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Linnean System, is in the press, and count, he has presented an earnest petiwill fhortly be published, in one octavotion to the directory, for their support. volume, with coloured plates, by Mr. The value which the Turks fet upon Dawson, of Hackney.

these remains, may be known from a Mr. P. A. NIMNICH, author of the practice not uncommon among them. Universal Polyglotion Lexicon, will pub- An Aga made the inortar for his house lith in London, in November, a Dic. entirely from the ruins of temples : and tionary of Merchandize, in twelve lan- the destruction of temples and columns guages; a work which promises to be of at Athens, was never at so great a great use to the mercantile world.

height as present; as if the Barbarians Mr. P. COURTIER will shortly pub- had the presentiment, that their time lith a work, entitled, “REVOLUTIONS," of stay in this country was nearly at an a poem, in two books.

end. FAUVEL, the painter, has laid before M. de CALONNE has finished the Apthe directory, some interefting proposals pendix to his Tableau de l'Europe, which for Antiquarian Architectural Researches is at this time in the press. It will conin the Peloponnesus. Fauvel was above tain: 1. A History of the Ancient Gofifteen years in the Archipelago; and vernment of France-2. An Account of for great part of this time in the service all the States General that have been of Choisenl-Gouffier, who used his afliit- assembled—3. Observations on the unance in the enquiries concerning the limited Authority of the Kings of France, plains of Troy. For some years he re on the Cessation of the States-General, fided in Egypt, where he determined and also on the Influence of the Parlia the measures of the remains of antiquity, ments—4. Observations on the territorial with greater accuracy than any of his Productions of France; on its Specie : predeceffors; and he had determined on and on the Balance of Powers in Eu. a journey to the temple of Ammon, when rope. Choiseul, cut of jealousy, contrived to throw such obstacles in his way, as made bour and time, the Condu&tors of this Ma

To prevent an unnecessary wake of lahim give up his enterprise. Since that time he emploved himself for several gazine propose to adopt the method, common years in the neighbourhood of Athens, in Germany, of anouncing the translations where, through a very extraordinary of works undertaken by any persons within talte in some Turks of confequence, he their knowledge ; and every one who wishes had the perm flion to dig wherefoever he to avail bimself of ibis opportunily, is repleased. His I tt researches were in the quested to send to the Editor, the title of tbe reighbourhood of Olympia, where he work which he is translating, with his own fias discovered many interesting particu

name; the name to be inserted, or not, in lars on this celebrated place of assembly ;

the Magazine, as the translator chooses. and it is probable, from his conjectures, ERRATA, in a few copies of our laß. In the that here, in spite of the ravages of the notice of Archdeacon Travis's intended work, Romans and the Barbarians, immense for " colle&tionread collation ; and for “greams treasures of art lie buried. On this ac

read Greek.

cet.

RESTROSPECTIVE VIEW OF THE DRAMA. HAY-MARKET.—June 25, the Jew, this cvening; another daring The Mountaineers and My Grandmotber. undertaking, in which he acquitted him. A

Mr. Ellifton, from Bath, performed self with equal credit.

the characters of Octavian and Va July 13. The Prisoner at large-Mock pour in the play and entertainment; it Doctor—and Bannian Day. The repebeing his first appearance in London. tition of Bannian Day has been delayed He acquitted himself much to the fatif- through the indisposition of Mr. Fawfaction of the audience.

This piece was falsely ascribed to June 29. A Quarter of an Ilour before Mr. Waldron, jun. it being the pro- Dinner-The Baitle of Hexbam--and Ca- duction of Mr. Brewer, author of a cosherine and Petruchio. An apology for medy, called How to be Happy, which Mr. Fawcet, whose character (Gregory met with but indifferent success at this Cubbins) was filled by Mr. Wathen, theatre two seasons ago. occafioned a generai murmur.

July 23. Ibe Quaker, and (first time) June 30. All in Good Hilmour--The Don Pedro. Don Pedro, a comedy in Jew--and Deaf Lover, Mr. Elliston per- five acts, is the production of Mr. Cum forined Mr. J. Bannister's part of Sheva, berland, and, like the generality of pieces

4

hastily

1796.]
Case of the Licentiates, concluded.

495 hastily manufactured, possesses much to only performers who could and did ex-, commend, but more to disapprove of. ert themselves, were Mr. Palmer, Mr. The German play of the Robbers, seems Suet, and Miss De Camp. The unto have suggested the idea of Don Pedro, pardonable delay between the acts was who is both a robber and a hardened vil- fufficient to put the audience in an ill hulain; but the story, which terrifies more mour. Don Pedro, we apprehend, will than it pleases, differs considerably, and is not be permitted to floririth long in his chiefly taken from a romance of Mr. wickedness; tike Don Juan, he thould Cumberland's. The play is intended as have strutted in a Puntomime. a mixture of grave and gay ; but as vil.

OPERA-HOUSE. lains always keep their own counsel,it consequently abounds too much with Slilo Mr. Didelot brought cut for his bene. quies. The incidents, though few, are fit (July 7) two new pieces, both conludden, therefore unnatural, and the pored by himself. The first, a Ballet, in characters imperfectly drawn, the au one act, called Flore Zephire. This inet tbor, it is evident, depended too much with general approbation The other, a upon his hero. Towards the end of the grand divertissement, in three ani, in fourth act, it met with some opposition, the Scotch style, called L'Heureux Nane and was, with difficulty, given out for frage, or Les Srcères Echoses, which Monday evening. The prologue and was not so well received, bui on being epilogue were both wel written, and altered and contracied, was afterwards well delivered, by Mr. R. Palmer, and approved of. The music, by Sig. Bofli, Miss De Camp. The play did not ad. was much admired. The scene thifters mit of much good acting. Mrs. Kem were very imperfect. The houfe closed ble's character was too triling. The on the 23d, with Viganoni's bcnefit.

common

L A W REPORT S. CASE OF THE LICENTIATES AND tors are for ever tamely to submit to the THE COLLEGE OE PHYSICIANS. same hardships. Mr. Erskine next stated, [Concluded from our lift.]

very eloquently, that “fome men who

were never taught, conducted by their MR.ERSKINE next read a letter from own energies, might teach the schools,

Charles II. (which he admitted what they never knew; that Newton had no legal authority) directing the Col would probably have discovered the laws lege to admit nove bue graduates of the of gravitation, had he never seen 'TriEnglish Universities. At the period this nity College; and tha: Shakspeare, was written, the dread of papists and without being acquainted with tha great disaffected persons was so great, that in models of antiquity, had soared beyond order to keep them out of all corporate them.” He argued, that notwithstandbodies and places of trust, many similar ing the institutions of mankind are made arbitrary and illegal measures were di for the

occurrences of the rected and adopted. But, happily, the world, and not for those phenomena ; motive for such unconfitutional orders, that the sciences throw light on one an. and the subserviency which would com oiher; that a very learned education en. ply with them, do not now exift. Mr. ables a man to le more kiiful in a science Erskine went on to submit to the Court, which is connected with all nature, and that “ some of the great·ft men that gives him that dignity which adds lustre England ever bred or ever saw in medio to a profetlion, that always has conferred cine, have been under the same circum- honour upon English socie:y. stances as Doctor Sianger: that Sloane cannot help joining in the exclamation, and Mead were only admitted after pur which immedartly followed : chafing Cambridge or Oxford degrees; what of all this ? is Icarning no where and that Sydenhain had never been ad.. to be acquired but in the two univermitted.” This is an argument against firies of England ?" The Licentiatcs the claims of the Licentiates, deduced are fully sensible of the neceility of a from the excess of injustice they have learned education, and of the importhitherto fuffered'; becaule the brightest ance of the dead languages, and of the ornaments of their order, and of their sciences which may throw light on their profeffion, have been deprived of their profession, or add dignity to the characdue honours and just rights, without re ter of a physician; and they infift, that dress, it would finply, that their success they have cultivated them with as much

ardous

Here we

" But

ardour and success as the Fellows of the of the church of England are taught. College, or any body of men in the pro. The interests of the church and state arc feffion. They insist also, that they have generally considered 10 bero inter. ftudied whatever immediately relates to woven, ihat it is necessary to take pecuphysic, in schools, infinitely superior to liar precautions about the principles and Oxford and Cambridge, which are to tenets imbibed by the clergy. Seclusion tally inadequate to complete the educa• from the world in early life, under the tion of a physician. They appeal to ex. inspection of the dignitaries and elders amination to decide, whether their edu- of the church, may be a proper precau. cæion and acquirements do not entitle tion in the education of persons destined them to those honours and advantages, to perform the sacred functions of reliwhich the legislature has held out as in- gion. But do any of these grounds apply citements and rewards to the learned in such a degree to students of phyfic, as and kilful of the profession? Mr. Er- to entitle Oxford or Cambridge to monotkine admitted, that in academies, and polize, or even to confine the education other feminaries, cqual learning may be of phyficians? They neither ever were, acquired; but argued, that “ Oxford nor are now, medical schools of any creand Cambridge had been conducive to dit. The interests of the state are unthe revival of letters: that the monu- doubtedly materially connected with the ments of learning are preserved there : attachment of physicians, because no ihat few perfons would reside there, if body can influence public opinion more they obrained no privilege by their de. powerfully ; but that attachment cannot grees; and then, perhaps, in another age, surely be strengthened by reftraining ei. we may look at thefe Universities, as ther their opportunities of improvement, yenerable ruins; or perhaps, according to or fair means of advancement. A recluso the ideas of modern times, we may fee situation would deprive the student in them filled with looms for manufac. physic of the great object of his invefti. turers, or stables for horses !" Refpect gation :: of disease in its various forms, for old etablishments is very natural ; but which is rarely to be met with in fe it would become a blind and bigotted cluded colleges. Mr. Erskine also in. partiality, if ir led men to sacrifice bet- stanced, “ that admission to the bar was ter opportunities of improvement in any accelerated by a previous degree at Oxprofeffion. In one so material to the ford or Cambridge.". But the grounds of health and lives of the community as this privilege are as inapplicable to phy. phyfic, it would be criminal to be in. ficians, as those enumerated refpe&ting fuenced by it. If the Universities of clergymen. English law is peculiar ta Oxford and Cambridge were as ineffi. the country, and is not taught in foreign cient in other branches of education as Universities. The legistarure has, there, in those that relate to medicine, neither fore, given a privilege to those who study respect for their former services, nor law in the English Univerfities, which even partial advantages annexed to their it has not extended to those who study degrecs, could long preserve them from phyfic there ;, the branches of which venerable ruin; a ruin, which, indeed, being not of a local nature, may be learnthe classic or philosopher might, deplore, ed in any, country. Besides, this pri. but which, if the monopoly in question vilege only, advances, but does not is tfiablihed, the phyfician must rejoice give an exclufive right of admission to at. Mr. Erskine next l'aid, “ If the the bar, which the graduates of Oxford privileges of these Universities are not and Cambridge have uburped, and strug: respected in phyfic, why should they be gle to perpetuate, in the College of Phyrefpected in the other profeffions ? you ficians. It may be added, that examiwill have a mandamus moved for, next nations of perfons called to the bar, term, to admit a man of good morals, afford but very ivadequate proofs of a and acquainted with divinity, to ordina- learned education, of which a degrec tjon." It would be deviaring from the from the English Universities is in evifubject, to argue the propriety of con dence : but that the tests required for fining ordination to those who have taken admiffion into the College of Physicians, a degree at the English Univertities; but are, in themselves, proofs of confiderathe grounds of this reftriation in the ble attainments in literature and science, church by no means apply in physic. Ox Mr. Erskine, after observing that these ford and Cambridge are essentially eccle- . restraints are attended with no inconve. Gaftical inftitutions ; they are the only nience, and complimenting both the Col. public feminasics, in which the doctrines lege and Licentiates for theis candour

and

1796]
Account of Diseases in June and July.

497 and liberality, concluded by observirg. of requisite learning and skill, will have that the matter is reduced to this quel- his right to be admitted into the Col tion: “Whether this bye-law (requir- lege, for ever established, by a decision ing graduation at Oxford or Cambridge) in favour of the Licentiates in the prema coupled as it is with the other two dif- fent caule. pensing bye-laws, is not consistent with After Mr. Erskine had concluded his the letter and spirit of the charter ?” very ingenious and eloquent fpeech, Mr. We are clearly convinced that this bye- Gibbs was next heard on the same side : law of exclusion is inconsistent both with but he had not proceeded far, before the the letter and spirit of the charter : that objection of Dr. Stanger's having apit is unjust in its principle, and pernicious plied for examination to the comitia miin its consequences, both to the College nora, instead of the comitia majora, was of Physicians, and the profession of phy, advanced and sustained by the Court, as fic: that it is contrary to law, equity, a stay to farther proceedings, till an apand reason. We consider the two dis- plication to the latter had been made. pensing bye-laws as artful devices to This, we understand, has since boen evade a legal decision against the mono made to the comitia majora, by the fame poly ; to divide the licentiates, and ren- gentleman, who has again been refuted der them dependant on the Fellows. examination for admission into the college. We therefore hope, that the judgment We are informed, that the cause will, anticipated by Lord Mansfield, will foon therefore, be again brought on during be confirmed by his successors ; and that the next term. every physician of good character, and ACCOUNT OF DISEASES IN LONDON,

From the 20th of June to the 20th of July. ACUTE DISEASES. No. of Caies.

No. of Cases. Measles 7 Hæmorrhoids

3 Scarlatina

6 Devonshire cholic Small-pox

9 Schirrous liver Swine-pox

3 Jaundice Aphthous:sore-throat

Cough and chronic dyspnea

13 Ulcerated fore-throat 1 Pulmonary consumption

9 Peripneumony 1 Spitting of blood

3 Catarrh 5 Analarca

5 Acute rheumatism

3 Land scurvy Gout

1 Dry tettar Summer fever

4 Impetigo Ephemera*

5

Lichen Child.bed fever

4

Nettle rall
CHRONIC DISEASES.

Itch
Chronic rheumatism
4 Prurigo

5 Afthenia

15 Inflamed pustules Paralysis

3 Shirgles Apoplexy

Noli me tangere
Epistaxis

PERIODICAL DISEASES.
Cephalaa
Epilepsy

Tertian
Hysteria

4 Quotidian

Hectica Chlorosis and Amenorrhea 7

3 Menorrhagia

5 INFANTILE DISEASES. Fluor albus

5
Hooping-cough

8 Prolapsus uteri

Catarrhal fever Abortion

Dentition Gravel and Dyfury

3 Diarrhoea Dyspepsia

14 Tabes mesenterica Gaftrodynia Enterodynia 9 Scrophula

6 Bilious vomiting 3 Rickets

3 Hæmorrhagy, frum the stomach and

Hydrocephalus intestines

4 Crusta Lacteà, and Scalled-head 5 Sauvages' Nofol. Med. ch. ii. ord, I. Papulous eruptions MONTHLY Mag. No. VI.

The

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The small-pox, during the whole of lent. It has been attended with a con, the last spring, was the leading epedi- fiderable degree of fever, which contimical complaint in London and its vici- nued two weeks or upwards; and, in nity. The disease continues ftill to rage this stage, has been cccationally fatal to with unabated violence; and since the weakly, delicate children. hot weather commenced, has appearea in Amongst chronic complaints, the preits most malignant form, proving every dominant ones, as will appear from the where extremely faral.

liat, are disorders of the stomach and The measles seem to be, at present, bowels, accompanied with violent pain, declining ; but are likely to be succeeded bilious vomiting or diarrhea, hæmor, by the scarlet fever, which has been al- rhagy, &c. These symptoms may be ready diffused to a considerable extent. somewhat aggravated by the sudden alThis disease, as is usual in the summer terations of heat and cold which have months, exhibits a mild train of fyınp- taken place during the present month : toms, and soon terminates favourably, but, I am sorry to add, they must princiwithout producing any material affection pally be referred to the intemperate usç of the throat. For some years past, it of spirituous liquors—a cause of disease has always been most virulent and dan more pernicious to the labouring class of gerous in the months of October and people in this city, than the combined November ; but generally ceased on the influences of its air, climate, occupations, first appearance of frost.

unseasonable amusements, contagions The hooping-cough is yet very preva- and other effluvia.

PUBLIC FUNDS.

Stock-Exchange, July 26, 1796. THE scarcity of money has at length 5 PER CENT. ANN. on the 6th July,

seriously affected the Public Funds. were at 90ğ-on the 15th they fell to During the present month, they have 893-on the 20th they were at 881on fallen to a lower price than they have the 21st, at 874-and on the 23rd, rose been at since the American war. Iu con to 892. sequence, those bold speculations (which 4. PER CENT. CONSOLS, on the 28th we have repeatedly noticed) have been of last nionth, were 804-on the 6th of attended with a loss the most enormous. July, they were at 79:-on he 15th they Differences to a vast amount have been fell to 781-and were on the 23rd at 78. paid, and defauliers have already appeared :3 PER CENT. CONSOLS, were done, on in sums as large as thirty and forty thou- the 30th of last month, at 63, for the fand pounds.

opening—and on the 7th of July they Within the two or three last days, were at 614-fell till the 15th, to 59 consols have experienced a temporary and have since rose to 60f. rise ; but the probability is, lhould the 5 PER CENT. Exchequer bills are si war continue, that they will be ftill discount. lower than they have been.

OMNIUM is at si discount. BANK STOCK was at 1551, on the N.B. So great has been the scarcity 28th of last month-on the first of the of specie in the present nionth, thạt gopresent it fell to 154—on the 6th to 152 £ vernment was obliged to defer the pay-rose again on the 12th to 1543-fell a ment of the lottery prizes, due on the gain on the 15th to 1514-which was the fifth inftant. price on the 22nd.

STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS,

In July, 1796.
Great BRITAIN.

matter interesting in detail. The recess of FOR. the sake of unity and method, we parliament, the hience of ministers at this

shall hereafter arrange our account of important crisis, and the gloomy suspence public affairs in two divisions, civil and in which the people appeared to be inmilitary.

volved, respecting the question of peace or The civil transactions of Great Britain war, resembled, in a considerable degree, during the last month, furnished but little one of those delufive calms, when nature

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