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Scene 1.—London. A Street leading to the


Enter Queen and Ladies. Queen. This way the King will come : this is

the way

And fawn on rage with base humility,
Which art a lion and a king of beasts ?
K. Rich. A king of beasts, indeed! if aught

but beasts, I had been still a happy king of men. Good sometime queen, prepare thee hence for

France : Think I am dead; and even here thou tak'st, As from my deathbed, my last living leave. In winter's tedious nights, sit by the fire With good old folks, and let them tell thee tales Of woful ages long ago

betid : And ere thou bid good night, to quit their grief, Tell thou the lamentable fall of me, And send the hearers weeping to their beds. For why, the senseless brands will sympathise The heavy accent of thy moving tongue, And, in compassion, weep the fire out; And some will mourn in ashes, some coal-black, For the deposing of a rightful king.

To Julius Cæsar's ill-erected tower,
To whose flint bosom my condemnéd lord
Is doomed a prisoner by proud Bolingbroke.
Here let us rest, if this rebellious earth
Have any resting for her true king's queen.

Enter King RICHARD and Guards.
But soft, but see, or rather do not see,
My fair rose wither:-yet look up, behold,
That you in pity may dissolve to dew,
And wash him fresh again with true-love tears!—
Ah, thou, the model where old Troy did stand;
Thou map of honour; thou King Richard's tomb,
And not King Richard ; thou most beauteous inn!
Why should hard-favoured grief be lodged in thee,
When triumph is become an alehouse guest?
K. Rich. Join not with grief, fair woman, do

not so, To make my end too sudden : learn, good soul, To think our former state a happy dream; From which awaked, the truth of what we are Shews us but this. I am sworn brother, sweet, To grim necessity; and he and I Will keep a league till death. Hie thee to France, And cloister thee in some religious house : Our holy lives must win a new world's crown, Which our profane hours here have stricken down. Queen. What, is my Richard both in shape and

mind Transformed and weakened ? Hath Bolingbroke Deposed thine intellect? Hath he been in thy

heart? The lion, dying, thrusteth forth his paw, And wounds the earth, if nothing else, with rage To be o'erpowered : and wilt thou, pupil-like, Take thy correction mildly, kiss the rod,

Enter NORTHUMBERLAND, attended. North. My lord, the mind of Bolingbroke is

changed: You must to Pomfret, not unto the Tower. And, madam, there is order ta’en for you: With all swift speed you must away to France. K. Rich. Northumberland, thou ladder where

withal The mounting Bolingbroke ascends my throne, The time shall not be many hours of age More than it is, ere foul sin, gathering head, Shall break into corruption. Thou shalt think, Though he divide the realm and give thee half, It is too little, helping him to all : And he shall think that thou, which know'st the way To plant unrightful kings, wilt know again, Being ne'er so little urged, another way To pluck him headlong from the usurpéd throne. The love of wicked friends converts to fear; That fear to hate; and hate turns one, or both, To worthy danger and deserved death.

North. My guilt be on my head, and there an

end. Take leave and part; for you must part forthwith. K. Rich. Doubly divorced !-Bad men, ye

violate A twofold marriage: 'twixt my crown and me, And then betwixt me and my married wife.Let me unkiss the oath 'twixt thee and me: And yet not so, for with a kiss 't was made.Part us, Northumberland : I towards the north,

Where shivering cold and sickness pines the clime; My wife to France; from whence, set forth in

pomp, She came adornéd hither like sweet May; Sent back like Hallowmas, or short'st of day.

Queen. And must we be divided; must we part? K. Rich. Ay, hand from hand, my love, and

heart from heart. Queen. Banish us both, and send the King with



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North. That were some love, but little policy. Queen. Then whither he goes, thither let mego.

K.Rich. So two, together weeping, make one woe. Weep thou for me in France, I for thee here: Better far off than near, be ne'er the near'. Go, count thy way with sighs; I mine with groans. Queen. So longest way shall have the longest

moans. K. Rich. Twice for one step I'll groan, the

way being short, And piece the way out with a heavy heart.Come, come, in wooing sorrow let 's be brief, Since, wedding it, there is such length in grief. One kiss shall stop our mouths, and dumbly part: Thus give I mine, and thus I take thy heart.

[They kiss. Queen. Give me mine own again : 't were no

good part

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York. Where did I leave? Duch. At that sad stop, my lord, Where rude misgoverned hands, from windows'

tops, Threw dust and rubbish on King Richard's head. York. Then, as I said, the duke, great Boling

broke, Mounted

upon a hot and fiery steed Which his aspiring rider seemed to know, With slow but stately pace kept on his course, While all tongues cried, “ God save thee, Bo

lingbroke!” You would have thought the very windows spake, So many greedy looks of young and old Through casements darted their desiring eyes Upon his visage: and that all the walls, With painted imagery, had said at once, "Jesu preserve thee! welcome, Bolingbroke!” Whilst he, from one side to the other turning, Bareheaded, lower than his proud steed's neck, Bespake them thus: “ I thank you, countrymen :" And thus still doing, thus he passed along. Duch. Alas, poor Richard ! where rides he

the while ? York. As, in a theatre, the eyes


men, After a well-graced actor leaves the stage, Are idly bent on him that enters next, Thinking his prattle to be tedious,Even so, or with much more contempt, men's

eyes Did scowl on Richard. No man cried, God save

Aum. Madam, I know not, nor Igreatly care not: God knows I had as lief be none as one. York. Well, bear you well in this new spring

of time, Lest

you be cropped before you come to prime. What news from Oxford ? hold those jousts and

triumphs ?
Aum. For aught I know, my lord, they do.
York. You will be there, I know.
Aum. If God prevent it not: I purpose so.
York. What seal is that that hangs without

thy bosom ? Yea, look'st thou pale? let me see the writing.

Aum. My lord, 't is nothing.

York. No matter, then, who sees it. I will be satisfied : let me see the writing.

Aum. I do beseech your grace to pardon me: It is a matter of small consequence, Which for some reasons I would not have seen. York. Which for some reasons, sir, I mean to

see. I fear, I fear,

Duch. What should you fear? 'Tis nothing but some bond that he has entered into For gay apparel 'gainst the triumph day. York. Bound to himself? what doth he with a

bond That he is bound to? Wife, thou art a fool. Boy, let me see the writing. Aum. I do beseech you, pardon me: I may

not shew it. York. I will be satisfied : let me see it, I say.

[Snatches it, and reads. Treason; foul treason !-villain, traitor, slave!

Duch. What is the matter, my lord ?
York. Ho! who is within there? [Enter a

Servant.]—Saddle my horse.-
God for his mercy, what treachery is here!

Duch. Why, what is it, my lord ? York. Give me my boots, I say; saddle my horse.

[Exit Servant. Now by mine honour, by my life, my troth, I will appeach the villain.

Duch. What's the matter?
York. Peace, foolish woman.
Duch. I will not peace.- What is the matter,

him :

No joyful tongue gave him his welcome home :
But dust was thrown upon his sacred head;
Which with such gentle sorrow he shook off
(His face still combating with tears and smiles,
The badges of his grief and patience),
That had not God, for some strong purpose,

steeled The hearts of men, they must perforce have

melted, And barbarism itself have pitied him. But heaven hath a hand in these events;

a To whose high will we bound our calm contents. To Bolingbroke are we sworn subjects now, Whose state and honour I for aye allow.

son ?

Aum. Good mother, be content: it is no more Than my poor life must answer.

Duch. Thy life answer!

Duch. Here comes my son Aumerle.

York. Aumerle that was :
But that is lost, for being Richard's friend ;
And, madam, you must call him Rutland now.
I am, in parliament, pledged for his truth
And lasting fealty to the new-made king.

Duch. Welcome, my son. Who are the violets

Re-enter Servant, with boots. York. Bring me my boots ; I will unto the King. Duch. Strike him, Aumerle.- Poor boy, thou

art amazed. Hence, villain: never more come in my sight.

[To the Servant.


That strew the green lap of the new-come spring?

Takes on the point of honour to support
So dissolute a crew.
Percy. My lord, some two days since I saw the

And told him of these triumphs held at Oxford.

Boling. And what said the gallant?

Percy. His answer was, he would unto the stews, And from the common'st creature pluck a glove, And wear it as a favour: and with that He would unborse the lustiest challenger. Boling. As dissolute as desperate: yet through

both I see some sparkles of a better hope, Which elder days may happily bring forth.But who comes here?

York. Give me my boots, I say.

Duch. Why, York, what wilt thou do? Wilt thou not hide the trespass of thine own? Have we more sons, or are we like to have? Is not my teeming date drunk up with time; And wilt thou pluck my fair son from mine

age, And rob me of a happy mother's name? Is he not like thee; is he not thine own?

York. Thou fond mad woman, Wilt thou conceal this dark conspiracy? A dozen of them here have ta'en the sacrament, And interchangeably set down their hands, To kill the King at Oxford.

Duch. He shall be none : We'll keep him here: then what is that to him? York. Away, fond woman! were he twenty

times my son, I would appeach him.

Duch. Hadst thou groaned for him,
As I have done, thou 'dst be more pitiful.
But now I know thy mind : thou dost suspect
That I have been disloyal to thy bed,
And that he is a bastard, not thy son.
Sweet York, sweet husband, be not of that

He is as like thee as a man may be;
Not like to me, or any of my kin,
And yet I love him.

York. Make way, unruly woman.

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(Exit. | Boling. Intended or committed was this fault?


turn the

Duch. After, Aumerle : mount thee upon his

horse; Spur, post, and get before him to the King, And beg thy pardon ere he do accuse thee. I'll not be long behind: though I be old, I doubt not but to ride as fast as York: And never will I rise up from the ground Till Bolingbroke have pardoned thee.-Away; Begone.


Scene III.-Windsor. A Room in the Castle.

If but the first, how heinous e'er it be,
To win thy after-love I pardon thee.
Aum. Then give me leave that I may

That no man enter till my tale be done.
Boling. Have thy desire.

[A UMERLE locks the door. York [within). My liege, beware; look to

thyself: Thou hast a traitor in thy presence there.

Boling. Villain, I 'll make thee safe. [Drawing.

Aum. Stay thy revengeful hand: Thou hast no cause to fear. York [within). Open the door, secure, fool-hardy

king: Shall I, for love, speak treason to thy face? Open the door, or I will break it open.

[BOLINGBROKE opens the door.

Enter YORK. Boling. What is the matter, uncle ? speak: Recover breath: tell us how near is danger, That we may arm us to encounter it. York. Peruse this writing here, and thou shalt

know The treason that my haste forbids me shew.

Enter BOLINGBROKE as King; Percy, and other

Lords. Boling. Can no man tell of my unthrifty son? "Tis full three months since I did see him last: If any plague hang over us, 't is he. I would to God, my lords, he might be found : Inquire at London, 'mongst the taverns there, For there, they say, he daily doth frequent, With unrestrainéd loose companions : Even such, they say, as stand in narrow lanes, And beat our watch, and rob our passengers : While he, young, wanton, and effeminate boy,

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Aum. Remember, as thou read'st, thy promise Mine honour lives when his dishonour dies,

Or my shamed life in his dishonour lies.
I do repent me: read not my name there; Thou kill'st me in his life: giving him breath,
My heart is not confederate with my hand. The traitor lives, the true man's put to death.
York. 'T was, villain, ere thy hand did set it Duch. [within). What ho, my liege! for God's

sake, let me in.
I tore it from the traitor's bosom, King :

Boling. What shrill-voiced suppliant makes Fear, and not love, begets his penitence.

this eager cry? Forget to pity him, lest thy pity prove

Duch. A woman and thine aunt, great King :
A serpent that will sting thee to the heart.

't is I.
Boling. O heinous, strong, and bold con- Speak with me, pity me, open the door:
spiracy! -

A beggar begs that never begged before.
O loyal father of a treacherous son ;

Boling. Our scene is altered, from a serious
Thou sheer, immaculate, and silver fountain,

From whence this stream, through muddy passages, And now changed to “The Beggar and the
Hath held his current and defiled himself !

Thy overflow of good converts to bad;

My dangerous cousin, let your mother in :
And thy abundant goodness shall excuse I know she's come to pray for your foul sin.
This deadly blot in thy digressing son.

York. If thou do pardon, whosoever pray,
York. So shall my virtue be his vice's bawd; More sins for this forgiveness prosper may.
And he shall spend mine honour with his shame, This festered joint cut off, the rest rests sound:
As thriftless sons their scraping fathers' gold. This let alone will all the rest confound.

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