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The late Autumn has been the finest remembered for many years past, and the harvest has beca every where secured in fine condition. The products in thrashing have equalled, in all kinds of grain, the high expectations formed of them.

The WHEAT SÓWING, which is nearly finished, has been highly favoured by the weather, ans the uncommonly fine condition of the ground. The fallows will probably thew the effects of the high culture received in 1796, for many years to come. It may be added, that the excellent method of dibb ing, now becoming a favourite practice, promises large additions to our next year's crop.

WHEAT has fallen in all the markets since our last. The average of the kingdom is at this time 61.3. BARLEY, has experienced a considerable rise in consequence of the distilleries being again permitted to work,

CATTLE and SHEEP are generally on the advance, particularly the former; the rise in the price of LEAN OF STORE CATTLE is exceflive: in Yorkshire, oxen, which a few years ago fold for 161. to 181. a pair, are now selling for 401. or upwards, to graziers. It is not wonderful, therefore, that in Smithfield the present prices are per fone, for BEEF 29. 10d. to 45.; for MUTTON 35. 6d. 10 4 6d. ; for VEAL 45. to gs. 6d ; and for PORK 45. 8d. to 55. 4d.

Wool, in consequence of the failure of imports on the Spanıth war, has become an object.of brisk speculation. In the midland counties the prices are from 195. to 22s. per tod.

The market for hops is dull, in cunfequence of the rise in barley.

The apple trees having generally failed, rich mellow CYDER has doubled its prices, and is now in the cyder districts, as high as three guineas.

A METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL, for AUGUST, 1796, at Southgare, Middlesex. D.H. B. T. W. REMARKS. D. H. B. T. W. REMARKS. 6 129,75161 SSW cloudy

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SIR,

To ibe Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

lowing particulars of the last attempt of this kind, which has made but little

noise, and has not'even been mentioned BEFORE the commencement of the by any English journal, cannot fail to

present unhappy conteft, a love of procure attention. A magnificent work literature, and a spirit of useful discovery is at this present moment in the Madrid were every where prevalent. Ascending press, containing a full and ample detail from individuals to nations, a fortunate of all the transactions that occurred dur. rivalry took place among the European ' ing this voyage of discovery; and, on its governments, and the maritine states in publication, we shall be gratified with an particular seemed to be inspired with a account of the manners and customs of laudable desire of surpassing each other the Babaco isles, a non-cle cript cluster, in enterprise and exertion. The voyages then visited for the first time by Euroof Cooke, Bougainville, Bering, Malef- peans. pina, &c. have greatly extended the The two floops, called the Discovery boundaries of human knowledge. We and the Subtile, the former commanded have been enabled, by their means, to by Don Alexander Malefpina, and the learn the manners of rude and uncul- latter by Don Joseph de Baftamente, tivated tribes, and to study their genius, failed, in company, from the port of Catheir habits, and their pursuits. Geo- diz, on the 30th July, 1789, in order to graphy in particular has reaped many co-operate with the other maritime powa distinguished advantages, and we can ers in the extension of human knownow form more precise notions relative ledge, and more particularly of navigato the figure, qualities, and productions tion. The commanders of these vesteis of the planet we inhabit.

made correct charts of the coasts of Ame.. The Spaniards, seemingly funk into rica and the adjacent islands, from the Toth during a whole century and a half, river La Plata to Cape Horné, and from were once the most adventurous nation that cape to the farthermoft northern exin Europe. It was under the auspices of fremities of that part of the world. Their one of their princes, or rather princesses, intentipn in this was merely to repeat that Columbus discovered the new world; the attempts of the fame kind, formerly and it is to the talents of their Cortes, undertaken either by foreigners or their Almagros, and Pizarros, that they are, at own countrymen, and thus acquire a this present moment, indebted for the more minute knowledge of the subject. poffeffions of their immense territories in On their arrival at the north-west coast America. The present king, from his of America, in lat. 59, 60, and 61°, they infancy, was attached to naval affairs; searched, in vain, for a paffage by which and it is but justice to observe, that the they might penetrate into the Atlantic marine has attained a greater degree of ocean; they accordingly concluded that consideration during his reign, than un the predictions of Cooke were founded der that of any of his predecessors. in sound reasoning, and that the gut

The voyages of our Cucke excited the mentioned by Marconado, an old Spanish curiosity, and even jealousy, of the navigator, had not any existence, except Deighbouring states; and the Spanish in his own brain. court has fitted out several vessels for the In the beginning of the year 1792 express purpose of surpassing the ex the Subiile, and a galleot called the Mexa poits of the Englih navigator. The fol. acanz, under the command of Don MONTHLYMAG, No. X.

Dion

5

Dion Galeano and Don Cais de Valdès, feeds, presented them with a variety of joined the English (quadron, commanded instruments, and made them acquainted by captain Vancouver, with an intention with several arts of which they were bee to examine the immense archipelago, fore entirely ignorant. known by the name of the admirals The vessels brought back nearly the Fonte and Juan de Fuca.

whole of their crews ; neither of them, They consumed the greater part of the in fhurt, loft more than three or four year 1791 in visiting the Mariannes and men; which is wonderful, if we but conPhilippines, as also Macas on the coast of sider the unhealthy climate of the torrid China. They afterwards passed between zone, to which they were so long exthe isle Mendano and the illes called posed. Mountay, shaping their course along the Don Antonio de Valdès, the ministercoasts of New Guinea, and crolling the of the marine, who encouraged and fupequator. On this occasion they discover- ported this expedition, with his accustom. ed a gulph of about 300 maritime leagues ed zcal, is bufied at this moment in drawin extent, which no former navigator had ing up a detailed account of this voyage, ever traversed. They then stopped at so as to render the enterprize of general New Zealand and New Holland, and dif- utility. It will soon be published; and covered, in the archipelago called the the curious will be gratified with charts, Friendly Isles, the Babacos, a range of maps, and engravings; now preparing, to islands which had never before been seen accompany it. by any European mariner.

In the mean time he has presented to After a variety of other researches in the king the captains Don Alex. Males. the southern 'ocean, they arrived, in June, pina, Don Joseph de Bastimente, Dom 1793, at Callao. From this port they Dion Galeano, and the lieutenant Don made other occasional expeditions; and Carl. de Cevallos. These officers are en. each of the vessels separately examined titled to, and will soon experience, the the Port of Conception, and the rest of the royal munificence. eoast of America which extends to the London, Oct. 20, 1796.

A fourh-west, as well as the western coast of the Moluccas. They then entered the river la Plata, after having furmounted To the Editor of tbe Montbly Magazine, all the dangers incident to those fouthern latitudes.

SIR, Having been equipped and supplied IN the month of January, a gentleman, anew with provisions, at Montecedia, they who uses the signature Curiofus, gavę joined a fleet of frigates and register ships, an intimation to the editor of a cotempoand failed for Cadiz, where they arrived rary Magazine, that, if it met with his after a passage of ninety days, with car- approbation, to insert a list of the places goes to the amount of eight millions of of worship occupied by dissenters, in dollars in money and merchandize. England and Wales, he thought that he

These voyages have not a little con should have it in his power to transmit tributed to the extension of bistany, such an account, from a MS. of the late mineralogy, and navigation. In both he- ingenious Mr. Robinson, of Cambridge, mispheres, and in a variety of different author of the History of Baptism, &c. latitudes, many experiments were made Omitting to fulfil his engagement, Mr. relative to the weight of bodies, which Dyer, in the month of July, urges upon will tend to very important discoveries, him a compliance with his proposal. connected with the irregular form of our the succeeding number, Curiofus informs globe; these will also be highly useful, Mr. Dyer, and the public, that this MS. To far as respects a fixed and general of Mr. Robinson's, was, at that time, in measure. While examining the inha. the poffeffion of Mr. Lund, bookseller, in bitants, our travellers collected all the Cambridge; and that when he made apmonuments that could throw any light plication to buy it, he met with a direither on the migration of nations, or on appointment, the book being sold. I their progress in civilization. Luckily am the person who bought this MS.; for the interests of humanity, these dif- and as I think it will be gratifying ta coveries have not caused a single tear to many of your readers, I shall have ne be shed. On the contrary, all the tribes objection to transcribe it for insertion in with whom they had any connection, will the Monthly Magazine. I send it to bless the memory of these navigators, the Monthly Magazine in preference i

have furniched them with useful your cotemporary, as I think an account

In

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1796,] List of Dissenting Congregations.

765 of this rature will be far more agreeable think them deserving a place in your to your readers.

Miscellany, several county lists shall be As it is now twenty years since this transmitted monthly. account was taken, of course many errors Warebam, QX. 20, 1796.

B. C. need.correction, and many defects ought to be fupplied, in order to render it correct. The places of worship in each

To the Editor of the Montbly Magazine. county are preserved separate. The counties succeed in alphabetical order,

SIR, and the

towns or villages, where dissenters I CONFESS myself to be one of those the same manner. As I shall be able to mankind has not tended to render highly make several of these county lifts accu enamoured of the species, or very con rate, I intend to do it; and I thall do it fident of its progress towards meliorawith pleasure if such information proves tion. I think I see the same radical de acceptable and gratifying. When such fects of character prevailing in all pe. additions are made to the MS. they will riods, and through all external circum. be printed in Italics.

stances; and though diversely modified, BEDFORDSHIRE.

yet ever operating to produce the prin

Congregations. cipal part of the evils under which the Bedford

3 human race continually labours. In parBiggleswade

ticular, the disposition to deceive and to be Blunham

deceived, appears to me always in full Carlton

operation in all societies, whether savage Cotton End

or civilized; and, since much of the Cranfield

weakness and unhappiness, if not of the Dunstable

vice, of men, proceeds from this source, Keyfoe

I conceive, that to detect and counteract Leighton Buzzard

it, will ever be one of the best services Little Stoughton

that a thinking mind can render its fel. Luton

low-creatures. An instance having ocMarket-Street

curred to me in my reading, which I Maulden

think remarkably well calculated to difRedgmont

play the joint action of fraud and cre. Shambrook

dulity, with respect to a very common Southill

object of fuperftition, that of the miraSteventon

culous cure of disease, I beg your af. Storton

fistance in laying it before the public, Thorne

together with the remarks it has suggested to me.

Those who have endeavoured to fupNote. The independent churches are, port the reality of the efficacy of the in general, much more numerous than royal touch, in the cure of the scrophula, those of the other denominations. But or king's evil, have laid particular stress in this county the Baptists have the ma

on the testimony of WISEMAN. This jority, by four to one at least.

person was serjeant-surgeon to. Charles BERKSHIRE.

II; of high reputation in his profession,

Congregations, and the author of a Work in Surgery, Abingdon

long reckoned a standard performance, Afton

and which shows him to have been a fair Farringdon

and modeft man, as well as an excellent Kingston-Lisle

practitioner. It contains an express treaMaidenhead

tise on the king's-evil, in which he Newbury

3 speaks of the touch, in the following Oakingham

strong terms : “ I, myself, have been a Reading

3 frequent eye-witness of many hundreds Wallingford

of cures performed by his majesty's touch Wantage

alone, without any aslistance of chirur

gery and those, many of them, such as 15

had tired out the endeavours of able chiruThese county lifts are a specimen geons before they came thither. It were of the whole; and it, Mr. Editor, you endless to recite what I myself have seen,

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and what I have received acknowledg- ease, does Wiseman adduce mere exam, ments of, by letter, not only from the ples from his own practice of difficult and several parts of this nation, but also tedious chirurgical treatment, nor do we from Iceland, Scotland, Jersey, and Ger- find, that in one of these, he celled in the many.” Is it possible for a testimony to aid of the royal hand. It was proposed in be niore direct and positive, or to proceed a single instance : but under circumstances from a more competent vitneis? Yet, that furnish a stronger proof of impolprobably, there is scarcely at present a turę, than any thing yet mentioned. A man in England who is not convinced young gentlewoman had an obftinate that the whole pretension was a falsehood scrophulous tumour in the right side of (for that imposture is now worn out), the neck, under the jaw; Wiseman How then are we to account forWiseman's applied a large caustic to it, brought it conduct ? Was he himself deceived, or to suppuration, treated it with eícharodid he knowingly lend his aid to carry on tics, and cured it. “About a year after,” a cheat? Both suppositions have their fays he, “ I saw her again in town, and difficulties, yet both are in some degree felt a small g'and of the bigness of a luprobable. His warm attachment to the pin, lying louer on that side of the neck, royal family, and early prejudices, might I would have perluaded her to admit of inspire him with a faith beyond the con a resolvent emplafter, and io be touched; troul of his judgment. On the other but she did not, aş she said, believe it to hand, certain pallages in this treatise be the king's-evil.” Here, after allowhow a necessary consciousness of collu- ing his patient to undergo a course of fion, and are, indeed, the true confuta- very severe furgery, he is willing to trust tion of that above quoted, which other- the relics of the diseais to the royal touch, wile might stagger one who judged from allifted by a rouluing pialer ; but the direct evidence alone.

complaint was now too trifiing to engage It was his ofice, as serjeant-surgeon, her artention. Surely, the greatest op to selcet such ami&ted obječts, as were ponent of the 10uch could not place it in proper to be presented for the roval a more conteinptible light. touch. In the history of the diseali, Thus do the boideft affertions of won, when describing its various states and derful and supernatural occurrences, appearances, he says, “ Those which we thrink into nothing before a patient and prefent to his majesty, are chiefly such as critical examination; and thus inconsistent have this sort of tuinour about the mul with itself is an extravagant pretension culus mastoideus, or neck, with what ever found to be. It was enough to reever circumstances they are accompanied; fute the impudent claims of the alchenor are we difficult in admirting, the mists, that these pretended gold-makers thick chapped upper lips, and eyes af were beggars in rags; as it is a very con, ficted with a lippitudo: in other coses, we vincing proof, that the royal touch can, give eur judz ment more warily.” Here is not cure the king's-evil, when it becomes à selection of the lightest cases, which the evil of kings. most readily undergo a spontaneous alte In order fully to prove the reality of ration, and a manifest doubt expressed an extraordinary cure, three points of concerning the success in more invete evidence are necessary :-that the disease rate ones. A little below, observing that existed, that it was cured, and that the the struma will often suppurate, or be alledged means were what alone per. resolved unexpectedly from accidental formed the cure.

But how feldon have ferments, he says, “In case of the king's these concurred in an authentic form, to touch, the resolution doth often happen, establish a wonderful tale of this kind ! where our endeavours have signified no Yet, men are still the dupes of their own thing; yea, the very gummara, info credulity; and who can foresee an end much, that I am cautious of predicting to this delusion concerning them (though they appear

Your's, &c. never so bad) till fourteen days be over.”

M150-PSEUDES. From this passage we may infer, that the touch was by no means infallible, and that the pretence of its succeeding was

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. not given up, till a fortnight had elapsed STR, without any change for the better.

THE.complimentary introduétion with Indeed, it appears very evident, that which

you
have ushered in

my

Glean. the worst kind of cases were seldom or ings from Tovey, &c. concerning Jews rever offered to the touch ; for in no dif in England (vol. i. p. 12, 102, and 199)

and

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