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was presented, and the officers and council were was right in deriving it from French herbere, Latin aspirations, so it is not the fault of other enquirers selected for the current year. The total number of herbarium, a garden of herbs ; its meaning passed if further facts--hitherto ignored by science, but members was 662-an increase of twenty-one since into a garden of trees, trees trained on espaliers, fully susceptible of scientific examination-open the year before. The total income was £884 and a bower covered with leafage: Mr. Wedgwood up wider and more hopeful conceptions.-Mr. the expenditure £658, leaving a balance of £226, holds that the Italian "arborata, an arbor or Edmond Gurney followed with a paper on “The as compared with a balance of £172 brought into bowre of trees," was mixed up with erbere); Stages of Hypnotism," in which he defined two the account. The secretary, Mr. W. H. Rylands, (3) achil," or “orchil,” used for dying; (4) well-marked stages--the "alert” and the "deep" has copied the whole series of Hypocephali in the "afraid " (from frith, peace; effroi, a breaking of —and distinguished them from one another by British Museum, and one of them will be published the peace); (5) "appal (French appalir, mixed special reference to the phenomena of alternating in each successive number of the Proceedings. with English apale); (6) . impostume” (French memory which they present.-Prof. Barrett then Communications have been received from Dr. A. apostume); (7)
pose,' posal read a short paper on certain sensory affections Weidemann on “Some Objects found in Egypt resulting in puzzle ; (8) "apple" (is its special noticed when the head is held between the poles of with Greek Inscriptions; " from Mr. Theo. Ĝ. sense or the general one of “ fruit” the primary a magnet.-Lastly, Mr. Podmore read a paper Pinches on “The Surdu or Falcon of the Cunei- one?); (9) “ apply,” with its fifteen or more senses; prepared by Mr. E. R. Pease on the divining-rod, form Inscriptions ;" from Mr. J. Chotzner on (10) " appoint; (11)“ apparent” (a, conspicuous, which, on the whole, was unfavourable to the “The Hexameter in Hebrew Poetry;” and from, unreal : the heir-apparent is the manifest or dowser's claims. At the same time, it was pointed Mr. T. G. Pinches on “Assyrian Grammar," II., certain heir, who must inherit if he lives, while the out that the evidence for the detection of water by the Permansiye.
heir-presumptive is only heir till the heir-apparent his method stands on a different footing from that
appeare); (12) “apothecary" (at first à mere for the detection of other substances, and is not EDINBURGH MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY.-(Friday,
store-keeper); (13) " apology” (a, a defence, b, an incapable of a rational physiological explanation. Jan. 11.)
offer of an excuse, e, an expression of regret with -At the close of this paper the Hon. Percy THOMAS Muir, Esq., President, in the Chair.- their seat was in the brain, and they worked by success of a dowser in a park in Lincolnshire, and
no defence at all); (14) “animal spirits" (in 1543 Wyndham gave a very interesting account of the Prof. Chrystal delivered an address on “Surfaces sinews, they were the nerves, then nerve, courage, the subsequent saving of great expense to the of the second Order," in which he advocated merriment); (15) “ city Arabs” (really Arabs, or owner.-At a conversazione held at a later hour strongly the study of the properties of these sur- | wanderers) ; (16) “ aquarium " (invented by Gosse the extent to which “muscle-reading” and tactile faces from the surfaces themselves. The address in 1854); (17) “ape" (who could explain the phrase sensibility can be carried was exemplified by some was illustrated with a large number of beautiful to lead apes in hell” used of old maids ?); pin-finding and number-writing, the operator, the models in wood, plaster, cardboard, and thread. - (18) “antler" (the lowest prong of a deer's horn, Rev. E. H. Sugden, showing himself fully as Prof. Tait communicated an analytical note, and first used by Walter Scott, in 1820, of the whole expert and successful as the public performers who one or two geometrical problems were discussed. hom); (19) “apostrophe" (which was Latin apos- palm off similar exhibitions as “thought-reading."
trophus till the last century); (20) “antipodes,"
which should be pronounced "antipods." Time ROYAL ASIATIC SOCIETY.-(Monday, Jan. 21.) SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES.—(Thursday, Jan. 17.)
was the thing most needed to complete the Sir E. CLIVE BAYLEY in the Chair.-H. Tufnell, A. W. FRANES, Esq., in the Chair.-Canon Green- Dictionary Part i. was but a twenty-fourth of Esq., was elected a resident member, and Messrs. well exbibited a bronze dagger, a stone axe- the whole book, and its preparation had taken R. Gordon, C. de Harlez, J. van der Gheyn, and hammer, and other implements found in a barrow eighteen months. Now the work would go some
Mirza Mehdy Khan non-resident members. -Mr. at Broadway, Worcestershire. The dagger was simi- what faster, but more sub-editors were urgently R. N. Cust laid before the meeting a short but lar to one found previously at Arreton Down.- needed to get the material into shape for the complete
statement of the present position of the Mr. G. Payne, of Sittingbourne, exhibited ? skull | editor's final
touches.- Mr. Furnivall congratulated and bones, with a slate bracer and a bronze dagger, the
society on the appearance of the first part
of question of the Origin of the Indian Alphabet," found near Sittingbourne.—The Rev. Robert Myine, its Dictionary. The society alone had rendered forth by the late Prof. Dowson and Gen. Cunningof Oxford, exhibited the photograph of a sheet the existence of the Dictionary possible. Oxford ham, that this alphabet
had an independent origin of church wardens' accounts of St. Peter-in-the- had for the last four years generously helped with in India itself; the second, by Prof. Weber, Burnell
, East, Oxford, for the year 1444. One item of money, but the idea of the Dictionary, its working, and most other scholars, that it came from Western expenditure was for torches coram monacho and its editors had all sprung from the society. He Asia. Such an importation, he showed, was pos. albo
at Oseney; but what this meant none of looked back twenty-four years to the little room in sible--as the Phoenician alphabet was in full use the members present was able to explain.-Mr. Somerset House where the Dictionary Committee 890 B.c., while there was also constant commercial Ferguson, local secretary for Cumberland, sent a was first appointed, and thought of the dead friends intercourse between the West and the East; and few particulars about the Roman camp at Low- who were with him then-Herbert Coleridge, his probable in that no allusion is made in any part borough Bridge, near Kirkby Mure, Westmore- fellow-editor (afterwards sole editor), Thomas of Aryan or Dravidian literature to the invention of land. But few relics have been found, and there Watts, Prof. Xey, and others; Mr. Wedgwood alphabetic writing, while we have, also, no in. was apparently nothing more than a camp there, was, he thought, the only survivor besides himself. scription earlier than 250 B.c. The remarkable not a station, so that the suggestion put forward He thanked Dr. Murray for bringing the society's resemblance between these two alphabetic systems that the discovery settles the position of Alove, in work to a head in a way that he (Mr. Furnivall) demands the admission of a common origin, espe. the teuth iter of the Antonine Itinerary, is pre- had failed to accomplish ; and he asked the oldest cially as no one supposes the Western alphabets, mature. member present, Mr. Danby P. Fry, to second the
as well as our numerals, came from the East. The vote of thanks which he proposed the society Asoka inscriptions (with the certain date of about St. Paul's ECCLESIOLOGICAL SOCIETY.--(Thursday,
should return to its president for the admirable 250 B.c.) have two alphabetic forms-the Northern, Jan. 17.)
work he had done for the society's Dictionary: - unquestionably of Aramaean origin; the Southern,
This Mr. Fry did, and, the vote having been carried from which all the existing alphabets of India MAJOR Healus in the Chair. -A lecture was de with applause, Dr. Murray acknowledged it, conlivered by the Rev. W. F. Creeny, Vicar of firming emphatically all that Mr. Furnivall had gested three possible sources for this latter: (1) direct
are derived, an importation by sea. Dr. Burnell sug: St. Michael-at-Thorne, Norwich, on “Foreign said about the Dictionary being the society's work. from Phoenicia ; (2) by way of the Persian Gulf, Brasses," illustrated with a large number of rub. As he looked over the letters of its earlier editors, from some Aramaean alphabet existing in Mesopobings. Amung others were shown the earliest he could not help feeling that perchance before tamia; (3) (with Prof. Weber) from Southern known brass (a Bishop of Verden, 1231), the long his successor might be looking over bis Arabia. Þe (Dr. Burnell) inclined to the second, remarkably fine examples from Mecklenburg letters, he having ceased to live. But the society and Mr. Cust to the third, of these views.-At the Schwerin ånd Lübeck, three Bishops of Paderborn, and the University of Oxford would, he trusted, close of the paper, Bishop Caldwell
, Sir Clive and various fine specimens from Brussels, Ghent, complete the truly national work which the society Bayley, and other members discussed the ques. Bruges, &c., concluding
with a series commemorat- had so long ago set on foot, and which deserved tion at some length.
In progress. Same size as original-164 by 4.
"Mr. Moore exhibits one picture-thin which he never painted a Evening, Friday, Jan. 18.)
Myers began by reading the Report of the Literary Dr. J. A. H. MURRAY, President, in the Chair.- Committee. The work of collecting evidence was "Retnarkable for its retinement of line and delicate Harmony of colour." Three copies of part i. of the society's new English described, and special attention was directed to
"Mr. Moore's gracefal Companions' forms an excellent bonne douche Dictionary, edited by Dr. Murray, were laid on the sort of evidence which it is necessary to pro
"Tho gem of this variad and delightful exhibition."-Academy. the table. The society began collecting materials cure in connexion with “phantasms of the living."
Particulars on application to the Publishers, Messrs. DOWDESWELL & for its Dictionary in 1858, and the work has been It is not enough to collect cases where a vivid DOWDESWELLS, 133, New Bond-street. carried on ever since. More sub-editors are wanted dream of a person's death, or an “hallucination”
-" for FEBRUARY to help in arranging the collections of material suggesting his presence, has coincided with his talus an Engraving by CHARLES COUSER o MC DAVIS's Picture and to work out the logical history of the mean actual death at a distance; we must also ascertain
** HOMELESS," Painted by A. H. MARS! - The ART JOURNAL" for ings of the words to be treated, which is the the frequency of similar dreams and hallucinations FEBRUARY .contains a Pluto by the eminent French Eicher, Cuare? hardest part of the dictionary-work.-Dr. Murray which coincide with nothing at all. Till this is COURTKY, O HOMELESS."
"THE DEFENCE of PARIS.”—This Statue by BARRIAS, recently erected read part of his Introduction to the Dictionary, done, chance will always seem a possible explana- near Paris, hoe been dugta ved on steel by E, STODART And formed heart and then discussed the following twenty words :- tion of the coincidences. Mr. Myers concluded separately priuted Piato la the “AKT JOURNAL" (2., 6d.) for FEBRUARY (1) “ Archipelago" (from Italian, first found in by saying that, just as it is not the fault of some GREAT SALE of PICTURES, at reduced prices (Engraviage, Chromos, 1268, probably a popular corruption of adzopelago, enquirers if the facts which the universe presents and Oleographs), handsomely framed. Everyone about to parchase pictures “ the holy sea"); (2) “arbour" (Mr. Wedgwood to them teach the limitations of man's life and | GEO. Rees, 116, Strand, near Waterloo-bridge.
"An exquisite picture."--Times. better."--Morning Post.
"A new and exquisite pioture." --Slaniard.
to an attractive exhibition." - Daily News.
A THEBAN TOMB OF THE ELEVENTH | house. On one side are painted all kinds of tional instances of this. One is the admirable DYNASTY.
mirrors, necklaces, sandals, gartnents, bracelets, mezzotint-like engraving by Mr. Alfred Dawson WANT of space compelled me the other day to&o. This was his wardrobe. On the opposite after Sir Joshua Reynolds?“ Mrs Pelham foeddefer a detailed description of the tomb of wall are depicted vases of jasper, granite, and ing Chickens,” now at the Grosvenor. It is Horhotpou to a more convenient opportunity. choice pottery, supposed to contain the seven based on a photo-etching, which greatly reduces I now return to that part of Prof. Maspero's sacred essences, the perfumes and ointments the manual labour of drawing, and affords a forthcoming Catalogue, premising that the necessary for his use in the spirit-world. This rough ground (an aquatint ground) for the monument in question belongs to a very obscure was his still-room and dressing-room. On the operator. This ground, if it scarcely gives (poch of Egyptian history, and that its dis-innor side, over the entrance, may be seen all scope for quite such rich effects as that formed covery supplies us with an important and un- kinds of weapons-bows and arrows, javelins, by the “rocker,” is very much more durable. expected link between the Memphite art of maces, and the like. This was his armoury; The other is a "photo-etching." of a drawing the vith Dynasty and the Theban art of the and false doors painted on each side of the real by Mr. Joseph Pennell—a very brilliant piece of XIth Dynasty. This sepulchre was discovered doorway gave him a twofold access to that work. by Prof. Maspero in February 1883, about half apartment. Finally, at the upper end of the
We are glad to see that the Magazine of Art way up the slope of the great mountain-spur chamber, occupying the wall which faces the now gives the names of the engravers who north of the Dayr-el-Bahatee amphitheatre, entrance, we behold
his dining-room and larder. execute the best cuts. In the current number and
close over against the mouth of that sterile The actual foods and drinks are not, however, some of the illustrations are of first-rate quality, defile which leads to the Valley of the Tombs depicted, but catalogued ; and the catalogue, especially
those after the pictures of the Conof the Kings. From the mouth of this sepulchre, which is very full and tempting, comprises stantine Ionides Collection. The Régamey which is hidden by an aged laurel bush, a
wines of various vintages, different kinds of engraved by Strelles, the Degas by La narrow rough-hewn tunnel descends for a dis- beer and other drinks, game, poultry, butchers' Cour, and that by Werdmüller after Dalou's tance of some ninety feet, and terminates in a meat, vegetables, milk, fruit, and many sorts of charming “Liseuse” are especially fine. The two-chambered excavation, the second of which cakes. As for the texts—I translate here from eloquent paper by the editor on 'Two Busts of was the vault proper. The rock here being ex- Prof. Maspero—
Victor Hugo" is of unusual interest. One is tremely friable (Prof. Maspero likens it to a they consist chiefly of prayers from the Book of the Victor Hugo of forty years since, by David fakey pie-crust), the ancient architect, in order the Doad and chapters from that Funerary Ritual of d'Angers; the other the Hugo of to-day, by to obtain a fit surface for wall-decoration, had which the Pyramids of Unas, Teti
, the two Pepis, Rodin. Both are well engraved by Klinkicht. found himself obliged to line three sides of and Sokaremsaf have furnished us with the most
In the last two months two more of M. this little sepulchral chamber with dressed ancient edition, and of which certain papyri of the blocks of fine limestone. When these were ad- Roman period contain the most recent version. Lucien Gautier's admirable etchings of city justed and decorated, more blocks were brought rather, it is a second tomb inside the first.' In in importance to these is perhaps the etching
The sarcophagus is a résumé of the whole tomb; or, scenes have appeared in L'Art. The plate next in; and the sarcophagus of Horhotpou, instead accordance with frequent usage under the Middle by M. Ch. de Billy after Rubens' “Tournoi of being scooped from a huge monolith, was Empire, it had no liī, the mummy being protected près des Fossés d'un Château " in the Louvre. put together in several pieces dove-tailed and only by its bandages and its wooden coffin. of Iwo important series of papers have been cemented. This kind of joined sarcophagus this last was found only a splinter covered with brought to conclusion and issued as volumes (“tre des particularités du Moyen Empire") hieratic writing, as fine as the writing of the XXth in the “Bibliothèque international de l'Art.” was not only cheaper as a purchase, but it Dynasty, while of the mummy no vestige remained. One of these is Mrs. Mark Pattison's Claude, allowed for more economy in the construction The inside of the sarcophagus is decorated with the other
The Della Robbias, by Messrs. Cavaof the tomb itself, the passages needing to be left painted doorways and votivy objects, precisely as large enough for the admission of the mummy- with
which it is externally covered being in a much notice before long: Among other recent papers
the walls of the chamber are decorated, the texts lucci and Molinier, both of which we hope to The tomb of Horhotpou had long finer writing than the texts upon the walls Here, may be mentioned “Fra Angelico at Rome,” by been violated when Prof. Maspero discovered again, we have extracts from The Book of the Dead Maurice Faucon; "Le Palais de Venise, it, now nearly a year ago. Two of the and the Funerary Ritual, including 'The Chapter Rome,” by Eugène Muntz; “C. A. Sellier," liming blocks of the walls had been shattered ; of Conducting the Boat” (in which the dead man by Roger Marx ; and “Ulysse Butin,” by both ends of the sarcophagus were broken ; the crosses to the Eastward Heaven), 'The Chapter of A. Hustin. mummy and mummy-case were gone; and all Remembering Magical Charms, The Chapter of the smaller treasures once buried with the dead not Eating Offal,' and, by way of corollary, the THE portrait by Velasquez of Pope Innoman were broken or stolen. Prof. Maspero chapter which treats of eating bread-offerings” cent X., by M. Burney, after the picture in the found in the debris only one arm of a wooden (pp. 256-7).
Doria Palace at Rome, which is given in the statuette of admirable workmanship, and some All this is extremely curious, not only because Gazette des Beaux-Arts, is a remarkable contrast Oars and fittings of a little sacred bark, also in the tomb of Horhotpou is unique in its entirety to that by M. Lalauze in Mr. Curtis' Catalogue wood. The tomb itself, lined with paintings and almost unique as to its period, but also of the works of Velasquez and Murillo lately and texts, and the sarcophagus, which is because it forms a distinct connecting link reviewed in the ACADEMY. The latter professes similarly decorated, were, however, more rare between the mastabah-tombs of the Memphite only to be after the copy by Ternante at Verand valuable than either mummies or funerary pyramid period and the tunnelled tombs of the sailles, but either the copy or the etching by furniture. Prof. Maspero, as I before stated, Theban Renaissance period. This link is more Lalauze (and we may safely give the latter the has transported both to Boolak. The lining certain and decisive than at first sight is benefit of the doubt) is a very inferior one. blocks, removed one by ono and carefully apparent. Mariette, noting the unlikeness The difference between the two etchings is that mmbered, have been re-erected in a corner of between the Memphite and Theban tombs, was
between character and caricature. se new Salle Funéraire, and the sarcophagus of opinion that there had been “a complete simirably mended and restored by MM. rupture of all artistic traditions” between the Vassali and Emil Brugsch) once more stands in Vlth and XIth Dynasties. “This theory,” says
CORRESPONDENCE. its ancient place.
THE ALLEGED TEUTONIC KINSHIP OF THE tome king of the XIth Dynasty; and he was is not borne out by facts. I myself, in 1882 and
THRACIANS. son of the Lady Sonit-she. Of his parentage 1883, opened various brick mastabahs in the plain
Oxford: Jan. 18, 1884. the inscriptions say no more than this ; of his of Sakkarah, near the Mastabat el Pharaoon, Emphasis, combined with brevity, is not rank, descent, and private history, nothing. whereof the sepulchral chambers were decorated always complimentary; and I regret that my The walls of the chamber, instead of being first in precisely the same fashion as the sepulchral epithets“ fanciful" and "exploded,” as applied sulptured in bas-relief and then painted, are
chamber of Horhotpou, only with a lesser pro- to Mr. Karl Blind's theories regarding the painted only. Also, instead of being covered fusion of texts. Among these texts occurred the Teutonic kinship of the Thracians, should with designs of figures, animals, agricultural royal ovals of Noferkeri Pepi II.,,50 showing
the have given him offence. In a review in which seenes, and the like, interspersed here and there Dynasty. scanty
, therefore, as the evidence is at this question formed an altogether subsidiary with a line or two of explanatory text, we here present, it suffices'nevertheless to prove that this subject I was not at liberty to go into it more see a profusion of lengthy inscriptions sparsely so-called Theban art of the Middle Empire had its fully; and, if I gave somewhat vigorous expresrelieved by representations of votive offerings. prototype in the Memphite art of the Ancient sion to my dissent, it was because Mr. Blind At one end of each wall is a painted panel Empire" (Guide du Visiteur au Musée de Boulaq, seemed to me to have quietly ignored the most representing a door, decorated as were the p. 254).
recent results arrived at by specialists in this doors of that period. These mock doors are not
AMELIA B. EDWARDS. branch of ethnography. intended to be ornamental. They are, in a
That the Thracians had so much relationship religious and magical sense, real doors, just as
THE ART MAGAZINES.
to the Germanic peoples as is implied by both the tomb itself, according to Egyptian notions,
belonging to the European branch of the Aryan was a real house-the everlasting mansion of PHOTOGRAPHY seems to be becoming more and stock is, of course, universally admitted. But the dead. The walls of the sepulchral chamber more a help rather than a hindrance to art. Mr. Blind goes much farther than this, and of Horbotpou were the rooms of this mystical Two of the plates in the Portfolio afford addi- practically claims that Thracians and Germans
are one and the same race. It is the old story. national “wheel dance.” A connexion between run a railway viaduct over the river just above The Getae are Goths and the Goths are Getae; the Getae and the Lithuanians is admitted or close by Aysgarth bridge, which bridge is the Getae are Thracians, and therefore the by Grimm ; and Dr. Latham, who had placed in a very lovely spot at no great distance Goths are Thracians--a view which, however arrived at the same conclusion on other from the Force itself. Certainly this arrangeexcusable in the days when Grimm wrote his grounds, has based upon it his ingenious theory ment will inflict an irreparable wound on the History of the German Language, is to-day, in as to the non-Germanic origin of the Gothic scenery of that part. And, as everybody knows, presence of the new epigraphic materials such name in which the tables are turned with a it is scenery of no ordinary charm and value ; as those collected on Thracian soil by Dumont vengeance on the Teutonizing school. Shafarik it is one of nature's choice places. There seems and Heuzey, and of the special studies of bas conclusively shown from the evidence of no reason at all adequate why this new railway Roesler, Tomaschek, and others, little more place-names that Slavonic elements co-existed should not, when it leaves Bishopdale, turn than an anachronism. That Jornandes, and at an early period with Getic and Dacian in the rather north-east and join the line already others before him, should have confused the region between the Carpathians and the Danube, existing at Redmire or thereabouts instead of Gothic immigrants into Trajan's Dacia and and the most recent researches of Jirechek and turning north-west and intruding on the loveliLower Moesia with the earlier Getic inhabitants Drinov have only confirmed his conclusions. ness of Aysgarth. We insist—and we believe of those regions is not surprising, considering Mr. Blind bases another argument for the the better spirits of this age are beginning to the usual tendency of historians in those ages identity, of Thracians and Teutons on the be of the same mind-that these beauties of to fit on classical names to barbarian tribes “Bacchic habits” of the former, their “red nature are beyond price, and that their pricewhose very existence had been unknown to the hair," and "their profound philosophical specu- lessness should be duly considered; that it is ancients. Thus, to limit our parallels to the lation,” and rebukes me for hinting that in the not by any means a slight thing to mutilate Thracian stock, the Moesians lived again in prehistoric days of Troy the European members and deform one of them (as railway comByzantine terminology as equivalent to Bulgars, of the Thracian race were more barbarous than panies seem to think), but a sin and a shame. Dardanians were transformed into Serbs and their Asiatic brothers. The Thracians were, no Necessity, we are told, has no laws. But it Bosniacs, the Daci, as we know, were re- doubt, confirmed topers ; but a speculation does not in the least appear that the course discovered in the Dane-Law, and the Teucri which resulted in spiking human victims hardly proposed for this railway is necessary. What avenged themselves on Greece in the shape of deserves to be called philosophical. They had appears is the utmost indifference to that which the Ottoman Turks! Jornandes is, besides, self- music, it is true; but their national instrument ought most carefully to be remembered, and contradictory in the matter, for he gives us a was Apollo's aversion. As to their civilisation, which we hope the protest of all lovers of nature separate, and quite credible, account of the Mr. Blind is quite welcome to take that of the will insist shall be remembered. descent of the Gothic hordes from their Baltic European branch of the Dardanians at a very homes to the Euxine, in the course of which much later date than that of Priam. They
M. EMILE WAUTERS, the famous Belgian they had to fight their way through a Wendish lived, like Troglodytes, in underground dens, painter, has gone on a visit of six months to or Slavonic country. On the showing, there- which they kept warm in winter by heaping Morocco. It is also announced that he will not fore, of Jornandes himself, the Slavs were dung outside ; and they washed themselves-or, return to Brussels, but has resolved to settle at nearer borderers of the Thracians than the rather, were washed-twice in a lifetime.
either Paris or London. original Goths of Scandia. Ptolemy, indeed,
ARTHUR J. EVANS. knew of the Scandian Gutae at a date con
We are glad to hear that the lamented death siderably anterior to their first appearance on
of François Lenormant will not cause the disthe Pontic shores.
continuance of the Gazette archéologique, which NOTES ON ART AND ARCHAEOLOGY. Mr. Karl Blind bids us compare the
he founded in conjunction with Baron de Witte. and place names of the Thracians with those of Four courses of lectures are announced at His place as editor will be taken by M. de Lasthe Germanic tribes. The comparison is hardly Cambridge this term in connexion with archae- teyrie, who recently succeeded Jules Quicherat favourable to his theory. A large number of ology-(1) "Apollo in Greek Mythology and as Professor of Archaeology in the Ecole des
Chartes. personal names from the purest Thracian dis- Art,” by Prof. Colvin; (2), “Greek Religious tricts have now been collected, mainly from Antiquities,” by Prof. Gardner; (3)“ History
We have received from Messrs. Sampson epigraphic sources, and these give us à fairly of Greek Art,”
Waldstein; (4) The Low & Co. The Year's Art for 1884. It is a definite idea of Thracian nomenclature
. . But Palatine Hill and the Velia,” by Mr. Tilley: book that, by reason partly of its art directory, they show very different elements from those Mr. Waldstein's lectures will be delivered in and
partly by the variety of the art information that go to form our Theodorics and Æthelwulfs. the new Museum of Archaeology. Mr. Roberts it conveys, has become practically indispensable The characteristic terminations in -por, -tralis, is also lecturing on “Greek Dialects and to the painter, connoisseur, and amateur. As in -centus, -ula, and their variants; the compoInscriptions.
the case of that hardly less popular production nents of Diza-, Muca-, Bithi-, Abru-, and THE author of The Story of Chinese Gordon for the theatrical profession, The Era Almanack, others—where are they among Teutonic name has written an article on “ Čaffieri's Busts at fresh features of interest are introduced each forms ? Where are the place-names in -e8808, the Comédie française,” which will appear in year, even if some of the old ones disappear. -a8808, -issos, in -para, -dava, -storon, -bria, and the February number of the Magazine of Art, This year the chief novelty consists in the others equally characteristic? And is it not rather illustrated with engravings of the busts of introduction of very tiny illustrations. Some of a “freak” of etymology to compare Phrygians Corneille, Rotrou, and Piron.
these are the minute records of certain of the and Briges with the Franks and with freake, a North-country word signifying a “bold wight”?
SIR EDMUND BECKETT, having completed the the season ; others indicate for us briefly at
principal pictures in the various exhibitions of “When on ground,” observes Mr. Blind,
destruction of the west front of St. Albans least the composition, if not the colour, expresciently inhabited by Thrakian tribes we find an Abbey, is now attacking the body of the church; sion, and effect, of canvases that have been deAsburg and a Teutoburg, we experience some and, as its natural guardians allow him to do spatched to our colonies.
There is, for example, difficulty in resisting an obvious conclusion.”
what he likes there, and he himself is beyond a sheet devoted to fifteen of what are presumCertainly. And when on ground anciently the reach of reason on the subject, we must be ably the most important works of art in the inhabited by British tribes we find names like prepared for further mischief. But we Birmingham and Middlesboro', we experience a sorry to hear that the munificence of Mr. H. Art Gallery of New South Wales. This shows
us at a glance what the Australians are buying similar difficulty. But the obvious conclu- H. Gibbs is likely to become another source of They have become possessed of Sir Frederick sion" seems in either case to be the same—that harm. The great reredos, besides being one of Leighton's " Wedded," of Mr. Gow's “Jacobite the later names belong to an altogether different the largest, is one of the richest and most Proclamation," of Mr. Basil Bradley's pathetic delicate, pieces of old English church furniture
The Orphans,” and of Mr. H. R. With regard to the Slavonic, Lithuanian, or which remains; and, if it be touched at all, it Robertson's “Ave Maria,” other affinities of the Thracians, I should be calls for the greatest knowledge and skill in its picturesque of the recent visions of water and very sorry to claim that amount of consan
handling. According to the daily
of guinity that Mr. Blind insists on for his Goths.
“ restoration” is to be undertaken by the Mr. Bruce Joy's "The First Flight In the glosses of Thracian plant-names pre- ordinary staff of the church without the super- with extended hand, hardly arresting the served in the list of Dioscorides the best vision of any architect.
departure of the bird on its earliest journey, authority for the language that we possess- THE “beauties” of England, as old topo- They have likewise Christian Rauch's "Fame, there are, however, some remarkable points of graphers called them, have been so seriously The winged lady seated at the top of a pedestal
, resemblance with Lithuanian and Slavonic diminished and destroyed that what remain with one leg dangling towards the ground, forms, as, for example, the Thracian name for ought to be cherished and protected so far would appear to be rather a dispenser of fame Chelidonium, Krustane, which Grimm aptly as may be. And so the
proposal to destroy than Fame herself. But our object was less, to compares with the Lithuanian Kregdzyne
, from yet another—to invade and ruin the immediate criticise the treasured possessions of New South Kregzde =“a swallow." In the same way, neighbourhood of Aysgarth Force, in Wensley- Wales than to indicate the newer attractions
in the first element of Kolabrismos, both Thracian dale-must be strenuously resisted. We under- The Year's Art. Some of the new prints are and Karian for “a dance, presents a stand that the scheme that failed some two well reproduced. There is likewise a reprostriking analogy to the Slavonic Kolo, the years ago is being revived. The design is to duction of that Venus and Adonis" of the
one of the most
Venetian school, and of the Velasquez portrait mòrè agreeable passions of the theatre, but for and at Islington, and in still more remote of Philip IV., which were lately acquired for those that are aroused in the scenes depicted in suburbs; but we live in an age of centralisaour National Gallery. Mr. Marcus B. Huish “The New Magdalen” she undoubtedly finds tion, and, practically, pantomime is centralised and Mr. D. C. Thomson have together com- perfect expression. Hence her success is as at Drury Lane. piled the little volume before us.
merited as it is peculiar. The second volume has just appeared (Paris : MR. PINERO is a clever man who, for lack
MUSIC. Quantin) of M. C. Ravaisson-Mollien's facsimile of the most ordinary precautions of prudence, MR. EDWARDS' “ VICTORIAN” AT. reproductions of the MSS. of Leonardo da is wont to fail in his essays. The acting of
COVENT GARDEN. Vinci in the library of the Institut. The first "Lords and Commons” at the Haymarket has We recently noticed the production of "The volume dealt with the MS. known as A; this allowed that piece a run of fifty nights already, Piper of Hamelin” at Covent Garden, the first deals with B and D, and contains 188 facsimiles por is that curious play, even yet on its very of the two novelties promised by the Royal produced by the photoglyptic process.
The last legs. But at the Globe Theatre, in spite English Opera Company. Though the plot of Falne of these Mss., not only for the history of of some excellent acting,, Mr. Pinero's new that Opera is not particularly interesting, and art, but more especially for the personal history comedy of “Low Water”, has enjoyed but the music certainly not of a high order, the of Leonardo and for his scientific inventions, is eight performances—including one specially piece seems to have been favourably received well known.
given for the profession, who may be presumed by the public. It has been performed four or We are asked to state that the receiving day possible
, a piece practically condemned on its their parts, and various improvements in the
to have been anxious to see, while yet it was five times ; the actors have got more used to for the spring exhibition of the Nineteenth
“Low Water" has been withCentury Art Society is Monday, January 28. drawn; Mr. Pinero hopes it may be seen
of cuts" and curtain arrangements have way
been effected since the first night.
Last Saturday evening came the second of its failure to the method of its interpretation, novelty, “Victorian,” an Opera in four acts by
but the date of its re-appearance is, to say the Mr. Julian Edwards. About three years ago The theatrical events of the last two or three least, uncertain. All Mr. Pinero's pieces have weeks have been very numerous and very unim- merits-some stage merits and some literary F. Cowen's orchestral concerts at St. James's
an Overture of his was performed at one of Mr. portant. Our greater playhouses-except those merits-and it is not the least of the merits Hall; and, from what we remember of it, there devoted, at this season of the year, to panto- of Mr. Pinero that he determines to be unconmime-have preserved in their play-bills the ventional. But, alas! he is often more than to lead one to regard Mr. Edwards as
was nothing of special promise in it, nothing pieces which were performed before Christmas. unconventional
- or he is so unconventional At the Lyceum only, to-night, is any change to that he appears to be unnatural.
As the moth to the candle, so And learned
coming man." be made. “Pygmalion and Galatea,” which as he is in stage devices-amply supplied as we
are young composers attracted to the stage.
Mr. Edwards found a librettist in Mr. J. F. we reviewed at length some while ago, will still must consider him with that first qualification Reynolds-Anderson, who " freely
altered and be performed, but it will be played in conjunc- for a dramatist, the habitude de la scène-he yet adapted” and, we might add, spoilt, to a certion with a new brief piece of serious interest, permits his piece and his characters to resort to tain extent, Longfellow's “Spanish Student ; likewise by Mr. Gilbert. It is true that a new tricks of conduct and character which would be and this has been set to music. Before begintheatre has opened—the Prince's in Coventry avoided by the inexpert and the inexperienced. Street, under the management of Mr. Edgar Imagine, for instance, as a trick of conduct of the man in the parable, to sit down and think
composer would have done well, like Bruce, who had to vacate the condemned band- the piece, the gas going out at a serious moment, bos known as the Prince of Wales's—but the when some necessary business of the play after due reflection, he might have come to the
“ whether he have sufficient to finish it;” and, chief attraction at the Prince's thus far seems, remained to be transacted, and this, forsooth; conclusion that he had, perhaps, a sufficient to judge from the utterances of our con only to illustrate the fact that one of the most appear to be a contribution of somewhat condition which has been described as the power; to say nothing of knowledge of harternporaries, to be its iron, curtain, which would important of the dramatis personae was in that / flow of melody, but not adequate dramatic negative value to the pleasure of the playgoer, ignoble melancholy of pecuniary embarrass- mony,
composition, and orchestration.
This is an incident in “Low Water," the work in detail: the libretto is weak, and the company: there is Miss Lingard, who knows and exception has, fairly enough, we think, music still weaker. The solo numbers and duets her art, and sometimes, perhaps, shows only been taken to it; but sometimes the conduct too well that she knows it; there is Miss Sophie of the characters is even more irritating and have pleasing moments ; but they are written in Eyre, who is handsome and spirited and promis- unreasonable, in Mt. Pinero's dramas, than the
a jerky style, and are, for the most part, coming; there is Mr. Beerbohm-Tree, an actor of author's own conduct of the piece.
Of this. monplace, vulgar, or inexpressibly dull. His marked character; and there is Mr. Bruce him
“Lords and Commons," with its representation recitatives are miserable failures, and his conself, whom one always sees with pleasure, and of the quite unearthly rudeness of well-bred certed pieces feeble in construction and altowho is really seen excellently in " In Honour people, its caricature or libel upon their tone of of colour and form in his “
gether ineffective. There is a certain amount Bound.” But the pieces are stale. Mr. Gilbert's thought, affords the most abundant examples. the second act we
Gipsy” music-in play has aged too rapidly-unlike, in this Mr. Pinero has distinct gifts. He has won
nave Gipsies singing and respect, his play at the Lyceum-and "In especially in "The Money Spinner ”–deserved last act a Gipsy camp in the forest—but we
dancing in a square at Madrid, and in the Honour Bound” is confessedly old, though it is successes; but, to continue or prolong them, we hear only the wild untutored strains of the doubt, will shortly be changed, so that that eccentricity. criticise at length a performance which, no tented with such originality as does not include vagabond race, and recall with a sigh the cul
tivated and seductive Gipsy music of more than with which one is familiar may give place to
one great composer. It is unpleasant to speak that which is novel.
THE pantomimes may be dismissed with a thus unfavourably of Mr. Edwards' first operatic
word, though one of them—"Cinderella” at venture; but in the interest of art we feel forced At the little playhouse in Great Queen Drury Lane-will run for a couple of months to be frank. The composer is quite young; and Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, a new manageress, from the present date. It is a great and gor- if, as we believe, this Opera prove a failure, he Miss Nellie Harris, has brought out, with what geous show, having less in common with old- may yet hope for future success, and even fame. is almost an unexpected measure of success, fashioned pantomime than some of us would Auber's first Opera was a miserable fiasco, so a piece first played about nine years ago. desire. Yet we are not ourselves quite sure was Verdi's first attempt, and Wagner's first This is “The New Magdalen,” by Mr. Wilkie that every sigh which is uttered after old- essays brought him but little encouragement. Collins. It is not quite a pleasant piece, but it fashioned pantomime is quite genuine. The We must now add a few words about the is vigorous and plain-spoken ; and to-day, just present generation would not, we take it, await performance of Victorian."
Miss Gulia Gayas nine years ago, the two principal parts are with profound interest the steady development Iord took the role of the Gipsy maiden; she acted by Miss Ada Cavendish and Mr. Archer, of the aged nursery story any more than it made the most of the part; her voice appears who do complete justice to them. Mr. Archer would yearn for a return of that yet earlier to have lost some of its freshness, but it is fair was always successful in the part he has régime of pantomime in which clown, harlequin, to her to say that she was suffering from a assumed that of the persuasive clergyman; pantaloon, and columbine were all-in which severe cold. Mr. Packard as the lover, Vicand Miss Cavendish, as the Magdalen, made what is technically called an opening" did torian, was fairly successful. Mr. J. Sauvage a distinct hit originally. But, however good not exist. Anyhow, it is doubtful whether the as the Gipsy Bartolomé well earned the liberal she was in the past, she is now admitted to be piece at Her Majesty's—which is fashioned a applause bestowed upon him; he has a voice better-her method has matured ; she has little more after the purist theories than that well trained and of pleasing quality, and his gained in force and earnestness, and her recent in Drury Lane-is really as successful as Mr. utterance is clear and distinct. We would appearances in London have not been 50 Harris's in drawing the world. Mr. Harris is also mention Miss Lucy Franklein's clever frequent that the public has had any oppor- a king of spectacle; he marshals armies of impersonation of Hypolito. The performance, tunity of tiring of her. To us Miss Cavendish supers become for the moment picturesque. generally speaking, was far from good; the has sometimes seemed unequal to portray the There is pantomime, we may add, at the
Surrey Opera was conducted by Mr. Edwards, who was
naturally over-anxious. At the close the actors | SIXPENNY MAGAZINE for 1884. SATCHELL
Pablished on 15th December, the Two-Hundredth Anniversary of Walton
Death price 10s. 6.
The selection of the miscellaneous articles does great
credit to the editor, and, if serials of the kind are conscien. THE CHRONICLE of “THE COM. MR. CHARLES HALLÉ was pianist at the last tiously read and digested, we should say they must be a
PLEAT ANGLER" of ISAAK WALTON and CHARLES COTTON VALUABLK PRACTICAL EDUCATION."-Times. Saturday Popular Concert. He gave a very
By T. WESTWOOD. New and greatly Enlarged Edition. “The 'Leisure Hour' contains à VARIETY OF EXCELLENT fino performance of Beethoven's E flat Sonata PAPERS and MANY GOOD ILLUSTRATIONS." --Athenacum.
AN OLDER FORM of the TREATYSE of PYSSHYNGE wyth an ANGLE. (op. 7); the largo was played with much
(Ready. T HE
THE SECRETS of ANGLING. By J.[Onn] D[EŠNYS) feeling, and the following allegro with marked
(Ready. grace and delicacy. The principal concerted LEISURE HOUR. THE PLEASURES of PRINCES. BY GERVASE MARKIAM. (Shortly. work of the afternoon was Mozart's charming
A BOOK of FISHING with HOOK and LINE. By L.[CONARD) M.(ASCALL) Quintett in A for clarionet and strings. Miss The Illustrated Magazine for Family Reading.
The abovo are a portion of the “Library of Old Fishing Books," & quarto Santley was the vocalist.
Prospectus of which is now ready, and can be obtained on application. An The February Part (ready on Friday, January 25th) volumes are fcap. 4to, on finest hund-made paper, half-bound få leather On Monday evening, January 21, Malle.
(Roxbro'style), and, unless otherwise marked, p ice 7s. 6d.
The continuation or the Serial Story
Crown 8vo, price 7s.6d.
DAYDREAMS of INVENTION. By Prebendary HARRY WILL-0'-THE-WISP;
JONES, M.A., Honorary Chaplain to Her Majesty,
And other Tales in Prose and Verse. exception in one or two points. She was re
CUMMING, Author of "A Lady's Cruise in a Man-of. "Weird and thrilling to the last degree.'-Saturday Review.
War." Illustrated. ceived with all the honours due to an old SAMUEL CROMPTON and the SPINNING-MULE. Illus.
"Most of the pieces are of a mystical, weird, haunting, or melancholy character.
Fancy, imagination. passion, melody, strength and favourite, and for an encore played Schumann's trated by A. N. Bayes.
wealth of language are conspicuous in the poems included in the volame. “ Traumeswirren."
To our thinking, the poem called Night' is the best of the seven. The
conception is exquisite and the execution masterly."
Literary World, December 7th. vocalist. He first sang “ Deeper and deeper F.S.A. A National Ledger-What is Income ?-Im
“The tales he has produced era, almost without exception, terrible. still” from Jephtha. The programmeportance of Agriculture - The Landowners The
We should not be sorry to see him again in verse, but we trust book reminded us that Handel died on April
never more to have to read a collection of prose tales such as chose be HOME-LIFE in the OLDEN TIME. Illustrated by Edward
hus given us."--Academy. 13, 1759, a Good Friday, the anniversary of
“Far shove the averaga volumes of its kind, given to the world by mea the first performance of “ The Messiah.”
who have the love of noile thoughts and things. "-Lloyd's Weekly Neros. If
WONDERFUL SUNLIGHT EFFECTS of 1883.
"The poem which gives title to this volume
is a real poem, fall true, the coincidence would be a striking one; INDIAN FABLES. Collected from Original sources by
of thought and harmoniously expressed, * Night' will, we think, be popu.
lar, so musical is it and so well desigued."--Bookseller,
EARTHQUAKES and VOLCANOES. By P. W. STUART
Imp. 16mo,/cloth extra, price 38.
By RICHARD HEATH. Illustrated,
ROUND A POSADA FIRE:
A COLLECTION OF SPANISH LEGENDS.
By Mrs. 8. G. C. MIDDLE MORE. must not omit to mention Mdme. Néruda's TONQUIN and ANAM. By SAMUEL Mossman.
Illus rated by Miss E, D. Hale. great success with her solos, particularly the Frontispiece.--"THE LAST VOYAGE of HENRY
(Companion Volume to " Tuscan Fairy Tales.") second, Paganini's “Moto Perpetuo.”
These are graceful stories, original and interesting. The last
story, of the man in armour, is most weird."-Vanity Fair. THE coming (seventy-second) season of the
• These tales are told with not a little naiveté and vigour, and have the
SIXPENCE MONTHLY. Philharmonic Society promises to be one of
merit of couveying a guod idea of Spanish character as well as of Hpanish
manners and customs. Mrs. Middlern re has good reali g for the kind of considerable interest. Herr Antonin Dvorák The January and February Parts, the First Two Parts of be read with interest by old and young."—British Quarterly Revier.
work undertaken here..... The volume is neat and usrefol, and should will make his appearance at the fifth concert a New Volume, may be ordered of any Newsagent.
* The little work, 'Round a Posada Fire,' snould become popular. and conduct two of his works, and Dr. F. von
Mrs. Middletore's work will repay perusai, and the general get up' lentes Now ready, No. 1., FEBRUARY, 1884, price One Shilling. Ittle to be desired."-Birmingham Gasette. Hiller will appear at the last both as com
"This is a dainy kute bouk. The stories are quite fascinatingly
told in an easy. graceful style, which will serve to pleasantly pass an hour, poser and conductor. A new Symphony by
and in their general character the origin of the tales is singularly well preMr. F. H. Cowen is announced, and the NEW LIGET ON
served."--Boxton Evening Transcript.
OLD PATHS. directors
** This is in .ruth a dainty little brok, elegantly bound, printed in large hope to produce Brahms' new
rendabe type, and fully illustrated by woodcuts. ... In all ways ad. Symphony in F. The following gentlemen
Edited by B. M. MARSHALL.
mirable. ---Journal of Forestry.
“THE LINK” is a Monthly Magazine designed for the - Excellent stories of their kind are told by Mrs. Middlemore in her prests have consented to act as honorary con- entertainment of the home, and for the instruction and volume Round A Posada Fire,' The volume has a brief Preface which ductors:-Messrs. J. F. Barnett, F. H. Cowen, amusement of both young and old. Each number will
is bright and interesting. The Posada del Sol, at Cuenca, is chosen
as the scene in which various pussengers in a diligence meet. ... Tbey G. Mount, and C. V. Stanford. The dates of contain Fiction, in the shape of Short Stories or Longer
interchange stories, and each story has a certain appre priateness to the Serials by well-known Authors; Articles by Eminent chúracter of the persou relating it, while all are impressed with the legendthe concerts will be February 21, March 6 and Writers on the Current Topics of the Day, Political, Social, áry attraction of which the Preface gives us & bint. Of the actunl legends 20, April 23, and May 7 and 28. and Scientific, as well as Reviews and Criticisms of Books it would be bhrdly fair to convey any notion in a brief abstract, sface they
are all given with a compactness which in these days of padding is specially buth English and Foreign; Studies in History and Bio
commendable, and any further shortening could not but injure their effect graphy and Records of Travel.
The book is well got up and printed in clear, pleasant CONTENTS
The author may be congratulated on having produced a very AGENCIES.
FRONTISPIECE-Aa ETCHED PORTRAIT of MADAME CLARA readable and interesting volume."-Satúrday Review.
SCHUMANN, By PERCY THOMAS. London Agents, Messrs. W. H. SMITH & Son, THE LINK : a Poem. By Miss Dora CHADWICK.
VERNON LEE'S WORKS.
Imp. 16mo, elegant cover, gilt, price 36.
TUSCAN FAIRY TALES. GHOSTS, DREAMS, APPARITIONS, and PREMONITIONS : their every Saturday morning in EDINBURGH OJ Possible Explanation. By Miss FANNY E. ALBERT.
Taken down from the Mouths of the People. IS PHRENOLOGY BASED on FACT or cu FANCY? By NICHOLAS MORGAN. By VERNON LEE, Author of "Belcare," "Studies in Italy, " ko. Mr. MENZIES; in DUBLIŃ Of Messrs. W. H.
CHE YELLOW POWDER: & Record of Professional Experience. By Sumptuously printed and pretiily bound."-Athenacum. SMITH AND Sons; in MANCHESTER of Mr.
"The work will delight the little ones as well as the student Charme THE "SAUCY SALL": an Old Salt's Yarn. By R. F. CANTWELL.
ingly got up and illustrated."-London Revitu. J. HEYWOOD. Ten days after date of publi. THE SEAMEN of TO-DAY and THIRTY YEARS AGO. By Lieut. CHAS.
"A thoroughly delightful book. Wo trust that the author may be per
R. LOW, F.R.G.S. cation, in NEW YORK, of Messrs. G. P.
suaded to publish the other tales which he has collected on the same ground. WITHIN the RING. By KERBERT H. ADAMS. Chap. I. - The First Sorrow. If they at all resemble the present collection, they will, we are quite sure, PUTNAM'S SONS.
Chap. II.-Xew Scenes and Fresh Faces. Chap. III.-Thespians at
be heartily welcome." _Westminster Review. Home. Chap. IV.-Martindalo Towere. (To be continued.)
“The amount of local colouring is just sufficient to lend the old tales a PARIS. JOHN MORLEY, M.P. By Rev. F. ARNOLD.
new charm. The illustrations and the letterpress are printed in sepia, MADAME CLARA SCHUMANN.
which has a curious, but not unpleasing, effect." - Saturday Reviere.
By Mrs. OSCAR BERINGER, Copies can be obtained in Paris every Satur- Etching by Percy Thomas,
RIT VAN RHYN. By G. CLOUGU. day morning
VERNON LEE'S WORKS ON ART. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE--NEW BOOKS. “THE LINK" can be obtained of any Bookseller,
2 vols., 223. Separately, “Studios in Italy," 145.; “Belcaro,** 8g. TERMS OF SUBSORIPTION
and at the Railway Bookstalls.
MISS PROBYN'S POETRY. London : ELLIOT STOCK, 62, Paternoster-row, E.C.
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V. THE EGYPTIAN QUESTION.
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