail himleif of the confidential in. fented the Note above mentioned, accompanied tervention of the Ministers of a Neutral Power, by another in my own name, in which I exto demand of the Executive Directory, Passports plained the motives that had induced me to unfor a Person of Confidence, whom His MA dertake a measure for which I had no authority

from JETY , would send to Paris with a Commission

He promised to submit the to discuss with the Government there, all the

two Notes to the inspection of the Government, means the most proper to produce so desirable and to return me an answer immediately. Hav.

ing waited for three days without receiving as And His MAJESTY is persuaded that he antwer, I went a second time to wait upon the shall receive, without delay, through the fame Minister, who, in a very dry tone, informed me, channel, a satisfactory antwer to this demand,

that the Executive Directory had not permitted which cannot fail to place, in a fti!l clearer light, him to return an answer in wiiting, but that he the just and pacific dispositions which he enter

was directed to express himielf verbally to this tains in common with his Allies.

effect : Wejlminfier, Sipi. 6, 1796 ] GRENVILLE. " That the Executive Directory of the French (No. 3.)

« Republic would not for the future receive or

« answer any co:fidential overtures, or papers, I HAVE the honour to inform your Excel 6 transmitted through any intermediate channel lency, that the Note addressed to the Executive “ from the Enemies of the Republic ; but that, Directory of France, in date of the 6th of the " if they would send persons furnished with present month, was transmitted by Mr. KOENE “ full powers and official papers, there might MAN, Chargé d'Affaires ofH 18 DANISHMajes ufon the Frontiers, demand the pallports neTy, to M. DELACROIX, Minister for Foreign “ cessary for proceeding to Paris.” Affairs, at Paris, who promised that an Answer Such, fir, is the result of a measure which I should be returned to it, after it had been fub- have taken at your request, I wish, for the mitted to the confideration of the Government. sake of humanity, that we may meet with betThree days having elapsed in expectation of this ter success, at some future period ; but I fear Answer, Mr. KOENEMAN went a second time that this period is still at a great distance. to the Minister above mentioned, who gave him

KOENEMAN. to underfand, that the Executive Directory had To his Excellency the Count de Wedel Jarlsberg,

NOTE

my Court.

an end.

MY LORD,

1796.] State Papers relative to the late Negociation with France. 923 NOTE. ( No. 5: ))

The Minister for Foreign Affairs is charged IN demanding of the Executive Directory of to deliver the necessary Paliports to the Envoy the French Republic, through the intervention of England, who shall be furnished with full of the Ministers of a Neutral Power, a Passport Powers, not only for preparing and negociating for a Confidential Person to be sent to Paris, the the Peace between the French Republic

and that Court of London accompanied this demand Power, but for concluding it definitively bewith express declaration, that this Person should tween them. be commiffioned to discuss with the Government

( No. 7*. ) all the means the most proper for conducing to LORD MALMESBURY, who is appointed the re-establishment of Poace.

by the King to treat with the French GovernThe King, persevering in the same senti ment for a just and equitable Peace, calculated ments which he has already so unequivocally to restore repose to Europe, and to ensure the declared, will not leave to his Enemies the public tranquillity for the time to come, will smallest pretext for eluding a discussion, the re have the honour of delivering this Letter from sult of which will necessarily serve either to me to M. DELACROIX. produce the happiness of so many Nations, or The distinguished rank and merit of the Miat least to ren er evident the views and dif- nister of whom His MAJESTY has made positions of those who oppose themselves to it. choice on this occasion, makes it unnecessary

In is therefore in pursuance of these sen- for me to say any thing in his recommendation ; timents, that the underligned is charged to de at the same time that it furnishes a fresh proof of clare, that, as soon as the Executive Directory the desire of His MAJESTY to contribute to shall think proper to transmit to the undersigned the success of this Negociation : for which obthe necessary Passports (of which he, by this ject I entertain the moit sanguine wishes. Note, renews the demand already made) His

GRENVILLE, BRITANNIC MAJESTY will send to Paris a W (minster, Etober 13, 1796. Person furnished with full Powers and Official To the Minister for Foreign Affairs, at Paris. Instructions, to negociate with the Executive

( No. 8. ) Directory on the means of terminating the pre

LORD MALMESBURY, named by his sent War, by a Pacification, just, honourable, BRITANNIC MAJESTY, as his Plenipotenand folid, calculated to restore repose to Europe, tiary to the French Republic, has the honour to and to enfure for the time to come the general announce, by his Secre'ary, to the Minister for tranquillity.

GRENVILLE,

Foreign Affairs, his arrival at 'Paris; and to Westminster, Sept. 27, 1796.

request of him, at the same time, to be so good To the Minister for Foreign Affairs, at Paris.

as to appoint the hour at which he may wait ( No. 6. ) I HAVE the honour to transmit to Lord him the object of his miflion.

upon him, for the purpose of communicating te GRENVILLE a Copy of the Decree of the Exe

Paris, 0:7ober 22, 1796. cutive Directory of the French Republic, in To the Minister for Foreign Affairs. answer to his Note of the * 27th September, 1796 (O. S.)

( No. 9. ) He will there see a proof of the earnest de- fatisfaction the arrival of Lord MALMESBURY,

THE Minister for Foreign Affairs learns with fire of the French Goiernment to profit of the Overture that is made to them, in the hope that Plenipotentiary of His BRITANNIC MAJESTY.

He will have the honour to receive him toit may lead to Peace with the Government of England.

morrow, at eleven o'clock in the morning, or at I have the honour to send to him, at the same any later hour that may fuit him, till two

o'clock. He hopes that Lord MALMESBURY time, the Passports required for the Minister

will forgive him for thus limiting the time, on Plenipotentiary whom His BRITANNIC MAJESTY proposes to nanie to treat; and I request his occupations.

account of the nature and the multiplicity of Lord GRENVILLE to accept the assurance of my personal wishes for the success of this Negocia

If Brumaire, An. 5. (October 22, 1796.) tion, as well as that of my most perfect con.

( No. 10. ) fideration.

CH. DELACROIX.

LORD MALMESBURY has the honour to Paris, 11 Vendemiaire, 5:h Yeur

thank the Minister for Foreign Affairs, for the of the French Republic.

obliging Answer which he has just received ( No. 7. )

| from him. EXTRACT FROM THE REGISTER OF THE

He accepts with pleasure the first mument proDECREES OF THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTORY.

posed, and will wait upon him to-morrow mornThe oth Vendemiaire, şth Year of the French ing, at eleven o'clock precisely. Republic, One and Indivisible.

Paris, Oétober 22. THE Executive Directory, upon considera- To the Minister for Foreign Affairs. tion of the Note addressed to the Minister for

(No. 11.) Foreign Affairs, by Lord GRENVILLE, dated THE Minister for Foreign Affairs has the ho. Westminster, September 24, 1796, wishing to nour to appiige Lord MALMESBURY, Commitgive a proof of the desire which it entertains, to fioner Plenipotentiary of His BRITANNIC MAmake Peace with England, decrees as follows: JESTY, that he has received from the Executive * Sic in Orig.

Directory, the necellary Powers for negociating Monthly Mag, No, XI.

6B

ada

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

It is with this view that the Underligned was or the proposal, on the part of the Executive Dcharged to propose at first, and at the very com- rectory, of fome other principle which migh: mencement of the Ne otiation, a principle, which equally serve as the basis of a Negotiation for a the generosity and gooit faith of His MAJESTY general Peace, the Undersigned cannot be aucould alone dictate to him—that of making thorised to designate the objects of reciprocal compensation to France, by proportionable refti- Compensation. tutions, for the arrangements to which she will As to the proof of the pacific dispositions given be to consent, in order to satisfy the just preten to the French Government by His MAJESTY sions of the King's Allies, and to preserve the the EMPEROR and King, at the opening of the political Balance of Europe.

Campaign, the Undersigned contents himler The Executive Directory has not explained it with a reference to the following words contain. self in a precise manner, either as to the accept ed in the Note of Baron d'EGLEMAN, on the ance of this principle, or as to the changes or 4th of June last. modifications which it may desire to be made in “ The operations of the war will in so wild it; nor has it, in short, proposed any other prin “ prevent His IMPERIAL MAJESTY from beciple whatever to answer the same end.

“ ing ever ready to concur, agreeably to any form The Undersigned, then, has orders to recur to “ of Negotiation which shall be adopted, in corthis point, and to demand, on that head, a frank « cert with the Belligerent Powers, in the dií. and precise explanation, in order to abridge the “ cusion of proper means for putting a stop ! delays which must necessarily result from the dif " the farther effusion of human blood." ficulty of form which has been started by the Ex This Note was presented after the Armistice ecutive Directory

was broken. He is authorised tv add to this demand the ex Paris, Nov. 12, 1796.

MALMESBURY press declaration, that His MAJESTY, in com

(No. 19.) municating to his aucuít Allies every successive THE Minister Plenipotentiary of His Bain hep which he may take, relative to the object of TANNIC MAJESTY requests the Minister for the present Negotiation, and in fulfilling, to- Foreign Affairs to inform him, whether he is to wards these Sovereigns, in the most efficacious consider the Official Note which he received from manner, all the duties of a good and faithful him yesterday evening, as the Answer to tha: Ally, will cmit nothing on his part, as well to which Lord MALMESBUR Y delivered yesterday dispose them to concur in this Negotiation, by morning to the Minister for Foreign Affairs, by the means the most proper to facilitate its pro order of his Court ? He applies for this infomgrefs, and insure its füccess, as to induce them ation, that the departure of his Courier may du always to persilt in sentiments conformable to the be unnecessarily delayed. wishes which he entertains for the return of a ge Paris, Nov. 13, 1796. MALMESBURY meral Peace, upon just, honourable, and perma,

( No. 20.) ment conditions.

THE Underfigned, Minister for Foreign Af. Paris, Nov. 12, 1796. MALMESBURY. fairs, declares to Lord MALMESBURY, Minister ( No. 17.)

Plenipotentiary from His BRITANNIC MAJE:THE Undersigned is charged, by the Execu Ty, that he is to consider the Official Note tive Directory, to invite you to point out, with- sent to him yesterday as the Answer to tha: out the smallest delay, and expressly, the ob which Lord MALMESBURY had addrefled to jects of reciprocal compensation which you pro- him on the morning of the same day. pole.

CHARLES DELACROIX, He is, moreover, charged to demand of you, 23 Brumaire, Nov. 13, 1796. what are the dispositions to trcat, on a just and

( No. 21. ) equitable basis, of which His MAJESTY the LORD MALMESBURY has just received the EMPEROR and KING, gave to the French Go. Answer of the Minister for Foreign Affairs, in vernment so itriking a proof, at the very com which he declares that the Official Note which mencement of the Campaign? The Executive he sent to him yesterday is to be considered as the Directory is unaquainted with it.--It was the Answer to that which Lord MALMESBURY adEMPEROR and KING who broke the Armistice. dressed to him on the morning of the same day.

CH. DELACROIX. Lord MALMESBURY will transmit it this Paris, 22 Brumaire (Nov. 12.)

day to his Court.

Paris, Nov 13, 1796. (No. 18.)

( No. 22. ) THE Undersigned does not hesitate a moment THE Underligned, in reply to your second to aniwer the two Questions which you have Note of yesterday, is ordered, by the Executive been instructed by the Executive Directory to Directory, to declare to you, that he has nothing

to add to the Answer which has been address The Memorial presented this morning by the

He is also instructed to ask you, wheUndersigned proposes, in express terms, on the ther, on each official communication which shall part of His MAJESTY the King of Great Bri. take place between you and him, it will be netuin, to comper.fate France, by proportionable ceflary for you to send a Courier to receive fpereftitutions, for the arrangements to which she cial instructions ? CHARLES DELACROIX. will be called upon to consent, in order to satisfy Paris, 23 Brumaire, Nov. 13. the just pretensions of the King's Allies, and

( No. 23.) to preserve the political Balance of Europe. THE Undersigned will not fail to transmit to Before the formal acceptation of this principle, bis Court the Note which he bas just received

from

put to him.

to you.

1796.] State Papers relative to the late Negociation with France. 925
ly, as he was formally authorised by the tenor of With regard to the offensive and injurious in-
his Credentials, the Negotiations might have finuations which are contained in that Paper,
been considerably abridged ; that the necessity of and which are only calculated to throw new obo
balancing with the interests of the two Powers, ftacles in the way of the accomodation which
those of the Allies of Great Britain, multiplies the French Government professes to desire, the
the combinations, increases the difficulties, tends King has deemed it far beneath his dignity to
to the formation of a Congress, the forms of permit an Answer to be made to them on his
which, it is known, are always tardy, and re part in any manner whatsoever.
quires the accellion of Powers which hitherto The progress and the result of the Negotia.
have displayed no defre of accommodation, and tion, will sufficiently prove the principles by
have not given to Lord MALMESBURY himself, which it will have been directed on each fide;
according to his own declaration, any power to and it is neither by revolting reproaches, wholly
tipulate for them.

destitute of foundation, nor by reciprocal invec-
Thus, without prejudging the intentions of tive, that a sincere wish to accomplish the great
Lord MALMESBURY; without drawing any work of pacification can be evinced.
conclusion from the circumstance of his declara The Underfigned paffes, therefore, to the first
tion not appearing to accord with his Credentials; object of discusion brought forward in the An.
without suppoling that he has received any fe. swer of the Executive Directory jaothat of a fe-
cret inftructions which would destroy the effect parate Negotiation, to which it has been sup-
of his ostensible powers; without pretending, in posed, without the smallest foundation, that the
Thort, to asiert, that the British Government Underligned was authorised to accede.
have had a double object in view to prevent, by His full Powers, made out in the usual formi,
general propositions, the partial propositions of give him all necessary authority to negotiate
other powers, and to obtain from the People of and to conclude the Peace; but these Powers
England, the means of continuing the War, by prescribe to him neither the form, the nature,
throwing upon the Republic the odium of a de nor the conditions of the future Treaty.
day, occasioned by themselves; the Executive Upon these points, he is bound to conform
Directory cannot but perceive, that the propo. himfelf, according to the long established and re-
fation of Lord MALMESBURY is nothing more ceived custom of Europe, to the instructions
than a renewal, under more amicable forms, of which he shall receive from his Court; and ac.
the propositions made last year by Mr. Wick cordingly, he did not fail to acquaint the Mini-
HAM, and that it presents but a distant hope of fter for Foreign Affairs, at their first conference,
Peace.

that the King his Master had expressly enjoin. - The Executive Directory farther observe, with ed him to listen to su Proposal, tending to te. regard to the principle of retrocessions advanced parate the interests of His MAJESTY from by Lord MALMESBURY, that such a principle, those of his Allies. presented in a vague and isolated manner, cannot There can be no queftion, then, but of'a Negoserve as the bains of Negotiation; that the first tiation which shall combine the interests and prepoints of confideration are, the common nccef tensions of all the Powers who make a common fity of a juft and solid Peace-the polinical equi cause with the King in the present War. librium which ablolute retrecefiions might de In the course of the present Negotiation, the Itroy-and then the means which the Belligerent intervention, or, at least, the participation of Powers may poffefs ;--the one to retain conquests thule Powers, will doubtless become absolutely at a time when it was lupported by a great nume necessary; and His MAJESTY hopes to find at ber of Allies, now detached from the Coalition; all times, the faine dispositions to treat, upon a and the other, to recover them at a time when just, and equitable basis, of which His MAthose who were at firti its enemies, have almost JESTY the EMPEROR and King, gave to all become either its Allies, or at least neuter. the French Government fo ftriking a proof, at

Nevertheleis, the Executive Directory, ani the very moment of the opening of the present mated with an ardent desire of putting a ftop to Campaign. the scourge of War, and to prove that they will But it appears, that the waiting for a forrnal not reject any means of reconciliation, declare, and definitive authority on the part of the Allies that as soon as Lord MALMESBURY shall exhi- of the King, before Great Britain and France bit to the Minister for Foreign Affairs, sufficient begin to discuss, even provisionally, the princiPowers from the Allies of Great Britain, for fti- ples of the Negotiation, would be to create a pulating for their respective intereks, accompa very useless delay nied by a promise on their part to subscribe to A conduct wbolly different has been observed whatever shall be concluded in their names, the by these two Powers, on almost all fimilar occaExecutive Directory will hasten to give an an fions; and His MAJESTY thinks, that the best swer to the specific propofitions which shall be proof which they can give, at the present mosubmitted to them, and that the difficulties shall ment, to all Europe, of their mutual desire to be removed, as far as may be consistent with the put a stop, as soon as poslible, to the calamities {afety and dignity of the French Republic. of War, would be to feitle, without delay, the (No. 16.)

basis of combined Negotiation, inviting, at THE Undersigned has not failed to transmit the same time, their Allies to concur in it, in to his Court, the Answer of the Executive Di the manner the most proper for accelerating the rectory, to the Propofals which he was charged general Pacification. to make, as an opening to a pacific Negotiation,

It

[ocr errors]

6 B ?

[ocr errors]

It is with this view that the Underligned was or the proposal, on the part of the Executive Dicharged to propose at first, and at the very com- rectory, of some other principle which might mencement of the Neotiation, a principle, which equally serve as the basis of a Negotiation for a the generosity and good faith of His MAJESTY general Peace, the Underligned cannot be aucould alone dictate to him—that of making thorised to designate the objects of reciprocal compensation to France, by proportionable refti- Compensation. tutions, for the arrangements to which she will As to the proof of the pacific dispositions given be to consent, in order to satisfy the just preten to the French Government by His MAJESTY sions of the King's Allies, and to preserve the the EMPEROR and KING, at the opening of the political Balance of Europe.

Campaign, the Undersigned contents himself 'The Executive Directory has not explained it with a reference to the following words contain. self in a precise manner, either as to the accept ed in the Note of Baron d'EGLEMAN, on the ance of this principle, or as to the changes or 4th of June last. modifications which it may desire to be made in “ The operations of the war will in no wise it ; nor has it, in short, proposed any other prin “ prevent His IMPERIAL MAJESTY from beciple whatever to answer the same end.

“ ing ever ready to concur, agreeably to any form The Undersigned, then, has orders to recur to “ of Negotiation which shall be adopted, in conthis point, and to demand, on that head, a frank « cert with the Belligerent Powers, in the dis. and precise explanation, in order to abridge the “ cufiion of proper means for putting a top te delays which muft neceffarily result from the dif " the farther effusion of human blood." ficulty of form which has been started by the Ex This Note was presented after the Armistice ecutive Directory

was broken. He is authorised to add to this demand the ex Paris, Nov. 12, 1796.

MALMESBURY, press de ution, that His MAJESTY, in com

( No. 19.) municating to his august Allies every successive THE Minister Plenipotentiary of His BRIMtep which he may take, relative to the object of TANNIC MAJESTY requests the Minister for the present Negotiation, and in fulfilling, to- Foreign Affairs to inform him, whether he is to wards these Sovereigns, in the most efficacious consider the Official Note which he received from manner, all the duties of a good and faithful him yesterday evening, as the Answer to that Ally, will cmit nothing on his part, as well to which Lord MALMESBURY delivered yesterday dispose them to concur in this Negotiation, by morning to the Minister for Foreign Affairs, by the means the most proper to facilitate its pro order of his Court ? He applies for this informgress, and insure its fuccess, as to induce them ation, that the departure of his Courier may not always to persilt in sentiments conformable to the be unnecessarily delayed. wishes which he entertains for the return of a ge Paris, Nov. 13, 1796. MALMESBURY. meral Peace, upon just, honourable, and perma,

( No. 20.) ment conditions.

THE Undersigned, Minister for Foreign Af. Paris, Nov. 12, 1796. MALMESBURY. fairs, declares to Lord MALMESBURY, Minister ( No. 17.)

Plenipotentiary from His BRITANNIC MAJESTHE Undersigned is charged, by the Execu TY, that he is to consider the Official Note tive Directory, to invite you to point out, with- fent to him yesterday as the Answer to that out the smallest delay, and expressly, the ob which Lord MALMESBURY had addrefled to jects of reciprocal compensation which you pro him on the morning of the same day. pole.

CHARLES DELACROIX, He is, moreover, charged to demand of you, 23 Brumaire, Nov, 13, 1796. what are the dispositions to trcat, on a just and

(No. 21.), equitable basis, of which His MAJESTY the LORD MALMESBURY has just received the EMPEROR and King, gave to the French Go Answer of the Minister for Foreign Affairs, in vernment so itriking a proof, at the very com

which he declares that the Oiticial Note which mencement of the Campaign? The Executive he sent to him yesterday is to be considered as the Directory unaquainted with it. It was the Answer to that which Lord MALMESBURY adEMPEROR and King who broke the Armiftice, dressed to him on the morning of the same day.

CH. DELACROIX. Lord MALMESBURY will transmit it this Paris, 22 Brumaire (Nov. 12.)

day to his Court.

Paris, Nov. 13, 1796. (No. 18.)

( No. 22. ) THE Undersigned does not hesitate a moment THE Underligned, in reply to your second to aniwer the two Questions which you have Note of yesterday, is ordered, by the Executive been instructed by the Executive Directory to Directory, to declare to you, that he has nothing

to add to the Answer which has been addressed The Memorial presented this morning by the

He is also instructed to ask you, wheUndersigned proposes, in express terms, on the ther, on each official communication which shall part of His MAJESTY the King of Great Bri. take place between you and him, it will be netain, to comper.fate France, by proportionable cessary for you to send a Courier to receive fpereftitutions, for the arrangements to which she cial instructions ? CHARLES DELACROIX. will be called upon to consent, in order to satisfy Paris, 23 Brumaire, Nov. 13. the just pretensions of the King's Állies, and

( No. 23.) to preserve the political Balance of Europe. THE Undersigned will not fail to transmit to Before the formal acceptation of this principle, bis Court the Note which he bas just received

from

put to him.

to you.

« PreviousContinue »